Sociological Paradigms and Organisational Analysis: Elements of the Sociology of Corporate Life
The authors argue in this book that social theory can usefully be conceived in terms of four broad paradigms, based upon different sets of meta-theoretical assumptions with regard to the nature of social science and the nature of society. The four paradigms - Functionalist, Interpretive, Radical Humanist and Radical Structuralist - derive from quite distinct intellectual traditions, and present four mutually exclusive views of the social work. Each stands in its own right, and generates its own distinctive approach to the analysis of social life. The authors provide extensive reviews of the four paradigms, tracing the evolution and inter-relationships between the various sociological schools of thought within each. They then proceed to relate theories of organisation to this wider background. This book covers a great range of intellectual territory. It makes a number of important contributions to our understanding of sociology and organisational analysis, and will prove an invaluable guide to theorists, researchers and students in a variety of social science disciplines. It stands as a discourse in social theory, drawing upon the general area of organisation studies - industrial sociology, organisation theory, organisational psychology, and industrial relations - as a means of illustrating more general sociological themes. In addition to reviewing and evaluating existing work, it provides a framework for appraising future developments in the area of organisational analysis, and suggests the form which some of these developments are likely to take.
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analogy analysis analytical scheme approach argued assumptions behaviour bureaucratic chapter characterised Colletti concept conceptualisations concerned conflict consciousness contemporary context contingency theory critical theory critique discussion domination elements emphasises empirical empiricism environment epistemology equilibrium ethnomethodology example factors focus frame of reference functional functionalist paradigm Gouldner Hawthorne Hawthorne studies human individual industrial influence integration intellectual interaction interactionism interactionist interest interpretive paradigm London Marx Marxism Mead Merton nature notion objective idealism objectivist ontological open systems organisation theory orientation particularly perspective phenomenological philosophy pluralist pluralist theory positivist problems radical humanist paradigm radical organisation theory radical structuralist paradigm radical Weberian recognised reflected relations relationships role seen Selznick Silverman Simmel social reality social science social system theory social theory social world society socio-technical systems sociological positivism solipsism structure study of organisations subsystem symbolic interactionism systems theory theoretical theorists theory of organisations tradition understanding Weber Whilst