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ferired and ContinúAn Act lo afford relief to those PERSONS who may be entitled to CLAIM LANDS in this

ed by 481h Geo. III. Province, as HEIRS or DEVISEES of the Noininccs of the Crown, in cases where no Patent c 10.-522 c 9. . 5611 bath issued for such Lands.

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[ 2d March, 1805. ] W HEREAS it is expedient to afford relief to those Persons, who may

Prcanibles W be entitled to Claim Lands in this Province, as Heirs or Devisces of the Nominees of the Crown, in cases where no Patent hath issued for such Lands, Be it therefore enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and Assembly of the Province of Upper-Canada, constituted and assembled by virtue of, and under the authority of an Act passed in the Parliament of Great Britain, intituled, “ An Act to repeal certain parts of an Act passed in the fourteenth year of His Majesty's Reign, intituled, 'An Act for making more effectual provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America, and to make further provision for the Government of the said Province," and by the authority of thesame, 'That it shall and may be lawful for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or Person administering the Government of this Province, at any time within three years after the passing of this Act, to issue such and so many Commissions under the Great Seal of this Province, to the Members of the Executive Council thereof, His Majesty's Chief Justice appointed. of the said Province, and the Justices of the Court of King's Bench therein, for the time being, as he shall think fit, which said Commissioners, or any three of them, of whom the said Chief Justice, or one of the said Justices shall be one, in cases brought before them, as such Cominissioners, respecting Lands within the said Province, where the Nominee or Nominees of the Crown'to these Lands, is or are dead, without having obtained His Majesty's Letters Patent for the same, in his, her, or their life times, shall, by and under the authority of such Commission or Commissions, have full power and autho- Commissioners to as

certain who are the rity in manner herein after mentioned, to ascertain, determine and declare beirs or deyizees of who is, or are the heir, or heils, devisee or devisees of the said Nominee, or

nee, u Crown to lands. Nominees of the Crown to such Lands. .

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Il And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every person or persons, claiming any Lot or Lots of Land within this Province, as being the heir or heirs, devisee or devisees of the nominee or nominces of the Crown to such Lands, for which said Lot or Lots, Parcel or Parcels of Land, His Majesty Letters Patent have not been obtained, to come either personally or by agent, duly authorised, before and produce to such Commissioners, or any three of theni;. whereof the said Chief Justice, or some one of the said Justices shall be one all such documents and evidences as he, she, or they may possess, for the Documents and evid

chloin ordences to be produced purpose of satisfying such Commissioners of the validity of such claim or claims, for which purpose such Commissioners, or any one of them are, and he is hereby authorised and empowered to administer such oath or oaths, Commissioners to adeither to the party or parties claiming to be heir or heirs, devisee or devisces

use of salients and. evice or some ommissioners,

minister oat'is to the of the nominee or nominees of the Crown, to the said lot or lois, -parcel or witnesses. Parcels of land as aforesaid, or to the witness, or witnesses appearing in sup: W.2

port.

parties, and to surmot

port of such claim or claims, as shall be judged proper and expedient, and also by summons under the signature of any one of them the said Commissioners, to require the attendance of all and every such person or persons, whose evidence may be judged necessary, to ascertain the validity of any such claim or claims, or to explain the subject matter thereof, and in such summons, also, to order the production of all such books, papers, or documents, as shall be in the custody or power of any such person or persons whose attendance shall be so required by such suminons, in such manner, as sucht Commissioner or Commissioners signing such summons shall deem expedient ; which suinmons, all and every person or persons, to whom the same shall be directed, is and are, hereby required to obey, upon being duly serv

ed therewith, under the penalty of twenty pounds of lawsul money of this in einelty for not obey

ey. Province, to be recovered in like manner as the costs and expences of wit

nesses are by this Act herein after directed to be recovered.

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Provided always nevertheless, And it is hereby declared, that the said Com

missioners, acting under such authority as aforesaid, are hereby authorized Nature of the testi: and empowered, to receive such written or oral testimony as may be promony to be received. duced to them, whether the same be, or be not consistent with the rules of

evidence laid down by the laws of England, and to give and allow such force and effect to such testimony as Justice in each respective case shall in their judgment require.

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II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That after the said

Commissioners shall, by virtue of the said Cominission, or Commissions, termine and report up- have examined such claim or claims as aforesaid, they shall be at liberty, I on the claims.

and they are hereby authorized either to reject such claim or claims, or to allow the same, as in their judgment, the justice and equity of the case may require, without any regard io legal forms and solemnities whatsoever, and to report on the same accordingly, which said report shall be final and conclusive, and shall be addressed to the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or Person administering the Government of this Province, in Council, and from thenceforth it shall and may be lawful for the said Governor, Lieute

nant Governor or Person Administering the Government, in Council, to issue Letters Patent to is.

His Majesty's Letters Patent, under the Great Seal of this Province, for the lot or lots, parcel or parcels of Land specified in said report, to or in trust for such person or persons, his, her, or their heirs and assigns, as are therein ascertained and declared by the said Commissioners, to be the heir or heirs, devisee or devisees of the nominee or nominees of the Crown to the said

lot or lots, parcel or parcels of Land respectively ; Provided nevertheless, Effect of the Letters Patent to be issued.

That the said Letters Patent so to be issued as aforesaid, shall have such and none other force, operation, or effect, in Law or in equity, touching and concerning any charge, incumbrance, lien, matter or thing, upon or relating to the said lot or lots, parcel or parcels of Land, save and except the establish. ing the claim or claims of the person or persons, to or in trust for whom the said lot or lots, parcel or parcels of Land by the said Letters Patent shall be granted and conveyed, to be the heir or heirs, devisee or devisees, to the nominee or nominees of the Crown to the same, than if His Majesty's Letters Patent had been obtained for the said lot or lots, parcel or parcels of Land by the said nominee or nominees in his, her or their life times, any thing

herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding. Provided also, That no-
thing herein contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to the claim
or claims of any person or persons, who shall be ascertained and declared by
the said Commissioners to be the heir or heirs, devisee or devisees of the
nominee or norninees of the Crown, to any lot or lots, parcel or parcels of
Land within this Province, other than to such lot or lots, parcel or parcels of
Land, as shall by the said Commissioners be specified in their said report as
aforesaid, and that all claims, of what nature or kind soever, to any lands
within this Province, other than to such Lands as shall be so specified and
set forth by the said Commissioners, shall continue and remain as if this Act
had never been made.

IV. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That where any

Instruments loy which such nominee or nominees, as aforesaid, in his, her, or their life times, and lands are charged to be under his, her or their hand and seal, or hands and seals, shall have executed registered. any written instrument giving, or purporting to give, any charge, incumbrance or lien, on any such lot or lots, parcel or parcels of land, so claimed and allowed as aforesaid, it shall and may be lawful for the person or persons in whose behalf such instrument may have been executed, his, her, or their heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, to cause the same to be registered in the office or offices of the Register or Registers, for the county or counties, in which any such lot or lots, parcel or parcels of land shall respectively lie or be situated ; and such written instrument shall have the same (and no other) force, validity and effect, than if such nominee or nominees had at the time of executing the same been in possession of a Patent from the Crown for such lot, or lots, parcel or parcels of Land as aforesaid.

V. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That any person or persons, to whoin any Lands have been allowed by the Commissioners for Commissioners to de

"termine the claims of The securing and ascertaining titles to Lands in this Province, under and by the heirs or devizees of virtue of certain Acts of the Legislature thereof, passed in the thirty-seventh, persons allowed lands

"S under former commisthirty-ninth, and forty-second years of His Majesty's Reign, which said per- sioners, and report upson or persons, is or are dead, without having obtained His Majesty's Letters on the same. Patent for the same, may and shall for the purposes of this Act, be considered as the nominee or nominees of such Land, and the Commiissioners to be appointed under and by virtue of this Act, may and are, hereby authorised, to examine the claim or claims brought before them, by or in behalf of the heir or heirs, devisee or devisees of such person or persons as last aforesaid ; and to hear and determine, such claim or claims in like manner, and under the same regulations, provisoes, and restrictions as are by this Act directed to be observed, with respect ro the claim or claims brought before them, by the heir or heirs, devisee or devisees of any nominee or nominees of the Crown, and shall report thereon in like manner, and such report shall be final and conclusive, and have the same and no other force and effect : and it shall and may be lawful for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or Person administering the Government, in like manner to issue His Majesty's Letters Patent Letters Patent to isfor the lot or lots, parcel or parcels of land, specified in such last mentioned

devizees. report, to, or in trust for, such person or persons, bis, her, or their heirs or assigns, as are therein ascertained and declared by the said Commissioners, to be the heir, or heirs, devisee or devisees, of the person or persons, to whom

any

sue to the said beirs or

45th year

any lands may have been allowed by the Commissioners acting under and by virtue of any foriner Act or Acts of the Legislature of this Province, herein before mentioned.

Report obtained by VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in case the surprize, when to be re

said Commissioners, or either of them, shall, during their sitting, or within heard, and new claims to be let in,

thirty days after they shall have signed the said report or reports, and before His Nsajesty's Letters Pateut shall have issued in pursuance thereof, by representation from any person or persons claiming to be interested therein, be satisfied, or have reason to believe, that the said reports or either of them, 50 far as respects the allowance of the claim or claims, of any person or per:sons, to any lot or lots, parcel or parcels of Land specified therein, as being the heir or heirs, devisee or devisces as aforesaid, have been obtained by surprize, or have been erroneously made, and that justice requires, so far as respects the said claim or claims, that the said reports or either of them should be slaid, then and in such case, it shall and may be lawsul, to and for the said Commissioners, or any other Coinmissioners who may sit in the execution of the said Commission, or any subsequent Commission, to rehear such claim or claims, or to let in any new claim or claims, of such other person or persons as may be, or pretend to be, such heir or heirs, devisee or devisees, as aforesaid, to the said lot or lots of Land, and upon such rehearing, such Commissioners shall be at liberty to report upon ihe claim or claims, thereupon reheard, as if no report had before been made thereon, and such Commissioners shall be at liberty, if they shall judge it expedient to justice, to order

such person or persons at whose instance such rehearing was obtained, to Costs to be allowed

pay such sum or sums of money to the person or persons in whose favor a by the Commissioners.

report shall have been first made, as they shall see just, to be recovered in like manner as the costs and expences of witnesses are by this Act herein after directed to be recovered.

VII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said Com. Place and time of mics,

missioners shall hold their sittings in the Town of York twice in the year, that ailling of the Comin'rs. ! (a) See 32d Geo. II. is to say, during the first ten days in the month of June in each year, and the

ten days next succeeding each and every Session of the Legislature of this Province (except the present that shall and may be held in each and every year during the continuance of this Act : (a) Provided always, nevertheless, That when the Commissioners shall have good reason to believe, that there will not be sufficient business to require their daily attendance throughout the term limited for their sittings as aforesaid, they may be at liberty to adjours for any time within the same that may be consistent with the dispatch of such business as may be brought before them.

Notices to be put up

VIII.. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said in the uffices of the Commissioners shall not proceed to examine any such claim or claims as Clerks of the Peace, and produced to the aforesaid, unless notice specifying such claim or claims, and the name of Commissioners.

names of the claimant or claimants, together with the number of the lot of lots, and the concession or concessions, with the name or names of the Town. ship or Townships in which the Lands so claimed do lie, be put up in sone conspicuous part of the office of the Clerk of the Peace for the District in which any such lot or lots may be respectively situated, and until a certiticate shall be produced to the said Commissioners, under the hand of the Clerk of the Peace of such District, that such notice had been so put up for at least thirty days before the said claim or claims shall come to be heard before the said Commissioners ; and for putting up such claim, and giving such certificate, it shall and may be lawful for the Clerks of the Peace to ask and receive the sum of two shillings and six pence, and no more.

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IX. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in all cases in Proceedings of the which, before the Commissioners shall have proceeded to decide upon the Commissioners upon

adverse claims. right to any particular lot or tract of Land, two or more notices, by different persons, shah bave been fixed up in the office of the Clerk of the Peace, claiming adversely, such particular lot or tract of Land, it shall and may be lawful to and for such Commissioners to defer or delay the hearing of such adverse claims, or either of them, and to give to all, any, or either of such claimants, such further or enlargecetime for the production of evidence, and for the decision of such claim or claims, as such Commissioners shall deen expedient to justice.

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X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the said Com. missioners, or any three of them, of whom the said Chief Justice, or one of the said Justices shall be one, shall have power and authority, when and so often as the nature and circumstances of the case shall require it, to issue one or more commission or commissions, for the examination of witnesses, touching any such claim or claims as aforesaid, as may be brought before them.

XI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in case any Penalty of swearing

falsely before tbe Comperson or persons, who shall appear before the said Commissioners, to give missioners. evidence respecting any such claim or claims as aforesaid, shall wilfully or corruptly forswear him, her, or themselves, in giving such evidence, he, she, o they shall incur the like pains and penalties, as would have been incurred upon a conviction of wilful and corrupt perjury, in any evidence given in His Majesty's Court of King's Bench in this Province, in any cause there depending.

XII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That in all cases, Costs to be allowed

by the commissioners in which witnesses shall have duly appeared, to give evidence before such io witnesses, and loir Commissioners, either voluntarily or in obedience to such sunimons as afore. to be recovered. said, it shall and may be lawful to and for said Commissioners, to order and direct the party or parties who shall have produced such witness or witnesses, to pay such witness or witnesses, for his, her, or their loss of time and expences, such sum or sums of money as the said Commissioners in their judgment shall deem equitable and just, which order the party or parties, upon whom the same shall be made, is, and are, and he, she, and they, is and are hereby required and enjoined to obey, and such sum or sums of money, shall and may be recovered, and recoverable, under and by the authority of this Act, by action or suit in any of His Majesty's. Courts of Justice in this Province, due regard being had to their respective jurisdictions.

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