Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National Socialism during the French Fin de Siecle
Post-Marxists argue that nationalism is the black hole into which Marxism has collapsed at today’s “end of history.” Robert Stuart analyzes the origins of this implosion, revealing a shattering collision between Marxist socialism and national identity in France at the close of the nineteenth century. During the time of the Boulanger crisis and the Dreyfus affair, nationalist mobs roamed the streets chanting “France for the French!” while socialist militants marshaled proletarians for world revolution. This is the first study to focus on those militants as they struggled to reconcile Marxism’s two national agendas: the cosmopolitan conviction that “workingmen have no country,” on the one hand, and the patriotic assumption that the working class alone represents national authenticity, on the other. Anti-Semitism posed a particular problem for such socialists, not least because so many workers had succumbed to racist temptation. In analyzing the resultant encounter between France’s anti-Semites and the Marxist Left, Stuart addresses the vexed issue of Marxism’s involvement with political anti-Semitism.
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Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National ...
Limited preview - 2006
According anti anti-Semitic Antisémites Antisémitisme Barrès’s belle epoque Boulangism Boulangists bourgeois bourgeoisie Cambridge capital capitalist century cited conflict cosmopolitan critique denounced Dreyfus affair Drumont economic Edouard Drumont enemies epoque’s ethnic European exploitation Fascism fin de siècle financiers foreign France France’s French Marxists French Socialism French workers German global Gues Guesde’s Guesdists History homeland Ideology and Experience immigrants instance Internationalism Jewish Jews Juifs Jules Guesde L’Egalité l’histoire labor Le Socialiste Left liberal Ligue Ligue des Patriotes London Marx’s Marxist socialism Maurice Barrès militants modern mopolitan movement nation-state national identity national question national socialism national socialists national-socialist Nationalism in France nationalist nationhood nonetheless Nord Paris Parisian Parti Ouvrier Français Party’s patrie patriotism patriotisme Paul Lafargue POF’s political politique proletarian protofascist race racial racism Radical revolution revolutionary Right Rothschild Semitic socialist nationalism socialist-nationalist Sternhell supposedly theory Third Republic time’s tion today’s ultranationalism ultranationalists University Press Winock working-class
Page 9 - In the national struggles of the proletarians of the different countries, they point out and bring to the front the common interests of the entire proletariat, independently of all nationality. 2. In the various stages of development which the struggle of the working class against the bourgeoisie has to pass through, they always and everywhere represent the interests of the movement as a whole.