Page images


RICHARD BAXTER THE NONCONFORMIST. The story about the Manuscripts of Ximenes, noticed Tue biography prefixed to the folio edition of his colin Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 51, having been used for lected works, is wholly silent as to his marriage, and in sky-rockets, was a facetia to divert the many enquiries Rose's New General Biographical Dictionary there is about them. They are extant at Madrid.

| but a slight passing notice. The following abstract of Woburn.

B. B. WIFFEN. his marriage license, as registered in the Vicar-Gene

ral's office, will therefore be read with interest. ArgyLE LIBRARY.-Current Notes, vol. iv. p. 60.

1662. April 29. Richard Baxter, of St. Botolph's, I do not recollect where the copy is of the Catalogue

| Aldersgate, London, Clerk, aged about forty years, batchefrom whence I obtained Reed's note, most probably in

lor; and Margaret Charleton of Christ Church, London, the British Museum. A copy was in Reed's library, vide

| about twenty-eight years, spinster; and at his own dis

Lorary, vide posal, to marry at Christ Church aforesaid. Alledged by Sale Catalogue, 1807, No. 184.

Francis Tyton, of St. Dunstan's in the West. The fire at Luton did not destroy the library, it was removed when the estate of Luton was sold ; and is, I

His wife Margaret, a person of great piety, and who believe, safely secured in cases, during the minority of

entered fully into her husband's views, was the daughter the present Marquis.

of Francis Charleton, Esq. of Shropshire, and a magisWoburn Abbey, July 27. John MARTIN.

trate. She appears to have been deceased, at the time he made his will, dated July 7, 1689, as in that instru

ment she is not mentioned. In the preamble he styles POETICAL SIGN-BOARDS IN SCOTLAND.

himself. Richard Baxter, of London, Clerk;' but the

word · Clerk' is erased in the marriage licence; a fact Ar the village of Ravelstone, near Edinburgh, over deserving of notice, as he was then with Dr. Bates, one the door of a roadside inn, was a few years since, and is of the lecturers at St. Dunstan's, Fleet Street; and this possibly there still, a painted sign-board of a swan is possibly one of the many traits of the intolerant inveswimming in the water; and below it, these lines : teracy that after the Restoration was constantly in opeAs the Swan loves water clear,

ration against him. So do men good ale and beer.

Baxter died Dec. 8, 1691, and was interred in Christ

| Church, Newgate Street. Another sign-board, at Morningside, also near Edinburgh, has a beehive painted, and these lines under it :Within this Hive we are all alive; ..

The following, printed from a contemporary manu. Our drink as sweet as honey ;

script, has reference to the burial of this celebrated NonIf you are dry, come in and try,

conformist :But don't forget the money!

A New CATCA. The following is, however, the most singular of the

This worthy corpse, wbere shall we lay? sort, that I know. At Brechin, in Forfarshire, over the

In hallow'd, or in uuhallow'd clay? door of a shoemaker, named' Tytler, who kept shop

Th’unhallow'd best befits him dead, there about forty years since, was a painted sign-board,

Who living from the hallow'd fed. having the representation of a pair of torn, and a pair of mended shoes, and underneath:

Then, in the vestry be his tomb,

Since that he made his drinking-room;
When boots or shoes are nearly ended,

While to avoid the Common Prayer,
Here they can be neatly mended,

He soop'd off his French pottage there.
But, Gentlefolks, what do you think ?

But now, alus ! near Newgate thrown,
I must have the ready clink.

Ere Tyburn could obtain its own;
Tytler died within the last ten years, still many of the

He's gone to sleep with brethren blest, living chronicles' of Brechin have a full recollection of

In Baxter's Saints Eerlasting Rest. the well known sign-board.

Tytler, the avowed amender of men's understandings, was cousin to the eccentric James Tytler, memorable as STICKS IN OFFICE! The Madrid Gazette of May 28, the writer of Scottish Songs, and as the compiler and contained an important decree, ordering all Ministers of editor of the second edition of the Encyclopædia Britan- the Crown, whether they appeared in uniform or in nica, and other works ; and also, to Dr. William Henry plain clothes, to carry sticks with gold heads and tassels, Tytler, the translator of Callimachus, said to have been as an emblem of their authority; but the want of the first translation by a Scotchman of any Greek poet, moderation in the weight of the gold heads' and apDr. Tytler married a sister of Dr. John Gillies, the his, pendages, have since sunk the officials, sticks and all, torian of Greece.

no one knows where!

Pensions To LITERATURE AND SCIENCE. To Mrs. Hogg, widow of JAMES HOGG, “ the Ettrick THE 12001. annually appropriated as pensions to Shepherd," in consideration of her late husband's poetiliterary persons, and their families, have this year been cal

cal talent. thus dispensed :

To the widow and daughter of JOSEPH TRAIN, in One hundred pounds per annum to Sir FRANCIS Bond consideration of his personal services to literature, and HEAD, Bart., in consideration of the contributions he

the valuable aid derived by the late Sir Walter Scott, has made to the literature of this country.

from Mr. Train's antiquarian and literary researches, To Mrs. Moir, widow of David Moir, surgeon, in prosecuted under Sir Walter's directions; and consideration of her late husband's literary and scientific ! Forty pounds per annum to the daughters of the late works, in connexion with his profession, his poetical | JAMES KENNEY, dramatist, author of Raising the Wind, talents, and the destitute condition of his widow and and

and other well-known productions. eight children.

To Dr. EDWARD Hincks, in consideration of the eminent services rendered by him to history and literature

LINES TO A VIOLET. by his antiquarian researches, and especially in con

From the German of Hölty. nexion with the Assyrian and other Eastern languages.

Hide in thy dark blue cup, oh! hide To Mrs. Lang, in consideration of the eminent ser

The tears of sadness, 'till my fair vices rendered for a period of upwards of fifty years by

Comes to this murm'riny fountains side, the late Mr. OLIVER LANG, master shipwright at the

And plucks thee to adorn her hair. Woolwich Dockyard; of his numerous valuable inven

Then to her breast, oh! bend, and tell tions and improvements for the advancement of naval

How these fond tears which on thee lie, architecture, and the straitened circumstances in which

Flow from a heart that loves her well, Mrs. Lang is placed.

That lives to weep, and longs to die. To the widow of Sir NICHOLAS HARRIS NICOLAS, in consideration of his many valuable contributions to the historical and antiquarian literature of this country; | OA NANNY!-Your Correspondent, M. E., Current and the limited circumstances in which his family were Notes, vol. iii., p. 90, is, I think, mistaken in supposing left at his death.

that this ballad was founded upon an earlier one. It To the sister and two daughters of the late JAMES appears, from all the notices that I have met with, to SIMPSON, in consideration of his eminent services in the have been in idea and execution, solely Bishop Percy's cause of education, and the distressed circumstances in composition, which, owing to the expenditure of his own means in Bristol.

J. K. R, W. the furtherance of this object, his family are left.

To the daughters of the late JOSEPH TUCKER, in consideration of their late father's services as Surveyor of | BISHOP PERCY's ballad of Oh Nanny! wilt thou the Navy for eighteen years, and the distressed condition garg with me ? seems to have been suggested by that of to which they are reduced.

the Young Laird and Edinburgh Katy, in Allan RamTo Alaric ALEXANDER Watts, in consideration of say's Tea Table Miscellany, edit. 1733, p. 66. The his services to literature, and to art.

second verse commencesEighty pounds per annum to the Rev. WILLIAM

O Katy! wiltu gang wi me, Hickey, in consideration of the service which his

And leave the dinsome town awhile. writings, published under the signature of “Martin Doyle," have rendered to the cause of agricultural and social improvement among the people of Ireland; MAJOR ANDRÉ. When was the body of Major and the same amount

André exhumed in America, for interment in England ? To the daughters of Dr. MacGILLIVRAY, in considera

T. A. tion of their late father's contributions to natural history, The corpse or skeleton of Major André was disinterred at and the destitute condition in which his family are placed Tappan, in America, on August 14, 1821, and placed in a at his decease.

sarcophagus, to be conveyed thence to England. See Cur. Fifty pounds per annum to Mrs. Lee, widow of rent Notes, vol. iii. p. 81. THOMAS EDWARD Bowpica, the celebrated African traveller, in consideration of her contributions to literature, and the straitened circumstances to which she is now Post IN FRANCE. Is it known at what period the reduced.

post was established in France ?

E. D. To Mrs. Glen, widow of Dr. GLEX, missionary to the The penny post delivery of letters, established in London, East for nearly thirty years; in consideration of his ser- | in 1683, was the model of that instituted in Paris, in June vices to biblical literature by his translation of the Old 1760. The French have since adopted the English system Testament into Persian, and her distressed condition. lof penny postage stamps.


: The Cross AND THE CRESCENT. ROMEUS and Julietta, translated by Brooke, was ' THE Emperor, Charles the Sixth, on the commenceprinted in1562, 8vo., and of Shakespeare's Romeo and ment of the war between Austria and the Turks, in Juliet, “newly corrected, augmented, and amended,” | 1717, took leave of his general, Prince Eugene, in these there were editions printed for John Smethwick, in words, “ Prince, I have set over you a general who is 1607 and 1609, 4to. The following memoranda appear always to be called to your council, and in whose name all to allude to an•edition of Romeus and Julietta, not now your operations are to be undertaken." The Emperor known, They are from a portion of a leaf of somethen placed in his hand a crucifix richly set with diapublisher's shop-book, used in the binding of an old monds; at the foot was an inscription, JESUS CHRISTUS volume, and refer to payments to printers of the books GENERALISSIMUS. “ Forget not," added the Emperor, named. Thomas Creede printed several of Shakespeare's “ that you are fighting his battles who shed his blood for plays for various publishers from 1594, onward. He man upon the cross; under his supreme guidance attack printed the Mețry Wives of Windsor, in 1602, for and overwhelm the enemies of Christ and Christianity." Arthur Jackson, whose memorandum this might have been.

MR. GEORGE BRETTINGHAM SOWERBY, F.L.S., of To Snodbam, the 23 of December 1609, towards the 70, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, author of several Soles latter hopes, and Errapaters, 208 ; more 88 ; | highly approved works on Natural History, died July more 108.,

26, in his sixty-fifth year, at his residence in HornseyTo Creede towards printing of Pastoralls de Juleitta 48.

To Mr. Creed, the 7 of Januarie 1610, towards printing of Pasterall de Juletta

48. MR. SAMUEL Nixon, Sculptor, who executed the No printer in the present day would thank a publisher statue of King William the Fourth, at the end of Eastfor such instalments.

P. C. cheap, leading to London Bridge, died in his fifty-first

year, on the 2nd instant, at his residence, Manby Place, Kennington Common.



Many readers of Current Notes will doubtless reBo'ri are in want-the pauper and the peer:

member the late RICHARD PRIESTLEY, Bookseller, in The latter craves court favours and rewards ; | Holborn, but who died a recipient of Sutton's benevolence, The beggar only asks his bread and beer;

in Charter House, on February 4, 1852, in his eightySurely his need is much less than my lord's!

first year. At the termination of the War in 1815, his stock, unencumbered, was worth upwards of thirty

thousand pounds, but the decline that ensued in the AMERICAN Definition of Uncle SAV.

prices of old established Classical Works, of which his

stock mainly consisted, induced his printing of editions, Tae recent query of Young America,' as to the ori- | by modern editors of distinguished acquirements and gin of the terms · John Bull’ and · Uncle Sam,' elicited erudition, and in forms more consonant with the requirefrom the editor of the New York Sunday Times, the ments and taste of our day. The sale, equivocal and following reply:

slow, did not reimburse the great outlay of production, Englishmen are called “John Bulls,' we believe, because

and embarrassment ensued. His daughter, MARY ANN they are generally reputed to be cross and uncommunica- PRIESTLEY survives, pennyless and in want. Her letter. tive to strangers.' 'Our national appellation is said to have

addressed to the Editor, thus imploringly describes her originated in the following manner. During the last war | pressing need :with England [in 1814), a man by the name of Elbert - “ Stern necessity compels me. My circumstances Anderson furnished provisions by contract to the general | leave me penniless! Do you think a small sum could government. A great quantity were barrelled at Troy, be raised to rescue me from the most unhappy situation N. Y., and the barrels were marked with the initials of the in which I am placed, without friends or relations? I contractor's name, E. A., and U.S. for United States. The know not what will become of me, unless some chariinspector of these provisions was one Samuel Wilson, called

table hand be extended towards me. Think of my familiarly Uncle Sam.' One day a workman was asked

dear Father, and pity his unhappy child, so different to what the letters E. A., U. S. upon the barrel signified, when he said that they stood for · Elbert Anderson and Uncle

what my youth promised ; to be in such a condition at Sa'm.' The joke took and spread among the soldiers, who

my age is indeed trying.” afterwards, whenever they saw anything marked. U. S.'

"To those to whom a small sum is no object, this declared it belonged to Uncle Sam. By degrees it has appeal is respectfully addressed; and Mr. Willis will found its way into our national vocabulary, and may, for willingly take charge of any kindness thus charitably aught we know, yet be voted to be a classical expression. conferred.


No. XLV.)

“Takes note of what is done
By note, to give and to receive."-SHAKESPEARE.


B.c. 753."


Donatus remarks, “ Post triennium Æneæ, triginta HAVING occasion lately to refer to Sir N. Harris Ascanio, et trecenti Hectoreæ, genti dantur.” From Nicolas' Chronology of History, I was much surprised Justin xlin, ', we learn that Æneas was slain in the at finding these words relative to the Roman Era.

| war with Mezentius. He immediately adds: “In locum “ Dr. Hales has determined from history and astro

ejus Ascanius filius successit, qui, Lavinio relicto, Lonnomy,' that the Varronian computation is correct, viz.

gam Albam condidit, quæ trecentis annis caput regni

fuit." Servius makes this period twenty years longer : That this date cannot be determined, from conflicting

“ Inter excidium Trojæ et ortum urbis Romæ anni inhistory, is obvious; but I am at a loss to conceive by

terveniunt 360." what astronomical process Dr. Hales has proved the With respect to the time when the city was founded, Varronian Era to be the true one. Many astronomers

Cicero says, Divin. II. 47. and writers on Chronology have totally failed in the at L. Tarutius Firmanus, familiaris noster, in primis Chaltempt. The Jesuit Denys Petau, in his chapter on the daicis rationibus eruditus, urbis nostræ natalem diem repesubject, makes this admission :

tebat ab iis Parilibus, quibus eam a Romulo conditam ac.

cepimus: Romamque, in Jugo cum esset Luna natam esse Quod ad Solis deliquia pertinet duo, quorum alterum indicebat ipso Romuli conceptu, alterum eo die, quo Urbs est fundari cepta, contigisse dicitur; ea sunt hactenus ex Tabulis And Manilius, iv. 731quæsita frustra.

Hesperiam sua Libra tenet, qua condita Roma. There were two ancient traditions at Rome, concern- ||

Solinus also says the moon was in Libra; but he ing the first foundation of that city. One, that after

makes it an eclipse of the moon, by saying the “ Sun the destruction of Troy, certain Trojan fugitives, driven |

was in Taurus." Plutarch tells us more distinctly, in by the winds on the western coast of Italy, anchored at

the Life of Romulus, where he mentions the calculathe mouth of the Tiber ; that their women tired with

tions of Tarutius, that there was a conjunction of the the hardships of the sea, and instigated by one of their

sun and moon, attended by an eclipse, on the very day number, named Roma, conspired and burned the fleet :

when the first stone of Rome was laid. that the wanderers, thus constrained to remain, chose the Palatine hill for their settlement, and called it

That no eclipse of the sun took place on the 21st of

April, B.O. 753, nor for ninety-nine years previously, Roma. The other, that the exiled Trojans were con

nor half a century subsequently, I have fully proved by ducted by Æneas; that he, after seven years of wander

astronomical calculations, but I find that a total eclipse ing through various lands and seas, settled in Italy, and

of that luminary actually did happen on the 21st of built the city Lavinium, where he reigned three years:

April, B.C. 853. This is very remarkable-just one that his son Ascanius, after his death, relinquished La

hundred years prior to Varro's date, and corresvinium to his step-mother, and built Alba, where he

ponding exactly with other circumstances. We learn and his descendants reigned three hundred and thirty

from Plutarch, 1. c. that Varro had his date from the years prior to the foundation of Rome : that a total

lips of Tarutins ; is it not possible then, that he, by a eclipse of the sun occurred on the 21st of April, the

slip of memory, might have committed an error in one festival of the Parilia, in the year when the building of

figure, and substituted one date for another-equivalent that city commenced.

to 753 for 853 ? To the latter, Virgil alludes, Æn. i. 264

This eclipse, according to modern tables, would have Moresque viris et menia ponet:

been invisible at Rome; but if Ptolemy's Lunation Tertia dum Latio regnantem viderit æstas,

(29 d. 12 h. 44 m. 3 s. 20""), were correct, and the calTernaque transierint Rutulis hyberna subactis.

culation made accordingly, the middle of the eclipse At puer Ascanius, cui nunc cognomen Julo,

would have been at 7 h. 13 m, P.M. and the commenceTriginta magnos volvendis mensibus orbes

ment visible for some time at Rome, there being no Imperio explebit, regnumque ab sede Lavini

doubt, that the calculations of Tarutius and Ptolemy Transferet, et Longam multa vi muniet Albam. Hic jam ter centum totos regnabitur annos

were derived from the same source-" Chaldaicis raGente sub Hectorea; donec, etc.

tionibus," “ Babylonian numbers.” If, on the other


hand, the moon's acceleration (?) be an incontrovertible

ISABELLA SFORZA. fact, and amount to so much in twenty-one centuries, RENOUARD notices, under 1544, a work printed at as stated by Mr. Dunthorne in Phil. Trans. n. 492, the Venice by Paul Manutius, entitled, “Della Vera Trancommencement of this eclipse would be visible at quillita dell'Animo. Opera utillissima et nuovamente Rome.*

composta dalla Illustrissima Signora, la Signora ISAVarious dates from B.c. 1271 to 1171, have been as

BELLA SFORZA," in 4to. 53 feuillets. Publié par Orsigned to the destruction of Troy.t That named by

tensio Lando, sous le nom supposé de Tranquillo, et par Apollodorus, B.C. 1184, is the date generally received, but only one, however, of those dates, seems to corres

In the Kendall Collection, at Colchester, is a manupond with the concurrent tests of tradition and astro

script translation of this work. The English title beingnomy. According to Timæus, as cited by Censorinus,

The Heauen of the Mynde, or the Myndes Heauen. de Die Natali, c. 21, Troy was taken and destroyed La moste excellent, learned and religious Treatise, deB.c. 1193. It was midnight, between the 1st and 2nd

claring the way and rediest manner how to Attayne the of February; the moon was full and shone brightly. True Peace and Quiet of the Mynde. Written in the All writers agree in this particular. Lesches, the au

Italiane tongue by the right honourable Ladie, Madonna thor of the Nias Parva, tells us,

ISABELLA SFORZA, sister to the Great Duke of Mylane; Nèg per inv jerárn, daj apń d'énérelle oekývn. and translated into English by A[nthony] M[undy). The Greeks usually chose the time of full moon, as the This translation, on fifty-three leaves, quarto, closely most auspicious season for attacking an enemy. and fairly written, is preceded by a dedication to AlderClemens Alex. Strom. i. 10; and Aristides, Platon. i. man Swynnerton, dated 22nd of December, 1602, and Callisthenes, in the second book of his Histories, wrote signed An: MUNDY. In the dedication occurs this that Troy was taken in the beginning of February. passage—“Alphonso Ferreze writing in recommendation Hellanicus, Dionysius Argivus, Lysimachus also, and of the work] in Italyane saythe, That every lyne valued others mention this month as the time of that occur- is worthe an Ingot of Golde. It is the work of a moste rence. The Jesuit De la Cerda, on Virgil, Æn. ii. 250. honourable Lady written for comfort of her own conwithout giving any date or author, alludes to an eclipse, fusion, in the time of her imprisonment for the cause of and says he is far from thinking it an eclipse of the

Christ." sun, “in coitu Lunæ,” because the moon was full.

| Can any reader of Current Notes state whether this Now, it is a certain fact, that the moon was full on Translation has appeared in print, and where any notice the morning of the 2nd of February, B.c. 1193, and of Isabella Sforza and her imprisonment may be found ? eclipsed; but invisible at Troy, as the sun had previously

W. risen. It is also a fact that the sun was eclipsed on the

the sun was eclipsed on the Mundy's translation is unpublished, and unknown to 9th of August in the preceding year, B.C. 1194, the

To u the those conversant with his works. Another point of interest greatest obscurity being about six in the morning.

is the dedication, as it would seem Mundy thus sought This eclipse is alluded to by Homer, Il. ii. 567, where

| employment as a writer of London Pageants; he wrote that

where in 1605, in honour of Sir Leonard Holliday, as also Chrysohe describes the battle in which sarpedon was slain, thriambos, the Triumphes of Golde, in 1611; but in the

If, therefore, from 1193 we subtract the seven years following year Decker wrote the pageant for Sir John of Æneas' wanderings by sea and land, the three years Swinnerton, who is characterised by Robert Tailor in his of his reign in Italy, and the three hundred and thirty comedy entitled The Hogge hath Lost his Pearle, 1614, years, during which Ascanius and his descendants 4to. Mundy died in his eightieth year, August 10, 1633, reigned at Alba, we shall, I think, obtain the true and was buried in St. Stephen's, Coleman Street, Roman Era, B c. 853: Thus, 1193-17 + 3 + 30 + 300) = 853.

VABALATHUS.-Dr. Martin Lister, in his Journey The only question now remaining is, how do Dr. | to Paris, 1698, mentions his visit to Mons. Vaillant at Hales, and the other supporters of the Varronian com- | his apartments in the Arsenal : putation, B.c. 753, account for one complete hundred He told me he had never seen any Coins of Odenatus, but years between these two dates ?

he had very lately parted with one of Zenobia, to the Duke Having thrown out these suggestions, I leave the sub- of Maine. As for Vabalathus, he had seen some of him, ject to be thoroughly investigated by more competent in brass, and one he had in silver, which he very obligingly scholars.

made me a present of, and this was the only silver coin he Hawkshead, Sept. 8.

D. B. H. had ever met with of him. His reading of it


Vices gerens Imperii Romani. tish Artillery; whence is this derived ? A.T. 1 Vaillant by this appears to have read the C as a G,

| and the D as a P. * The Lunation now in use has been derived from two

W. F. eclipses distant only one hundred years. Borheck, App. in Herod. vol. i. p. 254.

* Annales de l'Imprimerie des Alde, 1825, vol. i. pp. 308.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »