Empire and Information: Intelligence Gathering and Social Communication in India, 1780-1870
In a penetrating account of the evolution of British intelligence gathering in India, C. A. Bayly shows how networks of Indian spies, runners and political secretaries were recruited by the British to secure information about their subjects. He also examines the social and intellectual origins of these informants, and considers how the colonial authorities interpreted and often misinterpreted the information they supplied. As Professor Bayly demonstrates, it was such misunderstandings which ultimately contributed to the failure of the British to anticipate the mutinies of 1857. He argues, however, that, even before this, India's complex systems of communication were challenging the political and intellectual dominance of the European rulers.
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administration agents Agra Allahabad army Asia astronomical Awadh Banaras bazaar became Benares Bengal Bharatpur Brahmins British Burma Burmese Calcutta Cambridge caste colonial commercial communication Company Company's court culture debate Delhi Devanagari early ecumene Edmonstone eighteenth century elite Empire English European Friend of India Gilchrist Gurkha harkaras Hindi Hindu Hinduism Hindustani History ibid important Indian indigenous Indo-Muslim information order intellectual intelligence Islam Journal Khan King Kirkpatrick knowledge Lahore language later learned letters literary London Lucknow Maratha medicine merchants military missionaries Moorcroft Mughal Mughal Empire munshis Muslim native Nawab Nepal networks newspapers newswriters nineteenth century north India officials OIOC Oriental orientalist pandits Papers Persian police political popular printed Punjab Raja Rajasthan Rebellion recorded religion religious reports revenue royal rulers runners Sanskrit Sayyid Sept Shia Shiva Sikh Singh social society Sufi surveillance texts tradition Urdu village western writers
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