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with the monuments of several illustrious personages.

On the north of the choir is the figure of a man in a coat of mail, with a bull at his feet; supposed to be the monument of Sir Edward Nevill, which is thus explained by Churchyard :

“ His force was much ; for ho by strength

« With bull did struggle so,
“ He broke.cleane off his horns at length,

“ And therewith let him go.”

On the opposite side is the recumbent effigy of an armed knight, his legs across *, and his feet resting on a greyhound. Of this the sexton's legend relates, that the knight, returning home, saw his infant son lying on the floor covered with blood, with his cradle overturned at his side, and the hound standing by, with his mouth besmeared withi

gore. Conceiving that the dog bad attacked the child, he instantly killed it; but soon discovered, that the blood issued from a large ser

* This cross-legged position of sepulchral effigies does not denote that the person represented was a Knight Templar, as is generally supposed; but that he had visited the Holy Land: indeed, his having entered into vows that he would perform the journey, entitled him to this distinction.

pent which

pent that had writhed about the child, and which this faithful animal had destroyed.

In the middle of the south aile of the choir, generally called the Herberts' chapel, is the effigy of Sir William ap Thomas, and his wife Gladys, daughter of the celebrated Sir David Gam. Beneath a handsome alabaster monument, at the further end of the chapel, tepose the ashes of Sir Richard Herbert, of Coldbrook, and his wife. This Sir Richard, a younger son of the just mentioned Sir William ap Thomas, was a man of gigantic stature and uncommon strength. In the contest between the houses of York and Lancaster, he with his brother the Earl of Pembroke supported the White rose at the battle of Banbury, where he was at lengtlı taken prisoner, and finally executed by the successful faction; but not until he had passed and repassed twice through the adverse arıny, killing with a pole-ax no less than 140 men; which, his illustrious descendant and biographer, lord Herbert of Cherbury, remarks, is more than is famed of Amadis de Gaul, or the Knight of the Sun. The richest nionument in the church is that of Sir Richard Herbert of Ewias, his nephew, X 3

which occupies a recess in the south wall of the chapel.

Before the dissolution of religious houses, tliis church belonged to a priory of Benedictine monks, which was founded by Hamelin Baladun *, who is also said to have built the castle. The priory house, adjoining the nave of the church, is converted into a commodious dwelling, which was lately tes nanted by the Gunter and Milborne family, The free-school in the town was founded by Henry the Eighth, and amply endowed with the revenues of forfeited monasteries, &c.

Abergavenny was a Roman town, the Gos bannium of Antoninus. Leland describes it to be “ a faire waulled town, meately well inhabited ;" and an account of Monmouths shire written in 1602 represents it as “a fine town, wealthy and thriving, and the very

* One of his posterity, William de Braose, in the reign of King John, says Dugdale, “ gave the tithes of his castle, viz. of bread, wine, beer, cyder, all manner of flesh, fish, "salt, honey, wax, tallow, and in general whatsoever “ should be brought thither and spent there, upon con-. - dition that the Abbot and Convent of St. Vincent's in

Mans, to which the priory was a cell, should daily pray " for the soul of King Henry the First; as also for the sou! of him the said William and the soul of Maud his wife.”


best in the shire.” But during the last century it was in a very declining state until the establishment of some great iron-works, which have lately sprung up in the adjacent mountains. When full-bottomed flaxen wigs were the rage, the town enjoyed a temporary prosperity from a method peculiar to its inhabitants of bleaching hair; but, perriwigs being ; no longer the rage, the place was hastening to decay: just at this juncture the faculty proclaimed that goats-whey was a specific in consumptive cases; and crowds of invalids, under the fiat of death, immediately en livened the town. But the fashions of doctors are no more stationary than those of beaux'; the ton. for goats-whey soon diminished; and, deprived of patients as well as perriwigs, the place was relapsing into poverty and desertion;, when the fortunate discovery of. the Blaenavon iron mines (a grand concern in the recesses of the Blorenge mountain well worth the tourist's attention) gave a new face to the town, and still daily en: creases its population...

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XX. .



ABOUT two miles from Abergavenny is WERNDEÈ, a poor patched-up house: though once a mansion of no less magnificence than antiquity, it is now only interesting as being considered to have been the spot where the prolific Herbert race was first implanted in Britain. Henry de Herbert, chamberlain to king Henry the First, is supposed to have been their great ancestor. sessions that formerly supported the grandeur of the Herberts, the inheritance of Mr. Proger, the last lineal descendant from the elder branch of this family, who died about twenty years since, had dwindled to less than two hundred a year. Mr. Coxe relates an anecdote of this gentleman's pride of an


Of the vast pos

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