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stan's in the West, for ye use of Christes Hospitall by

ORIGIN OF JACK TIE GIANT KILLER. ye handes of Mr. Wm. Shakeley and Richurd Wootten, two Tenshaat loconds and chan hooks which forinerly bf ye said Enquest, the somme of Thirteene shillings.

I say, Recd.

was the business of the Company of flying-stationers, to p me John BANNISTER, Clericum,

disseminate every where, are now fast disappearing, Inpredicti Hospit.

the old printers of these matters are all gone, and the The Wardmote seems to have dispensed but little in

fashion of modern reading, is to reject them altogether, so the way of charity, as the same persons were also

that no printer finds it descrving his attention to produce charged to distribute the sumns named in the following

copies which may be sold at the smallest possible prices. receipts :

When our forefathers, the Saxons, came into this

island, they found here monuments of an earlier popu

Jan. the 15th, 1613. lation, as cromlechs, vast entrenchments, and other Receuued by vs, the Stewarde and poore prisoners in the similar products of immense labour, as well as Roman hole of Wood Street Compter, from the Worph the Ward. I buildings and towns. With the character and uses of mote Inquest of St. Dunstan's in ye West, the some of three shillings for our reliefe, ffor wch wee pruise God,

the latter, they were perfectly well acquainted; but they

hole and pray for all our good benefactors.

iijs.

looked with much greater reverence on cromlechs, burHENRY MANKS, Stewari.

rows, and indeed on all earthworks, of which the origin Received the 15th of Jan'ary, 1613, by vs the poore

was not very apparent, because their own superstitions, prisoners of Ludgaté, from the Wardmote Enquest of the

had taught them to attribute such structures to the priparishe of St. Dunstan-117-the-West, by the hands of Mr.

meval giants of their mythology, who were objects of William Shackley and Mr. Richard Wootton, the sum of

dread even to the gods themselves. They believed, that two shillings and eightpence, for which we praise God, and

the ground on which they stood was under the immediate pray for all of benefactors.

ijs. viiid. protection of beings of a higher order than humanity, ALPHONSE IREMONger. who frequented them at the silent hour of night, and The xpth of January, 1613.

whose anger it was perilous to provoke. The Saxons Receaued the daie and yeare aboue written by vg, the

brought with them numberless mythic traditions and poore prisoners in the hole of the Paltrie Compter, from the stories relating to their gods and heroes, which they had Worll the Wardmote Enquest of St. Dunstan 8-in-the transmitted through ages of which no historical notices West, the some of Three Shillings, by the hands of William remain, and the scene of which, had been successively Shackley and Richard Wotton.

placed in every country where they had effected a setFor web wee gege God thanks and daiely praie for all tlement. Many of their legends and stories had thus of good benefactors. BDNOND CATCHES, Steward. hecome located in England, when the introduction of

Christianity caused a sudden change in the general belief LETITIA'S CHARMS.

of the people, and what were merely nothing more than VERSES BY CAROLAN, TOE Blind Bard. mythic personages, were at length designated as the real Translated from the Irish.

heroes of former days, or, as bad spirits were considered

as so many devils, or messengers of evil. These mythic With pleasure I sing of the maid, Whose brauty and wit doth excel;

traditions still current as romances, continued under My Letty, the fairest shall lead

altered forms as romances of chivalry, and under various From beauties shall bear off the ben.

subsequent degradations, were more recently hawked Her neck to the swan I'll compare,

about the towns and villages, through every street, and Her face to the brightness of day,

at every cotter's door, in the degraded category of penny And is he not bless'd who shall share

chap-books and nursery tales. Amid these gradations, la the charms her bosom display.

and in this debased manner, the mighty deeds of the god "Tis thus the fair maid I commend,

Thor against the giants of Jotenheim, became transWhose words are than music more sweet;

formed into the exploits of Jack the Giant-killer! No bliss can on woman attend,

With the peasantry, to whom these changes and But with thee, dear Letty, we meet.

literary vicissitudes were wholly unknown, the earlier Your beauties should still be my song,

legends continued intimately connected with certain But my glass is devoted to thee,

localities, and the names of Woden, Thor, and the rest, Muy the health I wish thee, be lonx,

were traditionally current, and their stories so frequently And if sick, be love-siek for me.

handed down, with very slight or little transformation, Carolan died in March, 1738, in his 68th year.

at periods when they had ceased to be recognised in more

| cultivated society, or were forgotten amid their refineJest.-— Whence is this word derived ? A. M.

ments. The giant races of the Northern and Teutonic

mythology were termed Jotens or Yotens, in AngloStephen Weston says, “ The English word 'jest' is from Saxon Eotenas. To them, the early Anglo-Saxon poetry

S in Persian, and not from Gesticulor' in John. attributed operations of immense power or remoteness son; or. Gesta Romanorum.'"--Persian Recreations, 1812. of antiquity--the mounds and earthworks of ancient p. 97.

times, as well as the weapons and other articles found within them. Layamon, who breathes a pure Saxon CARDS AND CHESS IN THE FIFTEENTE CENTURY. spirit, describes the giants who (according to the fable)

| King Henry the Seventh appears to have diverted

Kova first inhabited Albion, as being Estens; and translates

| much of his leisure time in card-playing; the following the name chorea gigantum that Geoffrey of Monmouth

are extracts from the household expenses of that mogives to Stonehenge, by the ring of Eotens

narch, and are highly illustrative of the royal moderation a very wonderful thing,

| in the stakes at that period. It is called the ring of Evtens or giants.

Jan. 8, 1492. To the King to play at cards, 100s. June So also the sword which Beowulf found in the den of the 30. Item, to the King, which he lost at cards, 48. Grendel's mother, was thus a weapon of Eotonish make. Aug 20, 1494. Item, to the King for playing at the

The antiquaries of a by-gone day affected however to Cards, 60s. treat contemptuously these local legends connected with March 29, 1495. Item, for the King's losse at the the early history and the monuments of our forefathers, Paune play [Chess], 78. 8d. anıl their censurable neglect has occasioned the irretriev- Muy 24, 1496. Item, to the King's Grace to play at able loss of much of the valuable materials which little

orials which little the Cardes, in gold, 201. In grotts, 100s. In grotts, 191. n a century since connected the popular belief in grotes, 60s. in all 371. of our peasantry, with the mythology of a much earlier The king's ill success is here apparent, and the period, when it differed, comparatively but little, from accompt is wrong; the nineteen pounds was probably the other branches of the same primeval stock, now so but nine pounds, as otherwise, the above items amount widely separated. Leland, in the time of King Henry altogether to forty-seven pounds. the Eighth, when by order of that monarch, he made his Oct. 1, 1497. Item, for the King's losse at Cardes, at antiquarian tours, found these local legends very general, Tuwnton, 91. and has alluded to several of a highly interesting de- Sept. 23, 1498. Item, to the King's losse at Cardes, at scription. Speaking of Corbridge in Northumberland, Hegecote, 38. 4d. Irinerary, vol. V. p. 101 ; he says, “ By this broke as 1 Sept. 15, 1502. Item, to Weston, for the King to play emong the ruins of the olde town, is a place caulled at Cleke, at Burton upon Trent, 40s. Colecester, where hath been a fortress or castelle. The peple there say that ther dwellid in it one Yoton, whom WHITTINGTON's Stone. The Journals express " no they fable to have been a gygant." The topographical small surprise has been created by the recent removal writers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, also of this celebrated stone from its time-honoured site; make frequent allusions to them but seldom condescend whether torn or borne away by ruthless hands is not yet to do more than notice them, in a passing manner; the known, but an inquiry, it is to be hoped, will be deemed result is, that during the last century, the popular necessary.” The moval of the milestone is of little conlegends and traditions of the peasantry of these realms sequence; the story of Whittington and his cat is has been rapidly disappearing before the march of modern wholly a fiction, though it has served to amuse children and unhappily sordid money-making utilitarian improve- of six feet high ; and the City authorities built there ments : so that it behoves every friend to the literature the Whittington almshouses in conformity with the of his country, to secure every vestige of interest of the tradition, but there is no reality in it, notwithstanding days that are past, either by becoming members of artists have pictorially represented the run-away 'prenthe Warton and other Societies, whose avowed object is tice, with his little bundle, handkerchief, and a stick, their preservation, or by private reprints, deposited in laid at the base of the stone ; while he is perched seated public and extensively formed Libraries, for the benefit on the top, with folded arms, listening, with elated surof students of a future day.

prise, to Bow bells' chimingLouis, DAUPHIN OF France, 1792.

“Turn again Whittington, thrice Lord Mayor of London."

Bow bell simply told the hour, and had no chime; The Secret Treaty of Paris, in 1814, it is asserted,

y and although the Romans hail their milliarium, which contained an article to the following effect - That al

indicated distances ; the English roadways had not, in though the Allied sovereigns have no certain evidence of

Henry IV.'s time, milestones to tell the wayfarer how the death of the son of Lonis XVI., the state of Europe

far he was from his desired home. Again, the newsand its political interests require that they should place

papers, in 1754 or 1755, stated, that a heavily-laden at the head of the government of France, Louis Xavier, Count de Provence, ostensibly with the title of king;

waggon coming down the hill ran agaiust Whittington but being in fact considered in their Secret Transactions

stone, and it was then laying in the roadway, broken only as Kesent of the Kingdom for the two years

into many fragments. next ensuing, reserving to themselves during that period,

In Feline OBITUM. to obtain every possible certainty concerning a fact, that must ultimately determine who shall be the SOVEREIGN

Alas ! how vain, grief nor regret,

Nor aught recall the fitting breath; OF FRANCE. A correspondent desires to know whether

TITSEY, my pride! thy hour hath set, there is any truth in this statement ?

All mortal must succumb to death. Also, were the eyes of the Dauphin, son of Louis XVI., May 4.

B. reputed to have been blue or hazel ?

William PICKERING,

to enjoy as lasting a reputation as their celebrated

prototypes." The late bookseller and publisher, was born April 2, | The correctness of his discrimination and taste in the 1796, and apprenticed in 1810, to the late John and production of his publications was as unquestioned as Arthur Arch, book sellers and publishers, at the western his knowledge of rare and curious books, a skill in which corner of Cornbill and Bishopsgate Street. They were he stood eminent as a leading bibliopolist of the metroQuakers; and during his apprenticeship Pickering at-polis. He became, however, of late years, involved in a tended the Quakers' chapel in Gracechurch Street. He litigation, which ultimately caused his failure. Mental left Messrs. Arch early in 1818, and was for some short anxiety brought on a decline of health, and gradually time at Messrs. Longman's : he left them in June, and sinking he died on Thursday, April 27, about half-past went to the well-known John Cuthell, of No. 4, Middle 11 o'clock, a.m., having completed his 58th year, and Row, Holborn.

still bearing the respect and regret of many who knew In 1820 he was in business on his own account in him long and intimately. His death took place at No. Lincoln's Inn Fields, at the north-east corner, now 5, Wellington Place, Turnham Green : he was buried known as 29); and here he commenced publishing in the Kensal Green Cemetery on Wednesday, May 3, several minute classical volumes, printed in a very his last resting place, being by the side of the recently superior manner, by the late Charles Corrall. The interred Mrs. Whittingham, the wife of his printer, Mr. Horace and the Virgil were pre-eminently successful, Charles Whittingham, of Chiswick, at whose hospitable and the commendations they elicited, induced him to table Mr. Pickering was frequently for many years a adopt the device formerly borne by the Aldine family in most welcome guest. the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, attaching the Much has been said of the hopes of the produce of words, ALDI DISCIP. ANGLVS.

the stock to discharge all claims; it is impossible, there In 1823 he moved to 57, Chancery Lane, and con- are many charges against it of which the public know tinued his publications on a more extensive scale, in nothing. In the meantime his son Basil and three carefully selected reprints of the British Poets; Bacon's daughters are totally unprovided for ; it is true a subWorks, edited by Basil Montague, and in compliment scription has been considerably advanced; but those to whom he named his only son, Basil ; the Bridgewater who think kindly of their late father, and esteem his Treatises, with great success; Walton's Angler, edited labours, are implored to aid them in their need. by Sir N. H. Nicolas, and with numerous illustrations from paintings and drawings by Stothard, Inskipp, and others; and associated with Talboys, produced what were termed the Oxford Classics ; the reprints of Hume

St. Patrick's HALF-PENCE. and Smollett, Gibbon, Robertson, and Johnson.

To him, about 1825, may be placed the introduction In Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 3, is a representation of dyed cotton cloth as applied to boarded books. He of a copper piece, QUIESCAT PLEBS; rev. FLOREAT Rex, found the red paper then used for boarded books was of known to Numismatists as a St. Patrick's Halfpenny. a very inferior quality ; in fact, had no strength in it. This, and another type, ECCE GREX, rev. FLOREAT Rex, Passing down Holborn, some red glazed cotton cloth have recently excited some discussion in Ireland as to exposed at a draper's shop attracted his attention; the their real meaning and time of issue. Dr. Cane in application of the cloth instead of the ordinary paper supposing them to have been coined abroad, and brought occurred to him, and the experiment led to its general to Ireland by the Nuncio Rinuccini, is clearly in a mist, adoption throughout the book selling trade.

while Dr. Aquilla Smith, in controverting Dr. Cane's In March, 1842, still hoping for a wider field for his arguments and opinions, appears to concur with Evelyn exertions, he removed to No. 177, Piccadilly, opposite in placing them to the reign of King Charles the Burlington House, formerly occupied by the well known Second. Debrett, the publisher of the Peerage that bears his No one knows better than Dr. Smith, the intimate name. Hence he disseminated a printed announcement friend and associate of the late highly venerated Dean to his friends and the public, decorated with a richly of St. Patrick's, how to negative the absurd notions coloured gothic initial; and after thanking them for which appear to be entertained of those specimens found the support with which he had been honoured for the in certain cabinets, struck in silver, being supposed to previous twenty years, intimated,

be shillings and sixpences. They are Proofs or Trial “ From the opinions of persons of taste in Literature, pieces, in the same way as there are also proofs in gold and of the Press, he has reason to believe that his original and in silver of the brass gun-money, struck in Ireland publications in Divinity, History, Science, and Antiqui- during the pressing necessities of the partisans of the ties, are considered valuable additions to Standard abdicated King James the Second, from June 1689 to Literature ; while his reprints of Tyrwhitt's Chaucer, October 1690, and not even medals as Evelyn conthe old Dramatists, Walton's Angler, and of the British (jectured. Poets, are, he trusts, for editorial care, decoration, and No reliable particulars have transpired respecting accuracy, worthy of the name of ' Aldine,' and destined these copper pieces; and the device of the obverse St.

Patrick preaching to the varmint,' when, according to | TURNER AND THE APPRECIATION OF MODERN ART. an Irish rhymester,

An extraordinary value appears of late to be placed The toads went pop, the frogs went hop

on the productions of this Modern English Artist, and Slap dash into the water;

there seems to be an increasing anxiety among collectors And the snakes committed suicide,

to possess one or more of his paintings. Turner painted To save themselves from slaughter.

for Mr. John Broadhurst, now of Campden Hill, KenConfirming, too, by the view in the back ground the sington, the three well known pictures, Sheerness, or fact, that,

as it is otherwise named, the Guardship at the Nore; He built a church in Dublin town,

the Harbour of Dieppe in 1826; and the Cologne, with And on it put a steeple;

boats full of figures, on the Rhine, the tower of St.

| Martin's Church seen above the City-walls, in 1827. is also found on a Dublin trader's token-Richard

For the first, Turner is said to have received three Greenwood, Merchant, High Street, Dublin ; engraved

a hundred guineas; and for each of the latter, four hunin Snelling's second additional plate to Simon, fig. 7. Lim

| dred guineas. This unlucky contre-tems seems to place it before 1679, the latest date that Dr. Smith has noticed on any other

Some distaste on the part of Mr. Broadhurst, induced

him to send them for sale in July, 1828, to Mr. Phillips, Dublin token; otherwise the probability would be, the now named St. Patrick's pence and halfpence were

in Bond Street, at whose rooms they were bought in

for seven hundred pounds. The proprietor not caring struck during the seige of Limerick, at the Mint then

about their retention, was disposed to let them go at controlled by Walter Plunkett, with the re-struck gun

that sum, and directed his agents, Messrs. Harris, money sixpences, designated Hibernias, 1691. On the

Pearce and Biggs, No. 31, Conduit Street, to effect the Ecce GREX pieces, the shield bearing three castles or towers, has induced the presumption they were struck

sale; advertisements appeared, and while Lord Wharn

cliffe was hesitating, Mr. Wadmore, then of Chapel at Dublin, but the same device, the three castles, is upon several of the Limerick trading tokens, of which

Street, Edgeware Road, became the purchaser on All

gust 2nd in that year, of the three pictures for 7002. none are dated later than 1679.

Sixteen years since Mr. Wadınore was desirous of disMr. Lindsay, in his View of the Coinage of Ireland, has placed these pieces to the reign of Charles the First;

posing of the Dieppe and the Cologne for eight hundred this the writer imagines has arisen from the deficiency

guineas, giving as a reason his wish to occupy their of a due consideration of the general appearance of the

space with smaller pictures, the proffer was not ac

cepted; and since his decease, Mr. Wadmore's collection coins ; it is true, the brass introduced on the copper

of pictures by old Masters and modern English artists blank is found on the farthings of that King, . and

| was sold by Messrs. Christie and Manson on the 5th and again on the pewter Irish money of James the Second,

6th inst. The Cologne produced two thousand guineas, 1690, but as no record is extant directing the addition

| and the Dieppe, 1850 guineas; both bought for Mr. of the brass on any intermediate pieces, the finding it on

Naylor of Liverpool; and the Sheerness, possibly the all the St. Patrick's halfpence, seems to appropriate

| best picture of the three, 1530 guineas, bought for Mr. them to the period of the fallen monarch.

Foster of Birmingham.

In the same sale were three pictures by Thomas INOCULATION.-Condamine was a strenuous urger of

Webster, R.A., all painted within the last twenty years ; the benefits to be derived from inoculation ; “ Determine

the • Il Penseroso,' a man seated in the stocks; the

Dirty Boy,' a beautiful composition of four figures; and for yourselves,” said he, “but remember, that nature

the third, Sketching from Nature, painted in 1837. takes one in ten, while art may lose one in a thousand."

The last represented the artist seated, sketching the

portrait of a peasant, in a red cap, an old woman at a CARPET WORDS.-Amused with the “curious fact

fireplace, and three peasants near a window, the scene about the word Carpet,” Current Notes, p. 32, we send

in reality representing the artist's home, and being the the following as additional words, not noticed by

portraits of himself, his father, mother, and sister. The FELTHAM.

first sold for 250 guineas; the second, for 330 guineas; Ape, subst. Rapt, subst. Petar

and the third, for 340 guineas; yet Mr. Wadmore Caret Aper Rat

Taper, subst.

obtained them from the now duly appreciated Royal AcaCater Apert Pacer Taper, adj.

demician at thirty guineas each. Such is the result of Crate Apter Pact

Taper, verb.

a just discrimination, and an opportune patronage of Ape, verb Rapt, verb Pater

| the painters of our day. Pater is as good English as FELTHAM'S “Pera.” [This is being peracute on Feltham's adoption of the word.—ED.)

ERRATA.- Page 26, col. 2, line 5, for Edinburgh ReCork, April 29. ELIZA AND MARY N.

view, read Blackwood's Magazine. Page 29, for cotters,

read collers. The thirty Latin words would be acceptable.-ED.

Capt

Trape.

WILLIS'S CURRENT NOTES.

No. XLII.]

“ Takes note of what is done-
By note, to give and to receive."--SHAKESPEARE.

[JUNE, 1854.

ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH IN SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. | First English Visit to HERACLEA.

FAMIANUS STRADA, in his Prolusiones Academica, a The following letter, as it affords much interesting series of poetical pieces, written in the names and styles detail relative to the condition of Heraclea, or Herof several of the more eminent Latin poets, printed at culaneum, is also evidence of the earliest date when any Cologne in 1625, refers to an incident so remarkable, of our countrymen ventured within its ruins. that Addison, in the 119th number of the Guardian,

“Naples, May 12, 1730. 1713, makes it a subject of particular notice. The pas

“ The same day I accompanied my friend to a sage is in these words :

village called Resina, about six miles from this city, Strada, in the person of Lucretius, gives an account of a and three miles from the foot of Mount Vesuvius. The chimerical correspondence between two friends, by the occasion was this : Dr. Hay, an elderly gentleman, help of a certain loadstone; which had such virtue in it, who had several times made the tour of Italy, and who that if it touched two several needles, when one of the had resided here, from London, nine years, told us one needles so touched began to move, the other, though at evening in conversation, that in this village called Renever so great a distance, moved at the same time and in sina. within a court-yard, was a well nearly one hundred the same manner. He tells us, that the two friends, being feet deed, and that just at the surface of the water was each of them possessed of one of these needles, made a kind of dial-plate, inscribing it with the four-and-twenty letters,

an entrance into a city, or large town, where we might in the same manner as the hours of the day are marked see su

on see streets, palaces, and part of an amphitheatre. You upon the ordinary dial-plate. They then fixed one of the may imagine how this was received by us, who had needles on each of these plates, in such a manner that it never heard the least mention of such a discovery, and could move round without impediment, so as to touch any how improbable to us it must have appeared. Dr. Hay, of the four-and-twenty letters. Upon their separating however, insisted on the truth of it, and informed us, from one another into distant countries, they agreed to that about fifteen years since, happening to lodge at withdraw themselves punctually into their closets at a Portici, near, or within half a mile of the said village, certain hour of the day, and to converse with one another and being curious in searching after antiquities, he by means of this their invention. Accordingly, when they

found workmen employed by the Duke de Boufflers, were some hundred miles asunder, each of them shut him.

who had accidentally made this discovery, and that self up in his closet at the time appointed, and immediately

everything at that time being made commodious, he, cast his eye upon his dial-plate. If he had a mind to write any thing to his friend, he directed his needle to every

Dr. Hay, had the curiosity to descend by a ladder of letter that formed the words which he had occasion for,

ropes, but did not venture himself among the ruins.* making a little pause at the end of every word or sentence

" In our way thither we called at the house of an to avoid confusion. The friend in the meanwhile saw his English gentleman, who accompanied us, but being own sympathetic needle moving of itself to every letter somewhat late, and the seeming impossibility of the which that of his correspondent pointed at. By this means they talked together across a whole continent, and conveyed

• The city of Heraclea, that was founded sixty years their thoughts to one another in an instant over cities or before the siege of Troy, after enduring for 1420 years, mountains, seas or deserts.

was destroyed by an earthquake and an eruption from Substituting a set of connecting wires for the “load

| Mount Vesuvius, in the first year of the Emperor Titus, on

August 24th, A.D. 79. Partial discoveries of stone, some stone" of the above paragraph, you have here the whole

short time before 1684, induced other researches, which working of the electric telegraph as realised in modern led to further results in 1689; but the discovery referred times, shadowed forth in the fancies of a poet, more to, by Dr. Hay, was in 1711, by the Prince D'Elbeuf, not than two hundred years ago; thus confirming the saying the Duke de Boufflers; and most interesting particulars of the wise man, “there is no new thing under the are embodied in the Marquis de Venuti's account of the sun."

discovery by him of the ancient theatre at Heraclea in Brechin.

N.

1738. This account notices facts quite confirmatory of the letter ; nothing, however, is known to the Editor, of

T. E., whose initials are attached to the original. Of WORLidge.-The Gems from the Antique, which bear

Venuti's volume, dated Brixiæ, die xvi. Martii 1748, there the name of Thomas Worlidge, were principally etched

is a translation by Wickes Skurray, printed for R. Bald

win, jun., at the Rose, in Paternoster Row, 1760, 8vo., but by George Powle, then an apprentice to that artist.

is now excessively difficult to procure. VOL. IV.

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