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Holbrooke's Tacitus A B с D

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40 Templ.Jenonis Reg. E.5.

41 Lunae.
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42 Martis .G.6.
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43 Mercurii

44 1: 42.000

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45
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Passus Romani.

F.3.
Horu
Porta gallina

46

Solis
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Augusti

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BASILICULAN

48 Veneriset Romael.4.
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Purta! 49 Theatrum Pompgi D.3.
VII
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50 Ustrina.

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2
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2 Constantini F.4.
3

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12 Colossus durelii E.2.

Theodosi 13 Neronis F. +.

etValerii 41

M. CAELIO LUS 14 Domisurca Jeronis G.4 Nanmachia

Regiones Augusti
15 Domitiani ..F.4.

Horai
Diame

I Porta Capena
Tiberiana... E. t.

esta
16

II Caelimontium

PE
Caesarini
tvertalis

Capena
17 Forum Augusti . KEJ.
ac Drust

II. Isis et Serapis
Mirrmaniers
18 Caesaris E.3. 29 Porticus Philippi E,3.

IV Templum Pacis
19 Nervue 1.3. 30 Ponpeja . D.3.
Portay

V Esquiliae
Portuensis
20
Olitorum E.4. 31 Septizonium
.E.5.

V Alta Seruita
21 Romanum. E.4. 32 Impl Aesculapu

Paeria
XIII

VII Via Lata

Remuria
22 Trajani E.3. 33 Dantonini E.2.

VIII Forum Romanum.
23 Pons Adins C.2. 34 Apollinis ..E.3.

IX Circus Flaminius 24 Fabricius E4. 33 * Cererisa Nerc E.4. Sepc.Cestin

Lama

X Palatium
6
25 Porticus Argonau.E.3. 36

Porta

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Ostiensis

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XI Circus Maximus
Minacia..5.4 37
26

Pistoriury
FortisFortunae D. 5.

XI Piscina Publica
27
Octaviae E3, 38 Dhadriani ...E. 2.

XIT Aventirius
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Wagner Dibes Goog Estab Teipete

CORNELII TACITI

CONTENTS. A.D. 14. 1. Rome under kings and consuls. 2-5. Government and

death of Augustus. 6. Murder of Agrippa Postumus. 7. Behaviour of Tiberius.

8-10. Testament, funeral, and character of Augustus. 11-15. Early measures

of Tiberius. 16-23. A mutiny of the Pannonian legions 24-30. is quelled by

Drusus Jr. 31, 32. A more formidable revolt of the German armies 33-49. is

suppressed with greater difficulty by Germanicus. 50, 51. Expedition against

the Marsi. 52. Jealousy of Tiberius. 53. Death of Julia Jr. 54. Sodales

Augustales. Theatre riots.

A.D. 15. 55-59. Germanicus attacks the Chatti. Thusnelda captured.

Segestes and Arminius. 60. The Cherusci take up arms. 61, 62. Germanicus
visits the scene of Varus's defeat. 63. Drawn battle with Arminius. 64-70. Dis-
astrous retreat of the legions. 71. Surrender of Segimerus. 72-74. Tiberius
revives the treason laws. 75. Liberality of Tiberius. 76. The Tiber overflows.
Achaia and Macedonia relieved from senatorial government. 77. Theatre
riots. 78. Temple of Augustus. Centesima tax. 79. Regulation of the Tiber.
80. Provincial policy of Tiberius. 81. Elections.

A.D. 14.

1. Urbem Romam a principio reges habuere ; libertatem et A.U.C. 767.
consulatum L. Brutus instituit. Dictaturae ad tempus sume-
bantur; neque decemviralis potestas ultra biennium, neque

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tribunorum militum consulare ius diu valuit. Non Cinnae, non 5 Sullae longa dominatio ; et Pompei Crassique potentia cito in

Caesarem, Lepidi atque Antonii arma in Augustum cessere, qui cuncta discordiis civilibus fessa nomine principis sub imperium accepit. Sed veteris populi Romani prospera vel

adversa claris scriptoribus memorata sunt; temporibusque 10 Augusti dicendis non defuere decora ingenia, donec gliscente

adulatione deterrerentur. Tiberii Gaique et Claudii ac Neronis res florentibus ipsis ob metum falsae, postquam occiderant, recentibus odiis compositae sunt. Inde consilium mihi

pauca de Augusto et extrema tradere, mox Tiberii principatum 15 et cetera, sine ira et studio, quorum causas procul habeo.

2. Postquam Bruto et Cassio caesis nulla iam publica arma, Pompeius apud Siciliam oppressus exutoque Lepido, interfecto Antonio ne Iulianis quidem partibus nisi Caesar dux

reliquus, posito triumviri nomine consulem se ferens et ad 5 tuendam plebem tribunicio iure contentum, ubi militem donis,

populum annona, cunctos dulcedine otii pellexit, insurgere

4. consulare jus. Given to the military Neronis (Claudii Caesaris Drusi tribunes on various occasions between B.C. Germanici). 444 and 367 by a compromise between 15. cetera. To the death of Nero, patricians and plebeia

where the Historiae began. (L. Cornelii) Cinnae. (L. Cornelii) 2. 1. (M. Junio) Bruto. Sullae. (Cn.) Pompeii (Magni). (M. (C.) Cassio (Longino). Licinii) Crassi (Divitis). (C. Julium) publica arma. There were no armies Caesarem. (M. Aemilii) Lepidi. (M.) representing the senate and republic; the Antonii,

triumvirs and Sex. Pompey levied armies 5. Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar formed as individuals. the first triumvirate (a private combina 2. (Sex.) Pompeius (Magnus). tion), B.C. 60-53 ; Lepidus, Antony, and 3. ne Julianis quidem partibus. All Octavius the second triumvirate (an open the triumvirs claimed to be successors of assumption of power), B.C. 43-36.

Julius Caesar. 7. principis. The title of princeps 4. consulem se ferens. B.C. 31-28. was conferred, under the republic, as an In B.C. 23 he assumed the tribunicia pohonourable distinction on the chief man testas and held it for the rest of his of the senate. Q. Lutatius Catulus, who life (8 9, N.). died in B.C. 60, had been the last to hold 6. annona. Monthly corn doles of five it. Augustus revived it for himself, to modii (pecks) each were given in B.C. 5 avoid the odium of the word rex or to 350,000 Romans. The lower classes, dictator (I. 9. N.).

when they lost their political power, were 9. scriptoribus. Tacitus constantly gratified by the Government with free employs the dative of agent with passive bread and shows. In B.C. 2 the number verbs of all tenses.

of recipients was diminished by Augustus 10. decora ingenia. Asinius Pollio, to 200,000. The soil of Italy had been T. Livius, Aufidius Bassus, Cremutius cropped out, and was now devoted to Cordus.

grazing purposes (III. 54, N.), while 11. Tiberii (Neronis Imperatoris). the supplies of Rome were imported Gail or Caii (Caesaris Imperatoris). from abroad by the praefectus annonae Claudii (Drusi Imperatoris).

(8 7), an office instituted by Augustus

paulatim, munia senatus magistratuum legum in se trahere, nullo adversante, cum ferocissimi per acies aut proscriptione cecidissent, ceteri nobilium, quanto quis servitio promptior, opibus et honoribus extollerentur ac novis ex rebus aucti 10 tuta et praesentia quam vetera et periculosa mallent. Neque provinciae illum rerum statum abnuebant, suspecto senatus populique imperio ob certamina potentium et avaritiam magistratuum, invalido legum auxilio, quae vi, ambitu, postremo pecunia turbabantur.

15 3. Ceterum Augustus subsidia dominationi Claudium Marcellum sororis filium admodum adulescentem pontificatu et curuli aedilitate, M. Agrippam ignobilem loco, bonum militia et victoriae socium, geminatis consulatibus extulit, mox defuncto Marcello generum sumpsit; Tiberium Neronem et Claudium Drusum privignos imperatoriis nominibus auxit, integra etiam tum domo sua. Nam genitos Agrippa Gaium ac Lucium in familiam Caesarum induxerat, necdum posita puerili praetexta principes iuventutis appellari, destinari consules specie

years old.

(VI. 2, N.). The corn was laid up in large stone granaries on the banks of the Tiber, and was brought from Sicily, Africa, and the east. Egypt alone exported 20,000,000 modii annually. The absolute donation of corn was unusual under later emperors; more generally (XV. 18 and 39), it was distributed at low and uniform prices.

7. senatus, magistratuum, legum. As imperator (II. 18, N.) the emperor controlled the armies, as princeps (8 I, N.) the senate, as pontifex maximus (IV. 17, N.) the religion, by the tribunicia potestas (I. 9, N.) the people, as censor (XI. 13, N.) he chose the senators, and his rescripts had the force of laws; but no names were changed.

8. per acies. The ablative aciebus is not Latin.

9. promptior. Int. 46, a.

11. mallent, etc. "Those who had risen by revolutions preferred the safety of the present to the dangers of the past.'

12. provinciae. The provinces had borne the expense and furnished the soldiers for the civil wars, in which they had no interest. They were also better governed under the empire than under the republic, because the governors no longer were changed every year, and (those of the imperial provinces at least, $ 74, N.)

were directly responsible to the emperor, instead of to a chamber of their peers.

14. legum. De pecuniis repetundis (s 74, N.).

3. 1. (M.) Claudium Marcellum.
2. sororis. Octavia.
pontificatus. IV. 17, N.
3. curuli aedilitate. He was eighteen

The legal age for an edile was thirty-seven (XI. 22, N.).

ignobilem loco. The gens Vipsania was obscure, and Agrippa ignored the name, merely calling himself M. Agrippa.

bonum militia. He won the victories over Sex. Pompey at Mylae and over Antony at Actium.

5. generum. Julia was the only legitimate child of Augustus. She was married successively to Marcellus, Agrippa, and Tiberius, in hope of perpetuating the line. Her only children were by Agrippa, viz. Caius Caesar, Lucius Caesar, Agrippa Postumus, Julia, and Agrippina.

7. Agrippa. Ablative of source.

8. puerili praetexta. A toga with purple border, worn by free-born children under fifteen (XII. 41, N.), and also by nobles, officials, and priests (II. 14, N.).

9. principes juventutis. Chiefs of the equites, by whom they were presented with silver shields and spears. The same honour, with the appointment that he

10 recusantis flagrantissime cupiverat. Ut Agrippa vita conces

sit, Lucium Caesarem euntem ad Hispaniensis exercitus, Gaium remeantem Armenia et vulnere invalidum mors fato propera vel novercae Liviae dolus abstulit, Drusoque pridem extincto

Nero solus e privignis erat, illuc cuncta vergere : filius, collega 15 imperii, consors tribuniciae potestatis adsumitur omnisque per

exercitus ostentatur, non obscuris, ut antea, matris artibus, sed palam hortatu. Nam senem Augustum devinxerat adeo, uti nepotem unicum, Agrippam Postumum, in insulam Planasiam

proiecerit, rudem sane bonarum artium et robore corporis stolide 20 ferocem, nullius tamen flagitii conpertum. At hercule German

icum Druso ortum octo apud Rhenum legionibus inposuit adscirique per adoptionem a Tiberio iussit, quamquam esset in domo Tiberii filius iuvenis, sed quo pluribus munimentis insis

teret. Bellum ea tempestate nullum nisi adversus Germanos 25 supererat, abolendae magis infamiae ob amissum cum Quin

tilio Varo exercitum quam cupidine proferendi imperii aut dignum ob praemium. Domi res tranquillae, eadem magistratuum vocabula ; iuniores post Actiacam victoriam, etiam senes

plerique inter bella civium nati : quotusquisque reliquus qui 30 rem publicam vidisset ?

4. Igitur verso civitatis statu nihil usquam prisci et integri moris: omnes exuta aequalitate iussa principis aspectare, nulla in praesens formidine, dum Augustus aetate validus seque et

domum et pacem sustentavit. Postquam provecta iam senectus 5 aegro et corpore fatigabatur aderatque finis et spes novae, pauci bona libertatis in cassum disserere, plures bellum pavescere,

Pars multo maxima inminentis dominos variis

alii cupere.

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25. abolendae-infamiae. Int. 50.

amissum exercitum. Cut to pieces by Arminius, A.D. 8 (8 62).

(P.) Quintilio Varo.

4. 5. aegro et corpore. “By a sickly body, too."

Augustus was never robust, and suffered from want of circulation. In his old age he suffered with the gravel.

6. in cassum. Tacitus, with a strong love of old forms and of the republican constitution, was quite convinced that the Roman people had become too corrupt to govern themselves.

7. inminentis dominos. “The masters they expected.” The term dominus was offensive to a freeman (II. 87, N.).

(Nero Claudius) Drusus (called Dru. sus Sr.)

17. hortatu. “By proclamation.”

22. quamquam esset. Tacitus uses the subjunctive with quamquam, contrary to Cicero's custom (Int. 48).

23. Alius juvenis. Drusus Jr.

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