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ticable, to use any amounts so deposited to retire an equivalent amount of the public debt, which amount shall be in addition to any other amount required to be used for such purpose. (Mar. 8, 1938, sec. 2, 52 Stat. 107; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713a-2.)
699–6. Same; transfer to United States of stock held by Secretary of Agriculture, Governor of Farm Credit Administration, and Reconstruction Finance Corporation.—The Secretary of Agriculture, the Governor of the Farm Credit Administration, and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation are hereby authorized and directed to transfer to the United States all right, title, and interest in and to the capital stock of the Commodity Credit Corporation which each of them now holds. All rights of the United States arising out of the ownership of such capital stock shall be exercised by the President, or by such officer, officers, agency, or agencies as he shall designate, and in such manner as he shall prescribe. (Mar. 8, 1938, sec. 3, 52 Stat. 107; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713a-3.)
699–7. Same; obligations of corporation; issuance; sale; purchase; redemption, etc.—With the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized to issue and have outstanding at any one time, bonds, notes, debentures, and other similar obligations in an aggregate amount not exceeding $1,400,000,000. Such obligations shall be in such forms and denominations, shall have such maturities, shall bear such rates of interest, shall be subject to such terms and conditions, and shall be issued in such manner and sold at such prices as may be prescribed by the Commodity Credit Corporation, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury. Such obligations shall be fully and unconditionally guaranteed both as to interest and principal by the United States, and such guaranty shall be expressed on the face thereof, and such obligations shall be lawful investments and may be accepted as security for all fiduciary, trust, and public funds the investment or deposit of which shall be under the authority or control of the United States or any officer or officers thereof. In the event that the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be unable to pay upon demand, when due, the principal of, or interest on, such obligations, the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay to the holder the amount thereof which is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and thereupon to the extent of the amount so paid the Secretary of the Treasury shall succeed to all the rights of the holders of such obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury, in his discretion, is authorized to purchase any obligations of the Commodity Credit Corporation issued hereunder, and for such purpose the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to use as a public-debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities hereafter issued under the Second Liberty Bond Act, as amended, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under such Act, as amended, are extended to include any purchases of the Commodity Credit Corporation's obligations hereunder. The Secretary of the Treasury may at any time sell any of the obligations of the Commodity Credit Corporation acquired by him under this section. All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of the obligations of the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be treated as public-debt transactions of the United States. No such obligations shall be issued in excess of the assets of
the Commodity Credit Corporation, including the assets to be obtained from the proceeds of such obligations, but a failure to comply with this provision shall not invalidate the obligations or the guaranty of the same. The Commodity Credit Corporation shall have power to purchase such obligations in the open market at any time and at any price. (Mar. 8, 1938, sec. 4, 52 Stat. 108; as amended Mar. 4, 1939, sec. i(d), 53 Stat. 510; Aug. 9, 1940, 54 Stat. 182; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713a 4.)
699–8. Same; exemption of corporation and its obligations from taxation.-Bonds, notes, debentures, and other similar obligations issued by the Commodity Credit Corporation under the provisions of this Act shall be deemed and held to be instrumentalities of the Government of the United States, and as such they and the income derived therefrom shall be exempt from Federal, State, municipal, and local taxation (except surtaxes, estate, inheritance, and gift taxes). The Commodity Credit Corporation, including its franchise, its capital, reserves, and surplus, and its income shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States, by any Territory, dependency, or possession thereof, or by any State, county, municipality, or local taxing authority; except that any real property of the Commodity Credit Corporation shall be subject to State, Territorial, county, municipal, or local taxation to the same extent according to its value as other real property is taxed. (Mar. 8, 1938, sec. 5, 52 Stat. 108; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713a-5.)
699–9. Sale of surplus agricultural commodities to foreign governments. That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commodity Credit Corporation, with the approval of the President, is authorized to sell surplus agricultural commodities, acquired by such Corporation through its loan operations, to foreign governments on the condition that, except for rotation to prevent deterioration, such commodities shall be held in reserve by such governments for a period of not less than five years from the date of acquisition, and shall not be disposed of unless a war or war emergency results in a serious interruption of normal supplies of such commodities: Provided, That under this joint resolution no concession below the prevailing world market price for the unrestricted use of such commodities, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture, shall be granted, in consideration of the obligation assumed by such governments to hold such commodities in reserve as required hereinbefore, in excess of a maximum amount equal to the average carrying charges, as estimated by the Secretary of Agriculture, that would be incurred if such commodities should be held for an additional eighteen months' period by the Commodity Credit Corporation. In determining specific cotton to be sold under this Act, the determination shall be made by sampling and selection at the place where the cotton is stored on the date of signing any sales agreement or contract under this Act, and no cotton shall be sold under any such sales agreement or contract which, after such date, is transported to any other place and there sampled and selected : Provided further, That in case of a sale, settlement must be made within sixty days after delivery and not more than five hundred thousand bales of cotton shall be sold upon the terms and conditions provided in this joint resolution. (Aug. 11, 1939, 53 Stat. 1418; 15 U.S.C., sec. 713a-6.)
699–10. Exchange of surplus agricultural commodities for reserve stocks of strategic materials.—That, notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, has concluded a treaty involving the exchange of surplus agricultural commodities produced in the United States which are held under loans made or made available by the Commodity Credit Corporation for stocks of strategic and critical materials produced abroad, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized, upon terms and conditions prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, to accept such strategic and critical materials in exchange for such surplus agricultural commodities; and for the purpose of such exchange the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Secretary of the Interior acting jointly through the agency of the Army and Navy Munitions Board shall determine which materials are strategic and critical and the quantity and quality of such materials. In order to carry out the provisions of this Act, the Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized, upon terms and conditions prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, to procure, convey, transport, handle, store, maintain, or rotate such surplus agricultural commodities, and such reserve stocks of strategic and critical materials, as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act.
The Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized and directed to transfer to warehouses in or near cotton manufacturing centers in New England not to exceed three hundred thousand bales of cotton, to which it now has title or may hereafter acquire title, having regard for the grades and staples customarily required by manufacturers in that area: Provided, That all necessary costs in connection with such transfer will not result in additional net cost to the Corporation.
In determining specific cotton to be exchanged under this Act, the determination shall be made by sampling and selection at the place where the cotton is stored on the date of ratification of a treaty providing for such exchange, and no cotton shall be exchanged under such treaty which, after such date, is transported to another place and there sampled and selected. Such reserve stocks of strategic and critical materials shall be stored on military or naval reservations or in other locations approved by the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy. The Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized to transfer such reserve stocks of strategic and critical materials, upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture shall approve, to any other governmental agency. Such reserve stocks or strategic and critical materials shall be made available or disposed of by the Commodity Credit Corporation or other governmental agency only upon order of the President in accordance with the terms of the applicable treaty; when necessary to prevent deterioration, the Commodity Credit Corporation or other governmental agency is authorized to replace those quantities of the reserve stocks of such strategic and critical materials subject to deterioration with equivalent quantities of the same materials. The funds now or hereafter made available to the Commodity Credit Corporation are hereby made available to carry out the purposes of this Act. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such additional sums as may be required to carry out the provisions of this Act. All funds for carrying out the provisions of this Act shall be available for allotment to bureaus and offices of the Depart
ment of Agriculture, and for transfer to such other agencies of the Federal Government as the Secretary of Agriculture may request to cooperate or assist in carrying out the provisions of this Act. (Aug. 11, 1939, 53 Stat. 1407; 15 U. Š. C., sec. 713a-7.)
699–11. Use of Transferred Funds of Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation.—That in carrying out the provisions of clause (2) of section 32 of the Act approved August 24, 1935 (49 Stat. 774), as amended, the Secretary of Agriculture may transfer to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, which Corporation is hereby continued, until June 30, 1942, as an agency of the United States under the direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, such funds, appropriated by said section 32, as may be necessary for the purpose of effectuating said clause (2) of section 32: Provided, That such transferred funds, together with other funds of the Corporation, may be used for purchasing, exchanging, processing, distributing, disposing, transporting, storing, and handling of agricultural commodities and products thereof and inspection costs, commissions, and other incidental costs and expenses, without regard to the provisions of existing law governing the expenditure of public funds and for administrative expenses, including rent, printing and binding, and the employment of persons and means, in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, such employment of persons to be in accordance with the provisions of law applicable to the employment of persons by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration.
In carrying out clause (2) of section 32, the funds appropriated by said section may be used for the purchase, without regard to the provisions of existing law governing the expenditure of public funds, of agricultural commodities and products thereof, and such commodities, as well as agricultural commodities and products thereof purchased under the preceding paragraph hereof, may be donated for relief purposes. (June 28, 1937, 50 Stat. 323, as amended Feb. 16, 1938, Title II, sec. 204, 52 Stat. 38; 7 U. S. C., sec. 612c note; 15 U.S. C., sec 713c.)
699_12. Annual report of Federal Surplus commodities Corporation.The Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation shall submit to Congress on the first day of each regular session an annual report setting forth a stateinent of the activities, receipts, and expenditures of the Corporation during the previous fiscal year. (June 28, 1937, 50 Stat. 323, as amended Feb. 16, 1938, Title II, sec. 204,52 Stat. 38; 7 U. S. C., sec. 1293; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713c-1.)
699–13. Same; purchase and distribution of surplus fishery products.That any part of the funds not to exceed $1,500,000 per year, transferred by the Secretary of Agriculture to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation created under and to carry out the provisions of section 32 of the Act of August 24, 1935 (49 Stat. 774), as amended, may also be used by such Corporation for the purpose of diverting surplus fishery products (including fish, shellfish, mollusks, and crustacea) from the normal channels of trade and commerce by acquiring them and providing for their distribution through Federal, State, and private relief channels: Provided, That none of the funds made available to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation under this Act shall be used to purchase any of the commodities designated in this Act which may have been produced in any foreign
country. The provisions of law relating to the acquisition of materials or supplies for the United States shall not apply to the acquisition of commodities under this Act. (Aug. 11, 1939, sec. 1, 53 Stat. 1411; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713c-2.)
699–14. Same; use of funds to promote commerce in domestic fishery products.—(a)* From the fund authorized to be transferred by section i hereof, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to transfer to the Secretary of the Interior sums as follows to be maintained in a separate fund, $75,000, which shall be used by the Secretary of the Interior to promote the free flow of domestically produced fishery products in commerce by conducting a fishery educational service; and $100,000, which shall be used by the Secretary of the Interior to develop and increase markets for fishery products of domestic origin. (Aug. 11, 1939, sec. 2, 53 Stat. 1412; 15 U. S. C., sec. 713c-3.)
PRODUCTION, MARKETING, AND USE OF BITUMINOUS COAL
NOTE--Paragraphs 700 and 701 of Laws Applicable, 1935, were repealed by section 20 (a) of Public, No. 48, Seventy-fifth Congress, approved April 26, 1937, 50 Stat. 91; 15 U. S. C., sec. 850, upon appointment of consumers' counsel and a majority of the members of the National Bituminous Coal Commission therein provided for. Paragraphs 700 and 701, below, have been substituted from the new act.
700. Labor relations
Organization and collective bargaining. (a) It is hereby declared to be the public policy of the United States that
(1) Employees of producers of coal shall have the right to organize and to bargain collectively with respect to their hours of labor, wages, and working conditions through representatives of their own choosing, without restraint, coercion, or interference on the part of the producers.
(2) No producer shall interfere with, restrain, or coerce employees in the exercise of their said rights, nor discharge, or discriminate against any employee for the exercise of such rights.
(3) No employee of any producer and no one seeking employment with him or it shall be required as a condition of employment to join any association of employees for collective bargaining in the manage. ment of which the producer has any share of direction or control.
Purchase by government from violators of labor rights forbidden. (b) No coal (except coal with respect to which no bid is required by law prior to purchase thereof) shall be purchased by the United States, or by any department or agency thereof, produced at any mine where the producer failed at the time of the production of such coal to accord to his or its employees the rights set forth in subsection (a) of this section.
Cancellation of contracts with producers violating labor rights. (c) Oil the complaint of any employee of a producer of coal, or other interested party, the Commission may hold a hearing to determine whether any producer supplying coal for the use of the United States or any agency thereof, is complying with the provisions of subsection (a) of this section. If the Commission shall find that such producer is not complying with such provisions, it shall certify its findings to the de. partment or agency concerned. Such department or agency shall
*So in original.
There is no subsec. (b).