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bank of the Atchafalaya River to intersection with the west protection levee of said Morganza Floodway shall be raised and enlarged to 1928 grade and section.

SEC. 4. That neither of the projects for the flood control of the Saint Francis River or the Yazoo River, hereby authorized, shall be undertaken until the States, or other qualified agencies, shall have furnished satisfactory assurances that they will undertake, without cost to the United States, all alterations of highways made necessary because of the construction of the authorized reservoirs, and meet all damages because of such highway alterations, and have agreed also to furnish without cost to the United States all lands and easements necessary to the construction of levees and drainage ditches constructed under this project: Provided, That the reservoirs for control of headwater flow of the Yazoo River system may be located by the Chief of Engineers, in his discretion; And provided further, That the Chief of Engineers may, in his discretion, substitute levees, floodways, or auxiliary channels, or any or all of them, for any or all of the seven detention reservoirs recommended in his report of February 12, 1935, for the control of floods of the Yazoo River: And provided further, That the Chief of Engineers, with the approval of the Secretary of War, may modify the project for the flood control of the Saint Francis River as recommended in said report, to include therein the construction of a detention reservoir for the reduction of floods, and the acquisition at the cost of the United States of all lands and flowage necessary to the construction of said reservoir except flowage of highways: Provided further, That the estimated cost to the United States of the project is not increased by reason of such detention reservoir.

Sec. 5. The Chief of Engineers, under the supervision of the Secretary of War, shall at the expense of the United States Government construct a system of levees substantially in accordance with general plan shown on map designated as sheet numbered 1 entitled “Tributary Levee Location Survey-White River Levee District-Proposed Levee Location” accompanying report dated April 2, 1925, and filed in office of First and Second Mississippi River Commission Districts, Memphis, Tennessee. The Chief of Engineers shall have the right to alter, change, or modify said plan as to the grades and levee sections: Provided, however, That no work shall be commenced on the above-mentioned project until the State, levee boards, or other responsible local interests have given assurances satisfactory to the Secretary of War that they will (a) provide without cost to the United States all rights-of-way necessary for the construction of said project; (b) provide drainage facilities made necessary by construction of levees; (c) acquire and provide without cost to the United States all flowage and storage rights and easements over, upon, and across the lands and properties within the protected area in the event it becomes necessary in the judgment and discretion of the Secretary of War or the Chief of Engineers to use said area, or any part thereof, for an emergency reservoir; (d) hold and save the United States free from liability for damages on account of the use of said area for reservoir purposes during said emergency

SEC. 6. That the United States shall provide the drainage made necessary by the construction of floodway levees included in the modified project.

SEC. 7. That the United States shall construct, at its own cost, one railroad and one highway crossing over the Eudora Floodway and not to exceed three railway and two highway crossings over the Morganza Floodway, and not to exceed one railway crossing (together with suitable physical connections therewith) and one highway crossing over the floodway west of the Atchafalaya River provided for in the modified project: Provided, That equitable agreements can be made with the railroad and highway authorities concerned and that the appropriate railroad or highway agencies agree to accept and maintain and operate these crossings without cost to the United States: Provided further, That the railroads crossing the Morganza and West Atchafalaya Floodways agree in consideration for the crossings constructed to waive all claims against the Government for any damages that may occur by reason of overflows in the Morganza and West Atchafalaya Floodways: And provided further, That other railway and highway damages shall be adjusted as provided for in section 12.

SEC. 8. That, in addition to the construction by the United States of roads in connection with floodways as heretofore provided, the Federal Government may, in the discretion of the Chief of Engineers, and within the limits of available funds, construct additional roads to afford access to those portions of the levee lines not otherwise accessible.

Sec. 8a. That no money appropriated under authority of this Act shall be expended on the construction of any reservoir project herein authorized until States, political subdivisions thereof, or other responsible local agencies have given assurances astisfactory to the Secretary of War that they will (a) provide without cost to the United States all lands, easements, and rights-of-way necessary for the construction of the project, except as otherwise provided herein; (b) hold and save the United States free from damages due to the construction works; (c) maintain and operate all the works after completion in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary of War: And provided, That the construction of any dam authorized herein may be undertaken without delay when the dam site has been acquired and the assurances prescribed herein have been furnished without awaiting the acquisition of the easements and rights-of-way required for the reservoir area: And provided further, That whenever expenditures for lands easements, and rights-of-way by States, political subdivisions thereof, or responsible local agencies for any individual project or useful part thereof shall have exceeded the present estimated construction cost therefor, the local agency concerned may be reimbursed one-half of its excess expenditures over said estimated construction cost: And provided further, That when benefits of any project or useful part thereof accrue to lands and property outside of the State in which said project or part thereof is located, the Secretary of War may acquire the necessary lands, easements, and rights-of-way for said project or part thereof after he has received from the States, political subdivisions thereof, or responsible local agencies benefited the present estimated cost of said lands, easements, and rights-of-way, less one-half the amount by which the estimated cost of these lands, easements, and rights-of-way exceeds the estimated construction cost corresponding thereto: And provided further, That the Secretary of War shall determine the proportion of the present estimated cost of said lands, easements, and rights-of-way that each State, political subdivision thereof, or responsible local agency should contribute in consideration for the benefits to be received by such agencies: And provided further, That whenever not less than 75 per centum of the benefits as estimated by the Secretary of War of any project or useful part thereof accrue to lands and property outside of the State in which said project or part thereof is located, provision (c) of this section shall not apply thereto; nothing herein shall impair or abridge the powers now existing in the Department of War with respect to navigable streams: And provided further, That nothing herein shall be construed to interfere with the completion of any reservoir or flood control work authorized by the Congress and now under way.

Sec. 9. The sum of $15,000,000 is authorized to be appropriated as an emergency fund to be allocated by the Secretary of War on the recommendation of the Chief of Engineers in rescue work or in the repair or maintenance of any floodcontrol work on any tributary of the Mississippi River threatened or destroyed by flood heretofore or hereafter occurring: Provided, That the unexpended and unallotted balance of said sum, or so much thereof as many be necessary, may be allotted by the Secretary of War, on the recommendation of the Chief of Engineers, in the reimbursement of levee districts or others for expenditures heretofore incurred or made for the construction, repair, or maintenance of any flood-control work on any tributaries or outlets of the Mississippi River that may be threatened, impaired, or destroyed by the flood of 1927 or subsequent flood; and also in the construction, repair, or maintenance, and in the reimbursement of levee districts or others for the construction, repair, or maintenance of any flood-control work on any of the tributaries or outlets of the Mississippi River that may have been impaired, damaged, or destroyed by caving banks or that may be threatened or impaired by caving banks, of such tributaries, whether or not such caving has taken place during a flood stage: Provided further, That if the Chief of Engineers finds that it has been or will be necessary or advisable to change the location of any such flood-control work in order to provide the protection contemplated by this section, such change may be approved and authorized.

SEC. 10. After the Eudora Floodway shall have been constructed and is ready for operation, the fuse-plug levees now at the head of the Boeuf and Tensas Basins shall be constructed to the 1914 grade and the 1928 section. The fuseplug levees at the head of the Atchafalaya Basin on the west side shall be constructed to the 1914 grade and the 1928 section. The fuse-plug levees at the head of the Atchafalaya Basin on the east side of the Atchafalaya River shall be constructed to the 1914 grade and 1928 section, and, after the Morganza Floodway has been completed, shall be raised to the 1928 grade as provided in section 3 of this Act. Thereafter those stretches of said levees which are left as fuseplug levees shall be reconstructed and maintained as herein provided, subject to the provisions of section 3 of this Act. Any funds appropriated under authority of this Act may be expended for this purpose.

SEC. 11. That the back-protection levee north of the Eudora Floodway shall be constructed to the same grade and section as the levees opposite on the east side of the Mississippi River: Provided, That this levee extending from the head of the Eudroa Floodway north to the Arkansas River shall be so located as to afford adequate space for the passage of flood waters without endangering the levees opposite on the east side of the river and shall be constructed contemporaneously with the construction of the Eudora Floodway; except that, until the Eudora Floodway is in operative condition, there shall be left in this back levee north of the head of the Eudora Floodway openings which shall be sufficient, in the discretion of the Chief of Engineers, to permit the passage of all flood waters to reasonably contemplated in the event any break in the riverside fuse-plug levee prior to the time the Eudora Floodway shall be in operative condition.

SEC. 12. In order to facilitate the United States in the acquisition of flowage rights and rights-of-way for levee foundations, the Secretary of War is authorized to enter into agreements with the States or with local levee districts, boards, commissions, or other agencies for the acquisition and transfer to the United States of such flowage rights and levee rights-of-way, and for the reimbursement of such States or local levee districts, boards, commissions, or other agencies, for the cost thereof at prices previously agreed upon between the Secretary of War and the governing authority of such agencies, within the maximum limitations hereinafter prescribed: Provided, That no money appropriated under the authority of this Act shall be expended upon the construction of the Eudora Floodway, the Morganza Floodway, the back protection levee extending north from the Endora Floodway, or the levees extending from the head of the Morganza Floodway to the head of and down the east bank of the Atchafalaya River to the intersection of said Morganza Floodway until 75 per centum of the value of the flowage rights and rights-of-way for levee foundations as estimated by the Chief of Engineers, shall have been acquired or options or assurances satisfactory to the Chief of Engineers shall have been obtained for the Eudora Floodway, the Morganza Floodway, and the area lying between said back protection levee and the present front line levees: Provided further, That easements required in said areas in connection with roads and other public utilities owned by States or political subdivisions thereof shall be provided without cost to the United States upon the condition that the United States shall provide suitable crossings, including surfacing of like character, over floodway guide-line levees in said areas for all inproved roads now constituting a part of the State highway system, and shall repair all damage done to said highways within the said floodways by the actual use of such floodways for diversion: Provided further, That when such portion of said rights as to all of said areas shall have been acquired or obtained and when said easements required in connection with roads and other public utilities owned by States or political subdivisions thereof have been provided as hereinabove set forth, construction of said flood-control works in said areas shall be undertaken according to the engineering recommendations of the Report of the Chief of Engineers dated February 12, 1935 (House Committee on Flood Control Document Numbered 1, Seventy-fourth Congress, first session), and the Secretary of War shall cause proceedings to be instituted for the condemnation of the remainder of said rights and easements, as are needed and cannot be secured by agreement, in accordance with section 4 of the Flood Control Act of May 15, 1928: Provided further, That in no event and under no circumstances shall any of the additional money appropriated under the authority of this Act be expended for the acquisition of said 75 per centum of the flowage rights and rights-of-way hereinabove contemplated in excess of $20,000,000: Provided further, That the Chief of Engineers is authorized, out of the funds herein authorized to be appropriated, to purchase flowage easements over lands and properties in the floodway west of the Atchafalaya River and lying above the approximate latitude (if Krotz Springs: Provided further, That none of such easements in said West Atchafalaya Floodway shall be purchased until options covering at least 75 per centum of the total value of such easements as estimated by the Chief of Engineers shall have been obtained at prices deemed reasonable by the Chief of Engineers and not exceeding in the aggregate $2,250,000 for said 75 per centum of said easements with respect to the floodway west of the Atchafalaya River: Provided further, That easements required in said West Atchafalaya Floodway in connection with roads and other public utilities owned by States or other political subdivisions shall be provided without cost to the United States upon condition that the United States shall provide suitable crossings, including surfacing of like character, over floodway guide-line levees for all improved roads in said West Atchafalaya Floodway now constituting a part of the State highway system, and shall repair all damage done to said highways within said West Atchafalaya Floodway by the actual use of such floodway for diversion: Provided further, That no flowaye easements shall be paid for the by United States over properties subject to frequent overflow in the Atchafalaya Basin below the approximate latitude of Kratz Springs: Provided further, That payment for rights-of-way, easements, and flowage rights acquired under this section, or reimbursement to the States or local interests furnishing them, shall be made as soon as the Chief of Engineers is satisfied that such rightsof-way, easements, or flowage rights have been acquired in conformity with local customs or legal procedure in such matters, and, thereafter, no liability of any kind shall attach to or rest upon the United States for any further damage by reason of diversions or flood water: And provided further, That if the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine to acquire any of the properties within the floodways herein referred to, for national forests, wildlife refuges, or other purposes of his Department, the Secretary of War may, upon recommendation by the Chief of Engineers, in lieu of acquiring flowage rights, advance to or reimburse the said Secretary of Agriculture sums equal to those that would otherwise be used for the purchase of easements desired by the War Department and the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to use these sums for the purpose of acquiring properties in the floodways in question.

SEC. 13. That $272,000,000 is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the carrying out of the modified adopted project, and all unexpended balances of appropriations heretofore made for the prosecution of said flood-control project are hereby made available for the purposes of this Act.

Sec. 14. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof, to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provisions to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby.

Approved, June 15, 1936.

Senator SHEPPARD. The bill of Senator Overton will now be set forth in the record at this point.

(The bill referred to, S. 3354, is as follows:)

(S. 3354, 75th Cong., 3d sess.) A BILL To amend the Act entitled "An Act to amend the Act entitled 'An Act for the control of floods on the Mississippi River and tributaries, and for other purposes', approved May 15, 1928”, approved June 15, 1936

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled “An Act to amend the Act entitled 'An Act for the control of foods on the Mississippi River and its tributaries and for other purposes', approved May 15, 1928”, approved June 15, 1936, is hereby amended so that the construction of the Morganza Floodway is authorized to be undertaken as soon as options at reasonable prices on 75 per centum of the value of the lands, easements, and rights-of-way (as estimated by the Chief of Engineers) for that floodway alone have been acquired: Provided, That the total of such options is not greater than $1,500,000.

Senator SHEPPARD. Let the record next show the report of the War Department on S. 3354. (The report referred to is as follows:)

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, March 9, 1938. Hon. Royal S. COPELAND, Chairman, Committee on Commerce,

United States Senate, Washington, D. C. DEAR SENATOR COPELAND: Reference is made to your letter of February 9, 1938, requesting recommendations on the bill S. 3354, to amend the act entitled An act to amend the act entitled 'An act for the control of floods on the Mississippi River and its tributaries, and for other purposes,' approved May 15, 1928”, approved June 15, 1936.

The Overton Act, approved June 15, 1936, provides, in section 12, that no money shall be expended upon the construction of the Eudora floodway, the Morganza floodway, the back-protection levee extending north from the Eudora floodway, or the levees extending from the head of the Morganza floodway to the head of and down the east bank of the Atchafalaya River to the intersection of said Morganza floodway until 75 percent of the value of the flowage rights and rights-of-way for levee foundations, as estimated by the Chief of Engineers shall have been acquired or options or assurances satisfactory to the Chief of Engineers shall have been obtained for the Eudora floodway, the Morganza floodway, and the area lying between said back-protection levee and the present front-line levees. That act further limits the amount which may be expended for the acquisition of said 75 percent of the flowage rights and rights-of-way to $20,000,000

The bill herewith would amend the above provisions "so that the construction of the Morganza floodway is authorized to be undertaken as soon as options at reasonable prices on 75 percent of the value of the lands, easements, and rightsof-way (as estimated by the Chief of Engineers) for that floodway alone have been acquired: Provided, That the total of such option is not greater than $1,500,000.”

The report of the Chief of Engineers of February 12, 1935, recommending the modifications of the Mississippi River flood-control project embodied in the Overton Act of June 15, 1936, contemplated that the Morganza and Eudora floodways would each be constructed independently as and when the land rights for each floodway had been secured. The Department, therefore, has no objection to this bill permitting independent construction of said floodways.

The Acting Director, Bureau of the Budget, advises that there would be no objection to the proposed legislation, provided such work as may be undertaken thereunder during the fiscal year 1939 be financed within the amount of the estimate contained in the Budget for that year for flood control of the Mississippi River. Sincerely yours,

HARRY H. WOODRING,

Secretary of War. Senator SHEPPARD. Senator Overton will be the first speaker to address the subcommittee.

STATEMENT OF HON. JOHN H. OVERTON, A UNITED STATES

SENATOR FROM THE STATE OF LOUISIANA

Senator OVERTON. Mr. Chairman and members of the Subcommittee on Flood Control of the Committee on Commerce of the Senate, as author of S. 3354, I desire to make a general statement in support of the bill. The purpose of this bill is to authorize the construction of the Morganza floodway as a separate and independent unit not dependent upon the construction or authorization for construction of the Eudora floodway.

I can possibly best give you the purpose of the bill by stating what it does not seek to do. It is not the purpose of the bill to authorize any new project. The Morganza floodway has already been authorized. It is not the purpose of the bill to ask for an authorization for an increased appropration for the flood-control program of the lower Mississippi Valley. The sole purpose of the bill is to give the green light to the construction of what is know as the Morganza floodway.

In order that the members of the subcommittee may have a better conception of these two floodways, I call attention to the map hanging on the wall behind the chairman. There has been authorized by the act of June 15, 1936, what is know as the Eudora floodway. No construction has been begun upon this floodway. It starts in the southeastern part of Arkansas and runs into the central portion of Louisiana. It has a length of about 100 miles and proposed width of about 10 miles. It will empty its waters into the central part of Louisiana, in the parishes of Concordia and Catahoula, and then into what is known as the Red River backwater area. Then the waters from the Eudora floodway will empty into the Mississippi River and flow down into the Atchafalaya.

The Morganza floodway was also authorized by the Overton Act of 1936. The Morganza floodway is situated on an air line between 30 and 40 miles below the Eudora floodway.

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