The Americas in Early Modern Political Theory: States of Nature and Aboriginality
This book examines early modern social contract theories within European representations of the Americas in the 16th and 17th century. Despite addressing the Americas only marginally, social contract theories transformed American social imaginaries prevalent at the time into Aboriginality, allowing for the emergence of the idea of civilization and the possibility for diverse discourses of Aboriginalism leading to excluding and discriminatory forms of subjectivity, citizenship, and politics. What appears then is a form of Aboriginalism pitting the American/Aboriginal other against the nascent idea of civilization. The legacy of this political construction of difference is essential to contemporary politics in settler societies. The author shows the intellectual processes behind this assignation and its role in modern political theory, still bearing consequences today. The way one conceives of citizenship and sovereignty underlies some of the difficulties settler societies have in accommodating Indigenous claims for recognition and self-government.
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Aboriginality American imaginaries American social imaginaries Amerindian analysis Anthony Pagden arguments Arneil Ashcraft authors Barry Hindess Cambridge University Press cannibalism Casas Chap chapter civil society colonization common conception Conquest considered contemporary Continent critical critique culture deficient discourse diverse dominium Early Modern Political epistemological Europe European Fall of Natural Foucault Grotius Hindess Hobbes and Locke Hobbes’s human nature idea images Indians Indies indigenous populations instance intellectual John Locke l’Amérique lack Leviathan Locke and America Locke’s logical Modern Political Theory Modern Social Imaginaries Montaigne moral myth Native Americans natural law natural right natural slave noble savage Orientalism original particular philosophy political and legal political theory political thought potential reason references relation relationship Renaissance representations Richard Tuck Scholastics Second Treatise Sepúlveda social contract theory social imaginary term texts themes theorists Thomas Hobbes tion traditional travel literature Treatises of Government Tully Valladolid controversy Vitoria Western World writings