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LESSON.

AUTHOR.

PAGE

25. SUMMER POEM

Christina Rossetti. 127

26. THE WONDERS OF BEE LIFE-Illustrated

Arabella Buckley. 128

27. Why I LEFT THE ANVIL (PART I.)

Elihu Burritt. 131

28. Why I LEFT THE ANVIL (PART II.)

Elihu Burritt. 136

29. THE WEAKEST THING-POEM .

Elizabeth Barrett Browning. 139

30. THE QUARREL OF SQUIRE BULL AND HIS SON J. K. Paulding. 140

31. KNICKERBOCKER LIFE IN NEW YORK (PART I.)— Illustrated.

Washington Irving. 144

32. KNICKERBOCKER LIFE IN NEW YORK (PART II.) W. Irving. 148

33. EARLY RISING-POEM

John G. Saxe. 150

34. GLASS

Adapted from Frank R. Stockton. 152

35. THE FIORDS OF NORWAY-Illustrated

Harriet Martineau. 155

36. SEEKING FOR FAIRIES-POEM

Dora Greenwell. 160

37. BATTLE OF THE ANTS

Henry D. Thoreau. 162

38. THE DEATH OF A PAUPER

Charles Dickens. 167

39. TIME TO GO-POEM

Susan Coolidge. 170

40. A RIDERLESS WAR HORSE (PART I.)— Illustrated . W. H. H. Murray. 173

41. A RIDERLESS WAR HORSE (PART II.)— Illustrated W. H. H. Murray. 177

42. FOOTSTEPS OF ANGELS-POEM Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 180

43. GEORGE WASHINGTON

182

44. WISDOM UNAPPLIED-POEM

Elizabeth Barrett Browning. 187

45. SOLON

AND CRESUS

Plutarch. 189

46. IN MEMORIAM-POEM

Alfred Tennyson. 192

47. DON QUIXOTE AND SANCHO PANZA—Illustrated

Cervantes. 194

48. MYTHS OF THE SLEEPERS

Adapted from S. Baring Gould. 200

49. SUMMER STORM-POEM .

James Russell Lowell. 204

50. WHAT THE CHINESE THINK OF Us

Robert Fortune. 209

51. THE IMAGINARY BANQUET

Arabian Nights. 211

52. THE CLOUD-POEM .

Percy Bysshe Shelley. 216

53. THE BOSTON MASSACRE (PART I.)-Illustrated George Bancroft. 218

54. THE BOSTON MASSACRE (PART II.)

George Bancroft. 222

55. GRADGRIND'S IDEA OF EDUCATION (PART I.) Charles Dickens. 226

56. GRADGRIND'S IDEA OF EDUCATION (PART II.) Charles Dickens. 230

57. WAR SONG-POEM

Sir Walter Scott. 233

58. THE DREAM OF THE OAK TREE—Illustrated Hans C. Andersen. 236

59. THE GOOD TIME COMING-POEM

Charles Mackay. 244

60. Poor RICHARD (PART I.)

Richard Saunders. 246

61. Poor RICHARD (PART II.)

Richard Saunders. 250

62. SONGS FROM SHAKESPEARE-POEMS

William Shakespeare. 253

63. EARTH AND HER PRAISERS-POEM

E. B. Browning. 255

64. STORMING THE TEMPLE OF MEXICO-Illustrated W. H. Prescott. 259

65. WISDOM

Proverbs of Solomon. 264

66. AUTUMN'S SIGHING-POEM

Thomas Buchanan Read. 267

67. SANCHO PANZA ON HIS ISLAND (PART I.)

Cervantes. 269

68. SANCHO PANZA ON HIS ISLAND (PART II.)

Cervantes. 272

69. SELECTIONS FROM PARADISE LOST” - POEM

John Milton. 275

70. THE LIGHT OF STARS-POEM

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 277

71. PETER THE HERMIT AND THE CRUSADES—Illustrated

278

72. THE BORROWED UMBRELLA

Douglas Jerrold. 283

73. THE OLD CONTINENTALS-POEM

Guy Humphrey McMaster. 287

74. THE GRAY CHAMPION (PART I.)

Nathaniel Hawthorne. 290

75. THE GRAY CHAMPION (PART II.)

Nathaniel Hawthorne. 294

76. THE SEA-POEM

Barry Cornwall. 299

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1. ARTICULATION. Articulation is the utterance of the elementary sounds that e found in spoken words. An elementary sound is a simple spoken sound. Speech consists of sounds combined into words.

These sounds are produced by emissions of the breath modified by the rgans of Speech. The Organs of Speech chiefly modifying the sounds are the ongue, teeth, lips, and palate. The nasal passages, lungs, larynx (in which are he vocal cords), pharynx, and windpipe (trachea) complete the list.

Elementary sounds are divided into vowels and consonants, which terms apply both to the sounds and to the letters representing them.

A vowel sound is a sound produced by an unobstructed utterance of the breath (as in whispering) or of the voice (as in speaking aloud).

Vowel sounds are Simple (having only one sound) or Compound (having two simple sounds united in utterance into a single sound).

A consonant sound is a sound produced by the partial or complete obstruction of the breath or voice by the vocal organs.

All sounds are formed or modified by the position of the tongue, the palate, the lips, or by the motions of the lower jaw; but the breath is not hindered from coming out freely in vowel sounds, while consonant sounds are produced by a partial or complete obstruction of the breath or of the voice by the tongue, teeth, lips, or palate, and are sometimes named from the organ by which they are formed, as LABIALS, DENTALS, PALATALS.

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