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A Practical Handbook

of Games

By HOWARD COPELAND HILL The University of Chicago High School

Department of Physical Education,

University of Wisconsin With an Introduction by Professor M. V. O'Shea An up-to-date manual for teachers and game leaders, comprising a collection of some seventy-live representative games classified according to ages and types.

In addition to giving directions for play, the author has discussed these games from the pedagogical and psychological points of view, giving the benefit of her teaching experience as to ways and means for their most effective use.

Eight of the twelve largest cities in the United States have already introduced this book, published only a year ago, into one or more of their schools. Hundreds of other representative places are using it, and hundreds of teachers are enthusiastically endorsing it. The reasons are evident to those who know the book,

Community Life and Civic Problems prepares for good-citizenship. Such a book has been needed. Community Life and Civic Problems meets the capacity and interests of boys and girls in the early years of high school. Such a field has been barren. Community Life and Civic Problems impresses upon these boys and girls their particular responsibilities in the family, school, church, community, working, and political groups. Such a realization means the awakening of civic consciousness, and the awakening of civic consciousness is one of the surest preparations for good-citizenship.

Price, $1.00

Watch for our new SCHOOL EDITION of

Van Loon's famous STORY OF MANKIND The entire book has been most carefully re-edited to make it as perfect as possible for school use.

Probable Price,l$1.75 net

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By Mabel Sykes, Instructor in Mathematics, Bowen High School, Chicago, and Clarence E. Comstock, Professor of Mathematics, Bradley Polytechnic Institute, Peoria, II.


(Latter in preparation) Here are texts that pupils can study for themselves and enjoy. Their special features are a large number of exercises and an easy approach to problems. The graph is an essential part of the course.

By CHARLES ELBERT RHODES A new and distinctive book on composition and rhetoric for high school and first year college that is

Endorsed by Practical Educators "Exceedingly fresh and virile, in marked contrast to other books on this same subject."-Victor C. Alderson, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado.

"I wish to commend the emphasis placed on oral expression.”—T. B. Ford, Dean, Lincoln Memorial University, Harogate, Tennessee.

"This book is logical in arrangement and clear in presentation of the thought. The chapter on letter writing is especially fertile in suggestions.”—B. H. Thorpe, Chairman, English Department, Jamaica High School, Jamaica, Long Island, New York.

"Every chapter represents the ripened fruits of years of experience in handling the problems of composition.”—Dr. John Duncan Spaeth, Professor of English, Princeton University.

These letters are typical of hundreds of expressions from teachers.

Shall we send you descriptive literature?

PLANE GEOMETRY Plane Geometry is a workable suggestive method text. It concentrates upon two vital factors: the analytical method of attack and the placing of emphasis where it is needed.

SOLID GEOMETRY This book is prepared along the same lines as Plane Geometry, as exemplified in systematic training for original work; arrangement and choice of exercises; in the chapter on areas and volumes; frequent summaries.

532 pages; attractively bound in cloth

PLANE AND SOLID GEOMETRY Under this title, if desired, Plane Geometry and Solid Geometry are bound together for convenience.


The Gregg Publishing Company New York Chicago Boston San Francisco London

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Three Weeks at Cambridge

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F many delightful vacations, none music, and its great men in religious and seven dollars a teacher could take the
has been more enjoyable than the civil life were presented by speakers whole course and attend any or all the

summer spent in the British Isles. who, for the most part, have attained lectures, a reduction being made for at-
I arrived in England the first of July, prominence as scholars and lecturers. tendance at only half the Meeting.
and after a month of intensive sight-

The work of the Meeting is cultural seeing, came at last to restful Cambridge,

entirely, no examination being given and in time for the Summer Meeting, which

no credit allowed. One is treated as begins the last of July, and continues for

a real "grown-up" and left to enjoy the three weeks. It is in two parts and a

course in his own way. member is allowed to take either the first

My living quarters in Peile Hall were or second part, or both. The Meeting

most agreeable. Newnham College, resembles very closely the Extension

where the women students of the winter Work done by our Universities. Lec

session live, is a large modern brick ture Courses are given in the English

structure built around

enormous towns throughout the winter and the

court. Peile Hall-one section of the Summer Meeting at Cambridge con

college, accommodating about sixty stutinues the same type of work. Teach

dents—was opened to the women memers traveling in England will find it

bers of the Summer Meeting. I was most agreeable to stop at Cambridge for

one of the three Americans fortunate a part of the course at least, or if enough

enough to be lodged there. In fact, interested in the work and the lovely

the clerk of the Summer Meeting told surroundings, would enjoy three weeks

me that they made a point of so locating there immensely.

American students as to enable them to Medieval and Modern Italy was the

get a little of the atmosphere of English main subject of the lectures this year,

college life. and the Duke of Aosta, brother of the

My room, a bright, sunny and com


King of Italy, came to England to open THIS is King's Chapel

, Cambridge; fortably furnished one, looked out on

the Meeting. Every phase of the life
of this most interesting country was de- cloistered green. Below is the river

was a lovely garden filled with roses and veloped—its history, its art, architecture, Cam, with which the name "Cambridgeold-fashioned Aowers of many kinds.

is associated.

At one end, in the center, is a white 1 Prepared for The JOURNAL by Miss Ellen L. Corbett, Washington, D. C.

stone memorial seat, placed on a round American teachers are encouraged to at- The other courses, also highly in- elevation three or four feet high, the tend the summer meetings at Cambridge. The big summer meeting of 1923 will be at

teresting, were on Government Control edges of which were covered with exOxford, using the subject “Universities of the in Industry; Psychology of Religion ; quisite pink and red ramblers. From World," while Cambridge will give a course Beginning and Advanced Italian. Three this point, paths lead through flowering in Geography. In 1924 the big meeting will be at Cambridge on the subject of "India."

lectures were given in the morning, two shrubs and trees to a sunken garden, in Full information may be had by writing to in the afternoon, and an art or music the center of which bubbled a little Dr. David H. S. Cranage, Syndicate Build- lecture in the evening—a pleasing ar- fountain surrounded by waterlilies. ings, Cambridge, England, director of the summer meeting.

rangement. For the small fee of about In the four corners of this sunken

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The Mississippi Education



garden were dainty rose bushes and on brilliantly colored blazers give a pleas- bordered on one side with flowers and two of its upper edges were hedges of ing touch to the picture. The lawns on the other with ancient buildings. American Beauty

banked with continue a hundred yards beyond the At four o'clock many boats will be found lavender. On entering the court Cam and there graveled walks find their anchored at the banks while the octhrough the huge iron gates one way through magnificent old trees to a cupants have tea, for everyone has tea, moved by the exquisite beauty of this public driveway. A pleasant afternoon either at home, in a tea room, or by inflower arrangement and the senses were may be spent rowing up this stream, vitation in the town. further charmed by their fragrance. The birds, too, seemed to love this spot, for thrushes, as numerous as our robins, have chosen it for their playground. Another end of the grounds is devoted to tennis and contains several courts and nearby are hammocks and a little summer house where one may rest and

W. N. TAYLOR read.

Executive Secretary of the Mississippi Education Association, Aside from the pleasure of the sur

Jackson, Mississippi roundings and the interest of the lectures, a series of college visits was 'HE HISTORY of the Mississippi was an insistent and wider proclamation arranged. There are about fifteen or

of education as the chief need and sole sixteen colleges in Cambridge Uni- sissippi Teachers' Association until re- hope of the despoiled and impoverished versity, each consisting of a group of cently) is a splendid example of what State. Prejudice against the public buildings and each having its own may be accomplished by persevering ef- schools must be removed, and they must chapel. The oldest, architecturally fort in the face of all sorts of obstacles be adapted to whites and to blacks, and most beautiful, and most historic of these and difficulties.

so taught that every child in the State were grouped in four tours, and parties The Association was organized at might be assured that through integrity, of about ten arranged. Quaint and his Jackson in 1838, and met regularly for intelligence, and industry the way to toric old colleges, chapels, cloisters, gate- several years. There were no State prosperity was yet open to all." ways, and fountains; exquisitely-carved controlled colleges in Mississippi at that In 1885 came a new era for the Mischoir stalls, beautiful stained glass time, and there was no public-school sissippi Teachers' Association and for windows, some by Burne-Jones, libraries system. The institution of slavery, of public education in Mississippi. The with ancient books and manuscripts, and course, existed. There were

no cities

Association reorganized in that wonderful Fellows' gardens, with little and few towns. The only education year, and has had a continuous existence lakes and swimming pools, abounding in offered within the State was that pro- since that date. In speaking of the bright-colored flowers and magnificent vided by a few private schools and period following 1885, Dr. Dabney old trees, give a charm to this university academies. The wealthy planters and Libscomb, the Dean of the living exwhich cannot be surpassed. Combina- slave holders usually sent their children presidents of the Association, says, "Taktion rooms used by the Fellows and filled to eastern universities.

ing 1885 to 1922 as the measure of active with rare old mahogany furniture, hand- Under these conditions it can easily life of both the public schools and the carved paneled dining halls, with por- be imagined that the State Teachers' State Teachers' Association, it is easy traits of famous graduates and bene- Association was a small affair, and had to see their connection; and yet it may factors-some by Gainsborough and little influence in shaping educational surprise some to learn that almost every Reynolds—added interest. A special thought. The annual gatherings were step in the progress of education during tour was planned to the Pepysian Li- small, and there was no constructive these years has been foreshadowed by brary, bequeathed to Magdalene College program. Naturally the organization discussion and resolution in the State by the author of Pepy's Diary, the orig- was soon abandoned.

Teachers' Association, followed geninal of which is shown, as are several The Association was reorganized in erally by appeals to the public, to the other rare old books.

1866, and held an important assembly trustees, and to the legislature to make Still other delightful features were in 1867. What was accomplished by effective the proposals by petition, legisplanned. Organ recitals, one or two this reorganization and the subsequent lation, and appropriation." each week were given in the chapels; assembly is unknown, as there are prac- During the time covered by this Chancellor and Mrs. Pearce entertained tically no records of the assembly of period, there have been three distinct the summer students at an evening 1867. It is safe to assume that the dis- phases in the growth of the Association. garden party at Corpus Christi Lodge; cussions turned largely along the lines The first of these was from 1885 to and one afternoon Sir Charles and Lady of the new conditions brought about by 1905; the second from 1905 to 1918, Walston entertained us with lovely the Civil War, the destruction of and the third from 1918 to the present music and a program of æsthetic dancing slavery, the prospective enfranchisement time. at a garden party at their country home. of the negro, and the like.

From 1885 to 1905 the annual conThe “Backs” of the Colleges must not There was not another meeting of the ventions were held either during the be forgotten. Here, indeed, is one of Association until 1877, and from this Christmas holidays or during the sumthe loveliest sights in England. Green date until 1885 the organization met mer vacation. Neither time was satislawns slope down to the river Cam, on irregularly. In speaking of this period factory, and the attendance was usually which boating and punting are favorite a well-known educator says, “The key quite small. No membership fee was sports. Here university men with their note in every assembly of the teachers collected, and the expenses of the annual

meeting were usually cared for by con- was developed, school terms were length- was adopted providing for general sestributions among the delegates. If the ened, the curriculum was enriched, local sions and sectional

sectional meetings. The proceedings were published at all, the taxing districts were formed, and pub- Association was at last a real profesexpense was borne by the State Depart- lic sentiment for better schools was sional organization. Through this period ment of Education. aroused.

from 1905 to 1918 the annual convenThe tremendous accomplishments of In 1905 the time for the annual con- tions were largely attended, and a great the Association through this period vention was changed to April and later deal of constructive work of far-reachwere out of all proportion to its mem- to the first week in May. A member- ing importance was accomplished. It bership, furnishing the strongest possible ship fee was established and the mem- would not be interesting to readers of evidence of the skill and devotion of the bership was increased from a few dozens this article to detail the forward moveeducational leaders of the period. Uni- to several hundreds. The first meeting ments in public education in Mississippi form examinations for teachers were held in the spring showed an unusual during this period. It is sufficient to say provided; a system of county institutes increase in attendance. A constitution that some study or investigation by the

Association, some resolution or discussion in the organization furnished the point of beginning for practically every forward-looking, constructive movement.

The year 1918 is a landmark in the development of the Mississippi Teachers' Association, chiefly from the fact that it marks a large increase in membership enrolment. The enrolment increased from 1000 to 5000. This remarkable increase in enrolment followed by another substantial increase in 1919 made possible a Statewide campaign for better salaries for teachers. In this campaign the teachers were aided by the business men, and remarkable results were obtained both in increasing salaries and securing better teaching conditions. This increased .enrolment also paved the way for the final step in development of the organization. This consisted of the establishment of a headquarters' office in the Capitol of the State, the employment of a full-time executive secretary,

and the purchase of the Educational SANITARY GROCERY CO. ANG

Advance. This was done prior to June 1, 1921. We are now on our second

year of operation under this system, and SANITARY SANITARY

up to this time most gratifying results have been obtained. With an official organ owned and published by the Association, with an executive secretary giving his full time to the organization, we feel that the time has come when the teachers of the State shall become real leaders, and through their powerful organization they may direct a structive program of education.




TION—This double brick building and a double frame building, the edge of which is shown at the right, have recently been purchased by the Association for $55,000. As soon as these two buildings can be vacated by their present occupants they will give the Association additional room for its expanding activities. Even more important still they will afford a building site later when the Association's work has so grown as to demand a modern addition to the present excellent building, purchased in 1919 for $98,000. The Association is to be congratulated upon having obtained this site before it was seized by the real estate interests which are erecting many large apartment buildings in the neighborhood. Two large buildings are now under construction in the block where the Association is located. Another large building is being built across the street and the Walker Hotel—which proposes to be one of the largest and best in the city—is being erected only two blocks away.


chanics and chemistry that produced the machine age has torn asunder the foundations of the old social order, released new and terrifying forces, and now threatens the dissolution of society itself. The present plight of the world seems to show that mankind is in the grip of inexorable forces which may destroy civilization if not subdued to humane purposes.-From The Economic Basis of Politics by Charles A. Beard.


membering the wide freedom of our p=5.30 schools with compulsory attend

ance in many States in the Union, one HE MOVEMENT for Federal President izvored in a preelection state is convinced that much of our excessive

recognition of education, which in- ment, has recently received further rec- interacy comes to us from abroad, and dudes two major proposals (1) the ognitio in his addresses to Congress. the education of the immigrant becomes creation of a Department of Education In his address to Congress on November 2 requisite to his Americanization. It with a Secretary in the President's Cab- 21, 1922, the President had the follow- must be done if he is fittingly to exercise inet and (2) Federal aid to encourage ing to say on Federa! ad in general: the duties as well as enjoy the privileges the States in the correction of glaring "I be ieve in Government aid becom- of American citizenship. Here is reshortcomings in certain fields of educa ingls bestowed. We bere aided in- vealed the special field for Federal cotin-has made remarkable gains in pub- dustry through our tariffs; we have operation in furthering education. lic support during the five years that it aided railway transportation in land "From the very beginning public has been before Congress and the grants and loans. We have aided the education has been left mainly in the country in the form of the Educational construction of market roads and the hands of the States. So far as schooling bill. Indeed, the fact that this measure improvement of inland waterwars. We youth is concerned the policy has been has made more progress in five years have aided reclamation and irrigation justified, because no responsibility can be than similar proposals have been able and the develoçment of water power; so effective as that of the local commuto make in ten years is evidence of its we have loaned for seed grains in antic- nity alive to its task. I believe in the cofundamental soundness. Its provisions ipation of harvests. We expend mil- operation of the National authority to are certain ultimately to be adopted by lions in investigation and experimentation stimulate, encourage, and broaden the the Nation,

to promote a common benefit, though a work of the local authorities. But it is The advocates of Federal recognition limited few are the direct beneficiaries. the especial obligation of the Federal of education have known for a long We have loaned hundreds of millions Government to devise means and eftime that a considerable majority of the to promote the marketing of American fectively assist in the education of the members of both houses of Congress are goods. It has all been commendable and newcomer from foreign lands, so that the favorable to such recognition and that highly worthwhile.”

level of American education may be made when proposals are before Congress in In his address to Congress on Decem- the highest that is humanly possible.” proper form they may be expected to ber 8, 1922, the President recommended Clearly the friends of education may receive its prompt and favorable con- Federal coõperation in the education of now work for their legislative program sideration. Much interest has therefore immigrants in the following words: with renewed assurance of its ultimate centered in the attitude of President "Our program of admission and treat- triumph. It is undoubtedly supported Harding.

ment of immigrants is very intimately by a larger body of public sentiment It is gratifying to see the official and related to the educational policy of the than any other measure before Congress. semi-official utterances of the President Republic. With illiteracy estimated at As a member of Congress, referring to give definite recognition to the proposals from two tenths of one per cent to less the Educational bill, has said, "No other which the National Education Asso than two per cent in ten of the foremost measure ever before Congress has been ciation and organizations representing nations of Europe, it rivets our attention supported by so many people who have more than twenty-five million voters to a serious problem when we are re- carefully and intelligently studied its prohave been supporting for periods rang- minded of a six per cent illiteracy in the visions.” There is cause for satisfaction ing from five to fifty years.

United States. The figures are based that the President is giving increasing The reorganization of the Federal on the test which defines an illiterate as recognition to these facts in an ofDepartments was one of the planks in one having no schooling whatever. Re- ficial way. the Republican platform on which Pres. ident Harding was elected. The Pres


OM ident, represented on the Congressional

teistasa Maticella

ဝင်း Joint Committee by Mr. Walter F.


Sanitaria Brown, of Toledo, Ohio, has been giv


ΝΑ Ρ Α ing considerable thought to this problem in an effort to find the best arrangement and one that would be acceptable to


HAPA Congress and the country. Growing interest in education is reflected in the

BADESH SE successive drafts of the reorganization program. That program as published in newspapers on November 12, includes

SAN CUOAQI provision for a Department of Educa

SAN RAFAEL tion and Welfare in a form which, with

POSTOCKTOI certain changes that are likely to be


Bariceley made by Congress, would be acceptable

SOBAKLAND to educational leaders as embodying one

SAN FRANCISCO O of the major proposals of the TownerSterling bill.

LAMEDA Federal aid for education, which the

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