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students who could sustain a most creditable examination in this department, who cannot afford either the money or the time necessary to obtain the Bachelor of Arts degree. From those who have not taken that degree, a fee (not large, however, otherwise it would defeat its object) might be fairly demanded. The university has already held one examination on these subjects, and as the papers are likely to be highly interesting to a large number of our theological students, we shall here extract them, merely suppressing the printed passages from the text of the Old Testament.
Tuesday, June 25.-Morning, 10 to 1.
Examiner, Mr. STONE.
(A.) Genesis, xii. 10–20.
(B.) Genesis, xxviii. 11–15. 1. Give a short account of the argument for and against the antiquity of the Masoretic system of punctuation. What is the prevailing opinion concerning the origin of it? To what extent are the vowel-points useful in determining the meaning of the text ?
2. Into how many sections did the Jews divide the Pentateuch, and for what purpose ? What is the meaning of the letters D D D—000 -Dando prefixed to certain portions of these writings? Has the expression of our Saviour, Luke xx. 37, Mwoñs flavugev éri tñs Bárou, any probable reference to these divisions ?
3. How do you distinguish between the vowels kamets and kametskhatuph, the form of both being the same (,)? What is the office of the point dagesh (.)? What letters do not admit of it? What is the distinction between dagesh-forte and dagesh-lene? State the rules for the use of the latter. How is dagesh distinguished from mappik ? What stations do the accents athnach () and silluk (;) generally occupy in the verse ?
What effect do these accents produce upon the vowel-points ?
4. Extract A. YIN SY77 727"? Fill up the ellipsis and account for the use of (,) under the article and the prefix ). 6798 i What changes were afterwards made in these names, and on what occasion ? What do the names signify in their original and altered form ? Quote other instances of names altered by the Almighty. Ten Derive this word. What conjugation, tense, and what effect has the prefix upon the signification of the word ?
5. Extract B. Dip From what root ? Conjugate it at length through the two tenses of Kal. Explain what is meant by the construct case of nouns; illustrate the rules from either of the above extracts. 1???! , &c. How came these words to be used to express east, west, north, and south ?
Tuesday, June 25.-Afternoon, 3 to 6.
Examiner, Mr. DRAKE. 1. • The most decisive proof of the authenticity and inspiration of the ancient Scriptures is derived from the New Testament.' Establish this assertion by quotations from St. Luke's gospel.
2. Give the history of St. Luke, as it may be collected from the New Testament. What peculiarities of style are found in his writings? What is known concerning Theophilus ? To whom else is the epithet κράτιστι applied in the New Testament ?
3. 'Εγένετο δε εν ταις ημέραις εκείναις, εξήλθε δόγμα παρά Καίσαρος Αυγούστου, απογράφεσθαι πάσαν την οικουμένην· αύτη ή απογραφή πρώτη εγένετο ηγεμονεύοντος της Συρίας Κυρηνίου-(ii. 1, 2). Paraphrase these verses, and reconcile the statement contained in them with the known date of the presidentship of P. Sulp. Quirinius.
4. Και αυτός προελεύσεται ενώπιον αυτού εν πνεύματι και δυνάμει 'Ηλίου, επιστρέψαι καρδίας πατέρων επί τέκνα, και απειθείς έν φρονήσει δικαίων έτοιμάσαι Κυρίω λαών κατασκευασμένον-(i. 17). Translate and explain this verse.
Who had delivered a prediction to the same effect, and about what time before the appearance of our Saviour ?
5. Και αυτός ήν ο Ιησούς ώσει ετών τριάκοντα αρχόμενος, ών (ως ένομίζετο) υιός Ιωσήφ, του Ηλί-(iii. 23). Reconcile this with the statement of Matthew, Ιακώβ δέ εγέννησε τον 'Ιωσήφ, τον άνδρα Μαρίας, εξ ης. κ. τ. λ. What other difference is observable between St. Matthew and St. Luke in their manner of tracing the genealogy of Christ ? Assign a reason for such difference.
6. 'Εν έτει δε πεντεκαιδεκάτω της ηγεμονίας Τιβερίου Καίσαρος, ηγεμονεύοντος Ποντίου Πιλάτου της Ιουδαίας, και τετραρχούντος της Γαλιλαίας "Ηρώδου, Φιλίππου δε του αδελφού αυτού τετραρχούντος της Ιτουραιας και Τραχωνίτιδος χώρας, και Λυσανίου της 'Αβιληνής τετραρχούντος, έπ' αρχιερέων 'Αννα και Καϊάφα-(iii. 1, 2). Translate and give historical and geographical illustrations.
7. Explain the expressions, σάββατον δευτερόπρωτον-σπλαγχνά έλεόυς –πτερύγιον του ιερού-εξ εφημερίας 'Αβία.
8. Πάς ο απολύων την γυναίκα αυτού και γαμών ετέραν, μοιχεύει και πας ο απολελυμένης από ανδρός γαμών, μοιχεύει-(xvi. 18). Can you account for the introduction of this verse in a passage with which it seems to have no connexion?
9. Give the substance of the parable of Lazarus and Dives. What were the three Jewish expressions for the place of the souls of the just ? What is the usual meaning of άδης in the New Testament ? Does the parable above mentioned refer to the final state of the just and unjust?
10. ήλθε γαρ ο υιός του ανθρώπου ζητήσαι και σώσαι το απολωλός. This passage has been adduced by one of the fathers to prove the resurrection. Mention his name, and show how he applies the passage to prove his point.
11. Translate chap. xxi. 1–6, inclusive. 'Αναβλέψας δε είδε τους βάλλοντας τα δώρα αυτών εις το γαζοφυλάκιον πλουσίους. Είδε δέ καί τινα χήραν πενιχράν βάλλουσαν εκεί δύο λεπτά. Και είπεν: 'Αληθώς λέγω υμίν, ότι η χήρα ή πτωχή αύτη πλείον πάντων έβαλεν "Απαντες γαρ ούτοι εκ του περισσεύοντος αυτούς έβαλον εις τα δώρα του Θεού αύτη δε εκ του υστερήματος αυτής άπαντα τον βίον όν είχεν έβαλε. Καί τινων λεγόντων περί του ιερού, ότι λίθους καλούς και αναθήμασι κεκοσμηται, είπε: Ταύτα α θεωρείτε, ελεύσονται ημέραι εν αις ουκ αφεθήσεται λίθος επί λίθω, ός ου καταλυθήσεται. Explain the words γαζοφυλάκιον and λεπτά. State the date of the fulfilment of the prophecy in verse 6.
Wednesday, June 26.—Morning 10 to 1.
Examiner, Mr. DRAKE.
PALEY'S EVIDENCES. 1. State what are the suppositions, upon which it is not improbable that a revelation should be made; and define the expression, “ Contrary to experience
2. State the former of Paley's two propositions--and cite the sources of profane testimony which directly attest the sufferings of the early Christians.
3. Give the substance of the principal passages from the Scriptures and other ancient Christian writings, which bear direct evidence to the sufferings of the first propagators of Christianity.
4. By what considerations may we infer that the story for which the first Christians suffered was miraculous ?
5. State the four circumstances which are sufficient to support an assurance, that the story which we have now, is, in general, the story which Christians had at the beginning.
6. State in order the several allegations upon the subject of the authenticity of the Scriptures, which are capable of being established by proof: and enter into the proof of the 10th allegation, viz. 'that formal catalogues of authentic Scriptures were published, in all which our present sacred histories were included.
7. State the argument from the originality of Christ's character.
8. State generally the argument from the undesigned coincidences observable in the New Testament, and give one or more instances.
9. What are the grounds upon which Paley founds his assertions, that the two leading objects in the institutions of Mahomet were to make converts, and to make his converts soldiers ?
10. Show that the connexion of Christianity with Jewish history affords no fair ground of argument against the truth of Christianity.
11. Show the futility of the objection which requires greater clearness in the evidence.
BUTLER'S ANALOGY. 1. Define and illustrate the word probability, as used by Butler. 2. State the several objects of the two parts into which Butler's whole treatise is divided.
3. Show, from various considerations, that the analogy of nature makes it probable that we shall live hereafter.
4. Show that the notion of a moral righteous government is suggested by the course of nature.
5. Show from the analogy of natural religion that the perversion of Christianity is no fair objection to it.
6. How far is the imperfect comprehension of Christianity an answer to the objections which are made against Christianity ?
Wednesday, June 26.-Afternoon, 3 to 6.
Examiner, Mr. STONE. 1. Describe the manner in which the earth was divided among the descendants of Noah after the flood.
2. Give an account of the nature of the Israelitish government, and the changes it underwent from the entrance into Canaan till the death of Jesus Christ.
3. What was the extent of territory possessed by the Israelites in the time of Solomon ? When and by what means did it commence to decline?
4. Give a short account of the separation of the ten tribes. 5. Give an account of the places of Israelitish worship ; viz. (1) the Tabernacle ; (2) the Temple of Solomon ; (3) the Temple of Zerubabel, and wherein it differed from the former temple ; (4) the Temple of Herod; what did the Jews mean by “Teoragánovra rai iĘ TEON mixedou kon o vads odsos;' John ii. 20? (5) the Synagogues ; (6) the Proseuchæ.
6. Give a sketch of Jewish history from the edict of Cyrus till the dedication of the second Temple.
7 Give some account of the origin and tenets of the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Herodians.
8. Describe the route taken by St. Paul in his three apostolical journeys, related in the Acts of the Apostles.
9. Give a short account of the rise and decline of the Asmonæan family.
10. Give a brief history of David, with the dates of his accession and death,
11. In what year before Christ did the Babylonish captivity end ? Assign a reason for its lasting seventy years.
Who allowed the Jews to return to Judea ? By whom was this deliverance foretold ? Is there anything peculiar in the prophecy concerning Cyrus ?
12. What is the general character of the book of Job? In what country did Job dwell?
London University Examination, pp. 75–82. We should hope the generality of the students in our theological colleges would find no very great difficulty in passing this examination. It is, however, very judicious.
Art. II. Religion and Education in America : with Notices of the State
and Prospects of American Unitarianism, Popery, and African Colonization. By John DUNMORE LANG, D.D., Senior Presbyterian Minister in New South Wales. Ward and Co. 1840.
for many years in the Australian colonies, in connexion with the Presbyterian church. Though educated under the patronage and imbued in early life with the prejudices of the Scottish church, he has been gradually led to the firm belief that all state-endowed ecclesiastical establishments are calculated rather to retard than promote the progress of genuine Christianity. He was brought to this conclusion, not so much by any process of argument on the case, as by witnessing the actual working of the two systems; especially in reference to planting the gospel in new colonies. The principle carried out in New South Wales is, to grant salaries from the public
treasury to the ministers of all religious denominations, in * proportion to the number of their respective adherents. Of course, truth forms no item in the matter; nor could it without inflicting an act of flagrant injustice. A large proportion of the emigrants are Irish Roman Catholics; and, as such, are fully entitled to their share in the distribution. Great efforts are making in some of our new settlements to constitute the Roinish hierarchy the established religion; towards which the present mode of distributing government support affords every facility that could be desired. It is now perceived, by other parties as well as Episcopalians, that an adherence to the present system will tend to elevate the Romish priesthood and the system of colonial popery, to a pre-eminence and power which it never otherwise would have attained. Besides, as the most diligent and conscientious of the Dissenting denominations refuse to receive their share of such payments, it operates as a premium to the selfishness and indolence of one part, while it restrains and depresses the energies of the other. It is a system which, in the opinion of the author before us, carries within itself the seeds of its own destruction.
• There is a moral certainty that the voluntary system will very soon become the law of the land in New South Wales. The enormous expenditure of a convict colony, which has been unfortunately entailed upon that settlement, already exceeds the whole amount of its ordinary revenue ; and recourse has accordingly been had very recently to the suicidal policy of appropriating, for the common exigencies of the public service, the revenue arising from the sale of Crown landwhich, it was universally supposed by the colonists, had been appro