The systems approach and its enemies
One of the originators of systems analysis, Churchman concedes some arguments to critics of the systems approach, agreeing that some alternative approaches may be less systematic but ultimately more effective
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action aesthetics archetypes Aristotle aspect basic become behavior C. G. Jung called categorical imperative chapter Ching classical laboratory client concept consciousness cost course create decision maker Descartes describe dialectical discipline enemies environment environmental fallacy ethical eudemonia evil example existence experience fact feel forming polis function Gerald Heard goal planner guarantor hero holistic hypothesis idea ideal ideal-planner imagery important individual inquiring system inquiry Joe Smith Jung justify Kant Kant's lives logic manager mathematical matter means measure of performance method mind mood morality nature never objective objective-planner observation organization philosophical planning Plato pre-Socratics problem question rational reality reason regard relevant religion religious Russell Ackoff seems sense Shewhart Singer smog species systems approach systems thinking tautology teleological theory things tion understand unfolding universal vision Weltanschauung West Churchman