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theory of this department of architec- attention; but the consideration of ture, and a historical account of the these we must at present omit, and works either actually executed or pro- pass on to the learned and able disquijected, which appear to be the most sition on the Indian Castes. deserving of notice. The first head is The ingenious author, who has long branched out into three sections, re- been engaged in a history of the East lating, 1. To the resistance of mate- Indies, to which the public are now rials ; 2. To the equilibrium of arches; looking forward with anxious expectaand, 3. To the effects of friction. The tion, proves, with a profusion of learnsecond likewise consists of three sec- ing, that the institution of castes was, tions, comprehending some details of in the early ages of society, very early history and literature, an account widely diffused among the Egyptians, of the discussions which have taken the Greeks, the Cretans, the Persians, place respecting the improvements of the Medes, (probably) the ancient. the port of London, and a description Saxons, and the ancient inhabitants of some of the most remarkable bridges of Peru and Mexico. He next gives which have been erected in modern a very philosophical view of the state times.

and condition of the human mind to A very interesting account is given which this institution may be consiof the CALEDONIAN CANAL by Mr dered as owing its origin. He then enStevenson, Civil Engineer, In the tars into a detailed account of the Inconclusion of the article he gives the dian castes, and concludes with a gefollowing statement with regard to the neral view of the effects of this instiprobable advantages of this grand na- tution. These effects he proves to be tional object, which cannot fail to be decidedly unfavourable to the interests read with general interest and satis- of the human race, first, As they prefaction. “ The writer of this article sent an irresistible barrier to human has repeatedly visited the works of advancement in the two grand instruthe Caledonian Canal. With regard ments of progression,--the division of to the quality of the workmanship, labour and the practice of new arts, as he shall only mention, as a pretty invention inay suggest them, or the conclusive circumstance with regard multiplying desires of an improving to the masonry, that, from end to end society may create the deinand ; seof this great work, he has not seen a condly, As, by establishing a monopoly single set or shake in the whole of the even of the arts which are known, locks and walls. Upon the subject of they, in a manner, shut the door. the navigation of a ship in the locks, against all competition, and thus he cannot speak professionally; but, cramp the exertions of genius ; thirdupon one occassion, he went over the ly, Since, by confining the prosecuwhole line in company with a captain tion of knowledge and literature to of the royal navy; and, although this. one class of the community, it renders officer did not much relish the idea of it the interest of that class to perpehis ship putting about or tacking with tuate ignorance among the rest, that eddy winds in these nurrous, nor of they may be able to turn and wind being draggel along by the power of them according to their own purhorses, or of steain, yet he had no poses; and, lastly, Since, by preventa, doubt as to the fitness of the navigi- ing the distribution of the supernu.. tion for smaller vessels. Indeed, since merary members of a caste through the discovery of the Dalswinton steam- the other departments of industry and dragger, the practicability of this na- subsistence, it magnifies and multivigation is reduced to a certainty for plies, to an incalculable degree, the : all vessels which can pass the canal evils of a superfluous population. locks. And thus we have the firmest From this imperfect analysis of the conviction, that the Caledoniau Canal leading articles in the last published will, in the end, be universally view. Part of the Supplement, it will easily ed as a truly great and noble undere be perceived how rich it is in talent taking, issuing in the most solid be- and in science. The selection of connefits to the country.”

tributors must ever insure excellence, The articles CALENDERING and and does much credit to the editor's CARPENTRY would also demand our discernment.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

And happy genii seem to dwell
Along each cliff embattled dello
llow sweet through fairy glades to walk
With thee in softly " whisper'd talk,"
What time the hermit nizhtingale
Ivakes the mazy moonlight vale ;
Or from the mountain's cliffy steep
View circling oceans round us swelling,
Without a wish to cross the deep,
Or leave our lone and lovely dwelling!

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us as 6

THE MINSTREL's visiox.
Or, the Isle of Eyra.
(A Fragment.)

I.
O LIST, fair ladye! while I tell
Of visions rais'd by magic spell ;
And gentle were the sprites that shed
Their influence o'er my slumbering head;
Was waking mortal ne'er so blest
Then lovely Eyra,“ list, O list !"-
- Methought a nymph of heavenly mien,
Whose garb bespoke the Fairy Queen,
Sudden appear'd- and with a smile
Might well the wariest heart beguile,
War'd thrice on high her magic wand,
And beckon'd me to Fairyland:-
Who could resist the charming Elf ?
She seem'd the while thy lovely self !

II.
Then seated in her silver car,
We lightly flew o'er realms afar,
Where rocky mountains bleak arose,
With Alpine lakes and endless snows;
Or sandy deserts scorch'd and dun,
Stretch'd boundless ’neath a fiery sun.-
-Her fair hand guides the magic rein,
While merrily o'er mount and plain,
And over Ocean's trackless tides,
Our swift car like a comet glides ;
Till Phoebus in the western wave
Sought sea-born Thetis' coral cave;
And Hesper o'er the slumbering deep
Aruse his silent watch to keep.

III.
At length we reach her lonely grot
Placed in enchanted isle remote ;
Where mountains rear their summits bold
From sombre shade of forests old ;
And streamlets flow with lulling sound
Tarough shelter'd vallies opening round;
And vines and breathing myrtles spread
Their verdant canopy o'erhead ;
And zephyrs curl with sportive wing
The silken tresses of the spring.

v. The sun had sunkbut his steps of light Might yet be traced in the western sky, Where the moveless clouds of amber bright, In soft confusion lye; And the eye might picture isles of bliss In these azure deeps reposing, All silept and serene as this Round which the night was closing. -And, oh, how sweet in this lovely isle It seem'd, to live along with Thee, Where summer skies for ever smile, And sighing gales just stir the sea ; Where the munuring tide so meekly laves, The sandy beach and shelving caves ;

TIIS CELESTIALL VESTALLIS,
[The following fragments have been sent

Specimens-faithfully transcribed from the original Ms.-of a very ancient METRICAL ROMAUNT, lately discovered in the ruins of Roxburgh Castle."--In regard to their poetical merit, we do not ourselves attempt at present to hazard any opinion, nor do we profess to un. derstand very clearly the drift of the legend or allegory which they introduce to us; but, as the interest of the story may be reasonably expected to increase as it proceeds, and as the stanzas now given seem tolerably fair as to Rhyme, Euphony, and Unintelligibility, it is humbly presumed (especially in an age when such qualities have formed the chief or sole distinction of many famous works) that they may bespeak a favourable reception from the public for the remainder of the “ POEME," with which our learned correspondent has obligingly offered to furnish us, in such portions as we may require, and with as much celerity as the great difficulty of decypher, ing the very cramp and decayed original, will permit.)

HEIR BEGINNIS
ANE ALLEGORICALL & PROPHETICALL

Poeme,
IN FYVE HUNDRETI CANTOES;

INTO:
The Celestiali Ucstallis;

YNVENTIT
BE YAT FAMEOUS SEER AND ILLUSTER

MYNSTREL,
Nerlin of Caledonia,
COMMOUNLIE CALLIT MERLYN YR ;

WYLDE.
ANXO DNI. vc. Ixv. (565.)

INTITULLIT

REVYSIT & TRANSLATIT INTO Y MAIR

MODERNE TOUNG,
By Thomas ve Bymour,

OF ERCILDOUNE, KNYT,
ANNO DNI (w. ije. lxxiij. (1273.)

dit grove.

V.

foe;

cyng steele,

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The Translatour to ye Reidar. Quhen tasselit knychtstrove yair coye

hertes to muve, Quhen we hade sene & considerit ye di

Or mynstrel moanyng wylde in som secluvers transcriptiounis of yis notabill Werke set furth of auld amangis ourselfis, to haue bene altogider faultie ande corrupt; and alsua yat ye originall style hath become Bot butes itt nocht iff pitye yai had felte, obsolite ande hard to be vnderstood be ye Sith suche to knycht or bard yai nere did ynlearnit ande sik as bee of slender capa

showe; citie; wee haue thocht gude to collate ande recompyle ye haill treatise from ye maist Yea, thoch for luve-lorne wycht yair herte

mot melt, auncient copyis in the French Kingis librarie, in yo famous citie of Paris ; ande haue On him nathlessse yai gloumd lyke dedelye taken some peines and travellis to haue ye samyn correctlie translatit ande mair And aye wt angrye voice yai bade him Goe! commodiouslie set furth : to the intent yat Qahyle, hee (alack !) so piteously wolde

kneele ye benevolent Reidar may haue the mair delyte and plesure in reading, ande ye mair Vowing yair breste wes colde as Cheviotte frute in perusing yis pleasand ande delec- Yen gainst his herte wolde point his peir

snowe table werke.

Att Ercildoune, xij Maij Anno Dni. [m. ije. lxxiij.

And swere, iff still yair cruell toung said

No,
Cantoe First.

His wanne and wailing spright sold

haunt yaim to and fro ! i. Quhylomeby sylvane Tiviote's hauntittyde,

(Hiatus in MS.) Quhilkwendis translucentlye ye medes

Cantoe &cconde. alonge, Quhair dreming bardis ande drousye shep

" Sa dulce, sa sweit, and sa melodious, herdis glyde

That euerie nycht yairwith mycht be joyous, Yo daisied' feildis and shadowye hillis Bot I ane catiue dullit in dispair ; amonge,

For quhen a man is wraith or furious, Duellit ye Celestiall Maydenis of my songe ;

Melancholick for woe or tedious, Of loftye porte, I weene, zet presence Than till him is all plesance maist contrair, swete,

And semblablie than sa did wt zoung Hoel And swete ye sylvere accentis of thair fare." toung :

i. Ah! quhile yai trode oure bankis wt hal. Farre ovir Eildoune clossit ye autumnall lowit feet,

daye, All gentill spirites smyllit ande happye Ande battis and bogyllis fro yair holes gan starres did greite.

crepe ; ij.

Quhyle Tiviott, thro ane ridge of vapouris Yai wer ya wonder of ye village tale :- greye, On sommer eves quhen toyle wes swetely wi sadde ande sullyn sounde wes harde to o're,

sweepe, Or brymye nychtis quhen brathlye tem- Ande birdis ande beastis ande men wer pestis wayle,

sunk in sleepe Ye rustickis talkit of yem for evirmore; As haplesse Hoel sought ye riveris side, Quhairas of ghostis yai aye did talke before: And Aung his famishit forme along ye Ne did yai view withouten mutterit prayre steepe, Yair fairye formis y-cladde in vestment Quhoise bosky cliftis hung tuftit owre ye hoare ;

tyde; Ne erflye lystnit quhen from wodelande On former joys ande griefis his fancye fayre

roving wyde. Yair vespyr songe wes hymnit thro ye

ij. dewye ayre.

“ Ah! cruelle Rosalynde !" ye youthe be

ganne, In yat lone place quhair wyndis ane deep “Quhoise rigour dryves mee to vntymelye ravine,

dome, Beduellit wt martyris in ye troublous dayes, “ Relentlesse Mayd vnhappye man ! Yair is ane cave piercent ye mountaine,

watrye tombe !" grene

(Alter hiatus lachrymabilis.) Wi lyvelie birk and bourtries hallowit

liij. sprayes,

Quhyle zitt hee spake ye moone in radiance Quhair latentlye yai wonne lyk desert fayes. brycht Ne will I saye yai never thocht of luve, Abone ye southland hillis her horne disNe unawares mot yield to soft upbrayes, playd,

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feel

Ande, halfe-emergent from yo cloude of AN ANSWER TO THE FOLLOWING aycht,

QUESTION, Appearityømountaine hoare ande shadowye

What is Love? glade;

(The following is printed

from the original Ane svete ande solemne pause yo west- MS. of the notorious Thomas PAINE, winde maide;

signed with his initials, and certified by Brycht inye welkyn burnt ylk blessed starre; he subjoined note in the handwriting of Celestiall odouris breathit thro ye shade ; Mr HOLCROFT. Whatever may be Yo riviris murmur dyed alonge ye skaur ; thought of the intrinsic merit of the Quhyle midnychtis long long chyme tollit verses, they will probably be esteemed a fayatiye frome afarre.

curiosity, as the production of a man by liij.

no means deficient in intellectual strength Yan on ye listenyng nycht wylde musicke

or acuteness, upon a subject more pleas

ing and innocent than those with which broke, Quhether in earthe or ayre hee mot nocht

his name is so darkly and inseparably as

sociated.] guesse, Bot seemd as iff some blessed spirit woke

TO SIR ROBERT SMYTH. Ane straybe to soothe ye herte ill passionis description of Love, I will retreat to senti

As I do not attempt to rival your witty presse ; Ande aye itt fell soe fraught vi blessed- ment, and try if I can match you there;

and, that I may start with a fair chance, I Yat Hoel

will begin with your own question,

What is Love ? lix.

"Tis that delightsome transport we can “ Yai sate reposyng in yis fayre retreate, Fannd by yo fragraunte zephyris as yai Which painters cannot paint, nor words flew;

reveal, Ane chrystalle fountaine wellit att yair feete, Nor any art we know of can conceal. Ande juicey apples hung of golden hew. Canst thou describe the sun-beams to the Quhyle thro ye clusteryng boughis intrancit blind ? I viewe

Or make him feel a shadow with his mind ? Yai tune we touche amene yo organne So neither can we by description show deepe,

This first of all felicities below. Quhoise solemne straynes made all my sprite When happy Love pours magic o'er the to grue;

soul, Anon yo harpe soe witchyngly yai sweepe, And all our thoughts in sweet delirium roll, Yat es yai lyste I smyle or we fonde rapture When contemplation spreads its rain-bow Weepe.”

wings,

And every flutter some new rapture brings, lsüj.

How sweetly then our moments glide away, **Zitt mid yis luvelye bande I coulde espye And dreams repeat the transports of the day; Twoe dames yat seemd yair sisteris grace We live in ecstacy, to all things kind, to lacke :

For Love can teach a moral to the mind. Y* first, intend for faltis ande flaws to prye, But are there not some other marks that Turnit hir sharpe jetty eyn lyk watchfuli prove hawke ;

What is this wonder of the soul called Love? Hir lockis were lyk ye raven pinion blacke, O yes, there are, but of a different kind, Ande ruddye wes hir ripenit cheeke, I wis, The dreadful horrors of a dismal mind. Bat och !' hir venomd toungis eternali Some jealous Fury throws its poison'd dart, clacke

And rends in pieces the distracted heart. Wes dreadfull as ye atheris deadlye hisse ;

When Love's a tyrant, and the soul a slave, Ande seemd his skinnye lippes more framd No hope remains to thought, but in the to clippe yan kisse.

grave;

In that dark den, it sees an end to grief, liiij.

And what was once its dread, becomes "Ye nixt, lyke to ane graven image sate, relief. (Thoch not, I trow, of Greik or Romane What are the iron chains the hands have molde,

wrought ! Bot suche as Spanish monkis do beare in The hardest chain to break is made of

thought. Of Goddesse-Virgin deckt in gemmes ande Think weil of this, ye lovers, and be kind, goide)

Nor play with torture on a tortured mind.* Hř cheeke lyke marble colourlesse ande

T. P. colde, Silent she sate w fixt ande glassye eye, The above lines are by Thomas Paine, Ande seemd y-wrapt in meditationis folde. and were given to me at Paris by himself

state

in 1802,

T. HOLCROFT.

VOL.

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

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Mn BURKHARDT's Narrative of his Dis- had the advantage of a sis weeks' study coveries in Africa has at length been put to the of the antiquities of Pompeia ; and remainpress. This gentleman has, for some years, ed nearly a year at Rome. He afterwards been travelling in the districts to the south completed his tour of Upper Italy, and has of Egypt, under the character of an Arab, just returned to England by way of Gerand the appellation of Shekh Ibrahim. In many and Paris. He has brought with this character he was met by Mr Legh, in him the result of his researches during sehis travels above the cataracts, so completely ven years and a half, which are very con. disguised, that he could not, unless by his siderable, and in due time is expected to conversation, have been distinguished from publish an account of his interesting traan Arab. This gentleman travels under vels and valuable discoveries. the auspices of the African Association.

There is at present in Paris a map which He is now prosecuting his discoveries, and exbibits a curious specimen of Chinese Geoentertains sanguine hopes of being able to graphy. It was engraved at Pekin during Teaeli Tomkrictoo.

the commencement of the last century, and Mr C. R. Cockerell having left England comprises a great part of northern Asia ; in 1810, to pursue his studies as an archi- namely, the countries situated between the tect in Greece, visited Constantinople, 35 and 55 degrees of latitude, and the 31 where he found the oriental architecture, and 33 degrees of longitude. It was sold used by the Turks, so interesting, as to en- among a collection of charts and astronogage him fully during three months. In mical calculations, after the death of the his way from Constantinople to Athens, he learned astronomer, M. Messier. visited the Troad, various islands of the Ar- It is 14 feet long and 6 wide; the chachipelago and Salonica ; and, on his arri. racters to the north of the great wall of val there, he had the fortune to meet a so- China are Tartar Mongol, and those withciety of travellers, Messrs Bron: tedt and in the wall and towards the south are ChiKoes, who died in Zante, and Messrs Ba. The map was sent from Pekin by ron Stackelberg and Linckh. With one of some Jesuit missionaries, and in 1720 conthese he made a survey of all the monu- veyed to St Petersburgh by M. Lange. ments of Athens. They undertook to ex- Several members of the French Institute cavate the temple of Jupiter Parhellenius in have examined it with the greatest interest. Ægina ; and had the good fortune to dis. It is supposed to be the only specimen of cover the statues which formed the compo- the kind in Europe. sitions enriching the two frontispieces of At the suggestion of Mr Hoblyn of the school of Ægina. They afterwards suc- Sloane Street, a quantity of cocoa-nut oil ceeded in excavating the Temple of Apollo has recently been introduced into this counEpicurius, at Phigaleia, in Arcadia ; where try from the island of Ceylon. It has been they had the gratification of bringing to ascertained, that this oil may be very adlight the frieze which enriched the interior vantageously employed as a substitute for of the cella, and which is noxo deposited in spermaceti oil, as it is considerably cheaper,

A British Museum. Mr Cockerell's a. burns with a clear bright flame, and is free vocations then led him into Asia Minor, from smell or smoke. It will be found usewhere he completed the tour of the seven ful also in the manufacture of soap, candles, churches, making many drawings and ob- and the finer articles of perfumery, and is servations on these remains, and collecting likely to become a source of great revenue many inscriptions. He visited Priene, Sa- in Ceylon, and of importance to this counmos, Miletus, and Crete, where he made try. Soap made with it costs about 10 per plans of the labyrinth of Minos. Proin cent. more than tallow soap. Rhodes he crossed to Patara, and visited Dr D. White of Bombay having transthe numerous cities and remains on the mitted a packet, containing the seeds of coast of Lycia. He then returned with some scarce and valuable plants, to the CaCaptain Beaufort to Malta, whence he visit- ledonian Horticultural Society, the thanks ed Sicily, and at Agrigentum made a pare of the Society were voted to him at a geticular examination of the Temple of Ju- neral meeting on the 10th of June. piter Olympius, or the Temple of the A stone, adapted to the purposes of liGiants, which was the most considerable of thography, has been lately discovered in *all Grecian antiquity. In a second tour in East Lothian, on the property of the Righs Greece he visited Epirus, Thessaly, and Hon. the Earl of Wemyss and March, other provinces of continental Greece, and Various successful experiments have althe Ionian Islands. In February 1816, he ready been made with it by Mr Ruthven, passed into Apuleo and Naples, where he the ingenious inyentor of the patent prints

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