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commission by each State officer or head of department, and by each State board, commission or board of trustees in charge of any institution supported wholly or in part by appropriations from the State treasury, an estimate in itemized form in detail, of the amounts required by such State office, department, board. commission or institution, for the proper support and maintenance, extension or improvement, of the work of said office, department, board, commission or institution, for the next succeeding quadrennial period beginning with the first day of October, together with an estimate of the probable revenues of said office from all sources, including assessments and license or other fees for said quadrennium; also a statement showing the revenues and expenditures for the last preceding quadrennial period; all of which shall be arranged in proper manner and made in such form as the budget commission shall prescribe.

Sec. 3. That on or before the 15th day of April, 1919, and thereafter on the 15th day of October quadrennially, beginning in the year 1922, the State auditor shall furnish to the budget commission the following statements: 1. A statement showing the balances standing to the credit of the several appropriations for each department, institution, commission, and officer of the State, and for each and every current purpose of the State government at the end of the last fiscal year. 2. A statement showing the revenues and expenditures from all the appropriation accounts in the twelve months of the last fiscal year. 3. A statement showing the annual revenues and expenditures of each appropriation account for each year of the last four fiscal years.

Sec. 4. That within five days after the reconvening in adjourned session of the Legislature of 1919, and thereafter within fifteen days after the convening of the Legislature in regular session, the budget commission shall through its chairman, submit a budget for the ensuing four fiscal years. Said budget shall contain a complete plan of proposed expenditures and estimated revenues for the ensuing quadrennium, and shall embrace an itemized estimate of the appropriations for the Legislature as certified to the governor by the president of the Senate and the speaker of the House; for the executive department; for the judiciary department; to pay the principal and interest of the State's debts; for the salaries payable by the State under the Constitution and laws of the State; and for such purposes as are set forth in the constitution and laws of the State; and for all other appropriations.

Sec. 5. The governor shall transmit to the presiding officer of each house, the budget, and bills for all proposed appropriations of the budget, clearly itemized and classified, and the governor shall secure the introduction of the said bills or a copy thereof in each house, as soon as practicable after they have been presented to the presiding officers and are ready for introduction. If before final action thereon by the State Legislature the budget

commission may desire the bills to be amended or supplemented, it may through its chairman deliver such amendment or supplement to the presiding officer of both houses or otherwise cause them to be presented in said houses under the rules and regulations governing their procedure, to the end that such supplements or amendments may be offered and may become a part of the budget bill, as if originally inserted therein, and such amendment or supplement when properly made, shall thereby become a part of said budget bills as an addition to the items in said bills as originally introduced or as a modification of or substitute for any item in said bills which such amendment or supplement may affect.

Sec. 6. That the following regulation and restriction shall be deemed and treated as a rule of procedure in the two houses, and the same will be observed in dealing with the budget bills, to-wit: The Legislature will not alter said bills except to strike out or reduce items therein, unless by a vote of two-thirds of the members elected in both houses, provided however, that appropriations necessary for the payment of interest or principal due on the public debt will not be reduced or eliminated.

Sec. 7. That the following also be adopted as a rule or regulation governing the procedure of said houses, and will be observed in respect to the said budget bills, as follows: Neither house will consider any other appropriations except an emergency appropriation for the immediate expense of the Legislature, until the budget has been finally acted upon by both houses. Every appropriation in addition to those provided for in the budget will be embodied in a separate bill, and will be limited to some single work, object or purpose therein stated. No supplementary appropriation will be valid or treated as valid if it, added to the appropriations made and authorized by the budget bills, exceeds the revenues from taxes, fees and other sources, for the next ensuing quadrennium as estimated in the budget.

Sec. 8. That no transfer of funds, appropriated for any item in the appropriation for any State office, department, commission, board, or institution, shall be made, except upon the written request of the chief officer or officers of such State office, department, commission, board or institution, to the budget commission, which request will be granted in writing by the budget commission, if in its judgment such a transfer of funds is deemed necessary or expedient.

Sec. 9. That at any time the budget commission or their duly accredited representatives, acting under their instructions, may examine without notice, the affairs of any department, institution, public work, commission or office of the State, for the purpose of ascertaining facts and making findings and recommendations relative to increasing the efficiency of, or curtailing the expenses therein. In connection with such examination the budget commission may compel the attendance and testimony of

witnesses, administer oaths, and examine such persons as deemed necessary, and may also compell the production of books and papers. The orders and subpænas issued by the budget commission in pursuance of the authority conferred by this section may be enforced upon the application of the budget commission to any court of record by proceedings in contempt, as provided by law, with respect to recalcitrant witnesses.

Sec. 10. That the committees of the House and Senate being in charge of appropriation measures, will sit jointly in considering the budget, which meetings are to be public, and to which there will be admitted and heard all parties interested in the estimates under consideration; and at these public meetings any member or members of the budget commission may be present and be heard on all matters coming before the meeting of the joint committees, and the regulations contained in this section shall be treated as a rule of procedure of each house, for the government of its action upon the bills from the budget commission.

Sec. 11. That all unexpended balances at the end of each quadrennium shall be re-appropriated to each State officer, department, commission, board or institution, for the full period of one calendar month after the last day of September, to be used only to liquidate liabilities incurred and unpaid prior to the last day of September of the quadrennium, according to schedule, which must be prepared by each State officer, department, commission, board or institution, which shall show the actual liability existing. Upon the expiration of the aforesaid calendar month for which such unexpended balances have been used to liquidate liabilities incurred and unpaid, in strict accordance with the schedule submitted by each State officer, department, commission, board or institution, prior to the last day of September of the quadrennium, any and all unexpended balances shall revert to the State treasury.

Sec. 12. That the State auditor shall keep a set of books which shall exhibit in condensed form in the manner most easily intelligible to the average citizen, the expenses of the State government by fiscal years for each of the activities undertaken by the State, the expenses of each department and division of the government under each of the principal items of expenditure and a summary thereof, the said books to be open for inspection by the public at all convenient times. Typewritten abstracts of this set of books shall be prepared and furnished to the public press at the close of each fiscal year so arranged as to inform the citizens in the clearest and simplest manner possible of the cost of operation of the various branches of the State government.

Sec. 13. That every department, office, commission, board and institution shall keep a book or books showing in detail every credit, disbursement and receipt, if any, and shall keep on file a duplicate of every voucher certified to the auditor for payment,

and shall monthly compare his accounts with the account kept in the office of the auditor.

Sec. 14. That any person having a claim against the State for which action by the Legislature is desired shall file with the budget commission a statement of the amount of the claim, together with a brief statement of the facts upon which it is based.

Sec. 15. That the budget commission shall be allowed to employ such clerical assistance as may be necessary and shall be permitted to incur necessary expenses for printing, stationery and other incidentals. The members of the budget commission and employees shall be allowed necessary traveling expenses while engaged upon the work of the commission, and such sums of money as may from time to time be necessary to meet the requirements of this act are hereby appropriated from any moneys in the general fund of the State treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Sec. 16. That all laws and parts of laws in conflict with the provisions of this act be and the same are hereby repealed, and that this act shall take effect from and after its passage and final enactment into law, the public welfare requiring it.

Approved February 11, 1919.

No. 32.)

(S. 18—West.

AN ACT

To authorize and empower all cities of the State of Alabama having more

than 100,000 population according to the last or any subsequent Federal census to condemn or acquire by purchase or otherwise, a right of way, easement or other interest in land for the purpose of connecting private property with the sanitary or storm sewerage system of any such city, and to assess the cost of the acquisition of such right of way, easement or other interest in such land, and the cost of constructing such connection against the property benefited thereby.

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature of Alabama, That all cities of the State of Alabama having a population of more than 100,000 according to the last or any subsequent Federal census, shall have full power and authority to condemn or acquire by purchase or otherwise a right of way, easement or other interest in land for the purpose of connecting private property with the sanitary or storm sewerage system of any such city, and such city, in the exercise of this right, shall proceed in the manner now or hereafter provided by the general laws of Alabama in the condemnation of private property for public use, and such condemnation may be had, whether the land or the interest therein sought to be condemned is already used for a public purpose or not.

Sec. 2. That the cost of the acquisition of such right of way, easement or other interest in land, and the cost of constructing such connection may be assessed against the property benefitted

by such acquisition, construction or connection, and shall be a lien thereon; provided, however the amount assessed against the said property as hereinabove authorized shall not exceed the increased value of such property by reason of the special benefits derived from such acquisition, constructed or connection with the sanitary or storm sewerage system. Provided, nothing herein shall apply to proposed sewers of more than one thousand feet in length.

Approved February 11, 1919.

No. 33.)

(S. 19—West.

AN ACT

To authorize and empower all cities of the State of Alabama which have a

population of more than 100,000, according to the last or any subsequent Federal census, to construct, reconstruct, repair, renew or otherwise improve bridges, culverts, and waterways, and to provide for an assessment of the cost thereof.

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature of Alabama: That all cities of the State of Alabama having a population of more than 100,000 according to the last or any subsequent Federal census, shall have the power and are hereby authorized to construct, reconstruct, renew, repair or otherwise improve bridges, culverts and waterways, when deemed necessary or proper by the governing bodies of such cities, and shall have the power to assess or enter the cost or any part of the cost of such bridges, culverts or waterways, or the cost of such reconstruction, renewal, repairing or improving, against any property enjoying the special benefits derived from such construction, reconstruction, renewal, repairing or improvement, and the same shall be a lien thereon; and it shall not be necessary for the cost of such bridges, culverts or waterways, or of the reconstruction, renewal, repairing or improvement, to be assessed merely against the property, abutting on the street, avenue, alley, highway or other public place so improved by the construction, reconstruction, renewal or other improvement of such bridges, or culverts, nor merely against the property in the area drained by such waterways: Provided, however, the amount assessed, as here in above authorized, shall not exceed the increased value of the property against which it is assessed, by reason of the special benefits derived from such improvements.

Sec. 2. Such cities, in the exercise of the power and authority conferred by this act, shall proceed and be governed by the general laws of the State now or hereafter relating to assessments for public improvements by municipalities of more than 100,000 population, provided the word bridges as herein used shall not mean viaducts over railroad tracks.

Approved February 11, 1919.

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