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Sessions public,

Term of ses-

House sole power of impeachment.

Impeachments, how tried.

any question, at the request of five members of such house, shall be entered upon the journal.

Sec. 15. All sessions of the Legislature, except those of the Senate while sitting in executive session, shall be public; and neither house, without the consent of the other, shall adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which it may be holding session.

Sec. 16. No regular session of the Legislature (except the first, which may sit ninety days) shall exceed sixty days, except in cases of impeachment. No special session shall exceed thirty days, and in such special session, or when a regular session of the Legislature trying cases of impeachment exceeds sixty days, the members shall receive for compensation only the usual per diem and mileage.

Sec. 17. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment, but in order to impeach, two-thirds of all the members elected must vote therefor.

Sec. 18. All impeachments shall be tried by the Senate, and Senators, when sitting for that purpose, shall take oath or make affirmation to do justice according to the law and the evidence. When the Governor is on trial, the chief justice of the supreme court shall preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senators elected.

Sec. 19. The Governor and other State and judiwho liable to. cial officers, except justices of the peace, shall be liable

to impeachment for high crimes, misdemeanors, or malfeasance in office; but judgment in such cases shall extend only to removal from office and disqualification to hold any office of honor, trust or profit in the State. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall, nevertheless, be liable to prosecution, trial and punishment according to law.

Sec. 20. No person shall be tried on impeachment, Must be served unless he shall have been served with a copy of the

articles thereof, at least ten days before the trial, and after such service he shall not exercise the duties of his office until he shall have been acquitted.

Sec. 21. All officers not liable to impeachment, howe removed shall be removed for any of the offenses specified in


this article, in such manner as may be provided by law.


with copy

Enacting clause

No bill shall

Sec. 22. The enacting clause of every law shall be: Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Utah,and no bill or joint resolution shall be passed, except with the assent of a majority of all the members elected to each house of the Legislature, and after it has been read three times. The vote upon the final passage of all bills shall be by yeas and nays; and no law shall be revised or amended by reference to its title only; but the act as revised, or section as amended, shall be reenacted and published at length.

Sec. 23. Except general appropriation bills, and bills for the codification and general revision of laws, pass containing no bill shall be passed containing more than one subject, subject. which shall be clearly expressed in its title.

Sec. 24. The presiding officer of each house, in Bills, how the presence of the house over which he presides, shall sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the Legislature, after their titles have been publicly read immediately before signing, and the fact of such signing shall be entered upon the journal.

Sec. 25. All acts shall be officially published, and Albaceti pubno act shall take effect until so published, nor until effect when. sixty days after the adjournment of the session at which it passed, unless the Legislature by a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, shall otherwise direct.

Sec. 26. The Legislature is prohibited from en- Legislature acting any private or special laws in the following special laws on. cases:

1. Granting divorce.

2. Changing the names of persons or places, Changing name. or constituting one person the heir at law of another. 3. Locating or changing county seats.

County seats. 4. Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of duties of justices of the peace.

5. Punishing crimes and misdemeanors.
6. Regulating the practice of courts of justice. court practice.

7. Providing for a change of venue in civil or Change of criminal actions.

8. Assessing and collecting taxes.
9. Regulating the interest on money.

Changing law of
10. Changing the law of descent or succession descent,
11. Regulating county and township affairs.

12. Incorporating cities, towns or villages; chang-township affairs ing or amending the charter of any city, town, or Incorporating village; laying out, opening, vacating or altering town



justices. Crimes and misdemeanors.


Assessing and collecting taxes.

Regulating county and

cities, etc.

Sale of real


Granting privilege.

Common schools,

fees of officers during their terms.



Where applica


plats, highways, streets, wards, alleys or public grounds.

13. Providing for sale or mortgage of real to minors, etc." estate belonging to minors or others under dis

ability. Authorizing

14. Authorizing persons to keep ferries across streams within the State.

15. Remitting fines, penalties or forfeitures.

16. Granting to an individual, association or corporation any privilege, immunity or franchise.

17. Providing for the management of common schools.

18. Creating, increasing or decreasing fees, percentages allowances of public officers during the term for which said officers are elected or ap

pointed. May repeal The Legislature may repeal any existing special existing special law relating to the foregoing subdivisions.

In all cases where a general law can be applicable, ble laws must be no special law shall be enacted.

Nothing in this section shall be construed to deny

or restrict the power of the Legislature to establish Restrictions to and regulate the compensation and fees of county and

township officers; to establish and regulate the rates of freight, passage, toll and charges of railroads, toll roads, ditch, flume and tunnel companies, incorporated under the laws of the State or doing business therein.

Sec. 27. The Legislature shall have no power to release or extinguish, in whole or in part, the indebted

ness, liability or obligation of any corporation or perpal corporation, son to the State, or to any municipal corporation


Sec. 28. The Legislature shall not authorize any Lotteries pro

game of chance, lottery or gift enterprise under any pretense or for any purpose.

Sec. 29. The Legislature shall not delegate to any Certain powers special commission, private corporation or association,

any power to make, supervise or interfere with any municipal improvement, money, property or effects, whether held in trust or otherwise, to levy taxes, to select a capitol site, or to perform any municipal functions.

Sec. 30. The Legislature shall have no power to extra compensa-grant, or authorize any county or municipal authority

to grant, any extra compensation, fee or allowance to

this section.

Legislature has no power to release liability of person to State or munici


must not be delegated.


any public officer, agent, servant or contractor, after service has been rendered or a contract has been entered into and performed in whole or in part, nor pay or authorize the payment of any claim hereafter created against the State, or any county or municipality of the State, under any agreement or contract made without authority of law; Provided, That this section shall not apply to claims incurred by public officers in the execution of the laws of the State.

Sec. 31. The Legislature shall not authorize the Must not lend State, or any county, city, town, township, district public in ald of or other political subdivision of the State to lend its private entercredit or subscribe to stock or bonds in aid of any railroad, telegraph or other private individual or corporate enterprise or undertaking.



Executive de

sists of.

SECTION 1. The executive department shall consist of Governor, Secretary of State, State Auditor, State partment conTreasurer, Attorney-General, and Superintendent of Public Instruction, each of whom shall hold his office for four years, beginning on the first Monday of January next after his election, except that the terms of Terms of office. office of those elected at the first election shall begin when the State shall be admitted into the Union, and shall end on the first Monday in January, A. D. 1901. The officers of the executive department, during their terms of office, shall reside at the seat of government, shall reside at where they shall keep the public records, books and capital. papers. They shall perform such duties as are prescribed by this Constitution and as may be prescribed by law.

Sec. 2. The officers provided for in section 1 of When elected. this article, shall be elected by the qualified electors of the State at the time and place of voting for members of the Legislature, and the persons respectively having the highest number of votes cast for the office voted for shall be elected; but if two or more shall have an In case of tie equal and the highest number of votes for any one of said offices, the two houses of the Legislature, at its next regular session, shall elect forthwith by joint ballot one of such persons for said office.

Duties of.



The Governor


Sec. 3. No person shall be eligible to the office of Qualifications of Governor or Secretary of State unless he shall have

attained the age of 30 years at the time of his election, nor to the office of Attorney General unless he shall have attained the age of 25 years at the time of his election, and have been admitted to practice in the supreme court of the Territory or of the State of Utah, nor unless he shall be in good standing at the bar at the time of his election. No person shall be eligible to any of the offices provided for in section 1 of this article, unless at the time of his election he shall be a qualified elector, and shall have been a resident citizen of the State or Territory for five years next preceding his election. The State Auditor and State Treasurer shall be ineligible to election as their own successors.

Sec. 4. The Governor shall be commander-inCommander-in-chief of the military forces of the State, except when

they shall be called into the service of the United States. He shall have power to call out the militia to execute the laws, to suppress insurrection, or to repel invasion.

Sec. 5. The Governor shall see that the laws are faithfully executed; he shall transact all executive business with the officers of the government, civil and military, and may require information in writing from the officers of the executive department, and from the officers and managers of State institutions upon any subject relating to the condition, management, and expenses of their respective offices and institutions, and at any time when the Legislative Assembly is not in session, may, if he deem it necessary, appoint a committee to investigate and report to him upon the condition of any executive office or State institution. He shall communicate by message the condition of the State to the Legislature at every regular session, and recommend such measures as he may deem expedient.

Sec. 6. On extraordinary occasions, the Governor Legislature in may convene the Legislature by proclamation, in which extraordinary shall be stated the purpose for which the Legislature

is to be convened, and it shall transact no legislative business except that for which it was especially convened, or such other legislative business as the Governor may call to its attention while in session. The Legislature, however, may provide for the expenses of the session and other matters incidental

Duties of Gov. ernor.

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