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raise a considerable army. After various marches and manœuvres, a bloody battle, in the description of which we have a brilliant display of poetical fancy, was fought in Lochaber, and all the insurgent army were either killed or taken prisoners. Among the latter was Sir Duncan Campbell. The fate of the day was scarcely decided, when Ronald and Allan M'Auley, two deadly foes, recognise each other. The former is mortally wounded, but is defended from further violence by Dalgetty; and more blood would have been spilled, had it not been for the interference of Montrose. Allan is sent to join a detachment at some distance. Ronald, on the verge of the grave, discloses to the amazed Ardervoir the secret of Annot's history and parentage; Lord Monteith, who had long felt an attachment to her, now declares his passion, and a match is proposed. Ronald, intent on revenge and blood, even on his death-bed, and knowing that the impetuous Allan was also an admirer of the interesting lady, calls him to his grandson Kenneth, and in a dying address, which describes with much force the untameable ferocity of the mountaineer, enjoins the young savage to take no rest until he found out the seer*, and informed him of the

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* In this tale the revengeful blood-thirsty M'Creagh is conceived with accuracy, and described with striking power; yet though he possesses the darker traits of human nature, he does not resemble any one of the repulsive personages of the former novels from the same hand. Allan M'Auley, on whom a considerable part of the interest of the legend is made to turn, is well supported throughout; but the character had never an original in the Highlands of Scotland. A seer was always an object of superstitious respect, never of

proaching nuptials. Full of jealousy and wrath, as might be expected, and forgetful of past friendship, Allan, (who had all along foreseen the sudden death of Monteith, but could not, in spite of all his divination, find out the assassin,) makes his appearance in the camp. With the deadliest purpose, he aims a blow with his dagger at the heart of Monteith; outruns all pursuit, hies to Argyle with the bloody weapon, and is heard of no more. The daughter of Ardenvoir weds Monteith; and thus with a few hurried strides the Legend of Montrose concludes.

DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE.

The contrast of the state of knowledge in the Highlands some fifty years back, compared with the present improved condition of these parts, is universally acknowledged. The author of the Gaelic Dictionary published, in 1778, in his preface to that work, even at that period, exclaims, with enthusiastic fervour, in the following words :-" The improvements which have taken place in the Highlands within the last half century, as well as in the minds of the inhabitants, have been strangely neglected in an age when every other country emerges from obscurity and ignorance till some changes were forced upon them by a late

terror. The knowledge of future events, which he deemed himself gifted with; his perpetual prying into the womb of time, gave him a pensiveness of demeanour and habits of retirement that kept him aloof from the scenes of violence and blood that passed around him. Allan forsees and fulfils. At one time he is a peaceful reflecting sage, at another a savage and a plunderer.

law*, I shall not say how politic. To see a people naturally capable of every improvement, though once misled by ignorance, stripped of their ancient habits and customs, and deprived of the Scriptures in their own tongue, the right of Christians, never denied to the most savage Indians, is at once a complication of inhumanity and imprudence. Better slay their bodies to secure their affections, as Rome was wont to say with heretics to bring their souls to Heaven, than keep them in ignorance, with the expectation that after some generations, the English language, manners, and improvements may begin to dawn. At this day there is no equal number of people in Britain so useful to the state. Upon every emergency they supply our navy with good seamen and our armies with valiant soldiers. But strip them of their dress, language, the name and honour of Gael, and they soon degenerate. Their habit, language, life, and honour they [have] always kept or parted with at once. The honour of their name, their habit, and a Gaelic speech have always inspired them more than the consecration of the colours. Government, by preserving these privileges to them sacred as their ara et foci, might have at least one part of the community, of whom they, on any emergency, might say with the Roman general, I know the tenth legion will not desert me.' From this I would infer that the Gaël should be taught to read the Scriptures in their own language, by which popery, that ever grows on

* The law alluded to was made in 1745, when their own language was proscribed to them, and the English forced upon them.

the soil of ignorance, might be for ever exterminated. Is there no Bishop Bedel, no Robert Boyle in our days, and is the society for propagating Christian knowledge only a name?" Yes, might we reply to this exclamation of our departed friend, all our reflections and reproaches were too well deserved. But how wonderful now is the increase of knowledge among the Highlanders of Scotland, owing to the labours of the schools for propagating Christian knowledge, and especially to those of the Gaelic schools, whose benign influence has enlightened every glen where even the natural sun cannot penetrate! Thousands, now, from the age of four to that of ninety, have learned to read; the schools being circulating and held in the open air, while the Bible Society has furnished every hut and individual with the Scriptures in the Gaelic language.

How admirable have been the effects of this liberal dispensation of knowledge! and how well these brave men have repaid their country, their heroic deeds at Aboukir, at Maida, at Vittoria, at Toulouse, and at Waterloo, must amply testify. Nor are these results to be wondered at. Knowledge, or rather virtue and valour, are closely allied. So admirably has Lord Bacon expressed this, that we are confident we shall at once illustrate the subject and gratify our readers by the following quotation from his works :

Experience doth warrant that both in persons and in times there has been a meeting and concurrence in learning and arms, flourishing and excelling in the same men and the same ages. For, as for men, there cannot be a better, nor the like instance, as of that

pair Alexander the Great and Julius Cæsar the dictator; whereof the one was Aristotle's scholar in philosophy, and the other was Cicero's rival in eloquence; or if any man had rather call for scholars that were great generals, than generals that were great scholars, let him take Epaminondas the Theban, or Xenophon the Athenian; whereof the one was the first that abated the power of Sparta, and the other was the first that made way to the overthrow of the monarchy of Persia. And this concurrence is yet more visible in times than in persons, by how much an age is a greater object than a man. For both in Egypt, Assyria, Græcia, and Rome, the same times that are most renowned for arms, are likewise most admired for learning; so that the greatest authors and philosophers, and the greatest captains and governors, have lived in the same ages.-Again, for that conceit, that learning should undermine the reverence for laws and government, it is assuredly, a mere depravation and calumny, without any shadow of truth. For to say that a blind custom of obedience should be a surer obligation than duty taught and understood, is to affirm that a blind man may tread surer by a guide, than a seeing man can by a light. And it is without all controversy, that learning doth make the minds of men gentle, amiable, and pliant to government; whereas ignorance makes them churlish, thwarting, and mutinous: and the evidence of time doth clear this assertion, considering that the most barbarous, rude, and unlearned times have been most subject to tumults, seditions, and changes."

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