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frowus defiance on the petty innovations beneath. The internal has been entirely newplanned, and a number of portraits of tlie present lord's progenitors are ranged in the apartments, with the principal events of their lives, emblazoned in letters of gold; but they are for the most part indifferently executed. In front of the building is a spacious lawn, from the trim surface of which rises an artificial mound, bearing the mouldering ruin of the ancient keep*, carefully shorn of shrub and briar. In the tower, at the entrance, a dark damp dungeon is described to have been the prison of Robert duke of Normandy; in which he was confined near thirty years, after being deprived of his sight and inheritance by his younger brother Henry the First. But it is more probable that he had the whole range of the castle; for, independent of the improbability that any

human creature could live so long in such a place, we have the authority of Odo Vitalis and William of Malmesbury, that Henry made his imprisonment as easy as possible ; furnishing him with an elegant table, and buffoons to divert him.

* This is called the magazine, from its having been applied to that parpose in the civil wars of Charles the First.

N 3

A high

A high rampart incloses the whole; round the top

of which a walk is carried, affording many pleasing views of the surrounding country.

When Robert Fitzlammon conquered and divided the lordship of Glamorgan with his twelve knights, he reserved the town of Cars diff, among other estates, for himself, and erected this castle: here he held his courts of Chancery and Excliequer; the former on the first Monday in every month, when his knights or their heirs were bound to attend, and were then entitled to apartments in the outer court of the castle ; which privilege, says Sir John Price, their heirs or assigns enjoy to this day.

This castle has frequently experienced the vicissitudes of war. Soon after its erection, one Ivor Black, a little resolute Welchman, marched hither privately, with a troop of mountaineers, and surprized the castle in the night;

ght; carrying off William Earl of Gloucester (Fitzhammon's grandson), together with his wife and son; whom he detained prisoners until he obtained satisfaction for some injuries that he had suffered. It was also taken by Maelgon and Rhys gyre anno 1282;

and

and again by the parliamentary forces in the çivil wars, after a long siege. 4," A pleasant walk over the fields led us to the episcopal city of LANDAFF, now in extent -an inconsiderable village: this deserted spot occupies a gentle eminence in the great plain of Cardiff. The west front of the cathedral is an admirable relic of Norman architecture, with two elegant towers of extraordinary height, profusely enriched with the best sculpture of that age : here all the apertures are circularly archede; but the windows of part of the nave, yet remaining, are Gothic. Upon the chancel's falling to decay some score years since, a great sum was expended in raising the present church upon the old stock; but surely such an absence of taste and common sense was never before instanced : beneath the solemn towers has sprung up a fantastic summer-house elevation, with a Venetian window, Ionic pilasters, and flower-pot jars

parapet, The same sort of window is coupled with the elegant line of the ornamented Gothic in other parts of the structure; and within, a huge building upon the model of a heathen temple surrounds the altar; which, with two thrones, darken and fill up N 4

nearly

upon the

were

nearly half the church. From this mass of inconsistencies we turned to the inspection of several ancient monuments, which chiefly recumbent, and from several marks of recent damage appeared to be much neglected *.

The cathedral, now in ruins, was built by Bishop Urban, anno 1120, upon the site of one founded by St. Dubritius in the commencement of the sixth century, and dedicated to more saints than I have room to enumerate. Urban also built a palace here, which was destroyed by Owen Glendower : its high outer walls and gateway, however, reinain, and form an inclosure to a garden. A large mansion adjoining, occupied by Mr. Matthews, is, I understand, attached to the bishopric t.

* There is po cross aile to this cathedral, as there is to all the others in England and Wales: nor any middle steeple, as there is to all the others except Bangor and Exeter.

+ Castle coch, or the Red castle, situated upon a high bank of the river Taffe, about four miles above Landaff, is a small ruin which we neglected to visit.

C H A P.

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TREDEGAR PARK-NEWPORT; CHURCH;
AND CASTLE EXCURSION TO MACHEN

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ON

N quitting Cardiff, we soon entered MonMOUTHSHIRE* in crossing Rumney bridge. The church of Rumney is a large Gothic

edifice,

* Monmouthshire has been separated from Wales by the judicial arrangement of later times; yet the character of the county throughout is so entirely Cambrian, that I cannot consider myself out of Wales until after having passed the Wye. Indeed, this highly-varied and interesting district may be considered as an epitome of the whole principality. The mountains stretching over the north-west of Monmouth

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