Contesting Antiquity in Egypt: Archaeologies, Museums, and the Struggle for Identities from World War I to Nasser
The sensational discovery in 1922 of Tutankhamun's tomb, close on the heels of Britain's declaration of Egyptian independence, accelerated the growth in Egypt of both Egyptology as a formal discipline and of 'pharaonism'-popular interest in ancient Egypt-as an inspiration in the struggle for full independence. Emphasizing the three decades from 1922 until Nasser's revolution in 1952, this compelling follow-up to Whose Pharaohs? looks at the ways in which Egypt developed its own archaeologies-Islamic, Coptic, and Greco-Roman, as well as the more dominant ancient Egyptian. Each of these four archaeologies had given birth to, and grown up around, a major antiquities museum in Egypt. Later, Cairo, Alexandria, and Ain Shams universities joined in shaping these fields. Contesting Antiquity in Egypt brings all four disciples, as well as the closely related history of tourism, together in a single engaging framework. Throughout this semi-colonial era, the British fought a prolonged rearguard action to retain control of the country while the French continued to dominate the Antiquities Service, as they had since 1858. Traditional accounts highlight the role of European and American archaeologists in discovering and interpreting Egypt's long past. Donald Reid redresses the balance by also paying close attention to the lives and careers of often-neglected Egyptian specialists. He draws attention not only to the contests between westerners and Egyptians over the control of antiquities, but also to passionate debates among Egyptians themselves over pharaonism in relation to Islam and Arabism during a critical period of nascent nationalism. Drawing on rich archival and published sources, extensive interviews, and material objects ranging from statues and murals to photographs and postage stamps, this comprehensive study by one of the leading scholars in the field will make fascinating reading for scholars and students of Middle East history, archaeology, politics, and museum and heritage studies, as well as for the interested lay reader.
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List of Figures
Egyptology and Pharaonism in Egypt before Tutankhamun
Western Tourism between Two Revolutions 1919
Islamic Art and Archaeology to 1952
Contesting Egyptology in the 1930s
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Contesting Antiquity in Egypt: Archaeologies, Museums, and the Struggle for ...
Donald Malcolm Reid
No preview available - 2019
1952 revolution Aboudi Ahmad Kamal al-Ahram al-Hilal al-misriya Alexandria American Ancient Egypt ancient Egyptian Antiquities Service Arab Art archaeology Architecture Archives Baedeker Bahgat Berlin Bierbrier Borchardt Boutros Ghali Breasted Breasted’s Britain British Carter Christian classical colonial Comité Cook’s Coptic Museum Copts Creswell cultural director Drioton Égypte Egyptian Museum Egyptian Nation Egyptian University Egyptology European excavations French Gady German Gershoni and Jankowski Giza Greek Hamza Haykal Herz Howard Carter Husayn IFAO imperial Islamic archaeology Italian Junker Kamil Khedive King Faruq King Fuad l’Égypte Labib Habachi Lacau Lampson London Lutfi al-Sayyid Luxor Mahfouz Mahmud Maspero Misr modern monuments Muhammad Mukhtar’s Mummy Museum of Arab Muslim Mustafa Naguib Nasser nationalist Nefertiti Nile Ottoman Oxford Paris Pasha Petrie pharaonic pharaonist political Pyramids Qurna Reid Reisner Saad Saad Zaghlul Sami Gabra Saqqara School Selim Hassan Simaika Sobhy studied Taha Hussein tourists Tutankhamun University Press University’s Wafd Wafdist Western Wiet WWWE4 Zaghlul Zaki