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BORDER HOSPITALITY.

RAPHAEL AND THE LOGGIE OF THE VATICAN. An inedited letter of Sir Walter Scott.

SURELY those august colonnades, seen nowhere but in MY LORD DUKE,—I am equally flattered and ashamed Italy, and in Italy distinguished by the unpretending of the trouble which your Grace has had the great good name of Loggia, are the very poetry of architecture; ness to take in order to gratify my idle curiosity. I creations of the Sun's own climate, they are pavilions own my curiosity was very much fascinated by the of the Sun himself. Upon the highest terrace of the report of a memoir found in the Bastille, and written, as Palace, upon the pinnacle of the green olive hill, glistenwas alleged, by one of an ancient family, with which I ing above the verdurous canopy of the great pine groves, have the honour to be connected. But the sense of your aloft they poise their stately arches, as if to meet their Grace's kindness, and the honour of your acquaintance welcome guest the Lord of day. Alas! that storm and with which you condescend to offer me, would be a rain should ever be their uninvited visitors. , compensence for a far greater disappointment.

Among the mirabilia of the Vatican, the Loggie I should not have ventured, considering that our immortalized by Raphael and his pupils, are much more accommodations cannot be of the first class, to offer the talked of than they are either felt or understood. In Duchess of Buckingham any convenience that these can many melancholy instances, it is to be apprehended, afford her Grace, had I not been sensible that the they are confounded with the four stately Stanze embelDuchess's goodness will consider the meaning of the lished by the same illustrious school. invitation, and compare them not with those her Grace / Erecting their triple tier about the Court of San is most accustomed to, but to such as are afforded by a Damaso, and approached by all the old Italian pomp of Scotch Inn. It is true, our late much lamented friend the staircase, these regal Porticoes scarcely required the Duchess of Buccleugh* used to make our roof her home exquisite elaborateness of Raphael's fancy, or the occasionally, but as the Lady of my Chief, she was masterly creations of Raphael's mind to illustrate the bound to think herself well entertained, providing on naked glory of Bramante's beautiful designs. our part there was nothing omitted which could show | The noble Corridors command the most enchanting our sense of her kindness.

prospect of this thrice built city of Mars, besides the We do not live in the most romantic and picturesque mountains, the pine-woods, the castles, and the towns part of Scotland, but the country round us is very of its delightful Contorni; and when satiated with the pleasant, and full of romantic traditions and historical voluptuous view, you turn from the harmonious colourrecollections, besides having to boast of the ruins of ings of Nature to the more brilliant but not less finely Melrose and other objects of antiquarian interest. I modulated decorations of Art, amazement is impelled by can only add, that if your Grace should accompany the the prodigal luxuriance with which Painting opens up Duchess on her proposed tour, it will give us a double her every fountain there. Story, Design and Colour honour and pleasure to see the Lord of the far-famed join in august alliance to decorate the proud projections Stowe, among our wild hills and moors. Also, that we of her sister, Architecture. Vaults radiant with arahave room enough, such as it is, for any friends who besques ; Panels glowing with Landscape ; Medallions, may belong to the Duchess's party, and that we have each a masterwork, and each a drama in itself; and enough of hard beds, forest mutton, and tolerable claret, Pilasters variegated with delightful imageries of Genii. which are the chief ingredients of Border hospitality, Birds, Flowers, and Fruits, worthy of their presumptive including always the sincere and respectful welcome, origin, from the Baths of Titus, absolutely bewilder which the Duke and Duchess of Buckingham are sure with the admiration which they excite. to find wherever they visit.

That Raphael should condescend to luxuriate in these I have the honour to be, with a sincere sense of your most elegant yet trivial intricacies of Art, is a proof of Grace's goodness,

the elasticity of true Genius! Men so great can well My Lord Duke,

afford to be little, but alas! before the first flood of enYour much obliged

thusiasm has ebbed away, comes the heart-sinking conAnd most respectful, humble servant, viction, that all this beauty, all this grandeur, all this

WALTER Scott. that ought to be Immortality, consigning a hundred Edinburgh, June 17, 1824.

great Names to the Archives of the world, is already P.S.–The Duchess of Buckingham must not quite

irremediably a ruin. form her expectations of Scotland on Mrs. Hughes' ||

Yes! amidst all the sunshine that irradiates the report, for our good friend brings so much disposition to

distant landscapes, and floats over their pillared pavebe pleased wherever she comes, that she is, perhaps, if

ments; amidst all the soft airs that advance wooingly that be a fault, gratified with what is in itself not of

upon the brow, along their shadowed colonnades you

look upon these tarnished, mildewed, and dilapidated very much value.

triumphs of Art, and fancy you hear the Tempest howling, • Qu.? Harriet Catherine, wife of Charles William Henry, the Rain streaming, the Snow and Hail rattling, or the the fourth Duke. Her Grace died August 24, 1814. His Lightning and Thunder holding their terrific revels amid Grace' the Duke of Buccleugh died April 20, 1819. I these elegant Corridors, already bearing vestiges of the

pitiless havoc of the Spanish soldiery, whose wanton

ERASMUS AXD LUTHER. violence, anticipating time, seems to have envied the

PaysiaNOMISTs observe in the visage of Erasmus, very seasons their charter to destroy.

the strongest indications of good sense, benignity and wit. Reckless, indeed, were these Pontiff Princes, even of

When Luther was shewn a portrait of Erasmus, the their own Magnificence. In embellishing their Temples,

ascetic reformer observed, “ Were I to look like this Palaces and Towns, they gave as much to the Sky, to

picture, I should be the greatest knave in the world !" its Suns and to its Storms, as they bestowed upon the

So much for prejudice. more tranquil penctralia of their Cabinets, and the

| richest decoration of their Banquet saloons, believing ! in bis sarcasm : ardent and sincere in his great work of

Luther was implacable in his resentment, and bitter

Luthe with consummate assurance, that “to-morrow shall be Reform as to-day, and yet more abundant;" they challenged those who would not go the whole length of his zeal:

Reformation, he would maintain no friendly terms with Time and the Tide to do their worst, relying on their own

Erasmus and the pious Augustine monk had once been resources against vicissitudes, confident they could soon

in friends. "repair the golden Flood,

The rare talents of Erasmus burst forth “ when And warm the nations with redoubled ray." | learning was emerging out of barbarism." He was one

of the first who dared to attack superstition, which he Could Julius and Leo but look back upon those moul

had not the courage to relinquish. His cupboard, which dering Loggie, and compare them with that glittering

ing to the honour of the age was enriched with plate preillumination of Painting, and Marble, and Gold, match- 1 sented to him by the most illustrious men, as an offering less productions of munificence and art, which under

der to his talents and private worth, was a subject for intheir auspices, found in these Arcades an illustrious home; they might groan over their annihilated Pride, I picions were excited to the belief of Erasmus' too great

is vective in the independent spirit of Luther, whose susor grieve upon the phantoms of their beloved Delights.

devotion to the good things of the world. Speak, ye Sibylline Leaves ! how long hence, before

“We must carry ourselves according to the times, the wild fig bursts beneath their crumbling balustrades,

and hang the cloak according to the wind," said Erasor the bright network of the ivy embroiders their pilas

mus mildly; those sentiments, however honest of purters, or the silken moss becomes their tapestry, or the

pose, were widely different from the straightforward jewelled lichens supplant the marbles of their inlaid

temper of the great apostle of Protestantism. pavements? Fate only knows !

· Rubens, a Papist, in his celebrated picture of the Rome.

T. H. W.

Woman taken in Adultery, has introduced the portrait of

Luther, a visage without a single trait that even the Tytoes instead of being received by, were originally devotion of bigotry could convert into a Christian or levied on, the clergy. The “Saladine tenth," was im- Cardinal virtue. Calvin is also rendered a prominent posed for the defence of Palestine during the Crusade, figure in the group. conceived in the same spirit of or holy wars between Richard Cæur de Lion and that hatred to the reformed religion. victorious Infidel; as well on the clergy of the Latin Church, as on the laity: when the war ceased, the practice, as Gibbon observes, was too lucrative to expire

SHAKESPEARE.—The following, recorded in the Lou

pre don Magazine, 1765, p. 377, appears to have escaped with the occasion.

the notice of the bard's biographers :

July 17. The old walnut tree that flourished before the ADVANTAGES OF A LIBRARY.

door of Shakespeare's father's house, at Stratford-uponIn the best books, great men talk to us, give us their

Avon, at the birth of the poet, has lately been cut down,

and several gentlemen had images resembling that in Westmost precious thoughts, and pour their souls into ours.

minster Abbey carved from it. God be thanked for books! They are the voices of the distant and the dead, and make us heirs of the spiritual life of past ages. Books are the true levellers. No

MAHOMMEDAN GALLANTRY. matter how poor I am: no matter though the prosperous of my own time will not enter my obscure dwelling; if In Hammer-Purgstall's Extracts from Saalebi, the sacred writers will enter and take up their abode printed in the Journal of the German Oriental Society. under my roof, if Milton will cross my threshold to sing 1852, vol. vi. p. 511, it is intimated, the proof that to me of Paradise, and Shakespeare to open to me the woinen surpass the devil in cunning is derived from the worlds of imagination, and the workings of the human Koran, chap. iv, verse 78, which says, “The cunning of heart, and Franklin to enrich me with his practical Satan is weak,' and chap. xii. verse 28, in the address wisdoin, I shall not pine for want of intellectual com- to women, “ your cunning is great." panionship, and I may become a cultivated man, though The advice of women, bad, and to be rejected ; so excluded from what is called “the best society" in the says the Prophet, “ Ask their advice, and do the conplace where I live.-CHANNING.

trary."

Roman PAVEMENT AT DORCHESTER.

PuæniciAN TAVERN Sign. Last week while breaking the ground for building the new gate and improvements of the Dorset County

| Pownall in his Treatise on the Study of Antiquities, Gaol, about two feet below the surface, a portion, four p. 237, notices the following inscription that appears to or five feet wide. of Roman pavement of opus tes have been placed over the door of a Tavern. selatum,' was exposed. Dorchester and its neighbourhood has much to interest the archæologist; named by the Romans · Durnovaria,' a word derived according to Hutchins from the British; Ptolemy calls it Dunium (Axvlov), which he says was the town or city (moles) of the Durobriges; it was fortified by the Romans, and part of the wall is yet standing in “The Walks" at the western end of the town. At different times many similar pavements have been found; the part here drawn—

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“ This inscription is taken from the Thesaurus Hieroglyphicorum, e Museo Georgii Herwart, Hogenburg, 1607. It is not there said from whence taken, but is here inserted to invite the ingenuity of the learned."

No elucidation appears to have resulted from this challenge, but the characters on this curious and interesting old Phænician inscription read thus.

BAAT OD JAT is apparently the ornamental portion of the border, in

BALO SIRIR which the tessera of white, black, blue, and red, are just one-fourth of the size of the red, employed in the

TAYIL WAR OTIK. inner surface. As so small a fragment remains it is The invitation to the wayfarer being simply in iinpossible to decide as to what was its form or dimen- | Englishsions. The colours, though clear, are not very bright;

An Inn for the pleasure of the multitude, but hitherto I have not found any other specimen dis

For drinking date- wine, covered here of a similar pattern. A single brass coin

And also for the excellent comforts of life. of Vespasian, Emperor A.D. 69-79, was found at the

Southwick, Sept. 5.

T. R. Brown. same time. The whole has been carefully raised, and set in two parts, one is to be laid down in the entrance

While adopting the above communication from a respected hall of the Governor's residence, and the other, it is

correspondent, the editor submits one or two observations.

Since the above was engraved, the same inscription has presumed, will be deposited in the Dorset County

been discovered in the Cabinet de Pierres Gravées, Paris, Museum.

1778, vol. ii. pl. ccvi. fig. 387, as the reverse of a gnostic Dorchester, August 18.

Joan GARLAND.

gem. Mixed inscriptions like the present are extremely

problematical, and the attempt to explain Gnostic Mysteries Tue UNCERTAINties or History.

is generally unsatisfactory. The idea of reading from

the left to right, and the referring to mixed alphabets, Henry IV. of France, after the victory of Aumale, in aid of elucidation, have found objectors, while strong in which he was wounded, ordered the attendance doubts are also entertained that the caravansaries of the of his Generals to his bedside, to render him an account East were at any period the places of such specific general of what had occurred after his being carried from the

entertainment as our respected correspondent has con. field; but no two agreed on the course of the events in

cluded. which they had been the actors, and the king, struck forcibly with the difficulty of ascertaining facts so evi

AN UNTRANSLATABLE Pun.- Après la mort de Louis dent and so recent, exclaimed, · Voila ce que c'est quenz

Onze, au commencement de la régence de Madame de l'Histoire ?

| Beanjen, plusieurs personnes furent disgraciées; entre

autres, Cotier, premier médecin de feu roi, qui s'apPHARMACEUTICAL.- Current Notes, p. 64. Sir F. plaudissant d'être échappé de cette cour orageuse, fit Kelly's opinion was in favour of the hardc,' which the sculpter sur la porte de sa maison, un abricotier, avec judicious remarks of your correspondent A. B. E. proves cette inscription : to be anything but correct.

S. M.

A L'ABRI, COTIER.

GIAOUR AGGRESSIONS IN THE EAST. | pension of one hundred pounds per annum, that was

regularly paid to him by William Lowndes of the ExEUROPEAN intercourse has greatly changed affairs at

chequer. He died in Rose Street, Sept. 25, 1680; and Constantinople. An Englishman or a Frenchman may

the Burial Register of St. Paul, Covent Garden, simply

hey now by merely taking off his shoes, sans firman, “ sans

records everything," enter without let or hindrance the mosque of Santa Sophia itself, and, again taking off the shoes,

“ 27, Samuel Butler, Esqre.” though retaining the hat, may also stroll into that of a title that but sparingly is awarded to others of the i Sultan Achmet during “Divine service," listen to the sepultured dead, who had apparently a better claim. monotonous chant of the Imaums, and observe the Zoust's Portrait of Butler, formerly in the Harleian prostrations of the worshippers. Continuing his walk, | Gallery, was purchased at the sale, March 10, 1741-2, he may wander about the Seraglio Gardens without by Lord Coleraine: but in 1744, when engraved for suspicion. The officers of the guard, it is true, may I Grey's edition of Hudibras, was then in the possession stop him, but it will be merely to offer pipes and coffee, I of Dr. Mead. Five-and-twenty years since it was in and to chat about the war ; and then, disregarding a the possession of the writer, and was engraved for Bald. doubtful shake of the head from an old Mussulman, he win's edition. It is now in Manchester or Liverpool. may walk into the courts of the Seral itself, and criti

Subscriptions are now being made to place an inseripcise the odd heterogeneous mass of splendour, exhibit- / tion on the outer wall of the church, to mark his last ing a little taste, with much barbarity. The splendour deposit; and also a marble tablet within the church; is in the profuse gilding, now in a state of rapid decay. I the Rector, the Rev. Henry Hutton, is very desirous to acPera, too, has its attractions—in the evening bands of complish these mementoes, and most willingly proffers Diusic may there be heard, and good beer may be ob

| to head the list of subscribers. tained. The Bosphorus is in all its beauty, shining like silver in the bright sun, except where the highlycoloured houses contrast in reflection with the tall black GAZETTE.-Chalmers states, the first papers of news, cypresses, and where its surface is varied by the passage since termed Gazettes, were produced in Venice in 1536, of numerous merchant craft and huge transport steamers, and were circulated in manuscript long after, as appears such as the Orinoco and Himalaya, or the swift little from a collection of these Gazettes, in the Magliabechian Turkish steamers with their odd mixture on board of Library at Florence. Life of Ruddiman, p. 114. pretty Greek faces, Turkish yasmacks and their fezzed The title of Ghazie, the Victorious, gave the name of brethren, a few English and French officers on leave Gazetta to the Chronicles of the Wars with the Turks, being intermingled, and a pretty fair sprinkling of which were first published in Venice-hence our travelling Englishmen, dressed in a mixture of straw Gazette ? hat and turban, and a sort of style oscillating between Traditionally it is said, the small silver coin of Venice the West and the East most surprising to behold. The at which the printed paper was sold, originated the title Turks are much improved in civility; the women wear of Gazette. Coriate describing its memorabilia, observes, their yasmacks generally smaller and thinner, and one “ Whatsoever thou art that meanest to see Venice, in may prophesy the time not far distant when that article any case forget not to goe up to the top of Saint Markes may become merely a fashionable custom in dress, an tower before thou comest out of the citie, for it will cost air-woven web, and used to set off to advantage that but a gazet, which is not fully an English penny." which it is now supposed to conceal.

Crudities, 1611, 4to. p. 185. Constantinople, August 19.

BRUSSELS GAZETTE.—The newspaper so called in the

seventeenth century, was distinguished beyond all other HUDIBRAS.-The couplet referred to by our Corres

papers of news, for its flagrant falsehoods, or misreprepondent, C.E. was caused by the knight's fondness for sentation of facts, so much so, that when any informa

vitilitigation,' a term meaning no more than a per tion arrived to which doubt was attached, it was instantly verse humour of wrangling

ascribed to the Brussels Gazette. Count Zinzendorf in He that complies against his will,

his Lecteur Royale, relates that " When Charles the Is of his own opinion still,

Second quitted Brussels, he desired his agent there to

send him occasionally the news. Being a Spaniard, he are the so often misquoted lines in the edition corrected asked, Of what kind, Sire, would you have the news ! and amended by the author, 1678, 8vo. Part IIl. As the king appeared surprised at the question, he reCanto iii. p. 102 ; or referring to later editions, lines plied, Sir, my master, Don Juan, the Governor of the 547-548.

Low Countries, gives me positive orders always to send Samuel Butler, the author of Hudibras, a volume him good news, whether true or false !" The Journal that will remain while English literature shall last, de St. Petersbourg appears to possess all the excellenwas towards the close of his existence maintained by a cies of its predecessor.

H.

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POETICAL SIGN BOARDS, IN LEICESTERSHIRE. the Leicestrians, and reminding us of the faculties of An Inn, near Leicester, called the Red Cow, has the the famous Dragon of Wantley, of whom it was saidfollowing inscription :

Houses and churches were to him geese and turkies,
This is the Red Cow

He ate all, and left none behind.
That never did low;

Leicester.

W.K.
With skin as soft as silk.
So walk in, if you please,
Here sit down at your ease,

POETICAL SIGN BOARDS IN STAFFORDSHIRE.
And taste her nut-brown milk.

In the village of Horton, near Leek, are two poetical Hanley, Sept. 9.

H. P.D. signs over inn doors, one as follows :

My ale is good, In the village of Aylestone, of which the Duke of

My measure just,

You must excuse Rutland is Lord of the Manor, and in which is still the

I cannot trust. ancient Manor-house, formerly a residence of the Earls of Rutland, is the sign of the Marquis of Granby, as

The other, replete with admonition, intimatesmay be supposed a favourite one in this county, bearing

If you pass by the following lines

And dry you be :
Though noble Granby's dead and gone,

The fault 's on you

And not on me!
Yet let us him remember;
To king and country he was friend,

A VERY humourous sign may be seen at Waterhouse's
But none to the Pretender.

near Leek, at the “ Crown Inn"Over a cobbler's shop, in this town, were inscribed these

Come my lads and

your wishes, alluring rhymes

With glee come

your greatest joys; Come to the

2009 2002, and drink like fishes, I make good boots, I make good shoes,

Spend each a

my jovial boys; And bad ones I make better ;

Drink to the

1 of England's glory, My price is just, I never trust,

Which friendly

s with her increase; And therefore have no debtor.

And let this motto

each story, Below the representation of a Sweeping-Machine, at Long last the

that keeps the peace! a chimney-sweeper's domicile, the owner's useful avo- | The sign of a gate with the following lines is very cations are thus represented

common in this part of the country:-
John K ... • lives here,

The gate bangs well and hinders none,
Sweeps chimneys clean, and not to dear;

Refresh and pay, and so pass on!
Smoke-jack cleaner, if required,
Puts chimneys out when they're a-fired.

In a Currier's shop at Burslem is a large sign over

| the counter, with these wordsAt the Bee Hive Public House is a nearly similar version of the lines, noticed in Current Notes, p. 68, as

No trust here, no, not a penny! being at Morningside, near Edinburgh

Hanley, Sept. 9.

H. P. D.
Within this hive we're all alive,
Good ale it inakes us funny,

The Engine Public House at Bedworth, near Coven-
If you are dry, as you pass by,
Step in, and taste our honey.

try, a respectable road-side house, for many years kept

by Jeremiah Parish, and now by some of his family; The sign of the Three Loggerheads is also among the had below his sign, moved but a few years sincepictorial embellishments of this town, representing two

I hope my Engine will not fail, jovial topers, and below, the usual distich

To draw my friends good beer and ale ! "We three

The Robin Hood at Nuneaton, the last lines having Loggerheads be!

aptly reference to the then landlord-
The following inscription, though not strictly poetical, Now Robin Hood is dead and gone,
may be mentioned as a curiosity -

Come and drink with little John!
The Nottingham

The same, I am informed, is at Croydon. Attached
Pyflit and Muffin House

to the sign of the Bell, common throughout WarwickBaked and Sold Here

shire, within the last forty years was the injunctionEvery Day.

The Bell hangs well, and in there's none: Proof being hereby afforded of the digestive powers of Refresh and Pay, and Travel on!

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