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Charter of the Province of Pennsylvania, in case the same shall be so intersected; and from thence along the said Northern and Western boundaries of the said Province, until the said Western boundary strike the Ohio; but in case the said bank of the said Lake shall not be found to be so intersected, then following the said bank until it shall arrive at that point of the said, bank which shall be nearest to the North Western angle of the said Province of Per sylvania, and thence by a right line, to the said North Western angle of the said Province; and thence along the Western boundary of the said Province, until it strike the River Ohio; and along the bank of the said River, Westward, to the banks of the Mississippi, and Northward to the Southern boundary of the Territory granted to the Merchants Adventurers of England, trading to Hudson's Bay, and also all such Territories, Islands and Countries, which have, since the tenth of February, one thousand se.
ven hundred and sixty-three, been made part of the Government of NewAndexed to the Pro- foundland, be, and they are hereby, during Ilis Majesty's pleasure, annex. vince of Quebec.
ed to, and made part and parcel of the Province of Quebec, as created and established by the said Royal Proclamation of the seventh of October, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-three.
II. Provided always, That nothing herein contained, relative to the boundary of the Province of Quebec, shall in any wise affect the boundaries of any other Colony.
IIl. Provided always, and be it enacted, That nothing in this Act contained, shall extend, or be construed to extend, to make.void, or to vary or alter any right, title, or possession, derived under any grant, conveyance, or otherwise howsoever, of or to any Lands within the said Province, or the Provinces thereto adjoining; but that the same shall remain and be in force, and have effect, as if this Act had never been made.
IV. And whereas the provisions made by the said Proclamation, in respect to the Civil Government of the said Province of Quebec, and the powers and authorities given to the Governor and other civil officers of the said Province, by the grants and commissions issued in consequence thereof, have been found upon experience, to be inapplicable to the state and circumstances of the said Province, the inhabitants whereof amounted, at the conquest, to above sixty-five thousand persons professing the Religion of the Church of Rome, and enjoying an established form of Constitution and system of Laws, by which their persons and property had been protected, go
verned, and ordered, for a long series of years, from the first establishment Former provisions of the said Province of Canada; Be it ther-fore further enacted by the authority wall and void.
aforesaid, That the said Proclamation, so far as the same relates to the said Province of Quebec, and the Commission under the authority whereof the Government of the said Province is at present administered, and all and every the Ordinance and Ordinances, made by the Governor and Council of Quebec for the time being, relative to the Civil Government and administration of Justice in the said Province, and all Commissions to Judges and other Officers thereof, be, and the saine are hereby revoked, annulled, and inade void, from and after the first day of May, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five.
V. And for the more perfect security and ease of the minds of the inhabi- Inhabitants of Quebec
may profess the Ronish tants of the said Province, it is hereby declared, that His Majesty's subjects religion, azt." professing the Religion of the Church of Rome, of and in the said Province of Quebec, may have, hold and enjoy, the free exercise of the Religion of.. the Church of Rome subject to the King's supremacy, declared and established by an Act made in the first year of the Reign of Queen Eli over all the Dominions and Countries which then did, or thereafter should belong, to the Imperial Crown of this Realm and that the Clergy of the. said Church may hold, receive, and enjoy their accustomed Tues and rights, with respect to such persons only as shall profess the said Religion.
VI. Provided nevertheless, That it shall be lawful for His Majesty, His Heirs or Successors, to make such provision out of the rest of the said accustomed dues and rights, for the encouragement of the Protestant Religion, and for the maintenance and support of a Protestant Clergy within the said Province, as he or they shall from time to time, think necessary and expedient.
VII. Provided always, and be it enacted, That no person professing the Re- No person professing ligion of the Church of Rome, and residing in the said Province, shall be the. Ronnish religion
obliged to take the oath obliged to take the oath required by the said Statute, passed in the first of i Elizabeth, but to year of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, or any other oaths substituted by take the foliowing oatli. any oher Act in the place thereof; but that every such person who, by the said Statute, is required to take the oath therein mentioned, shall be ob. liged, and is hereby required, to take and subscribe the following oath, before the Governor, or such other person in such Court of Record as His Majesty shall appoint, who are hereby authorised to administer the same, viz.
* 1, A. B. do sincerely promise and swear, that I will be faithful, and bear true allegiance to His Majesty King George, and him will defend to the utmost of my power, against all traitorous conspiracies and attempts whatso. ever, which shall be made against his Person, Crown and Dignity; and I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, all treasons, and traitorous conspiracies and attempts, which I shall know to be against him or any of them; and all this I do swear without any equivocation, mental evasion, or secret reservation, and renouncing all pardons and dispensations from any Power and Person whomsoever to the contrary-So help me God.”
And every such person who shall neglect or refuse to take the said oath before mentioned, shall incur and be liable to the same penalties, forfeitures disabilities and incapacities, as he would have incurred and been liable to, for neglecting or refusing to take the oath required by the said Statute passed in the first year of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth.
VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all Iis Majesty's Canadian subjects within the Province of Quebecthe Religious (religious orders ex
cepted) may hold all Orders and Communities only excepted, may also hold and enjoy their pro- leite
perty and possessions, together with all customs and usages relative there.to, and all other their civil rights, in as large, ample, and beneficial man
ner, as if the said Proclamation, Commissions, Ordinances, and other Acta and Instruments, had not been made, and as may consist with their allegiance to His Majesty, and subjection to the Crown and Parliament of Great Britain; and that in all matters of controversy_relative to property and civil rights, resort shall be had to the Laws of Canada, as the rule for the decigion of the same; and all causes that shall hereafter be instituted in any of the Courts of Justice, to be appointed within and for the said Province, by His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, shall with respect to such property and rights, be determined agreeably to the said Laws and Customs of Canada, until they shall be varied or altered by any Ordinances, that shall, from time to time, be passed in the said Province, by the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or Commander in Chief, for the time being, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council of the same, to be appointed in mannor hereinafter mentioned.
IX. Provided always, That nothing in this Act contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to any lands that have been granted by His Majesty, or shall hereafter be granted by His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, jo be holden in free and common soccage.
X. Provided also, That it shall and may be lawful to and for every person
1. Troviaeu also, Inai that is owner of any lands, goods, or credits, in the said Province, and that has a right to alienate the said lands, goods, or credits, in his or her life-time, by deed of sale, gift, or otherwise, to devize or bequeath the same, at his or her death, by his or her last will and testament; any Law, usage or custom, heretofore or now prevailing in the Province, to the contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding; such will being executed, either according to the Laws of Canada, or according to the forms prescribed by the Law of England.
Law of XI. And whereas the certainty and lenity of the Criminal Laws of England, England to be continu. and the benefit and advantages resulting from the use of it, have been sened in the Pruvince,
sibly felt by the inhabitants, from an experience of more than nine years, during which it has been uniformly adininistered; Be it therefore further enacted by the authority aforesuid, That the same shall continue to be admi. nistered, and shall be observed as Law in the Province of Quebec, as well in the description and quality of the offence, as in the method of prosecnition and trial; and the punishments and forfeitures thereby inflicted, to the exclusion of every other rule of Criminal Law, or mode of proceeding there. on, which did or might prevail in the said Province, before the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred aud sixty-four; any thing in this Act to the contrary thereof in any respect notwithstanding ; subiect nevertheless to such alterations and amendments as the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, or Commander in Chief, for the time being, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council of the said Province, hereafter to be appointed shall, from time to time, cause to be made therein, in manner here. in after directed.
whereas, it is at present foresaid, That it shall and
a Mis or their Signet
XII. And whereas, it may be necessary to ordain many regulations for the future welfare and good government of the Province of Quebec, the occasions of which cannot now be foreseen, nor, without much delay and inconvenience, be provided for, without intrusting that authority, for a certain time, and under proper restrictions, to persons resident there; And whereas, it is at present inexpedient to call an Assembly; Be it therefore His Majesty may, apo enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful for His point a Council, &č Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, by warrant under His or their Signet or Sign Manual, and with the advice of the Privy Council, to constitute and appoint a Council for the affairs of the Province of Quebec, to consist of such persons resident there, not exceeding twenty-three, nor less than se. venteen, as His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, shall be pleased to appoint; and, upon the death, removal, or absence of any of the Members of the said Council, in like manner to constitute and appoint such and so many other person or persons as shall be necessary to supply the vaconey or vacancies; which Council, se appointed and nominated, or the major part thereof, shall have power and authority to make Ordinances for the peace, welfare, and good government of the said Province, with the consent of His Majesty's Governor, or in his absence, of the Lieutenant Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being.
XIII. Provided always, That nothing in this Act contained shall extend to authorize or empower the said Legislative Council to lay any taxes or duties within the said Provinee, such rates and taxes only excepted, as the inhabitants of any Town or District, within the said Province, may be authorised by the said Council to assess, levy, and apply, within the said Town or District, for the purpose of making roads, erecting and repairing public buildings, or for any other purpose respecting the local convenience and economy of such Town or District..
XIV. Provided also, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every Ordinance so to be made, shall, within six months, be transmitted by the Governor, or in his absence, by the Lieutenant Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being, and laid before His Majesty for his Royal Approbation; and if His Majesty shall think fit to disallow thereof, the same shall cease, and be void from the time that His Majesty's Order in Council: thereupon shall be promulgated. at Quebec.
XV. Provided also, That no Ordinance touching Religion, or by which any punishment may be inflicted greater than line or imprisonment for three months, shall be of any force or effect, until the same shall have received His Majesty's approbation.
XVI. Provided also, That no Ordinance shall be passed at any meeting When Ordidances are of the Council where less than a majority of the whole Council is present, to be pessed Wya-ma or at any time except between the first day of January and the first day of May, unless upon some urgent occasion, in which case every Member thereof resident at Quebec or within fifty miles thereof, shall be personally summoned by the Governor, olj, in his absence, by the Lieutenant Governor, or Commander in Chief for the time being, to attend the same. XVIIS
XVII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That nothing herein contained, shall extend or be construed to extend, to prevent or hinder His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, by his or their Letters Patent, under the Great Seal of Great Britain, from erecting, constituting, and appointing such Courts of Criminal, Civil, and Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, within and for the said Province of Quebec, and appomung, from time to time, the Judges and Officers thereof, as His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, shall think necessary and proper for the circumstances of the said Province.
Great Britain heree of His Majesty and also, all Arts and Plantation
XVIII. Provided always, and it is hereby enacted, That nothing in this Act contained shall extend, or be construed to extend, to repeal or make void within the said Province of Quebec, any Act or Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain heretofore made, for prohibiting, restraining, or regulating the
trade or commerce of His Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in America; 115 but that all and every the said Acts, and also, all Acts of Parliament hereto
fore made concerning or respecting the said Colonies and Plantations, shall be, and are hereby declared to be, in force within the said Province of Quebec, and every part thereof.
CH A P. LXXXVIII.
Certain duties im. posed by his most Christian Majesty upon Rum, Breddy, &c. im. ported into Quebec.
An Act to establish a Fund towards further defraying the Charges of the Administration of Jus
tice, ani Support of the Civil Government within the Province of Quebec, in America. THEREAS, certain Duties were imposed by the authority of His Most
V Christian Majesty, upon Wine, Rum, Brandy, Eau de Vie de Liqueur, imported into ihe Province of Canada, now called the Province of Quebec, and also a duty of three pounds per centum ad valorem, upon all dry goods imported into, and exported from the said Province, which Duties subsisted at the time of the surrender of the said Province to your Majesty's forces in the lale war: And whereas, it is expedient that the said Duties should cease and be discontinued ; and that in lieu and instead thereof, other Duties should be raised by the authority of Parliament, for making a more adequate provision for defraying the charge of the Administration of Justice, and the Support of the Civil Government in the said Province: We your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal Subjects, the Commons of Great Britain, in Parliament assembled, do most humbly beseech Your Majesty that it may be enacted, and be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from and after the fifth day of April, one thousand seven hundred and seventy five, all the Duties which were imposed upon Rum, Brandy, Eau de Vie de Liqueur, within the said Province, and also of three pounds per centum ad valorem, on dried Goods imported into, or exported from the said Province, ander the authority of His Most Christian Majesty, shall be and are hereby
lu be discontinued.