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Blacklisting prohibited.

Rights of recovery for injuries shall not be restricted.

(4) The political and commercial control of employes.

Sec. 4. The exchange of blacklists by railroad companies, or other corporations, associations or persons is prohibited.

Sec. 5. The right of action to recover damages for injuries resulting in death, shall never be abrogated, and the amount recoverable shall not be subject to any statutory limitation.

Sec. 6. Eight hours shall constitute a day's work on all works or undertakings carried on or aided by the State, county or municipal governments; and the Leyislature shall pass laws to provide for the health and safety of employes in factories, smelters and mines.

Sec. 7. The Legislature, by appropriate legislation, shall provide for the enforcement of the provisions of this article.

Eight hours a day's work on public works.

ARTICLE XVII.

WATER RIGHTS.

rights confirmed.

SECTION 1. All existing rights to the use of any Bieleting water of the waters in this State for any useful or beneficial

purpose, are hereby recognized and confirmed.

ARTICLE XVIII.

FORESTRY.

Forestry.

SECTION 1. The Legislature shall enact laws to prevent the destruction of and to preserve the forests on the lands of the State, and upon any part of the public domain, the control of which may be conferred by Congress upon the State.

ARTICLE XIX.

PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND STATE INSTITUTIONS.

Public institutions.

SECTION 1. Allinstitutions and other property of the Territory, upon the adoption of this Constitution, shall

penal and

institutions.

tions

become the institutions and property of the State of Utah.

Sec 2. Reformatory and penal institutions, and Reformatory, those for the benefit of the insane, blind, deaf and charitable dumb, and such other institutions as the public good may require, shall be established and supported by the State in such manner, and under such boards of control as may be prescribed by law. Sec. 3. The public institutions of the State are Public Institu

3 hereby permanently located at the places hereinafter nently located. named, each to have the lands specifically granted to it by the United States, in the act of Congress, approved July 16, 1894, to be disposed of and used in such manner as the Legislature may provide:

First: The seat of government and the State fair at Salt Lake City, and the State prison in the county of Salt Lake.

Second: The institutions for the deaf and dumb, and the blind, and the State reform school at Ogden City, in the county of Weber.

Third: The State insane asylum at Provo City, in the county of Utah.

ARTICLE XX.

PUBLIC LANDS.

SECTION 1. All lands of the State that have been, Public lands. or may hereafter be granted to the State by Congress, and all lands acquired by gift, grant or devise, from any person or corporation, or that may otherwise be acquired, are hereby accepted, and declared to be the public lands of the State; and shall be held in trust for the people, to be disposed of as may be provided by law, for the respective purposes for which they have been or may be granted, donated, devised or otherwise acquired.

ARTICLE XXI.

SALARIES,

Salaries

SECTION 1. All State, district, city, county, town public officers and school officers, excepting notaries public, boards must be fixed

Fees must be paid into treasurles,

of arbitration, court commissioners, justices of the peace and constables, shall be paid fixed and definite salaries: Provided, That city justices may be paid by salary when so determined by the mayor and council of such cities.

Sec. 2. The Legislature shall provide by law, the fees which shall be collected by all officers within the State. Notaries public, boards of arbitration, court commissioners, justices of the peace, and constables paid by fees, shall accept said fees as their full compensation. But all other State, district, county, city, town and school officers shall be required by law to keep a true and correct account of all fees collected

them, and to pay the same into the proper treasury, and the officer whose duty it is to collect such fees shall be held responsible under his bond for the same.

ARTICLE XXII.

MISCELLANEOUS,

Exemptions from execution.

SECTION 1. The Legislature shall provide by law,

, for the selection by each head of a family, and exemption of a homestead, which may consist of one or more parcels of lands, together with the appurtenances and improvements thereon of the value of at least $1,500, from sale on execution.

Sec. 2. Real and personal estate of every fernale, Eemales mear acquired before marriage, and all property to which

she may afterwards become entitled by purchase, gift, grant, inheritance or devise, shall be and remain the estate and property of such female, and shall not be liable for the debts, obligations or engagements of her husband, and may be conveyed, devised or bequeathed by her as if she were unmarried.

separate property.

ARTICLE XXIII.

AMENDMENTS.

Amendments

SECTION 1. Any amendment or amendments to

this Constitution may be proposed in either house of how proposed."' the Legislature, and if two-thirds of all the members elected to each of the two houses, shall vote in favor thereof, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be entered on their respective journals with the yeas and nays taken thereon; and the Legislature shall cause the same to be published in at least one newspaper in every county of the State, where a newspaper is published, for two months immediately preceding the next general election, at which time the said amendment or amendments shall be submitted to the electors of the State, for their approval or rejection, and if a majority of the elector's voting thereon shall approve the same, such amendment or amendments shall become part of this Constitution. If two or more amendments are proposed, they shall be so submitted as to enable the electors to vote on each of them separately.

Sec. 2. Whenever two-thirds of the members, Convention to elected to each branch of the Legislature, shall deem it corse cor amend necessary to call a convention to revise or amend this Constitution, they shall recommend to the electors to vote at the next general election, for or against a convention, and if a majority of all the electors, voting at such election, shall vote for a convention, the Legislature, at its next session, shall provide by law for calling the same. The convention shall consist of not less than the number of members in both branches of the Legislature.

Sec. 3. No constitution, or amendments adopted Amendments by such convention, shall have validity until submitted mitted to to and adopted by, a majority of the electors of the State voting at the next general election.

Constitution

be sub

electors.

ARTICLE XXIV.

SCHEDULE.

continued.

SECTION 1. In order that no inconvenience may All writs, acarise, by reason of the change from a Territorial to a contracts State government, it is hereby declared that all writs, actions, prosecutions, judgments, claims and contracts, as well of individuals as of bodies corporate, both public and private, shall continue as if no change had taken place; and all process which may issue, under the authority of the Territory of Utah, previous to its admission into the Union, shall be as valid as if issued in the name of the State of Utah.

declared in force.

Fines and for

the State.

Sec. 2. All laws of the Territory of Utah now in Territorial laws force, not repugnant to this Constitution, shall remain

in force until they expire by their own limitations, or are altered or repealed by the Legislature. The act of the Governor and Legislative Assembly of the Territory

of Utah, entitled "An act to punish polygamy and Polygamy act

other kindred offenses,” approved February 4, A. D. 1892, in so far as the same defines and imposes penalties for polygamy, is hereby declared to be in force in the State of Utah.

Sec. 3. Any person, who, at the time of the admisPrisoners shall sion of the State into the Union, may be confined under continue to be lawful commitment, or otherwise lawfully held to an

swer for alleged violation of any of the criminal laws of the Territory of Utah, shall continue to be so held or confined until discharged therefrom by the proper courts of the State.

Sec. 4. All fines, penalties, and forfeitures accrufeltures inure to ing to the Territory of Utah, or to the people of the

United States in the Territory of Utah, shall inure to this State, and all debts, liabilities, and obligations of said Territory, shall be valid against the State, and enforced as may be provided by law.

Sec. 5. All recognizances heretofore taken, Recognizances which may be taken before the change from a Territor

ial to a State government, shall remain valid, and shall pass to and be prosecuted in the name of the State; and all bonds executed to the Governor of the Territory, or to any other officer or court in his or their official capacity, or to any official board for the benefit of the Territory of Utah, or the people thereof, shall pass to the Governor or other officer, court or board and his or their successors in office, for the uses therein, respectively expressed, and may be sued on, and recov

ered accordingly. Assessed taxes, and all revenue, Indebtednes: to property, real, personal or mixed, and all judgments, the Territorio bonds, specialties, choses in action, claims and debts,

of whatsover description; and all records and public archives of the Territory of Utah, shall issue and vest in the State of Utah, and may be sued for and recovered, in the same manner, and to the same extent by the State of Utah, as the same could have been by the Ter

ritory of Utah; and all fines, taxes, penalties and forness to the coun- feitures due or owing to any county, municipality or ties and school school district therein, at the time the State shall be

admitted into the Union, are hereby respectively as

or

and bonds passed to the State.

Taxes

in

State.

All taxes or other indebted

districts con: inued.

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