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275.2. Detailed instructions.-(a) Kinds of traffic.-The traffic reported will be compiled under the following designations or "Kinds of Traffic." Great care will be exercised to see that proper designations are used.
(1) Pertaining to ports. Designation or kinds of traffic:
Applicable to: (Traffic between United States and foreign ports, including
that with the Philippine Islands and the Canal Zone.
For the Great Lakes, list separately under “Canadian" Imports
and “Overseas,” and to the latter add "Via St. Lawrence Exports-
River.” Car ferry traffic between United States and Canadian ports will be separately reported under Imports or Exports as “via car ferry," and be made a part
of the total traffic of the port in question. Domestic traffic between United States ports moving
wholly or in part over oceans, the Gulf of Mexico and important arms thereof, including that with Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. Exceptions: Traffic local to
Chesapeake Bay and Puget Sound localities. Traffic Coastwise receipts.--)
between Great Lakes ports and seacoast ports when
using the St. Lawrence River will be called “Coastwise Coastwise shipments
(receipts or shipments) via St. Lawrence River" and when using the New York Barge Canal will be called “Coastwise (receipts or shipments) via New York Barge Canal (Oswego or Buffalo).” When, in the latter case, traffic is made practicable over inland water
ways the term "Internal" will apply. Lakewise receipts---- Traffic between United States ports on the Great Lakes. Lakewise shipments-
Traffic between a port and a tributary river, creek, or
other inland waterway. Traffic between United States Internal receipts-.. Great Lakes ports and ports or localities reached via Internal shipments--- the New York Barge Canal (Oswego or Buffalo) and
not using the ocean, and traffic via the Illinois Waterway will be designated "Internal (receipts or ship
ments) via (the waterway used).” Traffic at large harbors having several arms or channels
for which separate statistics are given, representing Intraport receipts---- traffic passing from one part of the harbor to another. Intraport shipments- Correctly reported, receipts and shipments should
balance. This also applies at Great Lakes ports, as at Detroit and Chicago, for which consolidated reports are
made. (Includes movements confined to a single port, except car
ferry, general ferry, and cargoes in transit. Also apLocal
plicable to marine products, sand, and gravel taken
Lakes, and brought to a port.
(2) Pertaining to rivers, Federal and private canals, connecting channels, and intracoastal waterways. Designation or kinds of traffic:
Applicable to: Imports
To be used, where found, as at ports, even if terms Exports_
"Upbound" and "Downbound” are used. Coastwise receipts--- (To be used, where found, as at ports, even if terms Coastwise shipments-1 “Upbound” and “Downbound" are used. Internal receipts-----|Traffic between a port and a tributary river, creek, or Internal shipments--- other inland waterway.
Movements within the confines of a river, intracoastal Upbound_-
waterway, or canal. Compass directions may be used Downbound
if these terms are not applicable.
Traffic between two rivers, or between a river and an Inbound
intracoastal waterway, or between two intracoastal Outbound
waterways. Movements of cargo over a river, canal, connecting chan
nel, or intracoastal waterway, or sections thereof, when Through traffic
the cargo is neither loaded nor discharged at points
ways above and below, or vice versa.
(3) Classes of commodities.—The Department of Commerce classification heretofore used is obsolete and its use will be discontinued. Copies of the latest published classification will be supplied for use in the preparation of the statistics. For convenience, and in order to make comparisons with previous years, groups 00 and 0 will be used in one term, viz., Animals and animal products. Group 1, will be called Vegetable food products; group 2, Vegetable products, inedible; group 3, Textiles; group 4, Wood and paper; group 5, Nonmetallic minerals; group 6, Ores, metals, and manufactures of; group 7, Machinery and vehicles; group 8, Chemicals; and group 9, Unclassified. Class totals will be shown for tons only.
(4) The following commodities will always be reported separately under their proper classifications, regardless of quantity :
Coal; Anthracite and bituminous, separately. List bunker coal separately and designate “Bunker”.
Cotton: Raw, linters, and waste, separately.
Iron and steel, unmanufactured, including pigs, blooms, ingots, billets, and scrap. (When practicable, list separately.)
Iron and steel, rolled, including bars, rods, sheets, plates, rails, structural, pipe, wire, fencing. (When practicable, list separately.)
Lumber, including laths, shingles, millwork. (When practicable, list separately.)
Logs, including piles, poles, posts, mine props, railroad ties. (When practicable, list separately.),
Marine products, including fish, oysters, clams, etc. (When practicable, list separately.)
Refined oils, including gasoline, kerosene, benzine, naphtha, lubricating oils, etc. (When practicable, list separately.)
Residual oil products, including paraffin, grease, wax. (When practicable, list separately.)
(5) The number of commodities under each class, including the general item "All other”, will not exceed 20. Except for the commodities listed in subparagraph (4) above, a commodity will not be separately reported when the quantity is less than 25 tons, and minor items will as far as practicable be consolidated! under general heads. When the total tonnage under a class is small, an entry of the total in the commodity and class columns will suffice. If commodities: listed include tonnages of material used in river and harbor improvements, explanation will be made by footnotes. Such items as garbage, rubbish, ashes, cinders, etc., when carried away from a port in scows or barges and dumped in a waterway or the ocean as a means of disposal will not be included in the statistics, except by footnote.
(6) The tons of each commodity will be stated. The total tons for each “Kind of traffic" will be entered as shown in printed reports. In lieu of values as formerly printed, the wholesale commodity value list will be printed as part of Part 2 of the Annual Report. Reference can be made to this list in case the value of the traffic of a particular project or locality is desired.
(7) For each river, canal, and connecting channel reported upon, the total tons of miscellaneous bulk, rafted, and package freight will be separately determined and entered below the “Grand total” figures on the final sheet of Form 3. In the separation of bulk and package freight the following general rule will apply: Bulk freight includes such commodities as grain, ore, fish, oysters, sand and gravel, stone, etc., that are not sacked, boxed, bundled, or otherwise assembled, but are carried loose in the vessel. Package freight includes grain in sacks, fish and oysters in barrels or boxes, lumber in small quantities carried with a mixed cargo, and all such items as are sacked, boxed, bundled, or otherwise assembled, or manufactured products handled individually.
(8) Entries in the columns headed "Average haul" and "Rates per ton-mile" on Form 3 will not be made for ports, including waterways considered to be a part thereof, such as the various waterways constituting the port of New York. For each river or other waterway, not constituting a part of a port the
average haul and rate per ton-mile will be stated for each commodity, when practicable. If impracticable to give the average haul for each commodity, the estimated total ton-mileage figure for all commodities will follow the “Grand total”, at the conclusion of each such river, canal, or connecting channel report. The total ton-miles will cover the haul within the limits set forth for each waterway under the head of "Section included.” When, however, a waterway has tonnage leaving or arriving over a large body of water, such as Chesapeake Bay or Puget Sound, for which no specific report is made, the ton-mileage on the waterway in question should include the additional haul. Example: Patuxent River, Md., on Chesapeake Bay, tonnage moving over Chesapeake Bay, for which no specific report is made, to Baltimore.
275.3. Instructions relative to forms.-(a) Form 1.-(1) The name of the port or waterway will be stated at the top of the page under "Locality.” The section to which the included statistics pertain will be briefly stated under “Section included.”
(2) Concise data will be given regarding controlling and project depths, including distances in miles and names of localities. The depths specified will be at the plane of the adopted project. The duration of the navigation season will be stated, including the actual dates of the opening and closing of navigation.
(3) Comparative statement of traffic.-Statistics under this heading will cover a period of 10 years whenever practicable. For each year the following data will be given:
Vessel traffic, tons.
Additional traffic, tons, under the headings of "Car ferry", "General ferry", and “Cargoes in transit.”
(4) The foregoing data will be arranged in tabular form following either Form A or B as shown below, as far as applicable :
(0) Forms 2 and 3-(1) These forms apply to foreign and domestic traffic, respectively, for both ports and waterways. Reports will be submitted for alli ports and all waterways, including private canals.
(2) Car ferry traffic on the Great Lakes differs from the ordinary car ferry service elsewhere because of its long haul and use of maximum depths of water. It will be reported on Forms 2 and 3, as heretofore, under appropriate headings as to "Kind of Traffic" (Par. 275.2 (a)).
(c) Form 4(1) Car ferry traffic, except on the Great Lakes and explained in the preceding paragraph, general ferry traffic, and cargoes in transit will be reported on this form, but not in such detail as required for statistics included in Forms 2 and 3. Traffic of this character is “Additional traffic,” to be included in Form 1 (Par. 275.3 (a) (3)).
(2) Tonnages for other car ferry traffic, with the exception of long-haul car ferry service on some rivers and at seacoast ports, will not be made a part of the total figures credited to the port or waterway. The procedure heretofore followed will be continued. Where car ferries cross rivers or other bodies of water and whose operations do not generally require the project depths or other improvements as at Mississippi River crossings, Detroit River at Detroit, and others similar thereto, the following information will suffice:
Number of trips of ferries in each direction; draft of these ferries; number of empty cars transported in each direction; number of loaded cars and less-than-carloads, and the tons of freight carried in each direction
without separation into kinds of commodities or their values. (3) General ferry and short-haul traffic across rivers will be separately reported, as heretofore, but only when use is made of a substantial stretch of the waterway and when a report thereon is deemed to be of importance to the project,
(4) Cargoes in transit consist of tonnage remaining on board vessels when passing over the waters of a port, or parts of a port, for which statistics are rendered, when such a passage is incidental to the movement of the vessel on its journey between a locality above the port in question to a locality below, or vice versa. Similar circumstances may occur on some rivers or other waterways, At localities where such traffic might be considered to be "Through traffic,” which term applies only to waterways and not ports, as at Oswego, Buffalo, Chicago, cargoes in transit may be separated to show amounts moved "Incidentally' and “Of necessity.” “Cargoes in transit, of necessity” will be reported for such ports "at which this form of traffic occurs. "Cargoes in transit, incidentally" will be reported only for such cargo tonnages as are carried by vessels whose