« PreviousContinue »
Work—and pure slumbers shall wait on the pillow,
Work with a stout heart and resolute' will! 2. Labor is health! Lo the husbandman reaping,
How through his veins goes the life-current leaping ;
Free as a sunbeam the swift sickle guides.
Temple and statue the marble block hides. 3. Droop not, though shame, sin, and anguish are round thee
Bravely fling off the gold chain that hath bound thee;
Rest not content in thy darknèss—a clod!"
. Let thy great deeds be thy prayer to thy God. 4. Pause not to dream of the future before us ;
Pause not to weep the wild cares that come o'er us :
Unintermitting goes up into Heaven!
Till from its nourishing stem it is riven. 5. “Labor is worship!”—the robin is singing,
“Labor is worship!” the wild bee is ringing,
Speaks to thy soul from out nature's great heart.
i Resolute, (réz' o lứt), determin- posed of silk threads, which, being ed; firm to one's purpose.
unwound, form the silk which is 3 Stalwart, (stol' wort). brave; manufactured. bold; strong.
• Clod, a lump of earth. * Cocoon, (kö kồn), the silken Un'in ter mặt' ting, ceaseless ; ball in which the silk-worm confines without stopping.. itself before its change. It is com.
From the dark cloud flows the life-giving shower;
Only man in the plan ever shrinks from his part. 6. Labor is life!—'tis the still water faileth;
Idlenèss ever despairèth, bewailèth :
Flowers droop and die in the stillness of noon.
FRANCES S. OSGOOD.
P UT, sir, to come to more practical, and you will probably
D think more appropriate topics, I will endeavor to show you that I am no enemy to new discoveries in agriculture' or any thing else. So far from it, I am going to communicate to you a new discovery of my own, which, if I do not greatly overrate its importance, is as novèl, as brilliant, and as auspicious of great results, as the celebrated discovery of Dr. Franklin ; not the identity of the electric fluid and lightning—I don't refer to
1 Coral, a hard substance like ture in the ocean, which by degrees shell (carbonate of lime), which is becomes an island. Their history is made by very minute creatures, and exceedingly interesting. 'forms their habitation. It is some- ? Extract of a speech deliveral times red, but more abundant in before the U.S. Agricultural Society, white. It appears to grow, or rather Boston, Oct. 1855. is formed, by the little creatures, in 3 Ag'ri cŭltūre, the cultivation the shape of branches of trees, and of land ; farming. when alive they appear like flowers • Auspicious, (ås pish' us), favori on the branches. These little crea- ble; giving fair promises of success tares sometimes commence a struc- "I děn' ti ty, sameness.
that ; but his other famous discovery ; that the sun rises severa) hours before noon ; that he begins to shine as soon as he rises ; and that the solar ray is a cheaper light for the inhabitants of large cities, than the candles, and oil, and wax tapers, which they are in the habit of preferring to it.
2. I say, sir, my discovery is somewhat of the same kind; and I really think full as important. I have been upon the track of it for several years ; ever since the glitter of a few metallic particles in the gravel washed out of Capt. Sutter's mill-race' first led to the discovery of the gold diggings of California ; which for some time past has been pouring into the country fifty or sixty millions of dollars annually.
3. My discovery, sir, is nothing short of this—that we have no need to go or send to California for gold, inasmuch as we have gold diggings on this side of the continent much more productive, and consequently much more valuable than theirs. I do not of course refer to the mines of North Carolina or Georgia, which have been worked with some success for several years, but which, compared with California, are of no great moment.
4. I refer to a much broader vein of auriferous' earth, which runs wholly through the States on this side of the Rocky Mountains, which we have been working unconsciously for many years, without recognizing its transcendent' importance ; and which it is actually estimated will yield, the present year, ten or fifteen times as much as the Californiä diggings, taking their produce at sixty millions of dollars.
5. Then, sir, this gold of ours not only exceeds the Culiforniä in the annual yield of the diggings, but in several other respects. It certainly requires labor, but not nearly as much labor to gět it out. Our diggings may be depended on with far greater confidence, for the average yield on a given superficies. A certain quantity of moisture is no doubt necessary with us, as with them, but you are not required, as you are in the placers of California, to stand up to your middle in water all day, rocking a cradle
1 Mill'-rāce, the current of water 4 Superficies, (sü'per fish' ez), sur. which turns the wheel of a mill, or face; outward part or face of a thing. the canal in which it is conveyed. Placer, (plå sår), a gravelly
? Au ríf er ous, producing gold. place where gold is found, especially
* Trans cěnd' ent, surpassing ; by the side of a river, or in the bed very great,
of a mountain torrent.
filled with gravel and gold-dust. The cradles we rock are filled with something better.
6. Another signal advantage of our gold over the Californië gold is, that after being pulverized' and moistened, and subjected to the action of moderate heat, it becomes a grateful and nutritious: article of food; whereas no man, not even the long-eared King of Phrygia himself, who wished that every thing he touched might become gold—could masticate* a thimble-full of the California dust, cold or hot, to save him from starvation.
7. Then, sir, we gět our Atlantic gold on a good deal more favorable terms than we get the Californiä. It is probable, nay, it is certain, that, for every million dollars' worth of dust that we have received from San Francisco, we send out a full million's worth in produce, in manufactures, in notions generally, and in freight ;but the gold which is raised from the diggings this side, yields, with good management, a vast increase on the outlay, some thirty fold, some sixty, some a hundrea.
8. But, besides all this, there are two discriminating circumstances of a most peculiar character, in which our gold differs from that of California, greatly to the advantage of ours. The first is this : On the Sacramento and Feather rivers, throughout the placers, in all the wet diggings and the dry diggings, and in all the deposits of auriferous quartz,' you can gět but one solitary exhaustive crop from one locality; and, in getting that, you spoil it for any further use. The soil is dug over, worked over, washed over, ground over, sifted over-in short, turned into an abomination of desolation, which all the guano' of the Chincha Islands would not restore to fertility.
9. You can never get from it a second yield of gold, nor any thing else, unless, perhaps a crop of mullen or stramonium.”
* Půl' ver ized, converted into ship, wagon, etc.; the price of transpowder or fine dust.
porting goods. · Nutritious, (nu trish' us), nour. Quartz, (kwårtz), a kind of rock, ishing, promoting growth.
or rather an ingredient of rocks. 3 Mi' das, who is represented as Guano, (gwå no), a rich manure; having the ears of an ass, and the the dung of sea-fowls. power to change every thing that he 8 Stra mõ' niům, a plant having touched into gold.
rank leaves, and large trumpet-shap"Măs' ti cāte, to grind with the ed flowers. It has poisonous properteeth and prepare for swallowing. ties, and is used in medicine to
6 Freight, (frát), the lading of a relieve pain and produce sleep.
The Atlantic diggings, on the contrary, with good management, will yield a fresh crop of the gold every four years, and remain in the interval in condition for a succession of several other good things of nearly equal value.
10. The other discriminating circuimstance is of still more astonishing nature. The grains of the California gold are dead, inorganic' masses. How they got into the gravel; between what mountain mill-stones, whirled by elemental-storm-winds on the - bosom of ocean'ic : torrents, the auriferous ledges were ground - to powder ; by what Titanic hands the coveted grains were
sown broadcast in the placers, human science can but faintly conjecture. We only know that those grains have within them no principle of growth or reproduction, and that when that crop was put in, Chaos must have broken up the soil.
11. How different the grains of our Atlantic gold, sown by s: the prudent hand of man, in the kindly alternā'tion of seed
time and harvest; each curiously, mysteriously organized; hard, horny, seeming lifeless on the outside, but wrapping up in the
interior a seminal germ,' a living principle! Drop a grain of 3: Californiä gold into the ground, and there it will lie unchānged
to the end of time, the clods on which it falls not more cold and lifelèss. Drop a grain of our gold, of our blessèd gold, into the ground, and lo! a mystery. In a few days it softens, it swells, it shoots upward, it is a living thing.
12. It is yěllow itself, but it sends up a delicate spire, which comes peeping, emerald green, through the soil ; it expands to a vigorous stalk; revels in the air and sunshine ; arrays itself, more glorious thap. Solomon, in its broad, fluttering, leafy robes, whose sound, as the west winds whispers through them, falls as pleasantly on the husbandman's ear as the rustle of his sweet
'In'or găn'ic, having no organs; Terra, figurative names for the not found with the organs or instru- heavens and the earth. They were ments of life.
of gigantic size and strength. 2 El'e měnt' al, relating to the 6 Chaos, (
k os), was the name of elements, here meaning earth, air, one of the oldest of the heathen fire, and water.
gods. The proper meaning of the 'Oceanic, (o she &n' ik), pertain- term is that confused mass of mating to the ocean.
ter which existed before the creation * Ti tăn'ic, gigantic. The Titanes of the world. or Titans was a name applied by the Sěm' i nal germ, the germ or ancients to the sons of Cælus and growing principle of the seed.