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The castle, scáted on a cragsy eminence projecting into the sea, westward of the town, is so much dilapidated, as scarcely to present a characterizing form : but there is an agrecalle public walk traced through the ruin, which commands a view of the sea and the neighbouring coast; with the little port (common to the Rhydol and Ystwith rivers) well filled with fishing vessels just below the cliff. This spot is also cnlivened by a tasteful residence of Lady Juliana Penn's, lately erected near the ruin, with much appropriate effect, in the form of a gatehouse. Aberistwyth castle was founded by Gilbert de Strong- bow, son of Richard de Clare, in the reign of Henry the First ; but soon after its erection it fell into the hands of the Welch princes, and was destroyed in their intestine quarrels. · Powell says, that the present çastle' was built by Edward the First, anno 1277, a short time before tlie complete conquest of Wales. It appears to have been a strong place, as a garrison of King Charles maintained it for some time after his death.
Among the mountains in the neighbourhood of Aberistwyth, a number of lead and
silver mines were discovered about three centuries back; and in the reign of Elizabeth a company of Germans reaped a great fortune in the enterprize of working them. Sir Hugh Middleton, after them, was equally successful, netting 2000l. a month out of one silver mine. He was succeeded by a Mr. Bushel, who also gained immense profit from the works; insomuch that in the civil wars he made King Charles a present of a regiment of horse, and clothed his whole army. The company of mine-adventurers worked these mines also with success, until they fell out among themselves, to their own injury, and that of the mining interest throughout the country; and I believe that these works have been deserted ever since.
BARRIER OF NORTH AND SOUTH WALES
THE DEVIL'S BRIDGE - GRAND CATA
LLANDEWI BREVI - LAMPETER-LLAN-
We were detained at Aberistwyth by the continuance of a violent rain which had deluged the neighbourhood for several days. At length a cessation of the storm allowed us. to resume our journey, though not to perform a projected excursion to the summit of Plinlimmon, which is only free from clouds in very fair weather. Returning up the hilly confines of the valley, we again admired the meandering Rhydol, and its gentle accompanyment; but following its course, as we