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Ben Jonson.-Several of his minor poems have Ben Jonson has also prefixed some doggrel rhymes been overlooked by the editors of his works. These in illustration of the frontispiece engraved by William “ waifs and strays” of genius, scattered in different old | Hole. One specimen will suffice. books, I have taken some pains to collect.

But here neither trusting his hands nor his legs, In Bagford's Collections, 5931 Harl. MSS. is a broad-||

Being in fear to be robb’d he most learnedly begs. side with music and words of the following Song, en

J. 0. H. titled “ Bacchus turn d Doctor, written by Ben Jonson." Let soldiers fight for pay and praise,

Verses by Fox UPON GIBBON.
And money be the miser's wish,
Poor scholars study all their days,

The following was written in the first volume of Gib-
And gluttons glory in their dish.

bon's History, which had been sent by the author to the "Tis wine! pure wine revives sad souls ! Rt. Hon. C. J. Fox. Therefore give us cheering bowls.

The author of this book, at the delivery of the Spanish Let minions marshal in their hair,

Rescript in the year 1779, declared publicly at Brookes' And in a lover's lock delight,

that there was no salvation for this country unless six of And artificial colours wear,

the heads of the Cabinet Ministers were cut off and laid We have the native red and white.

upon the tables of the House of Parliament as examples. 'Tis wine! pure wine revives sad souls !

And in less than a fortnight after that declaration took an Therefore give us cheering bowls.

employment under that same Cabinet Council. Your pheasant, pout, and culver salmon,

C. J. F. And how to please your pallets think,

Upon the promotion of the author to the Board of
Give us a salt Westphalia gammon,

Trade in 1779.
Not meat to eat, but meat to drink.
'Tis wine! pure wine revives sad souls !

King George in a fright,

Lest Gibbon should write
Therefore give us cheering bowls.

The story of Britain's disgrace,
It makes the backward spirits brave,

Thought no means more sure
That lively that before was dull,

His pen to secure,
Those grow good fellows that are grave,

Than to give the historian a place.
And kindness flows from cups brimful.
'Tis wine! pure wine revives sad souls !

But his caution is vain,
Therefore give us cheering bowls.

'Tis the curse of his reign,
Some have the phtysic, some have rheum,

That his projects should never succeed,

Tho' he writes not a line,
Some have the palsy, some the gout,
Some swell with fat, and some consume,

Yet a cause of decline
But they are sound that drink all out.

In the author's example we read.
'Tis wine! pure wine revives sad souls !

His book well describes
Therefore give us cheering bowls.

How corruption and bribes
Some men want youth, and some want health,

Overthrew the great Empire of Rome,

And his writings declare
Some want a wife, and some a punk,
Some men want wit, and some want wealth,

A degeneracy there,
But he wants nothing that is drunk.

Which his conduct exhibits at home.
'Tis wine! pure wine revives sad souls !
Therefore give us cheering bowls.

HYDROPATHY.- It is the opinion of most persons who Amongst the laudatory verses attached to Tom Cory

have not examined the subject, and we hear it constantly ate's Crudities, 4to. 1611, is the following acrostic.

asserted by those who practise the art, that Hydropathy To the Right Noble Tom Tell Troth of his Travels,

is a new invention-a thing of yesterday, the invention

of Dr. Priessnitz. Those who cling to the old traditions the Coryate of Odcombe and his books now going to travel.

of medicine laugh at it for being of yesterday ;- while

those who value everything in proportion to its newness Trig and trust Roger was the word, but now

say, “ Here is a valuable and simple cure, which has Honest Tom Tell Troth puts down Roger : how?

always been at hand, yet never applied until now. See of travel he discourseth so at large,

how we are in advance of our ancestors." Before we M any he sets it out at his own charge; A nd therein (which is worth his valour too)

boast of our wonderful advancement in the healing art, S hews he dares more than Paul's churchyard durst do.

it is as well, however, for us to look round for a moment,

and we perhaps then shall see that what we consider a Come forth thou bonnie bouncing book then! Daughter

new thing is but a renewal of an old one. It is absurd of Tom of Odcombe, that odd jovial author ! Rather his son I should have called thee! Why?

to say that the curative properties of water were unknown Y es thou wert born out of his travelling thigh,

in the early ages ; any one who will take the trouble to A s well as from his brains, and claimest thereby

investigate must see that the Roman people were much To be his Bacchus as his Pallas ; be

more impressed with the fact of its healing properties E ver his thighs male then, and his brains she ! than are the inhabitants of England at this day. It is, how

Literary and šrientific Obituarq.

ever, to much more recent times that I would draw | solitary act of cruelty of which the Republican party attention ; the fact that a regular practice of Hydropathy were guilty, but may be ranked amongst the common was carried on during the early part of the eighteenth evils and practices of the age. “Vitia non hominum century seems to be unknown. There is, however, no sed temporum." There was no humane Howard to doubt of the fact, as the following letter, extracted from sigh for the abolition of capital punishment, or plead the Gentleman's Magazine (vol. 7, 1773, p. 4) will against the terrors of execution; a feeling gradually prove.

fixing itself deeply in the hearts of the present century. Caen in Normandy, December 30, 1736, N.S. "Men 200 years ago were familiarised almost daily with My indisposition may justly be an excuse for my slowness the aspect of death. Blood flowed freely under the in answering your last kind letter. For during almost knife of the execntioner. Unrelenting justice found the three months last past I have been so afflicted with an ague axe a potent charm to cure all social and political evils: and fever that it had nigh ruined my constitution and A king is weary of his bride, and straightwav royal lust poeket, by the great quantity of bark I had taken ; and to

hurries her to the block. A Chancellor will not acknow80 little purpose that I thought myself nearer death than

ledge the royal supremacy; and his grey head pays the recovery. In this feeble condition I took a resolution to go to an old Abbé at Bayeux, who has for eight years practised | penalt

eng i penalty of his refusal. A priest has bent his knee to with success the giving common water medicinally, and adore God after his own pious fashion and simplicity of cured in that time all sorts of distempers. I became one of heart, and he expiates his treason on a scaffold. Haunted his patients, but with little confidence in water. Huwever, by the old Tudor love of blood, a Queen signs the deathI was persuaded it could do me no harm, if it did me no warrant of her royal cousin. There was death for the good; he began with giving me his emetic, which is nothing thief, and death for the priest, death for the guilty and else but warm water, and a feather to tickle one's throat; the innocent, death for the lowly and ambitious, for fair I vomited heartily and found relief; he then sweated me women and brave men. The hangman was the true four mornings together, the fifth morning, to my surprise, social physician, and the grave concealed alike the crimes he told me I was cured, and that the ague would not re

or virtues of his countless victims. turn. I was over-joyed to hear it; but so unable to believe

HISTORICUS. it, that I stayed three weeks after, and boarded with him, in which time he cured the dropsy, asthma, gout, colick, and other bad complaints, and all after the physicians had con. demned them. I had the pleasure to see these persons

CHILDS (John). August 12. Aged 70. Bungay. Printer. cured, and to enjoy by his method perfect health myself;

COOPER (Bransby Blake). August 18. London. Sud. and he has given me memorandums sufficient to be my own

denly. Surgical Works, &c. doctor during my life. The poor devil has been attacked by

DEVERELL (Walter Ruding). June 25. Aged 53. Kew. the physicians and apothecaries, but he answered them so

Secretary to the Department of Practical Art. well as to gain applause. When I have the pleasure of see

Evans (A. J.) August 1. Accidentally. Loughborough. ing you I will show you some of his writing.

Contributor to various Periodicals.
Yours, &c., C. D.

FitzwalLYNGE (Mr.). June 14. He wrote as “ The It would be very interesting, and it may be instruc

Spirit of the Turf," in the Sun Newspaper. tive, if we could discover the memorandums given by

Graves (Robert James, M.D.) March 20. Aged 56. the Abbé to C. D.; but of that there is little hope. It Dublin. Medical Reformer. Works on Medicine. is, however, highly probable, that he may have published HARMER (James, formerly an Alderman of London). June. some work in defence of his system, which, if it exists, Hawker (Col.) June 7. Aged 67. Dorset Place, Dorset could not fail to be interesting

T Square. Works on Sporting.
DRYASdust. RICHARDSON (Mrs. Catherine). June 7. Aged 65. Pro-

1 prietress of the Berwick Advertiser.

Rogers (Philip Hutchings). June 25. Aged between EXECUTION OF THE EARL OF STRAFFORD.

| 65 and 70. Lichtentat, near Baden. Landscape Painter. The Erle of Strafford's Speech on the scaffold before Sainz (Francisco). Lately. Aged 30. Madrid. The he was beheaded on Tower Hill, 4to. 1641. Rushworth's most celebrated Spanish living Painter. Historical Collections, part 3, vol. 1.

SANGIOVANNI (Benedetto). April 13. Aged 72. Brighton. Few tragedies are more broadly marked in the page

Statuary. of English history than the execution of Thonias Went- SAXE-WEIMAR (Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of). worth, Earl of Strafford. From the rare engraving by

July 8. Aged 71. Weimar. Favourably known to Hollar it would seem that an immense crowd assembled

Literature as the patron and protector of Gothe and on the occasion, and that platforms and stages were

Wieland in troubled times. crected for the convenience of spectators. Rushworth,

SCATCHERD (N. C. F.S.A.). Feb. 16. Aged 73. Topo. who was present, has minutely described the scene.

graphy and Antiquities.

scene. SIDDONS (F.J.) Lately. Another account may be found in the fourth volume of

Calcutta. Superintendent of

the Electric Telegraph. Lord Somers' Tracts.

WALKER (Jobn). June 23. Aged 51. York. He proAs some little palliation for his death it may be duced some of the most elaborate iron-work now extant remarked that this unrelenting eagerness for blood, this in this country; among others the wrought iron gates at determined immolation of a degraded minister was no Kew Gardens and the palisades at the British Museum,

FOR THE MONTH.

No. XXXIII.]

“I will make a prief of it in my Note-Book."-SHAKESPEARE.

[SEPTEMBER, 1853.

WHO WAS “JUNIUS ?"

| Junius to be on paper of the same size, quality, and The Times, on the 26th ult., in an able review of

watermark, as was userl by Lord Temple, within a week of

01 | the same date. This is a direction in which further evi. the third and fourth volumes of the Grenville Papers, dence might be sought for with advantage. The question, edited by Mr. William James Smith, and published however, will still present itself, whether the talents geneby Mr. Murray, speaks of the twelve years over which rally displayed by Lord Temple were equal in degree to these volumes extend, as being chiefly occupied by the those which Junius undoubtedly possessed, if the internal Stamp Act, and its results at home and abroad; by the testimony were quite clear. On this point his morale, as escapades of John Wilkes ; and by the invectives of far as we know, would be no hindrance to the suspicion. “ Junius." The mass of these letters are communica He had, alongside of his family arrogance, a special instinct tions to Lord Temple, or Geo. Grenville, his Majesty's

of spite and secrecy, just as his brother had the austerity Prime Minister, from their scouts-Whateley, whose

of Diogenes outside, and the distrust of a dastard within. descendant is now Archbishop of Dublin; Lloyd ; Wil

Nor would one be unduly exalted in reputation, as the

author of Junius, more than the other, has been exalted by liam Gerard Hamilton, better known as Single-speech

his colonial policy, or is exalted by the correspondence now Hamilton, and others. The latter more particularly

given to the world." defines the nature of his occupation and devotion, in

That the editor, Mr. Smith, is very near springing tolerably clear terms:

a mine is certain, but he is possibly wrong in supposing " Your Lordship may rely upon it, that in these active

Lord Temple to have been the author of the Letters and interesting times, the Bee will be even more industrious

signed “ Junius," notwithstanding his having discovered than usual, and that he is never employed so much to his

one of the original letters to have been written on paper own satisfaction, as when he can contribute to your service,

of the same description, as that used by Lord Temple; to your information, or even to your amusement."

but the fact appears to have been unknown to Mr. The reviewer in comment observes :

Smith, and to his reviewer, that Sir Herbert Croft, in “ Mr. Smith has a theory, that Lord Temple was his Love and Madness, printed for Kearsly in 1780; especially interested in procuring early and accurate infor- ! (a series of Letters, really written by him, but purporting mation, both on public matters and private scandals, that to have been the correspondence of James Hackman, he used both his influence, and his money, in obtaining such and his victim Martha Reay, the mistress of Lord knowledge, and that the form in which he expressed what Sandwich, and mother of the late Basil Montagu) he had so collected, was by letter to the Public Advertiser, recapitulates much of the literary history and the signed with the signature “ Junius." Two hundred pages

| passing events that occurred from 1775 to 1779. A of Mr. Smith's third volume are devoted to the exposition

literary man himself, and moving in the best circles, of this theory. It would have been as well, if this separate

he had ample means of obtaining information that question had made its appearance in a separate treatise ; but the attempt itself, if not successful, is elaborate, and

might be relied on; and in one of these letters, dated certainly brings another candidate, very close upon the June 18, 1776, he writes :heels of Francis. Mr. Smith shows correctly enough, that “Another slice of politics. Assert boldly that Junius the evidence in favour of Sir Philip Francis, is not so was written by Grenville's Secretary. This is a fact, conclusive, as has generally been assumed. But the nature notwithstanding what Wilkes relates concerning Lord of the case is such as to render the negative argument Germaine's bishop."* stronger than the positive, in nearly every instance. The

The retrospect the lapse of time has afforded, is suffimere fact, that so many individuals have had their several claims maintained with more or less plausibility, is a proof

cient proof that Wilkes really knew little or nothing, that phrases, quotations, sentiments, and what the Spec- and that at most, his presumptions were but surmises. tutor would have called “ turns of thought," are much

Sir Herbert Croft, believing, or assumed he was in more the common property of an age, or a class, than a possession of the fact, expressed himself in such terms distinctive mark, by which man can be distinguished from as that it should be so understood; and it is singular man. But similarities of style, no less than comparisons his assertion has not been noticed by any of the persons of friendship and antipathy, admit, up to a certain point, who have endeavoured to substantiate theories of their the title of this new, or rather revived candidate to exami- own, in support of persons whom they supposed, from nation. There are also, two particulars in which the some trivial cause, was the author or authors of the argument may sustain itself for some time-one, that the

Letters of “ Junius." Sir Herbert Croft's assertion is handwriting of the letters to Woodfall is a very close counterpart of some specimens of Lady Temple's hand; and the other, that Mr. Smith has discovered one letter of

* Love and Madness, edit. 1780, p. 68. VOL. III.

K

أوا

خاي

خانهی

no new crotchet of our day, and admitting it to be INSCRIPTION ON NIMROUD GLASS VASE. worthy of notice, does it, or does it not, account for the

Sir,- Oblige me by inserting in your Current Notes recognised similarity of the paper on which the letter of

my interpretation of the cuneiform characters on the “ Junius," was written, and that stated by Mr. Smith to have been used by Lord Temple?

vase found at Nimroud, and interpreted by Mr. Layard,

Was the paper used by Mr. Grenville's Secretary any other than that

Nineveh and Babylon, 1853, p. 197, “Sargon.” that was in use by Lord Temple? Was it not Govern

The letters, which I ment paper,* supplied officially ? and therefore, sup

am able to prove and posing Mr. Grenville's Secretary to have been “ Junius,"

trace to a more ancient more possibly of the letters may be found on the same

alphabet than the cuneipaper, without exciting any particular surprise, and in

form, are knh ik kan ā no way corroborative of Lord Temple having been the

The two sorts of k| writer.

are only different forms The names disclosed as the correspondents of Mr.

from the same origiral Grenville and Lord Temple will go far to maintain Sir

letter, and used for the Herbert Croft's assertion. Whateley was the friendly

gutturals represented by associate and correspondent of David Garrick; and

C, ch, k, according to Single-speech Hamilton, generally well received in

the usage of the Hehigh society, appears to have had, fortunately for him

brew. self, a greater estimate of superior abilities awarded to

The interpretation is him, than posterity is disposed to allow him : he was at

in Persianbest nothing more than a culler of circumstances and memoranda, doubtless many of fact, but all tending to

Awa chac chanhi feed or support the bitterly sarcastic invectives dis

According to Richplayed in the Letters signed “Junius," and those

ardson's orthography, missives may yet probably be further substantiated as

khanhi khak Awa. the productions of Mr. Grenville's Secretary, and notThe house (khan) of the land of Ava." by Lord Temple, even by the papers in the possession of Dr. Hincks, if I mistake not, supposed the first four Mr. Smith.

letters, in Layard's former work, to signify the house Who was George Grenville's Secretary? E.

of." In our own country, we frequently see similar

inscriptions on vessels, used for the entertainment of British GALLERIES OF ART (Current Notes, p. 30) / strangers.

T. R. BROWN. is the work of C. M. Westmacott.

Southwick Vicarage, near Oundle.

August 8th, HUGUENOTS. Sir,- Can any of your correspondents kindly inform MOREL AND HIS WIFE.-A too close application to me of the origin, or at what time, Protestants were in study, absorbs, like all other passions, much of our France called HUGUENOTS ? I have not hitherto seen natural affections. FREDERIC MOREL, while busily emany satisfactory reason given ; and the facility of your ployed in translating Libanius, was informed, his wife Current Notes, emboldens me to solicit a notice of my who had been for some time indisposed, was then very inquiry.

E. B. ill, and wished to speak to him. "I have," said he, Nottingham, Sept. 3.

6 but two periods of this chapter to translate; assure Protestants in France were by the Papists formerly her I will then call and see her." Shortly, a second called Tourengeaux, an appellation given to them of the message came to apprise him she was near death. " I City of Tours, where it was observed, those of the Pro- have but two words to write," rejoined MOREL, “run testant faith were in considerable numbers, till, in or back to her-I shall be there as soon as you." It again about 1559, about four or five years before Calvin's escaped him, and at last, a messenger came to tell him death, an idle report obtaining prevalence, of a night she was dead. “I am sorry for it," said he, “she was a spirit named King Hugon, being seen in the streets, worthy woman, and"-- he went on with his translation. caused one of the city gates to be called King Hugon's Gate; and the Protestants, passing for the most part

CIRCULATING LIBRARIES.– When were they estathat way, in the night, to their religious observances, I wish were thereupon named HUGUENOTS.-See Pasquier's

S: Iblished in the metropolis, and by whom? É. A. Recherches, lib. vii. cap. 52.

They are said to have been projected by S. Fancourt Calvin died in 1564.

EDITOR. a dissenting minister, who, in or about 1740, esta

blished the earliest known to the writer, in Crane Court, * The reader may here probably be reminded of Gillray's Fleet Street. Notices from correspondents will be acprint, entitled “the Fall of Icarus.”

1 ceptable.

EDITOR,

him.

Hair Of KinG CHARLES THE FIRST.-Mr. Willis Having placed the George in the bishop's hand, the King having purchased on the 25th ult. at Messrs. Sotheby took off his doublet, and being in his waistcoat, again put and Wilkinson's, a lock of hair cut from the head, on his cloak;* then looking on the block, said to the execuand a portion of the beard, of King CHARLES THE

tioner_“You must set it fast.” Brandon replied, “ It is FIRST, on the exhumation by order of the Prince Re

fast." gent, in 1813, is induced to proffer the following notices

The King then said, “ When I put my hands out this

way," stretching them out, as he purposed, “ then"-and relative to his execution, and to satisfy the numerous

having devoutly said two or three words, with raised hands, applicants who have desired an inspection, respectfully and eyes looking upward, immediately stooped down, and intimates they may for a few days be seen on application. laid his neck upon the block--but the action having forced On Tuesday, January 30th, 1648-9, the King came on

the hair from under the cap, Brandon, proceeded to replace the scaffold, accompanied by Colonel Tomlinson, who had

| it, when the King supposing he was then about to strike, charge of his person ; by Colonel Hacker, who held the war

said, “ Stay for the sign!” The executioner replied, “ Yes, rant for his execution ; by Bishop Juxon, as his spiritual

I will, and it please your Majesty.” consoler in his last moments : and by Sir Thomas Herbert. After a very little pause, the King stretching forth his the only one of his servants who was allowed to attend

| hands, the executioner at one blow, severed the head from

the body. The head being off, Brandon, doubtless so inAfter having, at Bp. Juson's sugyestion, avowed that he

structed, held it up, and shewed it to the people; it was died a Christian, according to the profession of the faith of then with the body, placed in a coffin, covered with black the Church of England, as he found it left to him by his velvet,t and borne to his lodgings in Wbitehall. father, King James, he turned to Colonel Hacker, and said, “ Take care they do not put me in pain, and Sir, this and

ii. p. 1169, mention is there made of the bequests made by it please you"—the address was abruptly discontinued, by

the Cardin al York, who had assumed the title of Henry the the King's exclaiming to some one who came too close to

Ninth, King of England; to the Prince of Wales, of " two the axe—“take heed of the axe, pray, take heed of the axe.'* Then turning to Richard Brandon, the executioner,

objects most esteemed by him, and which he had preserved

from the wreck of his fortune : the order constantly worn said "I shall say but very short prayers, and when I

by King Charles the First; and the ring worn by the thrust out my hands”-the King then, as if in forgetful. ness, called to Bp. Juxon for his cap, and having put it on,

ancient Kings of Scotland, on the day of their corona

tion." said to the executioner, “Does my hair trouble you ?"

To those who revere the memory of " the Martyr Brandon desired him to put it all under his cap, which the King did accordingly, with the assistance of the executioner assemblage of documentary facts relative to this period, and

King," the work referred to in this note proffers a copious and the Bishop.

is enriched with numerous plates.-ED. Some words of solace, on the exchange of a temporal for

1 . The thirtieth of January was a remarkably cold day, an eternal crown, passed between the King and Bp. Juxon ; and the King was unwilling to have worn his cloak, even the King then turning to the executioner, again asked, “ Is

for warmth, till Bp. Juxon succeeded in persuading him my hair well ?" and being assured in the affirmative, the

| that if he, while on the scaffold, should from the severity King took off his cloak, and giving his George to Bishop

of the weather be seized with shivering, it would by his Juxon, said, “Remember !" This would seem to have been

enemies be attributed to fear. The King submitted, and a last enforcement of an instruction already entrusted to

wore his cloak till the moment of his execution. Sir the Bishop, in reference to the retaining it, for his son Prince

Philip Warwick, in his Memoirs, also states, that for a Charles.t

similar reason the King was prevailed on by the Bishop to

take a slight refreshment-a glass of claret wine, and a * The particulars of the execution disseminated on the piece of bread, after the sacrament.—ED. following day, say “a gentleman," but as no other persons + The narratives of the circumstances of this eventful than those named, appear to have been on the scaffold, the period are, for the most part, perversions of fact, or at best, “ gentleman” was doubtless, Sir Thomas Herbert, who in only falsified history. De la Roche's picture of the insults his solicitude to render the King service, possibly took but rendered to the King in the Guard Chamber at St. James's little notice of the axe.

that has now so distinguished a position in the Ellesmere + That this was the purport of the King's injunction to Gallery, is itself an insult to Englishmen; it had no reality. Bp. Juxon there can be no doubt. Our correspondent's Colonel Tomlinson, who had charge of the King, was a conjecture is sufficiently borne out by the papers printed in subordinate officer of the Parliament-did no more than the late William Dorset Fellowes' “ Historical Sketches of his duty as a military man--and not only did due homage Charles the First, including the King's Trial and Execu- to the quality of his prisoner, but also took care that it tion, printed at Paris, 1828.” 4to. At p. 185, it is there should be so shown by others. The King had nothing to stated, that on the evening of Monday the 29th, the complain of, as regards the treatment he received from him, King being then at St. James's House, at his last meeting or his subordinates. with his children, the Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of The same artist's “ Dreadful Necessity" picture of CromGloucester, he presented to them all his remaining jewels, well raising the lid of the crimson velvet coffin, to have a excepting the George he then wore; it is described as midnight look at the King, is another pictorial falsehood ; being “cut in an onyx, and set about with twenty-one Cromwell, at that period, had no more exclusive power of fair diamonds." The King's successors, Charles the obtaining that privilege, than any other Member of the Second and James the Second, wore subsequently, the House of Commons; and the only support the fiction obsame jewel; and in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1803, vol. tains, is a loose note, a hearsay report, noted by Richard

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