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Beru-GELERT. Current Notes, p. 81.-The Hon.' BEGGAR'S PETITION.-In reply to your correspondent William Robert Spencer, who was born in 1770, was W. A. H., p. 79. The Rev. Thomas Moss, who died in the author of Beth-Gelert. He published occasional 1808, minister of Brierley Hill, and of Trentham, in poems of that description named “ Vers de Société," Staffordshire; was the author of “ The Beggar's Petiwhose highest object is to gild the social hour. As tion.” He published anonymously, in 1769, a collection a companion Mr. Spencer was much prized by the of Miscellaneous Poems, forming a thin quarto, printed brilliant circles of the metropolis, but, falling into pecu- / at Wolverhampton. “ The Beggar's Petition" was copied niary difficulties, he removed to Paris, where he died in by Dodsley into his “ Annual Register." 1834. His poems were collected and published in 1835. Allesley, October 26.

G. S. Sir Walter Scott, who knew and esteemed Spencer, quotes the following fine lines from one of his poems, “The Beggar's Petition," originally entitled “The as expressive of his own feelings, amidst the wreck and Beggar," was written by the Rev. Thomas Moss, min-1 desolation of his fortunes at Abbotsford :

ister of Brierley Hill, and of Trentham, in Staffordshire. The shade of youthful hope is there,

He died in 1808. It was first published in a thin quarto That lingered long and latest died,

of Miscellaneous Poems, printed at Wolverhampton in Ambition all dissolv'd to air,

1769. With the exception of a few copies for private With phantom honor by his side.

distribution, the volume was published without the What empty shadows glimmer nigh,

author's name, and led to the uncertainty that was for They once were Friendship, Truth, and Love!

a long time entertained respecting its authorship. Oh, die to thought, to memory die,

· Bristol, Oct. 26. Since lifeless to my heart ye prove.

J, K. R. W. Mr. Spencer's poems were exaggerated in compliment THE “ Beggar's Petition " was written by the Rev. and adulation, and wittily parodied in the “Rejected Thomas Moss, B.A., minister of Brierly Hill Chapel, in Addresses."

| the parish of King's Swinford, Staffordshire. He was Allesley, Oct. 26.

Go SS. also author of another poem, “On the Vanity of Human Beta-GELERT.-This ballad was the composition of Enjoyments," written in blank verse, and printed in the the Hon. W. R. Spencer, grandson of the second Duke year 1783, 4to., in about sixty-three pages. The verses of Marlborough, the author of many occasional poems of “ The Beggar's Petition," are truly popular and of that description named “ Vers de Société,” published beautiful, but I cannot help thinking the reader will in the early part of the present century; and also the experience far greater pleasure and satisfaction in the author of an excellent translation of the Leonora, of perusal of the other.

S. Bürger. His poems were collected and published in 1835. He died at Paris, October 22, 1834, aged 65.


J. K. R. W. HAVING the late Craven Ord's transcript of the

manuscript steward's accompts, so singularly discovered The ballad of Beth-Gelert, founded on the old tra- | at Framlingham Castle in 1722, and from which are dition, that, at the base of Snowdon, Llewellyn the derived the particulars of this parliamentary treating, Great had a house, and his child saved by the fidelity of Current Notes, p. 84; I am enabled to point out a few the greyhound named Gelert, that had been presented corrections, that a later transcript appears to require. to Llewellyn, by his father-in-law, King John in 1205; Line 16 of the items, for “ in hoggesheds," read “ ij was first printed in the Metrical Miscellany, edited Hoggesheds of wyn." by Mrs. Maria Riddell, 1802, 8vo. pp. 213—217. The Line 28, read, “ Item, for herynge of all man of ballad is there dated from “Dolemelynllyn, August 11, | napry and furnishynge.1800;” and the place assigned by tradition, as the Line 32, Sawndres ; at the above period there were scene of Llewellyn's impetuous ire is still known as two kinds of Sawndres, used in the culinary art; one Beth-Gelert, or the Grave of Gêlert.-EDITOR.

called red saunders, for imparting a red colour to wines

and jellies; the other, yellow saunders, for giving a RULE BRITANNIA. - Who was the writer of this peculiar flavour to soups, this is now better known as national song, and when did it become current? Who yellow sandalwood. composed the music to it?

RUSTICUS. Line 33, “ Itm, in reysans of Coraunt," or Corinth,

whence the small Zante grapes were formerly obtained OA! NANNY.-Bishop Percy has the credit of being in great abundance, and which are still, as currants, a the author of this beautifully plaintive ballad, and yet, principal ingredient in this country for cakes and pudI am told, it is of much earlier date. Where is the dings. original to be found ?

M. E. Line 45, « portpaynes." Halliwell, in his Dic

tionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, 1847, vol. ü. Town ARMORIAL INSIGNIA.—Why is it that the p. 638, defines portpanes, as “ Cloths used for carrying arms of Colchester and Nottingham are alike?

bread from the pantry to the dinner-table.” M. H. L.



On Eagle's Wing. Current Notes, p. 76.— Your MR. LAYARD. in his Discoveries in Nineveh and correspondent J. M. asks the origin of “the linnet Babylon, 1853, 8vo. p. 600, has printed, in cuneiform' perched on eagle's wing, etc." We know something characters, an inscription on a duck with its head turned analogous to this among the fishes; namely, that not upon its back, in greenstone, found during the second

only does the remora attach itself to the body of the excavations at Nimroud ; but similar to that, in white

in white shark, but also the beautiful little pilot-fish may be marble, engraved in plate 95 A., in the first series of the

seen constantly swimming only a very short space immonuments of Nineveh. Mr. Layard estimated these mediately before its voracious jaws: “me ipso teste." two objects, from the short inscriptions upon them, as of

And among the beasts of prey, every one is familiar considerable interest. Of the latter, on greenstone, our

with the history of the jackal and his lion patron. learned correspondent observes

These analogies may, I hope, be in some degree satisThe inscription is undoubtedly “of considerable inte


H. MONTAGU. rest;” as it appears to point out the site of the scrip

P.S.-Whilst the foregoing was on its way to you, ture Ava, of which Kitto, in his Biblical Cyclopædia,

it further occurred to me to remind J. M., it is no says, “It is most probable, however, that Ava was a

unusual thing for birds to carry birds ; viz. that type of Syrian or Mesopotamian town, of which no trace can

filial piety, the stork, and her maternal care and tuinow be found, either in the ancient writers or in the

tion. The eagle, who bears its eaglets on her wings, Oriental topographers."

| “teaching their young ideas" how to fly. The powers of the cuneiform characters are, in Eng

And why, I would now ask in return, should it be lish, as follows

thought a strange thing that this the monarch of birds, kkk, hki, hki, anm, ava,

with no voice for song himself, why should he not atha, khān, wn, wi, at, awki, awki,

delight in this little warbler pouring its sweet notes into atha, n, kk, kk, atn, kak, kak.

his listening ear, and encourage its familiarity, and The writing is in the Arabic language, and the literal

bear it up to where its own unaided powers could not translation as follows:

sustain or protect it, there to cheer and to solace his

royal mate in her craggy nest; and the eagle himself The little palace (is) a falling into utter decay of the encouraged, with wing vibrating with pleasure, to soar men of Ava.

still higher, and to “sing” still nearer“ to heaven's The stones of the khan of Wan, alas! being a grievous

gate" the praises of their and our glorious Creator, as trouble.

it is written, “ Praise ye the Lord in the heights; praise (In) the valleys no men (in) the pleasant habitations.

Him, all ye feathered fowl: let everything that hath N.B. In the first line, hki repeated denotes utter ruin. breath praise the Lord"? These reflections have af

In the second line, awki repeated denotes the forded me so much sincere gratification, I can but thank greatest grief.

your correspondent for having elicited them. H. M. In the third line, kak repeated denotes the houses of both rich and poor.

SIR WILLIAM BETHAM, no inconsiderable name in

T. R. Brown. our literature—who held the office of Ulster King of Southwick Vicarage, near Oundle, Oct. 11.

Arms, Keeper of the Records in Dublin Castle, and

Genealogist to the Order of St. Patrick, expired sudEGYPTIAN EXCAVATIONS.— Monsieur Mariette, a denly on the morning of Wednesday, Oct. 26th, at his gentleman who is making antiquarian researches for residence, near Blackrock. He had, on the previous the French Government, and who lately made some evening, been out driving in his usual robust health, very interesting discoveries of tombs and underground and the event was wholly unexpected. temples in the vicinity of the Pyramids of Sakkara, is now actively employed in excavating on the north side! CARTILAGENA.--The Times of this day, denies that of the Great Sphinx, near the Pyramids of Ghizeh, evi- | Carthagena was taken by Admiral Vernon, or that it dently with the object of finding an entrance to a temple was taken at all, notwithstanding numerous medals or tomb.

were struck to perpetuate the event of its capture by Alexandria, Oct, 19,

six ships. What is the historical fact; was it so,

or not? ST. BARNABAS' Day. Current Notes, p. 83.-Your Did Napoleon, as Consul, dissolve the Council of Five correspondent Y. S. N., who inquires for the authority | Hundred; or was that a fiction, to confer on him a for the rhyme,

similar celebrity to Cromwell, who dissolved more nobly “ Barnaby Bright,

the Long Parliament? The longest day and the shortest night,"

Did Napoleon cross the Alps, with the French army, may be referred to Ray's Proverbs, edit. 1768, 8vo, as depicted in paintings and engravings, in every grade p. 39. He will find some account of this festival in the of pictorial art; or did he follow on the following day? Festa Anglo-Romana, p. 72.

What are the facts ?
W. K- Y | Nov. 1.

S, T.

CRYSTAL PALACE.—Has it occurred to the observa FITZWILLIAM MUSEUM ANNUAL Report. tion of those intrusted with the erection of that stupen

The building is in good order, continuing firm and dous building, that placed on the summit of a hill, com- stable, without settlement of any kind. posed of clay and sand, a slip, productive of most awful

The sculptures, antiquities, and books are in good conresults, is more than probable ?

dition. The same may be reported of the pictures, with two or three exceptions.

The state of the engravings is in some respects not so


Since the last report, the collection has been enriched by A VERY important question has arisen, and is yet to be a set of casts from the Halicarnassus marbles, presented by decided, at our ports of entry in the United States, that | Lord Stratford de Redcliffe. deeply concerns everybody interested in the international Twelve elaborate copies of Mosaic pictures still extant in copyright question. Last year, Mr. Norton, a young and the Basilicas of Rome, and of dates ranging between A.D. enterprising New York bookseller, and a well known friend 492 and A.D. 1292, have also been received from Mr. C. R. of international copyright justice, made arrangements for Cockerell, R.A. receiving from the publishers of all the leading weekly, A facsimile of the fragments of the Hieratic Papyrus at monthly, and quarterly British journals and reviews, im- | Turin, transmitted, at the request of the Duke of Northumpressions of the editions of all their issues, to be dispatched | berland, by Sir J. Gardner Wilkinson. early by steamers, and distributed in the United States A collection of Egyptian antiquities, procured by Mr. A. B. before they could be reprinted by the “pirates” here, and Cheales, M.A., of Christ's College, during his travelling at rates too low to make piracy any longer profitable. | bachelorship. When bis invoices were offered in the Boston Custom-house, Mr. Pitt's watch, presented by the Right Hon. R. A. and duly sworn to, they passed without difficulty. The | Christopher, M.P. next parcel arriving in New York was stopped at this

A manuscript in the Tamul language, presented by the Custom-house, under the pretext that the entry was a Rev. T. Brotherton, M.A., of Corpus Christi College. false one, since the publications were invoiced considera- The Syndicate regret to state that the two pictures lent bly below the publisher's prices in Great Britain. It was to the Museum by the late Mr. H. Vint, of Colchester, have argued that a fair interpretation of the ad valorem clause of | been removed by order of his executors. our tariff of '46 would reckon the duties on the bona fide The north-west room on the ground floor has, during the cost of the article where it was bought. Mr. Norton proved past year, been prepared for the reception of the Univerhis invoices to be true. He even hurried off to England, sity Studies' Syndicate ; the expense of laying down the and has brought duly authenticated affidavits to the fact. permanent subfloor being alone charged to the Fitzwilliam Our revenue officers compelled him to pay not only the Fund. regular duties levied upon imported books, but 10 per cent! The number of persons who have visited the Museum more in consequence of a villainous clause in our tariff, during the year ending April 30, 1853, amounts to 36,356; whereby the importer of English publications which are and it is gratifying to add that no instances of damage, stolen and reprinted in this country is obliged to pay 10 loss, or misbehaviour, have occurred during that period. per cent more than the regular duty. It amounts to this,

Cam then, that the Congress of the United States offer a reward of 10 per cent in the shape of a bounty to every literary CHAINED Books. Current Notes, p. 82.-The books pirate in this country. It is shocking to see robbery le. in the Town-hall Library of this borough were chained galized in this way. Certain parties in this country steal, to the shelves, until about a quarter of a century ago. and reprint, in cheap and shabby form, the leading British


W.K- r. reviews. Thousands of men and libraries wanted the English editions; and the English publishers preferred to King James VII.-Can any of your correspondents fill large orders at the smallest possible profit rather than indicate his direct descendants, with the sources of addihave this pirate game played upon them in broad daylight. tional information Three of the royal fanilies of Mr. Norton is now fighting out the battle, and probably an

Europe claim an equal descent from the abdicated moappeal will be made to Congress this winter, which, I trust, after fair and full discussion, will result in the enactment of

narch, whilst it is understood other royal offshoots exist. an international copyright law.

Strathmeglo, Fife.

DAVID GALLOWAY. New York, Oct. 22.

STATUTES.—Who was the author of "Institutions

and Statutes of England,” of which an edition, " newly SHAKESPEARE's Merchant of Venice. The follow- and verie truly corrected and amended," was printed by ing allusion, “ If with the Jew of Malta, instead of coyne, Thomas Wight, 1601, duod.? WILLIAM HARRISON.' thou requirest a pound of flesh next to thy debtor's heart, wilt thou cut him in pieces?" is found in Essayes and Characters of a Prison and Prisoners, by Gef


H. W., communications in reference to Van Os, await fray Minshull, of Grayes Inne, Gent., 1618.

| him; will he forward his address? John Milton, the poet, married Elizabeth Minshull, PADDY from Cork, thanked ; Renaudot's Gazette, 1631, the grand-daughter of Geoffrey Minshull. He was a French news-courant, published in quarto, doubtless received as her husband, at Stoke Hall, in 1662. - derived its name from the celebrity of the Venetian Gazetta.



“ I will make a prief of it in my Note-Book."-SHAKESPEARE.

(DECEMBER, 1853.

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Anglo-NORMAN Minstrel'S CHRISTMAS Song. I PANTSH-EES, from TEVTAKIS, for it turns on five, or The earliest known composition in England, that is

the multiple of five-is a Persian game. I have played extant; translated with exemplary fidelity, by the late shape of a Maltese cross, having twenty-one chequers

is it on a board chequered like a draught-board, in the Francis Douce, Esq.

in each limb of the cross, disposed in three rows-thus
Lordings, from a distant home,
To seek old CHRISTMAS we are come,

Who loves our minstrelsy :
And here, unless report mis-say,
The greybeard dwells; and on this day,
Keeps yearly wassel, ever gay,

With festive mirth and glee.
To all who bonour CHRISTMAS, and commend our lays,
Love will his blessings send, and crown with joy their days.

Lordings, list, for we tell you true;
CHRISTMAS loves the jolly crew

Tbat cloudy care defy;
His liberal board is deftly spread
With manchet-loaves and wastel-bread;
His guests with fish and flesh are fed,

Nor lack the stately pye.
Lordings, you know that far and near,
The saying is “ who gives good cheer,

And freely spends his treasure;
On him will bounteous heaven bestow,
Twice-treble blessings here below;
His happy hours shall sweetly flow

In never-ceasing pleasure.”
Lordings, believe ui, knaves abound;
In every place are flatterers found;
May all their arts be vain !

The chequers are coloured blue and red alternately
But chiefly from these scenes of joy,

with very few yellow ones. Four persons play, each Chase sordid souls that mirth annoy,

having four men like those for draughts, coloured blue, And all who with their base alloy,

red, yellow, and black respectively, and the moves are Turn pleasure into pain.

regulated by throws with cowry-shells, as those in backCHRISTMAS quaffs our English wines,

gammon are by dice. The shells used are six in numNor Gascoigne juice, nor French declines,

ber, are thrown up in the hand, and as they fall with Nor liquor of Anjou ;

the open or close side up, regulate the moves. When He puts the insidious goblet round,

five turn up the open side, and one the close one, you Till all the guests in sleep are drown'd,

advance over twenty-five squares; but when, on the Then wakes 'em with the tabor's sound,

other hand, five are close and one open, you only gain And plays the prank anew.

one. The outside squares, all round the board, are Lordings, it is our host's command,

first traversed; and you then proceed up your own end And CHRISTMAS joins him hand in hand,

in the middle line to the centre called The Home.' To drain the brimming bowl;

As four men are to be looked after, it is a game of some And I'll be foremost to obey,

little skill as well as chance.

0. T. D.
Then pledge me, sirs, and drink away,
For CHRISTMAS revels here to-day,
And sways without control.

A QUESTION ANSWERED.—“Ma belle," said the gal

lant Henry the Fourth, to one of Marie de Medici's Now WASSEL to you all! and merry may ye be!

maids of honour, “quel est le chemin à vôtre cour ? " But foul that wight befal, who drinks not Health to me!

“ Par l'eglise, Sire!” was the prompt and happy reply. VOL. III.


CRYSTAL PALACE, Current Notes, p. 92.-I know not Taomas MOORE.- Little has been said by Lord John whether it has occurred to the Directors of the Crystal | Russell, or by Moore the poet's biographers, as to whom Palace that the position on which it stands is a perilous his wife was ; are any particulars known of her previous one, from fear of a landslip, with the palace and all, to her marriage ? into the valley beneath ; but this I know, the subject has Belgravia, Dec. 5.

M. H. for some time past attracted the attention of those In some unpublished autobiographical notes of Tom residing in the neighbourhood, who look forward with | Ellar, the harlequin, many years the associate of Joe uneasy forebodings, lest their fears may be realized, | Grimaldi, on the boards of Covent Garden Theatre; in and such awful results, which might be truly regarded the possession of the editor, are the following memoas a national calamity, prove hereafter a melancholy randa:fact.

I first met Signor Belzoni on my first appearance in Lon. Upper Tooting, December 3.

J. W. B.

don, at the Royalty Theatre, in Wellclose-square, on Enster Monday, 1808, the season closed then, after the fourth

week. I met him in September, in the same year, at The ANTIQUART.

Saunders's booth in Bartholomew Fair, exhibiting as the

• French Hercules.' In 1809 we were jointly engaged at He is a man strangely thrifty of time past, and an the Crow-street Theatre, Dublin, in the production of a enemie indeed to his inaw, whence he fetches out many pantomime; I as harlequin, he as an artist, to superintend things, when they are now all rotten and stinking. He the last scene, a sort of hydraulic temple, that, owing to is one that hath that unnaturall disease to be enamor'd what is frequently the case, the being over-anxious, failed, of old age and wrinkles, and loves all things, as Dutch- and nearly inundated the orchestra, Fiddlers generally men doe cheese, the better for being mouldy and worme

follow their leader, and Tom Cooke, now leader at Druryeaten. He is of oure religion, because we say it is most

lane, was the man; out they ran, leaving Columbine and ancient; and yet a broken 'statue would almost make

myself, with the rest, to finish the scene in the midst of a

splendid shower of fire and water. The young lady who him an idolater. A great admirer he is of the rust of

play'd the part of Columbine was of great beauty, and is old monuments, and reads only those characters where

where now THE WIFE OF THE CELEBRATED THOMAS MOORE, Time hath eaten oute the letters. He will goe you forty

1 eaten oute the letters. He will goe you forty | the great poet of the present day. miles to see a Saint's well, or a ruined abbey; and if Signor Belzoni was a man of gentlemanly, but very unasthere be but a crosse or stone foot-stoole in the way, he suming manners, yet of great mind. will be considering long till he forget his journey. His estate consists much in shekels and Roman coynes,

These notes were written in 1834, and death has and he hath more pictures of Cæsar than of James or

since shrouded all the parties then living from the ken Elizabeth. Beggars cozen him with musty things which

of mortal eye. they have raked from dunghills, and he preserves their rags for precious reliques. He loves no library but EARLY ENGLISH PROVERBIAL SAYINGS.—The folwhere there are more spider volumes than authors, and lowing lines, poetically disposed, were some years since lookes with great admiration on the antique worke of transcribed from an early manuscript by the editor; cobwebs. Printed bookes he contemnes, as a noueltie of and were there simply headed :this latter age: but a manuscript, he pores over ever

A BALADE. lastingly, especially if the cover be all inoth-eaten, and

Yt is harde to make fast, that will breke or yt bowe; the dust make a parerthesis between every sillable. He

A promyse oons past, ys harde to be reuoked; would give all the bookes in his study, which are rarities A sad sobre mayde, all wyse men doeth allowe; all, for one of the old Roman binding, or for sixe lines of A swete lambe ys better then a rotten kydd. Tully in his owne hand. His chamber is hung com A wyf to be vnchast ys lyke a fylthy sowe, monly with strange beasts skins, and is a kind of charnel An olde man a lecher nothinge to be more hated, house of bones extraordinary; and his discourse upon

A woman vnshamefast, a chylde vnchastysed, them, if you will heare him, shall last longer. His uery

Ys worse than gall wher poyson ys vnder bydde. attire is that which is the eldest out of fashion, and you None lyves in quiet, that ys vnsatiat; may picke a criticisme out of his breeches. He neuer Contentacyon ys the cure, that belys all soores ; lookes upon himselfe till he is greyheaded, and then, he Gentylnes makes the hart from vyse to be sep[ar]at; is pleased with his owne antiquity. His grave doth not

A lerned inan a lyer, all wysdom abhorres; fright him, for he hath been used to sepulchres, and he

Honeste with dyshoneste, alwayes bathe debate; likes death the better, because it gathers him to his

Envy dothe bate, and hys malise colores;

Pryde myxed with pouser}tie dothe as well agree, fathers.--Microcosmographie,* 1628.

As a hart in sorrowe to singe pleasauntlye.

. . Published under the pseudonyme of Blount, but written

CHAINED Books.— There are, or recently were, a by Jolin Earle, D.D., Dean of Westminster, elected Bishop number of curious old books chained to the shelves in a of Worcester, Nov. 1, 1662; and translated to Salisbury small library attached to the old church at Wimborne Sept. 19, 1663. He died Nov. 17, 1665.

in Dorsetshire.

C. S.

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