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12 The Nominative * noun, the Verb precedes; He most improves, who good instruction heeds. Possessivet nouns, imply, belonging to, The Scholar's duty, is the Master's due. * Nomen, a Name + Possessivus, having possession.
13 The noun's Objective* too, will plain appear, Sands make the mountain, moments make the year ; Nouns follow Verbs in the Objective case, Hence year and mountain, after make we place.
* Ob, to oppose-jective, jacio, to throw. ADJECTIVES. (ad, to—jective, jacro, to throw.)
* Pono, to put, or place.
15 Comparatives* with others are compardThus—you are wiser, and the more endear'd; By most or est Superlativest are seen,Thus, fruits most rare, and fields of richest green. • Comparo, examined with another. + Saper. above, latom, carriedo
I First, the person speaking do declare,
19 Some Pronouns, always Nominative be, As these, I, Thou, We, She, They, Who, und He; Objective, Me, Us, Thee, Them, Whom, Him, Her ; But Ye, You, It, us'd in both cases are.
20 Possessive Pronouns us'd, are My or Mine, Our-ours, Your-yours, Their-theirs, and Thy or thine: Its-his, Her-hers,--thus followed by a Noun, We say, Our house, My hat, Your coat, Her gown.
* Demonstro, to prove.
23 To Pronouns of third person, also give Terms, Antecedent*, likewise Relative: 1 The last to follow and agree in sense With the preceding, the antecedents. * Ante, before-cedent, cedo, to give. + Re, back again, .atum, carrie
* Distribuo, to deal out,
In, not; de, out; finis, the end,
VERBS. (verbum, the word.)
VERB, means a word; the word that doth declare
• Transitio, from one to another.
29 Verbs Passive suffring mean, the “ Ark is built The Neuter these, I smile, you weep, he felt: The neuter oft, are call'd Intransitives, f “You weep," it states—but no instruction gives.
* Intranseo, not passing ovor.
30 With Verbs, Three Persons, in both numbers lie, 1, Thou, He, She,—the plural We, Ye, They: The single Verb, with single Nouns attend, The Subject plural,-plural Verbs are penn'd.
33 The Moods* do next demand our notice here, The manner show, in which the Verbs appear; The moods are Five, their names I'll quickly give, And first, I mention the Indicative.t + Modus, manner. + In, to; dico, to say.
34 This Mood we use, when we do simply say, I learn—You Work,—Girls talk, and Boys love play: Potential* next, implies the pow'r to do, I may, and can, this letter write for you.
* Posse, possum; to be able.
35 Subjunctive* Mood condition's always meant, “ If rich be humble, and if poor content." Imperativet-Commands, - Come hither John: Infinitivet- -no limit,—thus to run. * Sub, under: jungo, to join. + Impero, to rule over.
I In, not : finis, a limit.
36 Verbs vary in their Mood, by Tense* contrould; Mark, tense means Time, which six divisions hold. The Present tense declares, that now I write; The Pastt was writing, though not finish'd quite. * Tempus, time, tcalled by some Imperfect; or preterimperfect.
Pretcrit. + Preterpluperfect.
38 By Second Future* Tense, you thus declare, You shall or will have wash'd, and dress'd with care, All Lessons learnt, at School, and not repine To morrow-morn, before the hour of nine.
* Future Perfect,
• Pars, a Part.
broken on the main.
ADVERBS, a part of speech you will perceive