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No. XXXVII.]

“ Takes note of wbat is done-
By note to give and to receive.”-SHAKESPEARE.

(JANUARY, 1854.

MEMORABLE RESIDENCES.

but not unfrequently opportunities of submitting such notices in periodical literature occurring but inopportunely, a slight inattention on the part of the observer, to minute particulars, very frequently rendered alınost inscrutable to the most acute, occasions a total loss of all details of notice, accelerated by the rapid annihilation that is occasioned by Time, and the almost worse unobserved engulphment of periodical spoliation and destruction.

Genius, or more properly speaking inspiration, dignifies every spot on which its energies have been elicited; the home of the philosopher becomes in record academical; and its site may be termed classic ground. Let us then, for a moment, consider the situation of the present pictorial illustration, that the once abode of Newton has rendered pre-eminently conspicuous.

The house, the first on the left hand, on entering St. Martin's Street from Leicester Square, was in 1709 the residence of the Danish Envoy. In 1710 it became tenanted by the ever memorable Sir Isaac Newton, his official house as Master of the Mint, being in Haydon Square in the Minories; and as Astronomer Royal at Flamstead House in Greenwich Park. Here he built the Observatory, the square turret shown in the woodcut, and associated with Halley, held frequent disquisitions on the appearances in the starry firmament.

He never married, being wholly busied in profound studies during the prime of life, and afterwards engaged in the important business of the Mint; Sir Isaac Newton seemed quite occupied here with the company of distinguished individuals that his merit drew to him, that he was insensible of any vacancy in life, or of the want of a companion at home; in fact, his housekeeper was his niece, Mrs. Catherine Barton,* with

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Newton's house, ST. MARTIN'S STREET.

The writer of Some Reminiscences of Peter Pindar

relates-I mentioned to Wolcot, that I had known a lady No circumstance so readily assists topographical so late as 1814, who had been in a ball room with Pope. researches, or so indelibly impresses the memory of “I knew a lady," said Wolcot immediately, “who was persons, as the connecting their names with things grand-niece of Sir Isaac Newton. Her name was Burr, which are permanent, thus the designating the home she died at Bath in 1790, about eighty years old. She of genius, as in this instance, Newton's house,' conveys

lived with an aunt for some time, when young, in Newton's a determinate idea, that would have long since ceased

house. I asked, if it was true, that he was apt to fly into but from this circumstance. Dr. Johnson has not only

a passion with those around him, as I could not reconcile

it with the well known story of the dog, that threw down expressed the wish, that the dwelling of every author

the candle, and burned his manuscript, the labour of years, should be known, but he seems to have been pleasurably

and yet he only reproved the animal with a few words. employed in tracing and recording the local situation

She replied, both statements were true; that her great of Dryden, and also the residential transitions of Milton. relative esteemed a dumb animal not responsible for its The general opinion of the public, it must be admitted, actions, but that he considered the case was different with is in full accordance with that of the great lexicographer, / rational creatures.”

whom through life he appears to have been happily BEWICK'S CHILLINGHAM Wild Bull.—What are associated.

the facts connected with the rarity of this print; and Sir Isaac Newton died in this house on Monday, where are the fullest particulars of Bewick's numerous March 20, 1726-7, in his eighty-fifth year, leaving graphical productions recorded ?

S. F. property amounting to 32,0001. but made no will, 1° The fullest and most minute account is John Gray Bell's because, as Fontenelle relates, he thought a legacy was “ Catalogue of Works, illustrated by Thomas and John no gift. After his decease, the house appears to have Bewick, 1851," printed in imperial octavo. To which we been immediately abandoned by Mr. Conduitt, who had

| refer all collectors of the works of these celebrated woodmarried his niece, Mrs. C. Barton ; in the rate-books cutters ; but as few copies were printed, the edition is of St. Martin's, the house in 1727 is declared "empty.' nearly,

motor nearly, if not all, sold and dispersed. A second edition has The next tenant was Paul Dominique, Esq. Dr.

: been intimated, but declining health on the part of the

| author, has hitherto retarded its appearance. Charles Burney appears to have resided here some years,

years, | At p. 18, of the work referred to, ure detailed particulars probably from before 1770. On Jan. 10, 1774, he of the Chillinghum Bull print, that Bewick considered his announced some particulars for publishing his History chef-d'«urre. In the first state, it has a richly ornamented of Music, that was subsequently comprised in four border, four impressions were taken off, on thin white quarto volumes; and his Account of the Handel Com- vellum. Considered as proofs, they were printed on a memoration, is also dated from St. Martin's Street in Saturday afternoon, when the block was incautiously left; July, 1784. Here, too, his daughter Frances, since on the next day Sunday, the sun had “shed its influence" more generally known as Madame D'Arblay, wrote the

over it, and on the Monday morning, the block was found once highly popular norels of Lvelina and Crcilia.

split into two pieces. A junction was effected, and a few In 1811 it was occupied as a Family Hotel, but the

more impressions worked from it, but all these show a ragappellation of " the Newton Hotel," has been transferred

ged white line, where the block split. This circumstance to Bertolini's establishment lower down, at the corner

| occasioned the vellum proofs to be eagerly sought, and

| Earl Spencer, it is said, paid twenty guineas for bis imof Orange Street.

pression. Another was sold by Messrs. Puttick and The lower part of the house has been occupied for Simpson, in April 1849, for 191. 108. the last ten years by a printer named Lavers, whose While working the joined block, that may be called the sign-board elbows forth above the parlour windows ; second state of the print, it again split, and was laid aside and in the observatory, once fraught with celestial till 1817, when the border was cut off, and impressions in enquiries, and honoured by the frequent visits of pro a third state effected. The white line is not observed in found astronomers and philosophers, snobs now cobble this state, and the impressions, from the few printed, being shoes, and in place of scientific instruments, are strewed / almost all equally fine; renders it as desirable as the hammers, lap-stones, leather cuttings, and useless / former, of 1789. lengths of waxed ends-sic transit gloria mundi. The freehold of the house, formerly the residence of

Certain CURES FOR HYDROPHOBIA, Newton; the house behind, and the Chapel of the In- Mad Dogs.- I remember hearing many years since dependents extending the depth of the two houses, in that it had been formerly the practice, in cases of hyOrange Street, was recently purchased by the Deacons drophobia, to put the patient between two feather beds of the congregation, for the apparently low sum of 32001. and smother him, by way of cure, for this otherwise

supposed incurable disease ; but I did not, I confess,

quite attain to such a point of credibility as to believe HYMNUS REMIGUM MELITENSIUM VESPERTINUS.

it true. I am, however, rather staggered in my scepti[Vide Current Notes, Vol. iii. p. 88.]

cism by having met with, in the London Chronicle, ULLA si posset tibi, Virgo Mater,

many accounts of mad dogs, and marvellous remedies Talis in coelo tribui potestas,

for hydrophobia. Amongst these, in particular, in that Supplici turbæ fuveas, Beata

for August 23, 1760, is the following article of news. Virgo Maria !

“ About three weeks ago as Mr. Hedgeabout, belonging Teque si Stellam Maris invocari

to the Custom House, was playing with his dog, he jumped Fas, regas navim borea fremente,

up and bit his master by the nose, which made Mr. Hedge. Littus ut tuto teneat, Beata

about strike him with his hand, that the dog seized and

bit; soon after the dog was discovered to be mad, and ever Virgo Maria !

since Mr. Hedgeabout has been attended by two eminent Dum mari fluctus placide recumbunt,

physicians; but about four days ago some degrees of madDunque ventosum silet omne murmur,

ness appeared, and every day he grew worse, often desiring Tollimus cantum numeris, Beata

his friends to keep from him, for fear he should hurt them, Virgo Maria! and on Thursday in the afternoon, being so very bad, was Vos et Heroës Melitæ crucisque

bled to death," Candidæ, ex altis iterate muris :

Can this be true? Perhaps some of your readers Dulce nobiscum Melos : 0 Benta

may be enabled to afford some information upon the Virgo Maria !

subject. Hawk-head, Dec. 20. D. B. H. Dorchester, January 9.

John GARLAND,

Burger's LEONORA.

Cecil Calvert, Baron Baltimorc, being thus Lord of OBSERVING in Current Notes, for November, that

| Maryland, in 1633, constituted his brother Leonard, the Hon. W, R. Spencer was the author of a transla

second son of George the first Baron, the first governor ; tion of this beautiful though wild poem, and happening

conjointly with Jeremy Hawley and Thomas Cornwallis, to have a copy of it, as also translations by Sir Walter

Esqs. A coinage of money appears to have been inScott, H. J. Pye, Poet Laureate, and Mr. J. T. Stanley,

tended, the dies of a shilling, sixpence, and groat were I should feel obliged to any of your Correspondents who

engraved by Nicholas Briot, but are of such extreme could favour me with a list of all the translations which

rarity, that it is evident few were struck, only as pattern

pieces, as the circulation is nowhere alluded to among have appeared, mostly, I believe, in 1796 and 1797. Il

the incidents of the commencement of the settlement of am aware of a very fine one by Taylor of Norwich, and I have an etching by Landseer, with the following lines,

St. Mary's in 1634, by Leonard Calvert, and about two but whether they form part of a translation of the nur

the hundred other persons. whole poem or not, I am not aware

They hurry off with furious bound,

In gallop's fleetest pace;
Stones, sparks, and sand fly from the ground,

Whirl'd in the rapid race.
Daventry, January 12.

T. 0. Gery.

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W. A.

MARYLAND PATTERN SHILLING.
GEORGE Calvert, M.P. for Bossiney, in the first
Parliament of King James the First, 1603, became
Secretary to Sir Robert Cecil, when Secretary of State;

The shilling here engraved is from a choice specimen, was subsequently appointed Clerk to the Privy Council. in the possession of Mr. Chaffers, Old Bond Street. and in 1617 received the honour of Knighthood. In 1618 he was Secretary of State, and was employed by KENNEDY.-Who was William Kennedy, author of the King in his most important affairs. In the third la lyric, entitled “ Ned Bolton;" and where are his Parliament, 1620, Sir George was returned for the collected poems to be found ? County of York, and the King granted him a pension of one thousand pounds per annum beyond his salary. In the fourth Parliament, 1623, Sir George sat as

THE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH NOT A NEW IDEA. Member for the University of Oxford, when he changed In Blagrave's Astrological Practice of Physic, his religion, turned a Roman Catholic, and resigned his ) 1689, 8vo. p. 112, the principle of the Electric Teleoffice of Secretary of State. The King nevertheless graph is elicited in the intimation. How to know retained him in the Privy Council, and having made each other's mind at a distance, it being done by symhim large grants of land in Ireland, created him Baron pathy of motion, as followeth : Baltimore of Baltimore, co. Longford, Feb. 20, 1624-5. | Let there be two needles made of one and the same

While Secretary of State he obtained from the British | iron, and by one and the same hand, and touched by one Solomon a grant of the province of Avalon, in New

and the same load-stone; let them be framed North and foundland, with most extensive privileges; he expended,

South, when the Moon is in Trine to Mars, and applying as he asserted, 25,0001, on the settlement, and went

unto one of the Fortunes. The needles being made, place

them in concave boxes, then make two circles answerable thither three times during James the First's reign, but the encroachments of the French compelled him

unto the diameters of the needles, divide them into twentyto

| four equal parts, according unto the number of letters in the abandon it altogether.

Alphabet ; then place the letters in order round each cirele. Lord Baltimore then contrived to obtain from King Now, when you desire to make known each other's mind, Charles the First, a grant of a large tract of land in the day and hour being first concluded on beforehand; you America, named by the King, Maryland, in compliment | must upon a table, or some convenient place, fix your boxes to the Princess Royal, named Mary, after her mother with the needles fitted therein, then having in readiness pen, Queen Henrietta Maria. While the patent was pre- ink, and paper, and with each party a loadstone, he that paring, Lord Baltimore died on April 15. 1632: but the intends first to begin, must with his loadstone gently cause same was granted to his son Cecil, and to his heirs, of

the needle to move from one letter unto another, until a the provinces of Maryland and Avalon, the patent dated :

| word is perfected, according unto which motion the other June 20, 1632. The grant was to hold Maryland with

needle will answer; and then after some small stay they

must begin another word, and so forward, until his mind is the same title and royalties as in Avalon, to hold in known, which being done, the other friend with his loadcommon soccage as of the Manor of Windsor, paying stone must do as before, moving gently from letter to letter yearly as an acknowledgment to the Crown, two Indian until he hath returned answer accordingly. This will hold arrows at Windsor Castle on Easter Tuesday; and the true if rightly managed. fifth part of the gold and silver ore.

Dublin.

A. S.

Wives INIMICAL TO LITERARY STUDIES.

Robertson's Fabulous HISTORY OF CHARLES V. Thomas Cooper or CowPER, Bishop of Lincoln, was! There are few persons who have perused Robertson's the compiler of a Latin and English Dictionary, printed narrative of the Emperor Charles V.'s abdication, and in 1578, and highly popular in its day; the publication his subsequent retirement into monastic life, without was retarded some years by the anxiety of the deep emotion, simply, because doubts were created that Bishop's wife, who fearing so much study might pre- the once all powerful monarch was, at the close of his judice his health, one day in his absence entered his life neglected by his son, Philip II., the husband of study, and taking all his papers and notes he had been our Mary the First; and unpleasant suspicions engenbusied eight years in gathering, burned them. De dered, that he had been destroyed by the policy of his lighted with her achievement, on the Bishop's return son. But all these highly wrought particulars, these she apprised him of the act, his reply was, 'Woman, speculative enrichments which have so often “ pointed a thou hast put me to eight years study more.

moral or adorned a tale," are all fiction ; and in the

words of the legend on the coins of our Mary-VERITAS COFFEE-HOUSE CIVILITIES.-Charles Dormer, second TEMPORIS FILIA ; the truth by the lapse of time has Earl of Carnarvon, being in a Coffee-house in discourse been elicited, and documentary evidence is extant to with a Doctor of Physic, the latter told him he lied. negative the assertions hitherto current in reference to The Earl, though a person of much honour and courage, Charles V. without appearing in the least disconcerted, millly. The following is the subject of a letter by Henry replied, Doctor, I had rather take the lie of you a Wheaton, Esq. formerly Minister from the United States, thousand times, than physic once.'

at Berlin, in 1843.

You will doubtless recollect the remarkable incidents The Dodo.-Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 82. It is true related by Robertson in his History of Charles V. reI discovered more of the skeleton of this bird than was specting the retirement of the Emperor into the Convent previously known, but not a perfect skeleton. I have of St. Justus in Estramadura, after his abdication, and also described the bones of two nearly allied species, to which narrative the historian has lent the strong which I found with the bones of the Dodo. My paper colouring of his graphic pencil. We are told that upon this subject will be published in the Proceedings Charles renounced, not only the substantial power he of the Zoological Society.

had inherited or acquired, but the pride, pomp, and Dulwich.

A. D. BARTLETT. circumstance of imperial sovereignty, for the quietude

and solitude of a monastic life, devoting himself for the i STATUTES.–Current Notes, vol. iii. p. 92. The residne of his days to religious exercises and practices Institutions were first printed by Nicholas Hill, 1546, of self-mortification, until he fell into a state of melanbut the name of the author has not transpired. There choly dejection that nearly deprived him of the use of were several subsequent editions, and so late as 1625 | his mental faculties. This gloomy scene is dramatically it was reprinted by the Company of Stationers as a hand closed by his resolving to anticipate the celebration of book of instruction for law students.

his own obsequies, and according to the historian, the

ex-Emperor, wrapped in a sable shroud, and surrounded by BYRON.—The original manuscript of "The Curse of his attendants, laid himself in a sarcophagus placed in the Minerva, formerly in the possession of R. C. Dallas, middle of the convent chapel. A funeral requiem was then at whose sale it sold for 161. 10s, and passed into the

performed, and Charles mingled his own with the voices library of the late Smyth Piggott, Esq. of Brockley Hall,

of the clergy, who prayed for the repose of his soul. Somerset ; was purchased on the 24th ult. by Mr. Boone After the close of the ceremony the spectators with of Bond Street, for 221. 10s.

drew, and the church doors were shut; Charles remained

some time in the coffin, then rose, and retired to his cell, C. R., Dundee.---The Apollo statue that is now the where he spent the night in solitary meditation. This theme of general admiration at Paris, is the one found

sad ceremony is supposed to have hastened his dissoluat Lillebonne, of gilded bronze and not marble. The tion, as he is stated to have been immediately attacked naming it an Apollo was without the slightest con- | by a fever, of which he died on the 21st of September, sideration; and the French sçavans will doubtless soon 1558. determine whether it is an Antinous or not.

According to authentic information just received here VOLTAIRE having asked Fontenelle, then more than

from a German traveller, now engaged in making his

torical researches in Spain, all this turns out to be a ninety years old, what he thought of Mahomet? the

fabulous legend. Don Tomas Gonzales, well known as latter replied, “Il est horriblement beau !"

the learned author of an Essay on the relations subsistBARRIER TREATY VINDICATED, 1712, 8vo.-Who was

ing between Philip II. of Spain, and Mary of England, the author of this interesting historical volume? S. M. ||

4 printed in the seventh volume of the Transactions of Charles, second Viscount Townshend, supplied the papers

the Royal Academy of History, at Madrid ; was keeper but John, Lord Somers, was the editor.

of the royal archives at Simancas, and occupied himself to the latter years of his life with a history of Charles V.,

from his abdication till his death, compiled from original / drawn altogether from worldly concerns; those docudocuments, in that rich collection. The manuscript of ments, on the contrary, contain positive evidence of his this work, in the possession of the late author's nephew, is being constantly attended by more than five hundred entitled, Vida y Muerte del Emperodor Carlos Quinto persons of various ranks and degrees, principally Flemen Juste. The first part of the work, giving an accountings and Germans. of the Emperor's abdication at Brussels, and his voyage In short, it appears that Charles remained Emperor to Spain, follows the ordinary authorities, and does not de facto up to the time of his death, still directing by differ materially from Robertson's narrative of the same his advice and general superintendence the complicated events. Its peculiar interest begins with the landing of affairs of the vast dominions, he had nominally conferred Charles in the peninsula – from which period the author on his son. Philip, so far from thwarting his father's had the exclusive use of documents of unquestionable intentions, as in this respect he has been accused of so authority, but which were unknown to the Scottish his- |

| doing, frequently in his correspondence laments his intorian.

adequacy from want of experience for the task of goIt seems the Emperor's daughter, Donna Juana, vernment, and entreats his father to leave his cloister, widow of Prince John of Portugal and Regent of Spain, and resume the sceptre, during the absence of Philip II. in Flanders, had in- Charles continued to busy himself especially with ecstructed Don Luis Quijada, major-domo, and Don Juan clesiastical affairs. Robertson, on the contrary, tells us Vasquez de Molina, the Emperor's private secretary, to how the Emperor amused himself in his retirement in send her a daily journal respecting the state of the studying the principles of mechanical science, and in Emperor's health, his actions, his conversations, and in constructing curious works of mechanism, of which he had short, particulars of every thing that passed at St. ever been remarkably fond. “ He was," says the hisJustus. These despatches are all carefully preserved in torian, " particularly curious with regard to the conthe archives of Simancas, and Don Tomas Gonzales, has struction of clocks and watches; and having found, made copious extracts from them. He has also made after repeated trials, that he could not bring any two of nise of the correspondence between Charles and his son them to go exactly alike, he reflected, it is said, with a Philip, the other members of his family, and dif- mixture of surprise, as well as regret, on his own folly, ferent distinguished personages of the time. Among in having bestowed so much time and labour on the these papers are several letters from the infant Don more vain attempt of bringing mankind to a precise Carlos, son of Philip II., unfortunately celebrated in uniformity of sentiment concerning the profound and poetry and in history, addressed to Charles V,, and from mysterious doctrines of religion." This account of his the latter to the infant's tutor, Ruy Gomez de Silva, in sentiments is so far from being correct, that the truth which he bewails the errors of his grandson, and ad-is-he was never more zealously engaged in stimulating vises how he might be reclaimed.

the work of persecuting the Protestants by the civil These trustworthy documents demonstrate beyond all power, than during this period of his life. It is well question, that the ex-emperor, far from having lived a known that the principles of the Reformation had at monastic life in the cloister of St. Justus, or associated this time made considerable secret progress in Spain. as a lay brother on an equal footing with the monks of The Grand Inquisitor informed the Emperor of the that convent, very seldom participated even in their re- alarming fact, and accused Dr. Cazalla, Charles's own ligious exercises. Their total silence respecting the confessor, of being infected with heresy. He did not extraordinary scene of his funeral obsequies, related by hesitate to instantly surrender the accused to the holy Robertson, on I know not what authority-affords of office, and in his answer to the Grand Inquisitor, exitself a strong negative proof against the reality of this claimed, “ Have I then spent my whole life in act “as wild and uncommon as any that superstition endeavouring to root out heresy, in order to discover at ever suggested to a weak and disordered fancy." It last the director of my own conscience is an apostate ?" can hardly be supposed, that the responsible personages Charles, doubtless, considered the Protestants as the whose official duty it was to report daily and confiden enemies not only of heaven, but of the State- and feared tially to the Queen Regent every act of Charles's life, the destruction of the vast possessions he had left to his and who have in fact, recorded the minutest cireum- son, from their machinations. He had early crushed the stances preceding and attending his death, should have civil liberties of Spain in the plains of Vilalar, and in dared to omit an incident so striking in itself, and the all his letters from St. Justus he advises Philip to purmost important of all, since it is supposed to have has- sue the heretics with fire and sword, as more dangerous tened his dissolution. From the reports of Quijada enemies than the political partizans of Padilla. He and Vasquez, it also appears, that Charles was for several thus infused into the soul of Philip his own deadly hate months before his decease confined to his room with the of the Reformers, and his counsels were subsequently gout, so as to have been physically incapable of assist followed by that monarch with the spirit and activity of ing as the principal actor in such a trying scene. a demon. The work of Don Tomas Gonzales contains

Robertson dwells upon the small number of attend- many highly important letters on this subject from the ants whom Charles took with him into his modest Emperor to the Archbishop of Seville, then Grand Inretirement as an additional proof of his having with quisitor, which throw new light upon the religious and

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