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except in one or two instances, we were never without a comfortable lodging. This caution is very practicable in South Wales, as the most interesting part of the country is well furnished with accommodation.
On issuing from our house of mortification, we were regaled with a fine view of CAREW CASTLE, situated on a gentle swell above ań arm of Milford-haven. Its extensive remains shew it to have been rather a splendid palace, than a mere fortress ; and it evidently appears the work of different ages. The North front, a portion looking over the river, is scarcelý castellated, but exhibits the mode of building in use about the time of Henry the Eighth. From the level of this front, the windows, square and of grand dimensions, project in large bows: internally, this part is highly ornamented; and'a chimney-piece with Corinthian columns' appears among the latest decorations of the structure. The great hall, built in the ornamented Gothic style, thougti much dilapidated, is still a noble relic of antique grandeur. Other parts of the building are of more remote date, and most of the walls are remarkably thick and of solid masonry : a peculiarity to be noticed; as the
Welch castles are chiefly constructed of grout work *. The subterraneous dungeons are remarkably extensive, and assimilate with the grandeur of the general design. This castle was anciently a residence of the Welch princes, and given by one of them (Rhys ap Theodore), with extensive lands, as a marriage portion with his daughter, to Gerald de Cario, an Anglo-Norman chieftain, and ancestor of the last proprietor of the castle; who, according to the tradition of the neighbourhood, died a hundred and seventy years ago ; since which time the castle has been left to decay.
Here many a lofty tower of once menacing aspect lies hid in a leafy umbrage. The spacious hall, that in feudal ages glittered in baronial splendor, is now engrafted with ivy, or in mouldering fragments lies an undistinguished heap with the common earth : where once was, attuned the sweet song of minstrelsy, is now heard the hoarse note of the raven; no more the high-wrought arras shakes mysteriously from the walls, but an unaffected profusion of ivy, mantles the forsaken apartments ; beasts graze where dark
* See the Introduction, Section 3.
plumed barons sat arrayed ; and the hallowed chamber of “
my lady bright” is become the resort of bats and screech-owls.
Here the enthusiast, while scanning Gothic halls and “ cloud-cap'd towers,” may feel his mind transported to the ages of chivalry, and image all the pageantry of feudal shews! Or, in more humble mood, may look
their faded grandeur, and venerate a silent monitor of human ostentation.
As we admired the picturesque beauty of this scene, or indulged in the moral reflections to which it gave rise, we forgot our inconveniences and fatigue, and cheerfully returned to the inn. Our horses were in wait-, ing: poor animals ! they had no intellectual set-off to the solid ill fare that they met; with ; but, unrid of the previous day's mire, proceeded with us on the road to Pembroke. On leaving the village, we observed a Gothic, cross on the side of the road, about twelve or fourteen feet high, and apparently formed of a single stone : it was carved all over with knots and scrolls, but we did not stop to ex amine it minutely. On ascending a hill, we had a grand view of the castle': , indeed, it is from the south and south-svest alone that its
important important dimensions fully appear : hence also we saw the elevated mansion of LAWA RENNY, seated on a lofty bank of an arm of Milford-haven, and beautifully accompanied with wood and lawn. This place, particularly excelling in natural beauties, is considered as one of the first seats in Pembrokeshire; and we understood that it had received much improvement from the taste and liberality of Mr. Barlow, the present proprietor. A ride on an elevated ridge, which but for the morning mists would have commanded extensive views, brought us to Pembroke.
The town of PEMBROKE principally consists of one wide street built along the ridge of a hill (washed by an arm of Milford-haven), and terminated at one extremity by its castle. Although of late declining in commercial importance, the aspect of the town is neat and genteel. Leland says of this town in his time, “it is welle wauled and hath ji gates,
est, west, and north; of the wich the est
gate is fairest and strongest, having afore hit "a compasid tour, not rofid ; in the entering " where of is a Portcalys, ex solido ferro." Of these erections there are now but very imperfect remains; we observed, however,