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He was translated to the see of Galloway in 1619, and POETICAL AND AMBIGUOUS SIGN-BOARDS. was succeeded in Brechin by David Lindsay, son to the laird of Edzell.

Until recently, in a narrow street here, called Pump Though these candlesticks are now out of use, they | Pail, was a remarkable baker's sign, are of considerable ornament to the churches, while the Home bake bread-Diners baked every day. one at Montrose is both of interest and honour to the This was however outdone by a baker, in an adjoining inhabitants, not only from the fact that it shows their

| village, who had written up:

vill townsman, Richard Clark, to have risen to the high " rank of Vice-Admiral in the flect, but that he served

People's vitals baked here ! under Gustavus Adolphus, the Christian King of Sweden. At a roadside cottage, I remember to have seen this That great prince, who freed Sweden from the thraldom announcement, of Russia, twice defeated Tilly, and joined in the Pro

Table bear-sold hear. testants' struggle against Austria, fell at Lützen in 1632,

| under which some acute wag had writtenin the twenty-first year of one of the most glorious and beneficial reigns that any monarch ever began. He

His own bruin ! was backed in his noble enterprises by many of the | Croydon, Sept. 29.

THOMAS WELLER. Scottish nobility and gentry, who gained both renown and wealth by their conduct, and among these, it appears, Hood ?

Our correspondent bas mistaken the Bell for the Robin was the donor of this elegant candlestick

The surname of Clerk, or Clark, is common in most countries of Europe, and was assumed from the office of On the eastern side of Devonshire, or the western clerk. In Scotland it is observable, in 1180, or earlier ; part of Somersetshire, I remember seeing when a boy, and in Montrose before 1357, in which year John Clerk,

passing through a village, the following inscription : merchant and chief magistrate of that burgh, became an hostage for the ransom of David II.* From him

Brandy, Beer, and Gin that's good, descended William Clerk, who died in 1620, and whose

All sold here, by JOHN ATTWOOD. son John went as a merchant to France, and returning

| As second thoughts are best, mine host appears to to Scotland with an ample fortune, purchased the lands have been of the same opinion, and on a board projectand barony of Pennycuik, in Edinburghshire, where the ing from the original

:in hamburghshire, where the ing from the original sign, was painted, family still flourish. His wife was a daughter of Sir William Grey of Pittendrum, by whom he had a large

I've made my board a little wider, family. John, the eldest, was knighted by King Charles

To let 'e know that I, Zell's Syder! II. in 1679; and it is worthy of remark, as showing how Do any of your readers remember the locality rea particular talent in a family may lie dormant for ferred to, or whether such a sign is now there any several generations and then revive, as in that of John notice of the fact would be to the writer a great gratiClerk of Ellin, grandson of the first baronet, the nautical fication. skill of the Vice-Admiral, was developed in his wellknown work entitled “ Naval Tactics." The author of that celebrated book, was father to the late facetious Lord Elin.

At the Bear Inn in Devizes, the innkeeper's name Though the name of the Vice-Admiral does not ap- in August, 1769, being Whatley, the following lines' pear in the genealogy of the Baronets of Pennycuik, were found scratched on the wainscot of the principal there is reason to believe that he was an uncle, or roombrother, to the founder of that house. It would be Whilst snarling curs attack Sir Fletcher's fame, gratifying to know the part that he sustained in the Baiting bis double place and double fees, Swedish service, and whether, through his skill were Sir Fletcher standing without fear or shame, gained any of those victories which added so much lustre Pockets the cash and lets them laugh that please. to the naine of Gustavus.

Thus on a market-day stands WHATLEY's Bear, Brechin, Oct. 2.

A. J. In spite of all the noise and hurly-burly,

Fix'd on his double Post, secure in air, BARCLAY or URIE.-The paternal estate of the

Munching his bunch of grapes, and looking surly. Barclays of Ury, near Stonehaven, lately the residence of the celebrated pedestrian Captain David Barclay, was recently purchased at public sale by Mr. Dickson, Over a Tailor's door, at the entrance into Deptford banker at Laurencekirk; for David Baird, Esq. of from London, in 1775, was the following inscriptionGortsberrie, for 120,000/. estimated at thirty years pur

Lodginge for Travellours. clase.

Small Beer, and Oxe Cleeak

Money for old Rages, * Acta Parl., vol. i. p. 159.

and old Shiffs.

J. M.

THE SHAKESPEARE AND GREYHOUND. I FIRING OF THE BIRD.--Reading recently a descripIn 1776, near the Circus, in Bath, was a publication of a German festival, in itself not very recent, bouse with the sign of “the Shakespeare and Grey

among the incidents noticed, is that of “ Firing of the hound," the singularity of the combination induced' a

| Bird;" I have failed to find what this implies--can any Paul Pry of the time to ask mine host his reason for

reader of Current Notes kindly furnish some explanaadopting such a sigy. The host, a prudently-disposed

tion ? Devonshire man, replied, “Why, I'll tell you, my house

Chichester, Oct. 9.

S. E. S. is pretty much frequented between the Play-actors, and Our Correspondent will possibly obtain all he requires Country-Gentlemen, and so as how it behoves me to from the following particulars : be civil to both parties, I have put up this here Sign to September, 1764. They write from Dresden, that the give them a bit of one, and a bit of the other."

Electoral Family have there lately had a grand Festival, on which occasion they were amused with a very extraordinary spectacle, called the Firing of the Bird. This

spectacle, which had been discontinued since the death of Tue Newspapers in August, 1776, noticed that over

the late Elector, King of Poland, consists of a large Bird, the door of a chandler's shop, in the village of Drink

having within it a young Fox, and other animals all burn

ing with ire towards each other. The Bird-machine being stone, on a sign-board, was the following inscription :

forced open by the firing of a gun concealed in the belly, Hear Lifs won woo Cuers a Goos.

up start the confined animals, and, after scratching and Gud. Bare. Bako sole Hare.

almost suffocating each other in the passage, fall upon the To translate these lines for the benefit of such readers

Bird that is to be their prey; this brings them to a down

right quarrel, that is terminated by the death of the two of Current Notes to whom the Suffolk dialect may be

weakest, to the no small delight and satisfaction of the inexplicable, they may be simply explained to mean

spectators. Here lives one who cures Agues. Good Beer. Tobacco

Foreigners, for our cock-fighting and other amusements, sold here.

may style us barbarians, if they please, but with humble submission to their wiser heads, we apprehend, the amuse

ment here noticed is fully as cruel, and at least ten times OVER the door of a barber and wig-maker, opposite

more ridiculous. Glasgow College, is the following quaint distichIf Absalom had worn a wig,

LINES INSCRIBED ON A GARDEN SEAT AT BELVOIR. He ne'er had hung upon a twig.

ONE cultivated spot behold, which spreads Rammerscales, Sept. 29.

W. B. M. It's flow'ry bosom to the noontide beam;

Where numerous rose-buds rear their blushing heads,

And poppies gay, and fragrant violets teem. Ox-TAIL SOUP.- What is the earliest notice of this Far from the busy world's unceasing sound, now highly estimated dish ?

Here has Eliza fix'd her favour'd seat; Manchester.

S. H.

Chaste emblem of the tranquil scene around,

Pure as the flow'r that smiles beneath her feet! Prior to 1685, the fellmongers purchased the hides of

1815. the slaughtered animals, having the horns and tails at.


Elizabeth, Duchess of Rutland, died Nov. 29, 1825. tached; to what uses the latter were applied the writer is not aware ; but in the above year, the Edict of Nantes expatriated many thousands of Protestants from France, most of whom sought refuge in England ; and, as might be ROYAL FURNISHING, TEMP. GEORGE THE SECOND. supposed, many from this intolerant persecution became objects of charity; when among other means of sus.

THAT we advance in sumptuousness, as regards our tenance, they bought of the fellmongers the tails, from dwellings, both aristocratical and royal, may be proved which when stewed was derived the highly nutritious ox. by the orders for the transient fitting reception of Her tail soup, the excellence of which since then all foreigners Majesty, at the palace of Holyrood, on her way to Balconcede to England.

moral, compared with the following directions issued by the Lord Chamberlain, Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton,

grandson of King Charles the Second, in 1729. The AN IRISu Fix.- The servant of one of the Irish Warrant, here literally copied, is curious for its orthoinembers, having placed before his master a pair of graphy. boots, the leg of one being much longer than the other, To His Grace, the Duke of Montague, Master of His was asked how it was the boots were not of the same | Majesty's Great Wardrobe, and to his Deputy. length ? He replied, “Why, really Sir, I don't know; These are to signify unto your Grace, His Majesty's it is that you see that bothers me entirely, and what Pleasure, that you give orders for the following Particubewilders me still more, the pair down stairs are exactly lars of Furniture, to be cleaned, repaired, and made up in the same fix."

for His Majesty's Service at St. James's, etc.

Viz. In the Queen's Bed Chamber, the Chimney-1 MANY years since, I remember reading an old song glass to be new framed; and the glass new silvered. on the frugality of the smoker, the concluding lines,

In the Dining Room, the glass to be repaired. were I think
In the Princess Royal and Princess Amelia's Appart-

He has his kitchen in a box, ments, the Crimson Damask Hangings, Window Cur

His roast beef in a pipe. tains, Chaires and Stooles ; a new top to the Great I would gladly be reminded, where the words are to be Glass, etc. A Wallnuttree Soffoy, and couering it with

id couering it with found, having made many unsuccessful attempts to dis

found having old Damask, to new Cover six Chaires, and one easy I cover them, not only personally, but by applications to Chair with Crimson Camolet ; Five Wallnuttree sashes, friends and a deal press Bedstead; to take down the plate

Oxford, Oct. 9.

R. B. Sconces and Chandeliers, to new mount and replace them, and to repair several other things in the Appart

The words of the Song in “ Praise of Tobacco," are thus

"printed in the Marrow of Complements, 1654 : ments. To take down Beds in several Appartments at Hamp

Much meat doth Gluttony procure, ton Court, and pack them up with the Bedding.

To feed men fat like swine ; For altering the Head-board and other parts of His

But he's a frugal man indeed, Majesty's Bed in the Carolina Yatcht.

That on a leaf can dine. To cover three Stooles with Green Mohair for the

He needs no napkin for his bands, Duke, at Kensington. To clean two pair of Hurateen

His finger ends to wipe, Window Curtains, and an easy Chair, also three pieces

That bath his kitchen in a box, of Hurateen for His Majesty's Service.

His roast-meat in a pipe ! And for so doing, This shall be Your Grace's Warrant. Given under my hand, this 13th Day of Sept.

plo Living AUTHORS.- In Notes and Queries, of this 1729, in the Third Year of His Majesty's Reign.

| day, it is stated the Biographical Dictionary of Living

GRAFTON. On the margin is an estimate signed by Tho. Dum

| Authors, 1816, 8vo. was the compilation of the late

I MER ;* of the cost of all this mending, turning and

William Upcott. What authority is there for this ap- ;

propriation ? cleaning, in three palaces and a yacht, and the charge

Athenæum, Pall Mall, Oct. 14. F. S. A. (though not possibly so much as would now be paid for a sofa, and six chairs) seems to be quite enough—“The

The late William Upcott, to enrich his collection of autoparticulars of this Warrant will come to Four Hundred, graph letters, adopted the course of applying to every Eighty-Four Pounds, or thereabout. Sept. 25, 1729."

95 1999 » known writer, and received in answer a vast variety of W.G.

communications, but in the arrangement of the printed book, he found its complexity beyond his powers, and

proceeded no further than the letter C; Shoberl finished SENDING TO COVENTRY EXPLAINED. -Clarendon re

the volume. proaches with virulence our spirited ancestors for disloyalty to Charles the First. The day after the King

LINES IN THE BELL-ROCK LIGHT-HOUSE ALBUM, left Birmingham on his march from Shrewsbury, in 1642, they seized his carriages, containing the royal

PHAROS, loquitur.

Far on the bosom of the deep, plate and furniture, which for security they conveyed to Warwick Castle. They apprehended all messengers

O'er these wild shelves my watch I keep;

A ruddy gem of changeful light, and suspected persons ; frequently attacked and reduced

Bound on the dusky brow of night small parties of the royalists, whom they sent prisoners The seaman bids my lustre bail ! to Coventry. Hence the proverbial expression in refe

And scorns to strike his tim'rous sail. rence to a refractory person, “Send him to Coventry."

J. W.
July 30, 1814.


Dogs must formerly have been more numerous in the

One evening Good Humour sat down as a guest. streets, than now; in the Church wardens' accompts of Where are the words of the Song, commencing with St. Margaret's, Westminster, 1603, it is stated - Robert the above line, to be found ? Wells, dog killer,' was paid June 19, for killing four

S. A. M. score dogs, 6s. 8d. He was farther paid during the They are printed in Harrison's Vocal Magazine, 1781, said summer, for killing 422 more dogs, at one penny 8vo. p. 256 ; but the words areeach.

M. W.

One ev'ning Good Humour met Wit as a guest,

Thomas Lee Dummer was the collector of an extensive! ERRATA.–Page 73, col. 1, for Durobriges, read collection of Coins, dispersed by auction, in 1785. | Durotriges. For tessera, read tesseræ.



“Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[NOVEMBER, 1854.



The works of Pope and his contemporaries are now David HERD, who is characterised by Sir Walter

exciting so much interest, and their literary squabbles Scott, as the editor of “the first classical collection of Scottish Songs,” printed at Edinburgh in 1774, is said

becoming developed, it may be well to point out a sin

gular passage in the Margravine of Anspach's Memoirs, by Chambers, and other biographers, to have been born

vol. ii, p. 162, where alluding to the Letters of Lady in the parish of St. Cyrus, in Kincardineshire, an

an | Mary Wortley Montagu, which the Margravine conerroneous assertion reiterated by all subsequent writers.

sidered to have been chiefly composed by men, adds He was born at Balmakelly, in the adjoining parish of

Lady Bute, daughter of Lady Mary told her, that Mr. Mary-Kirk, in the olden time named Aberluthnot,*

Walpole and two other wits, friends of his, joined in a where his father was a crofter, or small farmer. The

ne trio, to divert themselves at the expense of the English following extract from the baptismal register of Mary

public, by composing those letters. Kirk, while it affords satisfactory evidence of the place

Oak House, Pendleton.

F. R. A. of his birth, also discloses the name of his mother.

The allusion is here to the three small volume edition Oct. 23, 1732. This day was baptized David Herd, printed in 1763, so scandalous indeed is that publication to lawful son to John Herd and Margaret Low, in Balmakelly, the memory of Lady Montagu, that it has been announced before these witnesses, Lavid and William Herds, both in in booksellers' catalogues, as “ the FIRST EDITION, with Balmakelly.

the suppressed passages.” It was the fashion among

persons of high character to fabricate and disseminate The Inquisitiones Speciales, Kincardine, no. 88, shew

falsehood with no unsparing hand; but when it approached that some time before and subsequent to 1655, a por- themselves by another route, or was the emanation of a tion of the lands of Balmakelly, were the property of a more talently gifted hand, as in the instance of the Rowleian person surnamed Low, and though no extant record is Manuscripts by the luckless Chatterton, they could then be known of David Herd being by his mother's affinity branded with infamy, and the hapless adventurer neglected related to the landowners of his native county, there is and contemned, pass to the grave unheeded, the breadless nothing advanced to the contrary. The parties named and inexperienced victim of that delusion which placed a in the retour of service to the lands of Little and Nether mistaken reliance on aristocratic patronage. The distinction

obtained by the fabrication of the Athenian Letters, by the Balmakellan, etc., may have been of his mother's ancestry, and while the fact may be deemed of but little

Hardwicke family and their friends, all considerable for

their eminence in literature and station in society; while moment, the circumstance, if possible, of establishing

ning it lured Walpole to the establishing his private press at the descent of Herd's mother from the Lows of Balma

Strawberry Hill, seems also to have induced the idea of kelly, etc. is not devoid of interest.

himself and associates clubbing their ideas for its emanations. David Herd died at Edinburgh in 1810, and was Yet the writers of the Athenian Letters did not hesitate to buried in the Greyfriar's church-yard, where a stone become fabricators of other papers, than those which passed was placed to his memory. Born in 1732, his age was under the above title. They not only concocted Gazettes but seventy-eight, but in the new edition of Monteith's of the days of Imperial Roine, but they produced “the Theater of Mortality, Glasgow, 1834, Appendix, p. 283, earliest English Newspaper ever printed." The English the inscription from the stone is there printed, and the Mercurie, 1588, of which several printed specimens are age, in error, stated eighty-six.

found in a volume of the Birch Manuscripts, in the British

Museum, which deceived George Chalmers, of Shakespeare Brechin.


forgery notoriety, and many other magnates in literature ; were the fabrications of the writers of the Athenian Letters,

and printed at the Hardwicke private press. Dr. Birch • John Monteith, in the reign of King Robert the First, being one of the writers. These were then looked on as had the Five merk lands of Balmakelly in exchange for | innocuous pastimes by persons pre-eminent for the social certain lands in Argyleshire. Robertson's Index, p. 23. / virtues, but they have served as ignes fatui to mislead per. Aberluthnot, the old name of the parish of Mary-Kirk, was sons of but slight caution; they have served in the change from a want of local knowledge, designated in the Inquisi- 1 of manners to cast reproach upon characters as honourable tions above quoted, Aberbrothick.

in every respect with those of the writers, and in respect Balmakelly lies to the south, within a few minutes walk to the Popean fictions, to bewilder and bewray the historical of the Mary-Kirk railway station.

course of literary facts.-ED. VOL. IV.


Thomas WARTON, January 21, 1752, agreed to LITERARY REMUNERATION.

translate the Argonautics of Apollonius Rhodius for

eighty pounds; and at a subsequent date, his brother, In December, 1835, a number of original Contracts Dr. JOSEPH Warton, assigned for two hundred pounds between the Dodsleys and various authors, editors, and his Essay on the Life and Writings of Pope, in two translators, were sold by Mr. Evans, in Pall Mall, and volumes, octavo. the following notices are from memoranda taken at the William MELMOTH, April 30, 1755, received for his time by the writer.

translation of Cicero's Familiar Letters six hundred January 16, 1741, WILLIAM WHITEHEAD, subse-pounds, and for his Lælius one hundred pounds.quently poet laureate, received ten guineas in full, for a HAMPTON this year received for his translation of Polypoem entitled, The Dangers of Writing Verse. WilLIAM bius, two hundred and fifty guineas. GUTHRIE, the historian, contracted to translate Ricco- Mason, the biographer of Gray, has erroneously boni on the Theatres, compile the index, and all complete, | asserted the poet never received any emolument for his for ten pounds, sixteen shillings.

writings. Thomas Gray on June 29, 1757, assigned EDWARD YOUNG, D.D., on January 26, 1744-5, for his Two Odes, the Power of Poetry, and the Bard, for the sixth part of his Night Thoughts, called the Infidel forty guineas, reserving the right to reprint them in Reclaimed, received fifty guineas; and on November | any edition of his works. Gray's assignment sold for 24, 1753, received a further sum of fifty guineas, which eight guineas. with one hundred and ten guineas already received, was Burke's early history as an author was long involved in full discharge of the five first parts or nights of a in much obscurity, arising from the mystery he had poem entitled Night Thoughts. Dr. Young assigned on himself thrown over his movements. His first published Feb. 19, 1755, his Centaur not Fabulous, with the plate production was entitled, Natural Society Vindicated, used as a frontispiece, for two hundred pounds, which and was written in Lord Bolingbroke's style, to evince Robert Dodsley was to pay six months after date. his aptitude at the manner deemed difficult of that cele

JOHN WESLEY, the founder of the Methodists, and brated statesman. The receipt of six pounds, professed who constantly carried in his breast a crucifix, ac- to be “ for the use of the Author of Natural Society knowledged to having pirated in his Collection of Poems Vindicated;" five hundred copies were to be printed of the copy-right of sonie portions of Dr. Young's Night the first edition ; if it reached a second edition, the Thoughts, and some productions of Mrs. Rowe ; for author was to receive six guineas more. As Burke has these he consented to make restitution, by agreeing on nowhere alluded to his History of the European SettleFebruary 8, 1744, to pay fifty pounds.

ments in America, and omitted it himself in the collected Dr. S. JounSON, the lexicographer, assigned his edition of his works, it became a controverted point as to translation of the Tenth Satire of Juvenal, on Nov. 28, who was the author, but which doubt was here eluci1748, for fifty guineas; the author reserving to himself dated, by his assignment of the work to Dodsley, the right of printing an edition. This document sold | January 5, 1757. for seven guineas. Johnson's autograph Account of his Burke, on February 18, following, assigned his Essay Tour in France, 1775, which Malone presented to on the Sublime and Beautiful for twenty guineas; and James Boswell, July 21, 1787, and produced at Boswell, if a third edition, ten guineas more. Mr. Young the Shakespeare editor's sale, ten guineas, was here sold purchased this document for five pounds. for twenty pounds.

April 24, 1758, Burke contracted with Dodsley to January 11, 1749, ROBERT PALTOCK, of Clement's write the Annual Register ; or, a Retrospect of Men Inn, assigned to Dodsley the manuscript of the Life and and Things, in the manner of Millar's Kalendar, in Adventures of Peter Wilkins, a Cornishman; for the octavo, each volume for every year, not to contain less first edition, twenty guineas, twelve copies of the book, than thirty sheets, nor more than thirty-four, for one and the cuts, or copper plates engraved for the prints. hundred pounds per volume, and to have all books and Dodsley printed but that edition, and popular as the pamphlets found him ; Dodsley, if dissatisfied, was to book has ever been, all the circumstances as to the give three months notice. This contract produced six author were unknown, till the appearance of this con- guineas. Apparently Burke's connection with the Annual tract.

Register ceased with the volume for 1762, as with these COLLEY CIBBER, the hero of Pope's Dunciad, assigned papers was a receipt in full for fifty guineas for that his memorable Apology for fifty guineas, March 24, year. Dodsley's Annual Register, 1768, and onwards, 1750. Dodsley's edition was in two duodecimo volumes, was conducted by Thomas English, and the receipts printed in 1756. Cibber, then poet laureate, died in shewed he was paid 1401. per voluine. Burke's receipt, 1757. SUSANNAH CIBBER, the wife of his ill-fated dated May 26, 1791, proved he received from James son Theophilus, sold the copyright of her Comedy, The Dodsley, as the profits of his Reflections on the RevoOracle, in One Act, for thirty guineas, April 1, 1752 ; lution in France, published as a thin five shilling volume and on March 24, 1753, the inimitable Kitty CLIVE in octavo, ONE THOUSAND POUNDS! No author erer disposed of her Rehearsal, or Bays in Petticoats, for received so much on the sale of any sin ilar work! On twenty guineas.

Nov. 25, in the same year, Walker King received for

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