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·0, I could hew up rocks, and fight with flint,
Aside. "I am far better born than is the king; • More like a king, more kingly in my thoughts: • But I must make fair weather yet a while, • Till Henry be more weak, and I more strong.
O Buckingham, I pr'ythee, pardon me, • That I have given no answer all this while; • My mind was troubled with deep melancholy. • The cause why I have brought this army hither, • Isto remove proud Somerset from the king, * Seditious to his grace, and to the state.
"Buck, That is too much presumption on thy part: • But if thy arms be to no other end, • The king hath yielded unto thy demand; The duke of Somerset is in the Tower. York. Upon thine honour, is he prisoner? Buck. Upon mine honour, he is prisoner.
York. Then, Buckingham, I do dismiss my powers.Soldiers, I thank you all; disperse yourselves; • Meet me to-morrow in Saint George's field, "You shall have pay, and every thing you wish. * And let my sovereign, virtuous Henry, * Command my eldest son,nay, all my sons, * As pledges of my fealty and love, * I'll send them all as willing as I live; * Lands, goods, horse, armour, any thing I have * Is his to use, so Somerset may die.
• Buck. York, I commend this kind submission : We twain will go into his highness' tent."
6 O Buckingham,] 0, which is not in the authentic copy, was added, to supply the metre, by the editor of the second folio.
Malone. 7 We twain will go into his highness' tent.] Shakspeare has here deviated from the original play without much propriety. He has followed it in making Henry come to Buckingham and York, instead of their going to bim;-yet without the introduction found in the quarto, where the lines stand thus : “ Buck. Come, York, thou shalt go speak unto the king;
his grace is coming to meet with us.” Malone.
6 But see,
Enter King HENRY, attended. • K. Hen. Buckingham, doth York intend no harm
(That thus he marcheth with thee arm in arm?
* York. In all submission and humility, * York doth present himself unto your highness. * K. Hen. Then what intend these forces thou dost
bring? • York. To heave the traitor Somerset from hence;8 « And fight against that monstrous rebel, Cade, ( Who since I heard to be discomfited.
Enter Iden, with Cade's Head. • Iden. If one so rude, and of so mean condition, • May pass into the presence of a king, • Lo, I present your grace a traitor's head, • The head of Cade, whom I in combat slew. • K. Hen. The head of Cade?'Great God, how just
art thou! 60, let me view his visage being dead, • That living wrought me such exceeding trouble. · Tell me, my friend, art thou the man that slew him?
• Iden. I was, an 't like your majesty. • K. Hen. How art thou call’d? and what is thy degree? • Iden. Alexander Iden, that's my name;
8 York. To heave the traitor Somerset from hence;] The corresponding speech to this is given in the old play to Buckingham, and acquaints the King with the plea that York bad before made to him for his rising : “ To heave the duke of Somerset,” &c. This variation could never have arisen from copyists, short-hand writers, or printers. Malone.
9 The head of Cade?] The speech corresponding to this in the first part of The Whole Contention, &c. 1600, is alone sufficient to prove that piece the work of another poet:
“ King: First, thanks to heaven, and next, to thee, my
Presageth warlike humours in his life.
• A poor esquire of Kent, that loves his king.
* Buck. So please it you, my lord, 'twere not amiss * He were created knight for his good service. • K. Hen." Iden, kneel down; Che kneels] Rise up a
knight. • We give thee for reward a thousand marks; • And will, that thou henceforth attend on us.
• Iden. May I den live to merit such a bounty, · And never live but true unto his liege ??
• K. Hen. See, Buckingham! Somerset comes with
Go, bid her hide him quickly from the duke.
Enter Queen MARGARET and SOMERSET. "Q. Mar. For thousand Yorks he shall not hide his
head, • But boldly stand, and front him to his face.
* York. How now !? Is Somerset at liberty? • Then, York, unloose thy long-imprison'd thoughts,
And let thy tongue be equal with thy heart. • Shall I endure the sight of Somerset• False king! why hast thou broken faith with me, • Knowing how hardly I can brook abuse? • King did I call thee? no, thou art not king; • Not fit to govern and rule multitudes,
Which dar’st not, no, nor canst not rule a traitor. (That head of thine doth not become a crown; * Thy hand is made to grasp a palmer's staff, • And not to grace an awful princely sceptre. • That gold must round engirt these brows of mine; · Whose smile and frown, like to Achilles' spear, • Is able with the change to kill and cure.
1 May Iden &c.] Iden has said before:
"Lord! who would live turmoiled in a court,
“ And may enjoy,” &c. Shakspeare makes Iden rail at those enjoyments which he supposes to be out of his reach; but no sooner are they offered to him but he readily accepts them. Anonymous.
In Iden's eulogium on the happiness of rural life, and in his acceptance of the honours bestowed by his majesty, Shakspeare has merely followed the old play. Malone.
2 How now,' &c.] This speech is greatly amplified, and in other respects very different from the original, which consists of but ten lines. Malone.
Here is a hand to hold a sceptre up, • And with the same to act controlling laws. «Give place; by heaven, thou shalt rule no more · Q'er him, whom heaven created for thy ruler.
Som. O monstrous traitor!-I arrest thee, York, • Of capital treason 'gainst the king and crown: * Obey, audacious traitor; kneel for grace. * York. Would'st have me kneel? first let me ask of
these, * If they can brook I bow a knee to man.* Sirrah, call in my sons to be my bail ;4 [Exit an Attend. * I know, ere they will have me' go to ward, * They ’ll pawn their swords for
my enfranchisement. Q. Mar. Call hither Clifford ; bid him come amain,
like to Achilles' spear,
PROPERT. Lib. II, El. 1. Greene, in his Orlando Furioso, 1599, has the same allusion:
" Where I took burt, there have I heal'd myself;
“ Fetch'd help at self-same pointed speare.” Malone.
Sirrah, call in my sons to be my bail;] As these lines stand, I think the sense perplexed and obscure. I have ventured to transpose them. Warburton.
I believe these lines should be replaced in the order in which they stood till Dr. Warburton transposed them. By these York means his knees. He speaks, as Mr. Upton would have said, SELY TINWS: laying his hand upon, or at least pointing to, bis knees.
Tyrwhitt. By these York evidently means his sons, whom he had just called for. Tyrwhitt's supposition, that he meant to ask his knees, whether he should bow his knees to any man, is not imagined with his usual sagacity. M. Mason.
I have no doubt that York means either his sons, whom he mentions in the next line, or his troops, to whom he may be supposed to point. Dr. Warburton transposed the lines, placing that which is now the middle line of the speech at the beginning of it. But, like many of his emendations, it appears to have been unnecessary. The folio reads-of thee. The emendation was made by Mr. Theobald. Sons was substituted for son by the edi. tor of the second folio. The correction is justified both by the context and the old play: “ For my enfranchisement," instead of -of my, &c. was likewise his correction. Malone.
say, if that the bastard boys of York * Shall be the surety for their traitor father.
* York. O blood-bespotted Neapolitan, * Outcast of Naples, England's bloody scourge! • The sons of York, thy betters in their birth, • Shall be their father's bail; and bane to thoses • That for my surety will refuse the boys. Enter EDWARD and RichARD PLANTAGENET, with
Forces, at one side;'at the other, with Forces also, old
CLIFFORD and his Son. * See, where they come; I'll warrant they'll make it
good. * Q. Alar. And here comes Clifford, to deny their bail. · Clif. Health and all happiness to my lord the king!
[Kneels. • York. I thank thee, Clifford: Say, what news with thee? Nay do not fright us with an angry look: • We are thy sovereign, Clifford, kneel again; . For thy mistaking so, we pardon thee.
• Clif. This is my king, York, I do not mistake; • But thou mistak'st me much, to think I do :* To Bedlam with him! is the man grown mad? • K. Hen. Ay, Clifford ; a bedlam and ambitious hu
5 Shall be their father's bail; and bane to those - ] Considering how our author loves to play on words similar in their sound, but opposite in their signification, I make no doubt but the author wrote bail and bale. Bale (from whence our common adjective, baleful) signifies detriment, ruin, misfortune, &c. Theobald. Bale, signifies sorrow. Either word may serve. Johnson.
a bedlam and ambitious humour -] The word bedlam was not used in the reign of King Henry the Sixth, nor was Bethlehem Hospital (vulgarly called Bedlam) converted into a house or hospital for lunaticks till the reign of King Henry the Eighth, who gave it to the city of London for that purpose. Grey.
Shakspeare was led into this anachronism by the author of the elder play. Malone.
It is no anachronism, and Dr. Grey was mistaken. “Next unto the parish of St. Buttolph,” says Stow, “is a fayre inne for re. ceipt of travellers: then an Hospitall of S. Mary of Bethelem,
founded by Simon Fitz Mary, one of the Sheriffes of London, ? in the yeare 1246. He founded it to haue beene a priorie of
Çannons with brethren and sisters, and king Edward the thirde granted a protection, which I have seene, for the brethren Milicice beate Marie de Bethlem, within the citie of London, the