Page images

Under the Plough, very common in the same Shire-1

God speed the Plough,

The exuberance of the full flowing wig in the time of
Likewise the Harrow;

Charles the Second, had possibly a political cause. The Ready money to-day,

fanatics, who during the usurpation, affected to regulate And Trust to-morrow!

all their actions by Scripture, found in one of the Over the fire-place in a Public House at Chichester, I Epistles, 1 Corinthians, chap. xi, ver. 14, the text which remember reading five-and-twenty years ago, and it says:may be there now,

If a man have long hair it is a shame unto him.
Since Man to Man is so unjust,

This they considered as relative to all modes, places
No Man can tell what Man to trust;
I've trusted many to my sorrow,

and times, and therefore with great devotion and zeal Pay to-day, take Trust to-morrow!

clapped a bowl-dish upon their heads and clipped their

hair to the brim. The appearance this shorn character The Old Parr’s Head, in Aldersgate Street, I well

gave them, obtained for the Puritans the appellation of recollect, had in the window an ill painted figure of the

Round-heads. After the Restoration, it was natural the ancient gentleman, under which were the following half

Courtiers should assume a fashion wholly dissimilar to borrowed, half-original lines

these subverters of Monarchy, and in opposition to the Your head cool,

short hair of the Round-heads, they lengthened the Your feet warm,

periwig to the waist. It is easy to suppose, that among But a glass of good gin,

military men, to appear in the field, some expedient Would do you no harm !

would be adopted to confine the hair, that had thus in At Seven Oaks, in Kent, was a sign, with these lines, the drawing-room loosely flowed over the shoulders, but the production of the landlord's own brain

which on horse-back, must in the highest degree, be I, John Stubbs, liveth here,

both inconvenient and troublesome. Hence full wigs Sells good brandy, gin and beer ;

tied back with a riband, were designated by names, I made my borde a little whyder,

which are still retained. A full wig tied back in one To lette you knowe I sell good cyder.

curl, was called a Major ; in two curls, a Brigadier. In G.S. | Marlborough's time, at the beginning of the last cen

tury, wigs with deep curls, and not more than eighteen Provincial Sign Board ELEGANCE.

inches in length from back to front were adopted under

the designation of Campaign wigs. Other professions On a sign board at Oundle about forty years since,

sought similar conveniences in a different mode, and was the following inscription

thus physicians and lawyers became possessed of the Messieurs habiliments Tye.

W.M. fabricated, renovated and

CA IRA.- It is a circumstance little known that this depurated

song, so pre-eminent in all proceedings of the direful by

French revolution, had its origin in a saying of Dr. · Wright, Cosmopolitan.

Franklin while he was ambassador in France. When Oundle, Sept. 8.


informed of any disaster that occurred to the Americans

then struggling for independence; his general reply St. Peter's, CORNDILL.–The parish authorities

was, “I expected it, but nevertheless Ca Ira." As he have recently acquired by purchase a volume of great

became popular, the words became remarkable, and at local interest-a large folio manuscript of the Bible and

length, when a song was required for revolutionary purthe Apocrypha, with St. Jerome's Preface, written upon

poses, his saying that had almost become a household vellum, with upwards of one hundred and fifty minia

word, presented itself, and was adopted for the burden.

E.C. ture paintings of Historical Events, Portraits of the Patriarchs, Evangelists, etc. and valuable as presenting highly important examples of English Costume. The DR. KITCHENER, of musical notoriety, held frequent manuscript, comprising 586 leaves of fine white vellum, evening conversaziones, and, with a view to decorum, appears to have been the work of an English illumina- placed a small placard over the parlour chimney-piece, tor or illuminators, and executed in London, early in the inscribedfourteenth century, and having at the end a rubricated

Come at seven, go at eleven! Colophon-Iste liber pertinet perpetue cantarie duorum capellanorum celebrancium ad altare Sanctæ Trinitatis

but George Colman, to whom such early hours were an in Ecclesia Sancti Petri super Cornhill in London.

abomination, one evening took occasion, by inserting a This highly valuable acquisition was purchased of small pronoun, to materially alter the reading → Mr. Willis during the past month.

Come at seven, go it at eleven!


No. XLVI.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.

[OCTOBER, 1854.


She had by this Smith, one son and two daughters; From Family Papers.

these married and had descendants, to all or many of

whom Sir Isaac, when his fortune increased, was kind Tae truth of the following particulars, which are in the hand-writing of my mother, whose grandfather was

and munificent: giving to one 5002., to another an

estate of the value of 40001, or thereabouts, to make up brother to Sir Isaac Newton's mother, may be depended on. She wrote these memorandums for the information

" a loss, occasioned by the imprudent marriage of one of of her children; her words are these :

them, and to prevent a law-suit among themselves.

This was done many years before his death. “ Hannah Ascough, was younger sister of the Rev.

“He had a half-sister, who had a daughter, to whom - Ascough, my father's father. She married a Mr.

he gave the best of education, the famous witty Miss Newton, of Colsterworth, not far from Grantham, in

Barton, who married Mr. Conduit, of the Mint. He Lincolnshire, who had an estate of about 1207. per ann. which he kept in his own hands and occupied himself.

succeeded Sir Isaac in the Mint, and is buried at the She had by him, one son called Isaac, sborn Dec. 25,

west door of Westminster Abbey, leaving only one

daughter, married to the eldest son of Lord Lymington.* 1642, 0.S.] ; after the death of Mr. Newton, her brother,

| Sir Isaac bought an estate of about seventy or eighty my grandfather, who lived near her, directed her in all affairs, and put her son to school to a very good master,

pounds a year, and gave it Miss Conduit, (then very Mr. Stokes, at Grantham. When he had finished his yo

young), before he died.

118 “ He was kind to all the Ascoughs, and generous school learning, his mother took him home, intending, as she had no other child, to have the pleasure of his

and munificent to such of them whose imprudence had

made his assistance necessary; to one of them he gave company, and that he, as his father had done, should

8001., to another 2001., to another 1001., and many occupy his own estate ; but his mind was so bent upon

other sums; and other engagements did he also enter his improving in learning, that my grandfather pre

into for them. He was the ready assistant of all who vailed upon her to send him to Trinity College* in

were any way related to him, to their children and Cambridge, where her brother, having himself been a

grandchildren. He made no will; his paternal estate member of it, had still many friends.

of 1201. a-year went to a distant relation of his grand"Isaac was soon taken notice of by Dr. Isaac Barrow,

father Newton;t he had no relations on that side, his who, observing his bright genius, contracted a great friendship for him : indeed, he became so eminent for

father nor himself had no brother nor sister. his learning, joined with his singular modesty, that he was courted to accept the honours afterwards conferred [ John Wallop, first Viscount Lymington, was created upon him, on the calling in of the coin, and the neces- Earl of Portsmouth, April 11, 1743. John Wallop, the sity of a new coinage.

eldest son, who married Miss Conduit, died v. p. The “He was unwillingly brought from the university

| Earl died in 1762; and was succeeded, by his grandson, into the busy part of the world -- his great aversion;

the second Earl, who died in 1797.] but by his great judgment and strict integrity on that.

: [t There would appear to be some difference in the sup. occasion, he saved the nation at that time, as I have

a posed value of this property; a conditional gift of that

land, is here printed from the original for the first time:heard it related by those who well knew the affair, In consideration of the affection I beare to Isaac Warand also from himself, 80,0001.

uer, my godson, the son of John Warner, of Salsy Forest, Lac's mother, after her son went to Cambridge, / I doe hereby give and grant to the said Isaac Warner, was courted by a rich old bachelor, who had a good all the rents and profits of that part of my Estate at estate and living near her, the Rev. Benjamin Smith, Woolstrop, in Lincolnshire, which descended to me from but she settled some land upon Isaac before narriage. my ancestors, and which is of the yearly value of twenty

| five pounds, or thereabouts, until such time as the said It does not appear that what has been asserted of Sir Isaac Warner shall have received thereout One hundred Isaac having been sent to the university by the pecuniary pounds, and no more. And, I hereby give and grant to aid of some neighbouring gentlemen is at all true: it cer- the said Isaac Warner, full power to distreyne for and tainly was not necessary, his mother had sufficient; so had recover the said rents, as the same shall grow due, and do his uncle. I therefore suspect there must have been some hereby authorise John Warner to receive such rents for the misinformation as to this point: a point, however, of no use of his said son, and to give receipts for the same importance.

I Witness my hand, the 25 day of March, Anno Dni, 1725. VOL. IV.

“He is said never to have sold the copies of any of and therefore complained of his memory beginning to his books, published in his life-time, but gave them fail him; but he added immediately, that it was in such freely to the bookseller. He was generous to his ser a year of such an Olympiad, naming them both very vants, and had no love of riches, though he died worth | exactly. The ready mention of such chronological 30,0001., which fell to three of his half-brother dates seemed, says the Doctor, a greater proof of his Smith's children, three of his half-sister Pilkington's, memory not failing him, than the naming of the King and his half-sister Barton's two daughters : all these would have been. survived Sir Isaac.

What coxcomb therefore was it that first published “ He was a person of very little expense upon himself; to the world the silly story of the decay of Sir Isaac kept a handsome, genteel, constant table, never above Newton's faculties before his death? This has been three men and three women servants; towards his several times repeated. His faculties may, indeed, in some latter end, when he could not use a chariot, only a degree, have been impaired, as he had employed them chair, he kept but two men servants; he was exceed- intensely for, perhaps, seventy years: but if any ruins ingly bountiful and charitable, not only to relations, but there were in this great man's powers, there remained to acquaintance, or persons well recommended, and also still too much strength of mind to be called imbecility. to ingenious persons, in any useful art or science.” A persisting application, and such a mastery over his

Thus far the extracts from the family papers. | imagination, as to keep it up to the point he had in

It does not appear that he ever became imbecile, he view for a very long time, without snapping, was his did not, or would not recollect the solution of many of peculiar talent: and the instrument with which he did his problems of former years; and perhaps the ill- such great things, and which, his temperance and contreatment he had met with from some foreigners, made stitution singularly formed for such purposes, enabled him rather shy towards the last, of entering into the him to practise through a long life. His candour and 1 discussion of any matters about which a dispute might modesty, even to bashfulness, were the graces which arise; but I know that he conversed with my aunt, in made such superior knowledge not disgusting to his whose arms he died, and with others, like any other inferiors. reasonable man, to the day of his death, and on that He was not only the Mathematician, but the Historian, day, read the newspaper :* but I lately met with a letter the Chronologist, the Chemist, and the Critic: I have of the late Dr. Pearce, Bishop of Rochester, wrote in never met with any of his chemical manuscripts, but 1754, to Dr. Hunt, Hebrew Professor at Oxford; and they certainly exist somewhere. I remember to have published in 1770, in Cadell's edition of Sir Isaac heard from the late learned Dr. Kidby, a gentleman Newton's Chronology, p. 10, which puts this imputation well known to many learned men, perhaps still alive, of Sir Isaac Newton's imbecility to shame. It appears that Sir Isaac Newton was as great in chemistry, as in that Dr. Pearce was with Sir Isaac Newton a few any other science. It might therefore be an acquisition days before his death, when he was writing without if those chemical papers of his could be found. Mr. spectacles, by but an indifferent light. That he was William Jones, if I remember right, was supposed to then preparing his Chronology for the press, and had have had several manuscripts of Sir Isaac Newton's in written for that purpose the greatest part of it over his possession ; how he came by them, or why he kept again. He read to the Doctor some part of the work, them to himself, if he had such, I could never rightly on occasion of some points in chronology which had been learn : I remember to have heard him blamed on that mentioned in the conversation. Before the dinner was account forty years ago; this is perhaps a groundless brought up, he continued near an hour reading to him, charge. I only mention it, that inquiry may be made and talking about what he had read : and what was of Mr. Jones's heirs, or the persons into whose hands particular, speaking of some fact, he could not recollect his papers came after his decease, whether any manuthe name of the King in whose reign it had happened, scripts of Sir Isaac Newton's worth notice exist ? and

surely if any exist, they must have their worth!

J. H. Memorandum — There is due from Tenants at this

[These notes were written in November, 1774, and elicited day, One year and halfe's rent.

from the son of the author of the Synopsis Matheseos, the asJohn Newton, Woolstrop, to pay a year's rent, for a close

surance that no such papers had been found in his father's

ura he has in Colsterworth, 91.

library, and that the story of his having made an improper Rob. Newton, to pay a year's rent, for a close in Buck

use of any papers belonging to Sir Isaac Newton, was master, 61. To make 121, for the Church."

wholly groundless.] It would seem that here is particularised the land settled upon him, by his mother before her marriage.]

[* Sir Isaac Newton, on Saturday morning, March 18, 1726-7, read the newspapers, and discoursed a long time,

| SCHILLER.– The house at Weimar in which Schiller with his physician, Dr. Mead, in the full possession of his in- lived, though small and considerably dilapidated, was tellectual powers, but at night, he was deprived of his purchased at public auction, June 29, 1847, for 5025 senses, and being struck with death, did not recover them; dollars, (10051. sterling,) by the Corporation of that he died on Monday, March 20, in his eighty-fifth year.] | town, being nearly double the amount of its value.



What is the origin of the custom of eating goose Wiru a set of jougs, an instrument of punishment in on Michaelmas day? In a large party yesterday, at the olden time, similar to those figured in Wilson's Predinner, not one person was able to advance a satisfactory historic Annals of Scotland, p. 691, was found in an elucidation of the question.

old press, in the Kirk of Ruthven, in Forfarshire, the Salisbury, Sept. 30.

W. P. N. singular relic of the bygone day : the iron coronet here Probably no better reason can be rendered than that

described. It is supposed to have been worn as a deMichaelmas-day was a great festival, and that geese are

risive penance by scolds or evil doers, in the parish of then in their prime season, the custom being peculiar to

Ruthven, no other example being known to the writer. England. In 1470, John de la Hay, as a tenure, was bound to render to William Barnaby, Lord of Lastres, in the county of Hereford, for a parcel of the demesne lands, one Goose fit for the Lord's dinner on the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel ; it was then, as it would appear, a custom.

Tradition however refers to another incident, by which the custom would seem to have had an additional incentive to a more general observance. “On the 29th of September 1588, Queen Elizabeth dined at the ancient mansion of Sir Neville Umfreville, near Tilbury Fort, and as Her Majesty preferred dining of a high seasoned and substantial dish than of a flimsy fricassee, or rascally ragout, the Knight thought proper to provide a brace of fine geese to suit the palate of his royal guest. The Queen having dined heartily, in a bumper of Burgundy, drank • Destruction to the Spanish Armada !' and had but that moment returned the goblet to the knight, who had done the honours of the

The parish registries of Ruthven are of recent date, table, than intimation was brought that the Spanish fleet had been destroyed by a storm. Exhilarated by the inci

and wholly silent as to whom of the good folks now dent, and delighted with the good news, the Queen drank sleeping soundly in their last tenement the grave, this another bumper, and every year after on that day had the honorary coronet was awarded as an unenviable disabovementioned dish at her table. The Court made it a tinction, either as story-tellers or as waverers from the custom, and the people have followed the fashion to this paths of virtue, for doubtless this has been of a simiday."

larly corrective use with the brank. But the days have changed, and unobserved by most Though somewhat rusty, this instrument of parochial people. Michaelmas-day, or the 29th of the month de inquisition in an intolerant age is in good preservation; scribed by Churchill, as,

across the circle it measures about 5 1 inches; and in September, when by custom, right divine ; front, from the verge to the top-point of the fleur-de-lis, Geese are ordain'd to bleed at Michael's shrine,

| is 4 inches; that ornament rising nearly two inches is now by the alteration in the style, eleven days earlier above the upper hoop. Attached to the lower hoop, are than the days of Elizabeth ; geese are much finer in con- three ears or pendants having holes pierced for cords to dition on old Michaelmas-day; those eaten according to the pass through them, in the attaching or fastening the modern observance, being for the most part unfed or stubble coronet to the head of the delinquent, or, for tying under geese.

the chin.

A. J. The phrases “My goose is cook’d," spoken by one, on whom misfortune has operated most unkindly; or said

CUCKING OR DUCKING STOOLS. in a threatening tone, of another “ To cook his goose," i.e. to do him an ill turn; have their origin from a source but On the place called “the Barbican,' at Plymouth, little known. The Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus, fifty or sixty years since, I remember seeing one of had in it many English and Scottish officers, men on whose these stools swinging over, or on the edge of Plymouthloyalty and skill the King placed the utmost confidence.

nce. pool. The chair was made of iron, suspended by a Having with a small force invested a large town, the King, with the counsel of his officers, summoned it to surrender,

chain running over the end of the beam. Tunderstood it but the besieged in derision, hung out on a pole a goose, as

was then in frequent use, and well recollect the being a mark for his artillery. The batteries commenced, many

threatened by my uncle, with a dip, if I did not behave buildings were soon in flames, and breaches sufficiently

well. Some old inhabitant of Plymouth may possibly widened for the assault, when the town drums beat a par be able to supply a drawing, and some further particiiley, to learn the King's purpose, the reply was simply, | lars. “Only to cook your goose !"

J. M.



SEBASTOPOL AN ENGLISH FORTIFICATION. The author of the History of King-killers; or the

SEBASTOPOL is a word of world-wide speculation : it Fanatick Martyrology, 1720, vol. ii. October, p. 65,

engrosses the imaginative faculties of millions; and is relates some very extraordinary particulars of William Prynne, born in 1600, to which the attention of any

spoken of every where, but, comparatively no one has

heard who was the engineer and director of that refuture biographer is particularly directed.

doubtable fortification. He was an Englishman. When He was a right sturdy doughty champion for the Cause, the main road from London to Holyhead, was made a a Puritan boutefeu, an inveterate enemy to his Sovereign, subject of enquiry, and the improvement determined ; and no less to Bishops, especially after his imprisonment | John Upton of Charleton, was at Midsummer 1818, and punishment for his Ilistriomastix, a busy pragmatical appointed Surveyor of the western part, about fourteen and meddling man without end.

miles, of the Old Stratford and Dunchurch Trusts, at a This profligate scribbler, and general reviler of all honest

yearly salary of 105l. Many of the improvements on men, who had long before deserved to make his exit at Tyburn,

the above line were effected under his superintendence, undeserved had his life protracted till 1669, when he died

so much to the satisfaction of Mr. Telford, the chief on the 24th of October, at his chambers in Lincoln's Inn, and was buried under the chapel there, no epitaph over

Engineer, that he highly commended him to the Com.! his grave, but had this then made by an ingenious person :

missioners for his ability, and recommended that the

whole of the Old Stratford and Dunchurch trust should Here lies the corpse of William Prynne,

be placed in his hands, and the salary of the other, the A bencher late of Lincoln's Inn,

eastern surveyor, should be added to his own. His Who restless ran through thick and thin.

labours appear to have elicited considerable praise, and This grand Scripturient paper-spiller,

his name frequently occurs with honour in the ParliaThis endless, heedless margin-filler,

mentary Reports of the Commissioners of the Holyhead Was strongly tost from post to pillar,

road, onward to the year 1826. During this time he His brain's career was never stopping,

resided at Daventry, in Northamptonshire, and adopted But pen with rheuin of gall still dropping,

a style of living far beyond his means -- not only had Till hand o'er head brought ears to lopping.

he contrived to obtain from his wife's relations, upwards Nor would he yet surcease such theams,

of three thousand pounds, of which he wholly swindled! But prostitute new virgin reams,

them, but he also held the post-office for one year at To types of bis Fanatick dreams.

Daventry, and was even there a defaulter of nearly three But whilst he thus hot humour hugs,

hundred pounds, which one of his sureties had to pay. And more for length of tether tugs,

Deemed and spoken of by those who knew him as & Death fang'd the remnant of his lugs.

sad scamp,' in the month of April 1826, it was discovered he had committed many gross frauds on the

Trustees of the Road. An enquiry by a competent The only known copy of Prynne's Introduction to his person was instantly instituted, and it was found be great work on the Public Records, designated - Book / had misappropriated the funds belonging to the Trustees the First," no distinct title, and terminating abruptly at to more than 20001. He was charged with this misp. 400, was at the sale of the Stowe Library, purchased

demeanour, and evidence taken as to the facts, but he by the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, for 3351.

was liberated on bail to appear at the ensuing July It is now in their splendid Library, further details will

Assizes. He appeared in due course at the Assizes, and be found in Spilsbury's account of that Library, or

answered when called on to plead. The trial however in the Law Review, for August, 1819.

did not come on, on the first day, and then contrary to An attempt has been made to ascertain precisely

what his solicitor had told him, that he wonld be merely Pryvne's chambers in Lincoln's Inn, and the result has indicted for a frand, he lear

| indicted for a fraud, he learned from information that been thus far successful. At the time of his decease. could not be doubted that he would be indicted for he occupied chambers in Garden Court, Garden Row. I forgery, and as no doubt of his guilt was entertainerl, and what was then Garden Court, comprises now the that he would probably be hanged. That night he slepe three houses. Nos. 7. 8. and 9 of Old Square, but in at Northampton, and on the next morning rose about which of these three lodged so distinguished an oc-17 o'clock, said, he was going for a walk, and would cupant, no record now known serves to particularise.

return to breakfast. He however made the best of his | way to London, and having applied by recommendation to the Russian authorities in the metropolis, received

an immediate appointment as Engineer, and in a few COUNTRY Book-Club, published anonymously, 1788, days was secretly on his road to the Crimea. The 4to. Who was the author of this amusing and well means he adopted to obtain that recommendation are written Poem ?

known, but to mention names would be invidious, it Norwich, Oct. 7.

R. F.

would implicate persons whose characters are unimThe author resident at Colchester, was nimed Shillitoe. I peached and unimpeachable. Persons of bis talent are

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