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against his prince, and violently seize he must scatter gold imong his sole his place, for that too, say the Mu« diers. Hali Dey, raised to the throne afsulmen, had been predestinated, and ter the tragic death of Ibrahim, surconsequently, could not fail to hap- named the Madman, put to death on pen.

that occasion no less than 1700 persons. “ It may be easily conceived, that The people murmured at his barbarity, in an assembly of soldiers, from whom but far from moderating his fury, he an absolute unanimity is required, pretended to have discovered a concabals and factions must rage in all spiracy, and caused Algiers to streain their fury. While a great majority with blood. has proclaimed a chief, the malcontent “ The Dey has the right of making janissaries assemble in other apart- war or peace, he assembles the divan ments of the palace, they seize the when he pleases, he imposes tributes, hall of election, massacre the intended he regulates all affairs except those of chief, and substitute another, who, religion. He is supreme judge in all yet covered with the blood which he civil or criminal causes, and is obliged has shed, puts on the royal robe, and to give account of his behaviour, or to compels the terrified assembly to si- communicate his views to no one;lence and approbation. Frequently to resist his decrees would be to resist the soldiers, in their quarters, raise those of destiny. Heaven having an insurrection, and send a herald to given hiin all power, is believed also the Dey with orders to quit the palace. to have given him all knowledge ; As soon as he obeys, his head is struck and those who were his equals are off. Sometimes the prince is poison the first to fall at his feet.” ed, sometimes he is assassinated on

S. S. I. his way to the mosque; frequently a fanatic cuts off his head amidst the

(To be concluded in our next.) assembly of the divan, and the same scimitar which has given him authority serves to maintain it. These fe- ANECDOTES, Historical, LITERARY, rocious chiefs, elected amid blood and tumult, repeat then the maxim of a ( Continued from Page 310.) Tartar Emperor, 'If you wish to preserve the state tranquil, keep the

II.—Margaret of York. sword of vengeance always waving.' This princess, sister of Edward IV.

“ As soon as a soldier is named of England, Duchess of Burgundy Dey, he is invested with the caftan, and Countess of Flanders, is repeateda species of royal robe; he mounts ly mentioned in the Belgium Dominio the estrade, and all present exclaim, canum, by De Jonghe, Brussels, 1719, “We consent, be it so, and God give 4to, a book containing neat plates of all him prosperity.' The Mufti proclaims the monasteries, well illustrating the him Dey; a discourse is read to him nature and comforts of those retireon the duties attached to his dignity; ments, as they are bird's-eye views. An he is reminded, that God having cal- inscription at Ghent, p. 29, celebrates led him to govern the state, he ought her foundation of the cloisters and librato employ his authority in punishing ry of the Dominican Convent, besides the wicked, in doing justice, in se- embellishments of the church, and curing the public safety, and in pay- the gift of ornaments and dresses. ing the soldiers regularly. Those “ The foresaid most illustrious, noble, who are nearest kiss the hand of the and devout lady, died in the year new prince, the militia salute him, a 1503, on the 23d day of November, cannon is fired to warn the people, and is buried at Mechlin, in the and the ceremony is over.

church of the Friars Minors." “ The election is followed by an uni- And page 113, “ The church of St versal change of men in office; the Agnes was founded in 1472 by Mar. new Dey is not content with ridding garet Duchess of Burgundy, who, himself of all his rivals, he often puts with great devotion, and with her own to death all the ministers of his pre- hands, laid the first stone of the foundecessor, he seizes their wealth, he dation, in the presence of the suffrareceives the presents of those whom gan, who the same day performed he chuses to supply their place, he mass in her presence, which being fills his treasure, but at the same time finished, the Convent of Nuns went



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in procession, with the cross and ban- correspondents very naturally inquires ners, singing litanies, and followed by what is intended to be done with the the Duchess and the Prioress, the fund left by Mr John Watson, writer next in order being the bishop and to the signet ? We are informed by priests in solemn dresses, accompa

the correspondent, that the nied by a vast concourse of people.' money left by the above mentioned

She chose the church of the Friars gentleman was for pious and charitable Minors, at Mechlin, for her burial- purposes within the city of Edin. place, but as no woman had ever been burgh ; that his trustees had fixed on buried there, among holy men,' the establishinent of a Foundling Hosthe friars laid her in the church- pital, and that their decision had been yard.

confirmed by the Supreme Court. I III.-Scottish Painter.

have made some inquiries into this Caille, in his History of Printing sures have as yet been taken, either for

subject, but do not find that any mea. and Bookselling, Paris, 1689, 4to, the establishment of a Foundling Hose mentions, p. 232, the painter of Hen- pital, or for any other purpose. In ry III. of France, Quesnel, as a na

March last, according to the statetive of Scotland.

ment of your correspondent, WatIV.--Music of Auvergne.

son's fund amounted to the sum of It is a singular circumstance, that L. 62,000. Now, as the managers of the Melodies of Auvergne, a mountain- the Royal Bank have granted a bonus ous region, in the heart of France, of 50 per cent to their proprietors, constitute a fourth class of nationalmu- and as Watson's money, I find, is sic with the Scottish, Irish, and Welch. vested in the capital stock of that Such as I have heard approach more to company, it must, with the late divithe Welch. Only one or two have been dends amount to more than one hunpublished in the Voyage de Mont Dor;

Is this and it is difficult to find any of the enormous sum of money, I would ask, others, as the French despise ancient still to be unemployed? or do the music. I am told, that they are imi- Keeper and Commissioners of his Maa tated in a piece, of which the scene jesty's Signet intend to fulfil the inlies in Auvergne, called Jeannot et Co- tention of Mr Watson or his trustees? line, but I should doubt the accuracy These are questions, Sir, in which I of the imitation. It would be weil have no hesitation in saying the comworth while for a musical gentleman munity have a deep interest, and to to visit Auvergne, and note the airs which, in these times of distress, they from the lips of the singers. He might have a right to receive answer. If also take a painter with him, for the the Commissioners of the Signet have country is not only celebrated as vol- no intention of applying for an act of canic, but is the most picturesque of Parliament to alter the destination of France.

this money, they certainly are not John Duke of Albany married the warranted in delaying to fulfil the heiress of Auvergne, and many of his final settlement of Mr Watson's trus letters are dated from the castle of tees. Vic in that country. Besson, the

I have further to observe, Mr Edi. mineralogist, had a view of that cas- tor, that while engaged in searching tle wildly placed on a rock of colum- for information on the subject of Mr nar basalt; but he is dead, and his Watson'sfund, I accidentally met with collection of views in Auvergne is dis

a deed of mortification by a Mr Joseph persed.

J. P. Thomson, designed sometime saddleParis, Oct. 1817.

tree-maker in Edinburgh, and thereafter of Nortonhail of Eilden. By disposition and settlement and deed of more tification, executed 11th July 1774, the said Joseph Thomson conveyed to

and favour of certain trustees therein POSES IN EDINBURGH-WATSON's -THOMSON's.

mentioned, his whole lands and he

ritages, with some trifling exceptions, MB EDITOR,

as also his whole moveable goods and In the first number of the Edin- gear of every kind, and all debts, wheburgh Monthly Magazine one of your ther heritable or moveable, in the first





place, for payment of all his lawful rend Gentlemen have taken the troudebts and funeral charges ; 2dly, For ble of examining that account, and if the payment of certain legacies; and they can inform us how many poor the whole residue of his estate, after householders have benefited by Mr payment of his debts, funeral charges, Thomson's mortification ? I think, and legacies, he mortified as a perpetual Sir, for the satisfaction of the public, fund, the interest whereof was to be a statement of every fund of this naapplied for purchasing oat-meal or ture ought to be published annually. oats, to be made into meal to be distri- The Magistrates of Edinburgh deserve buted among the poor householders of some credit for their exertions to get Edinburgh, when the price of oatmeal Watson's fund brought into use ; and, exceeds tenpence the peck, and which as guardians of the community, I meal is to be sold to these householders hold that it is their duty to look after at tenpence the peck ; but he direct- the management of Thomson's mortied that one family shall not get above fication also. I am, Sir, &c. two pecks of it in one week. By a

AMICUS PAUPERIS JUNIOR. subsequent deed, executed 3d Febru. Edinburgh, Dec. 1817. ary 1786, proceeding on the narrative of the deed before mentioned, and that he had resolved to make some additions to and alterations of his former It was with feelings of sincere sasettlement, he grants new legacies, tisfaction that we read, in a contemand revokes many of those in his first porary periodical work, an extract settlement; and a considerable addi- from a highly complimentary letter tional property after the death of from the celebrated Baron Von Buch eertain liferenters, is, directed to go to Gay Lussac, concerning our distinto the fund mortified by his former guished countryman, Captain William settlement; and he declared it to be Scoresby. Such a tribute from a man his will that the lands of Eilden should so eminently gifted by Nature as Von not be sold by his trustees, but made Buch, must have been no less gratifyover to the Lords of Session, and fail- ing to its object than it was creditable ing of them by non-acceptance, to the to its author. It affords an earnest of other persons mentioned in his former that value which the public will atsettlement, who were the Lord Advo- tach to the labours of an intelligent cate; whom failing, the Solicitor- and original mind, when exerted upGeneral ; whom failing, the Keeper on a subject the most unique within of the Signet; whom failing, the De- the boundaries of human research ; puty-Keeper of the Signet, and their and may be regarded as a liberal and successors in office; and he so far al- judicious anticipation of the opinion tered the provisions as to the purchas- of scientific men upon one of the most ing of meal or oats, as to declare that novel productions of the present times. none of these purchases were to be Captain Scoresby has long been remade, unless the price of oatmeal ex- garded, by those who have the pleaceeded one shilling per peck, and in sure of his acquaintance, as a person that case, the same was to be sold out from whom much may be expected in at tenpence a peck, whatever the cur- the course of his professional avocarent price might be. It is understood tions; and, should he ever be called that the Lords of Session and other offi. to the command of an expedition fitcial persons named declined to accept ted out with a view to the furtheras trustees for this mortification, exa ance of maritime discovery, no doubt cept the Deputy Keeper of the Signet, need be entertained of his acquitting who now holds the management there- himself to his own lasting honour, of. Now, it is provided by the deed and to the farthest possible advanceof 1776, “ that a regular 'account is ment of the particular purpose which to be kept of the purchasing and such expedition may have in view. disposing of the whole quantities of His long continued experience as a meal from time to time, to be shewn captain in the Greenland Seas, where to any of the ministers of Edinburgh, he has been for many years in the cither Presbyterian or Episcopal, practice of navigating from the southwho shall think fit to take notice of this ern limits of the whale-fishery to the charitable intention.I would, there- very highest attainable northern latifore wish to know if any of the Reve- tudes, points him out as a person pe

culiarly well fitted for taking the lead ral drifting of unconnected ice to the in any enterprise connected with the south-westward, and an account of a question of a north-west passage, very beautiful and useful phenomes while the knowledge which he has non, well known in the Greenland acquired on general subjects of science, Seas under the name of ice-blink. It -his natural inclination, which in- is occasioned by the reflection of the duces him to attend with an observant rays of light from the snowy surface eye to every thing around him,--and of the ice upon the superincumbent the clear and philosophical manner in atinosphere. which he conveys his informationrender doubly valuable his great prac

“ Hence,"s

'says Captain Scoresby, “when tical skill, and acknowledged prudence the ice-blink occurs under the most faand courage as a seaman.

vourable circumstances, it affords to the The paper alluded to by Baron Von eye a beautiful and perfect map of the ice Buch contains a very interesting ac

twenty or thirty miles beyond the limit of

direct vision, but less distinct in proportion count of the nature and appearance of as the air is hazy. The ice-blink not only the Polar ice, and is, in fact, the only shews the figure of the ice, but enables the correct and philosophical communica- experienced observer to judge whether the tion ot' which we are possessed, con- ice thus pictured be field or packed ice ; if cerning the formation of those exten- the latter, whether it be compact or open, sive fields and magnificent icebergs bay or heavy ice. Field ice affords the which constitute the most prominent the most lucid blink, accompanied with a and singular features of the Green- tinge of yellow; that of packs is more land Seas. The sudden and ruinous purely white ; and of bay ice, greyish. increase of the enormous icy barrier ing, likewise occasions a blink, which is

The land, on account of its snowy coverwhich unexpectedly surrounded the yellowish, and not much unlike that proeastern coast of West Greenland is al- duced by the ice of fields." so detailed. That awful catastrophe is known to have cut off all inter- The wonderful and sudden change course between a thriving and popu- produced on the aspect of the Greenlous colony and its mother country, land landscape (it such an expression and, in all probability, to have left may be used in relation to a country its wretched settlers to perish by the where land is so little seen) by the most excruciating and lingering death breaking up of extensive fields of ice of cold and hunger. Such a circum- by a heavy swell, is also well describstance makes a powerful appeal to ed in the following passage :every kind and humane feeling of the human heart; and any description of

“ The destruction is in many cases so the means by which it was effected rapid, that, to an inexperienced' observer, must necessarily be considered with the occurrence seems incredible, and rather the deepest interest. In the course of fact. Suppose a ship immoveably fixed in

an illusion of the fancy than a matter of his paper, Captain Scoresby conveys bay ice, and not the smallest opening to be much useful and curious information

seen ; after a lapse of time sufficient only concerning the haunts of the whales, for a moderate repose, imagine a person -the dangers and difficulties to be rising from his bed, when, behold, the inencountered in their pursuit,—the la- surmountable obstacle has vanished ! Inborious efforts which it is necessary to stead of a sheet of ice, expanding unbroken use when ships are in a state of beset- to the verge of the horizon on every side, ment in the ice,-and a narrative of an undulating sea relieves the prospect, the fatal effects which occasionally re

wherein toats the wreck of the ice, reduced sult from such a misfortune. Men apparently to a small fraction of its origi, tion is also made of one of the most nal bulk ! This singular occurrence i have

been more than once witness to." wonderful approximations to the north pole of which we have distinct and We shall not at present anticipate, undeniable testimony. In the year by further extracts, the pleasure to be 1806, the ship Resolution, of Whit- derived from a perusal of the paper by, commanded by Captain Scoresby's itself, which we know will be laid father, (he himself at that time acting before the public in a very few weeks, as chief mate,) attained to the lati- as part of the Memoirs of the Wernea tude of 814, north.

rian Natural History Society, (Part There are some interesting particu- 2d, Vol II.) lars stated in regard to the very gene

The concluding part of Captain


Scoresby's paper is occupied in de- Such a work may be anxiously extailing some of the most remarkable pected as the most complete account approximations which have hitherto of that highly interesting, country. been made to the Poles. It also con- We may remark, that Captain Scores. tains an account of Captain Scoresby's ey uses the name Greenland, in its own particular views concerning the most extended signification, as compossibility of visiting the North Pole prehending not only Greenland, proby travelling across the ice, in a sledge perly so called, but also Spitzbergen, drawn by rein-deer, or dogs. This and the adjacent isles. We cannot part of the paper is drawn up with so convey a more accurate notion of the much judgment and ability, that if scope and intention of this desirable such an expedition is really within the work, than by mentioning the differrange of possibility, and which, from ent general heads, of which it is prothe facts and arguments adduced, we posed it should consist. now see no great reason to doubt, it

“ I. An account of the progress of discois evident that Captain Scoresby is

very in the north, with a synopsis of the the person to be chosen from all numerous voyages undertaken in search of others to conduct it.

a Northern Passage to India. The extract from the Baron Von “ II. An account of West Greenland ; its Buch's letter, before referred to, must extent, appearance, natural history, aboribe so gratifying to Captain Scoresby's gines, colonies, manners and customs of friends, and the more so, on account the inhabitants, &c. of its acknowledged justice, that we

“ III. East Greenland, or Spitzbergen ; shall take the liberty of laying it be- its appearance, natural history, harbours, fore our readers.

icebergs, mountains, colonization, pro

ducts, &c. “ The memoir which I now send you “ IV. The natural history of the Greencontains a great many facts hitherto very land seas, containing, imperfectly known, and makes us acquaint- “ 1st, An account of the Greenland Sea ; ed with a part of the globe concerning its situation and extent, temperature both which we possess very little accurate in. at the surface, and at considerable depths, formation. I confess the reading of this currents, tides, depth, &c. memoir interested me extremely. The “ 2d, The Polar Ice; its varieties and author, Ms Scoresby, is a most excellent properties, mode of generation, &c. ; its observer. He has visited the polar regions extent, situation, and variation ; with refifteen times, and every year has touched marks on the practicability of performing to 80 degrees of north latitude. His pri- a journey over the ice to the North Pole. vate papers contain numerous observations “ 3d, The atmosphere ; its changes of on the temperature of the sea, at its sur. pressure, &c.; its temperature, probable face, and at different depths. He has de temperature of the North Pole, &c. ; winds, voted much time to the determination of their duration, and frequency of storms in the specific gravity of the water of the dif- the spring of the year, dc ; meteors, ferent tracts of the ocean which he travel- clouds, snow and its numerous crystallic led, and has been careful to bring with zations, hail, frost-rime, aurora borealis, him bottles of these waters. Mr Scoresby &c. is also known as one of the most coura- " 4th, The Zoology; the whale and its geous and skilful of the captains who fre- various genera; the walrus, seal, bear, &c.; quent the Greenland seas ; he, indeed, is birus ; non-descript mollusca, and other a man worthy of being placed along with a marine animals, &c. Hudson, a Dampier, and a Cook; and, if “ V. The history of the Northern he should ever be placed at the head of a whale-fishery ; shewing its progress, with voyage of discovery, I am persuaded that an account of those principles on which a · his name will descend to future ages with successful fishery depends, &c. those of the most able navigators."

“ Vi. The history of the minor fisherWe trust it will not be deemed un

ies; for seals, walruses, &c. ; with the me.

thod of killing these and other animals, ininteresting to our readers to be fur- habitants of the Greenland seas. ther informed, that Captain Scoresby “ VII. A journal of a Greenland whaleis at present preparing to lay before fishing voyage. the public the result of his own obser- " VIII. Appendix ; containing a series ‘vations on Greenland, along with an of meteorological tables; tables of the va. account of its history and coloniza- riation of the compass, latitudes and lontion from the earliest times to the gitudes, &c. from original observations. present day.

Edinburgh, 10th Dec. 1817. W.

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