Marxism and National Identity: Socialism, Nationalism, and National Socialism during the French Fin de Siecle

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SUNY Press, Jun 1, 2006 - History - 315 pages
Post-Marxists argue that nationalism is the black hole into which Marxism has collapsed at today s end of history. Robert Stuart analyzes the origins of this implosion, revealing a shattering collision between Marxist socialism and national identity in France at the close of the nineteenth century. During the time of the Boulanger crisis and the Dreyfus affair, nationalist mobs roamed the streets chanting France for the French! while socialist militants marshaled proletarians for world revolution. This is the first study to focus on those militants as they struggled to reconcile Marxism s two national agendas: the cosmopolitan conviction that workingmen have no country, on the one hand, and the patriotic assumption that the working class alone represents national authenticity, on the other. Anti-Semitism posed a particular problem for such socialists, not least because so many workers had succumbed to racist temptation. In analyzing the resultant encounter between France s anti-Semites and the Marxist Left, Stuart addresses the vexed issue of Marxism s involvement with political anti-Semitism.

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Page 9 - In the national struggles of the proletarians of the different countries, they point out and bring to the front the common interests of the entire proletariat, independently of all nationality. 2. In the various stages of development which the struggle of the working class against the bourgeoisie has to pass through, they always and everywhere represent the interests of the movement as a whole.

About the author (2006)

Robert Stuart is Associate Professor of History at the University of Western Australia and the author of Marxism at Work: Ideology, Class, and French Socialism during the Third Republic.

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