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brought from Raglan Castle, carved with scriptural subjects; and in a room on the third tioor is another ancient chimney-piece inlaid with mother-of-pearl, and curiously ornamented with devices of Love and Plenty.
About threc miles further on the road to Chopstow is the village of TRELECH, which is supposed to have derived its name from three druidical stones standing in a field adjoining the road, near the church. They are placed upright, or rather inclining; of different heights, varying between ten and fifteen feet; and the exterior stones are the one fourteen, and the other twenty feet distant from the middle pillar : their substance is a concretion of silicious pebbles in a calcareous bed, commonly called puddingstone, and of which some neighbouring rocks consist. This monument of antiquity is considered to have been the supporting part of a cromlech ; but the stones being so far asunder invalidates the conjecture. ` Various large, masses of the same sort of stone in the vie cinity of Trelech seem to indicate the remains of other works of the same kind.
In the village, inclosed by a garden, is an earthen mound four hundred and fifty feet in diameter, encircled by a moat, and connected with extensive entrenchments; which is imagined to have been a Roman work, and afterwards to have been the site of a castle belonging to the Earls of Clare. The village is also remarkable for a chalybeate well that was formerly much attended. Near the church, which deserves to be noticed for the agreeable proportions of its Gothic members and its handsome spire, is a pedestal with a sun-dial, supposed to be of high antiquity: it bears a Latin inscription, commemorating Harold's victory over the Britons. Large quantities of iron scoria, scattered over the fields near the village, are generally allowed to indicate that a Roman bloomery was established near the spot.
From this place the road soon ascends the Devaudon height, traverses a tract of forest called Chepstow Park, and in the course of its progress embraces several superb and extensive views; in which the varieties of the Wye, of hanging woods, wild heathy mountains, and rich inclosures, rise in succession.
We made an excursion from Monmouth, on the road to Hereford, as far as Grosmont. Proceeding through a charming country about
three miles, we struck off on the right to visit Perthir, a very ancient seat of the Herbert family. Of the castellated mansion, surrounded by a moat and two drawbridges, few vestiges appear in the present diminished and patched-up building; yet some marks of former magnificence meet the observer, in a long vaulted hall, with a music gallery at the end, a large Gothic window with stone compartments, and the massive oak beams of a long passage.
The extensive manors that were attached to Perthir, and which, as tradition relates, extended from thence to Ross, now exhibit but a sorry remnant of past opulence.
Mr. Lorimer, the present possessor of the estate, and a descendant of the Herberts by the female line, merrily relates an anecdote rising out of a contest for precedence between the houses of Perthir and Werndee; and which, it has been remarked, was carried on with as much inveteracy as that between the houses of York and Lancaster, and was only perhaps less bloody, as they had not the power of sacrificing the lives of thousands in their foolish quarrel. Mr. Proger, of Werndee, in company with a friend,
returning froin Monmouth to his home; was suddenly overtaken by a violent storin; and; unable to proceed; groped his way for refuge to his cousin Powell's, at Perthir. The family was retired to rest; but the loud calls of the tempest-beaten travellers soon brought Mr. Powell to a window; and a few words informed him of his relation's predicament; requesting a night's lodging: “ What! is " it you, cousin Proger ? you and your friend *« shall be instantly admitted ;-but upon one “ condition, that you will never dispute witli " me hereafter upon niy being the head of “ the family:"-" No, sir;" returned Mr. Proger, “ were it to rain swords and daggers, “ I would drive this night to Werndee, rather * than lower the consequence of my faniily." Here a string of arguments was brought forward on each side ; which; however interesting to the parties, would prove very trifling in relation, and which, like all other contests grounded in prejudice and proceeded in with petulance, but served to fix both parties more firmly in their errors. They parted in the bitterest eiimity; and the stranger, who had silently waited the issue of the contest, in vain solicited a shelter froản
the storm; for he was a friend of cousin Proger's !
Leaving Perthir, we soon passed through the little village of Newcastle, which derives its name from a castle that may still be traced in an earthen mound 300 feet in circumference, and some intrenchments, but whose - history no tradition reaches.
This barrow, and an ancient oak of extraordinary size, are considered by the superstitious neighbourhood to be under the immediate protection of spirits and fairies, and to form the scene of their nocturnal revels. A spring near the village is deemed miraculous in the cure of rheumatic and other disorders.
Within a mile from this place we struck off the turnpike towards SCRENFRITH CASTLE, situated on the banks of the Monnow, in a sequestered spot environed by high hills. , This fortress is of the simplest construction ; its area, of a trapezium form, is merely surrounded by a , curtain wall with circular towers covering each angle, and a demiturret projecting from the middle of one side. Near the ceņtre of the area is a juliet, or high round tower, upon a mound, which formed the kecp, the door and window apertures of