Racial Science in Hitler's New Europe, 1938-1945

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Rory Yeomans, Anton Weiss-Wendt
U of Nebraska Press, Jul 1, 2013 - Social Science - 448 pages
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In Racial Science in Hitler?s New Europe, 1938?1945, international scholars examine the theories of race that informed the legal, political, and social policies aimed against ethnic minorities in Nazi-dominated Europe. The essays explicate how racial science, preexisting racist sentiments, and pseudoscientific theories of race that were preeminent in interwar Europe ultimately facilitated Nazi racial designs for a ?New Europe.?

The volume examines racial theories in a number of European nation-states in order to understand racial thinking at large, the origins of the Holocaust, and the history of ethnic discrimination in each of those countries. The essays, by uncovering neglected layers of complexity, diversity, and nuance, demonstrate how local discourse on race paralleled Nazi racial theory but had unique nationalist intellectual traditions of racial thought.

øWritten by rising scholars who are new to English-language audiences, this work examines the scientific foundations that central, eastern, northern, and southern European countries laid for ethnic discrimination, the attempted annihilation of Jews, and the elimination of other so-called inferior peoples.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Defining UnWanted Population Addition
35
2 Preserving the Master Race
60
3 Germanic Brothers
83
4 PureBlooded Vikings and Peasants
108
5 NordicGermanic Dreams and National Realities
129
6 Eugenics into Science
150
7 Biological Racism and Antisemitism as Intellectual Constructions in Italian Fascism
175
9 If Our Race Did Not Exist It Would Have to Be Created
237
10 In the Shadow of Ethnic Nationalism
259
11 Building Hitlers New Europe
287
12 In Pursuit of Biological Purity
320
13 Th e Eternal Voice of the Blood
347
Contributors
373
Index
377
Copyright

8 Eradicating Undesired Elements
200

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About the author (2013)

Anton Weiss-Wendt is the head of the research department at the Center for the Study of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities in Oslo, Norway. He is the author of Murder without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust. Rory Yeomans is the senior international research analyst at the International Directorate of the UK Ministry of Justice. He is the author of Visions of Annihilation: The Ustasha Regime and the Cultural Politics of Fascism, 1941?1945.