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fendants and fines aggregating $3,500 were imposed. The case was appealed to Circuit Court of Appeals, and the judgment was affirmed. On May 11, 1912, the sentences were commuted by the President to payment of costs of suit.

5.

United States v. Imperial Window Glass Company et al.

Indictment returned April 7, 1910, in the W. D. of Pennsylvania, charging defendants with having entered into a combination and conspiracy to enhance the price of window glass. Demurrers to the indictment were overruled, and on November 10, 1910, pleas of nolo contendere were entered and fines aggregating $10,000 were imposed and collected.

6

United States v. National Packing Company et al. In

dictment returned March 21, 1910, in the N. D. of Illinois, charging defendants with entering into a combination to restrain trade in fresh meats. Demurrer to indictment sustained June 23, 1910.

7.

United States v. National Packing Company et al. Peti

tion filed March 21, 1910, in the Circuit Court, N. D. of Illinois, charging a combination in restraint of trade in fresh meats and praying for dissolution. Dismissed in order to facilitate the prosecution of the criminal case against the same defendants.

8.

United States v. Cudahy Packing Company et al. Indict

inent returned in April, 1910, in the S. D. of Georgia, charging a combination to control prices and restrict competition in the sale of meat. Demurrer sustained as to second count on May 21, 1914. Nolle prosequi entered March 9, 1915.

9.

United States v. Missouri Pacific Railroad Company and

twenty-four other railroads. Petition filed May 31, 1910, in the Circuit Court, E. D. of Missouri, to restrain violation of Sherman law, and temporary restraining order issued on that day enjoining advances in freight rates in western trunk-line territory. Thereafter the Interstate Commerce Commission enjoined the rate advances which the temporary restraining order had prevented from going into effect, and the petition was

dismissed. 10. United States v. Southern Wholesale Grocer's Association.

Petition filed June 9, 1910, in the Circuit Court, N. D. of Alabama, against an alleged combination to regulate prices and control-marketing of groceries. An agreed decree was entered October 17, 1911, perpetually enjoining the association, its officers and members, from doing any and all of the acts complained of. See case

number 70, page 90. 11. United States v. Great Lakes Towing Company et al. Pe

tition filed June 19, 1910, in the Circuit Court, N. D. of Ohio, against an alleged combination of towing facilities on the Great Lakes. A decision in favor of the Government was handed down February 11, 1913, and after much consideration as to how to dissolve the combination the court entered a final decree on February

13, 1915. 12. United States v. Chicago Butter & Egg Board. Petition

filed June 13, 1910, in Circuit Court, N. D. of Illinois, charging defendants with arbitrarily fixing and controlling the price paid for butter and eggs throughout a large section of the United States. A demurrer to the petition was sustained with leave to amend, and an amended petition was filed. The court held the Government to be entitled to the relief sought and a final

decree to that effect was entered on October 12, 1914. 13. United States v. Frank Hayne, James A. Patten, et al.

Indictment returned August 4, 1910, in the S. D. of New York alleging a conspiracy to run a corner in cotton. Demurrers were sustained as to certain counts of indictment and overruled as to others, and an appeal was taken by the Government to the Supreme Court. Case was argued during November 1911, and reargued at the October term, 1912. Decision by Supreme Court January 6, 1913, sustaining indictments. Patten entered plea of guilty February 11, 1913, and was fined $4,000. Indictment dismissed as to other defendants, and another indictment was returned July 1, 1913. See case

No. 6, page 95. 14. United States v. Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Com

pany et al. Petition filed July 22, 1910, in Circuit Court, D. of Maryland, charging a combination, under cover of a patent licensing arrangement, to restrain competition and enhance prices of enamel ware. In a decision rendered October 13, 1911, the court sustained all the Government's contentions, and a decree was entered November 25, 1911. On appeal by defendants the decision of the lower court was affirmed by the Supreme

Court on November 18, 1913. 15. United States v. Louis F. Swift et al. Indictment returned

in September ,1910, in the N. D. of Illinois against ten individuals engaged in the meat-packing industry. Defendants filed numerous pleas in bar, etc., all of which were decided in favor of the Government. After a trial lasting over three months the jury returned a

verdict of acquittal on March 27, 1912. 16. United States v. John Reardon & Sons Company and Con

solidated Rendering Company et al. Three indictments returned October 17, 1910, in the Circuit Court, D. of Massachusetts, charging defendants with entering into a combination not to compete with each other in the purchase of raw materials used in the business of manufacturing, rendering and producing tallow, oleo oil, oleostearin and fertilizer. Demurrers to these indictments having been sustained, two new indictments were returned on October 31, 1912, against substantially the same defendants charging them with monopolizing interstate trade and commerce in rendering materials. On December 1, 1913, a nolle prosequi was entered as to the individual defendants, and the corporations entered pleas of nolo contendere and were fined amounts aggregating $8,000.

17. United States v. Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Com

pany et al. In addition to the above-mentioned suit in equity (No. 14, supra), indictments were returned at Detroit on December 6, 1910, against the same corporations and individuals, charging the same acts. After a trial lasting six weeks the jury reported a disagreement on March 14, 1912. Retrial in February, 1913, resulted in a verdict of guilty, and fines aggregating $51,006 were

imposed. 18. United States v. American Sugar Refining Company et al.

Petition filed November 28, 1910, in the Circuit Court, S. D. of New York, alleging a combination in restraint of trade in the manufacture and sale of sugar and praying for its dissolution. Demurrer overruled December 11, 1911. The taking of testimony has been concluded, and the case was ready for trial when the court ordered that the hearing be postponed awaiting the decisions of the Supreme Court in cases of a similar

character. 19. United States v. General Electric Company et al. Peti

tion filed March 3, 1911, in the Circuit Court, N. D. of Ohio, charging defendants with combining to restrain and monopolize the busincss of manufacturing incandescent electric lamps. A decreo was agreed upon between counsel, and was entered by the court on

October 12, 1911. 20. United States v. Purrington et al. Indictment returned

September 14, 1910, in tho N. D. of Illinois, charging defendants with entering into a combination to restrain trade in paving bricks and paving blocks. Demurrer was overruled November 9, 1911.

1911. Nolle prosequi entered June 3, 1913. 21. United States Hamburg-Amerikanische Packetfahrt

Actien Gesellschaft and others. Petition filed January 4, 1911, in the Circuit Court, S. D. of New York, to dissolve a combination of steamship lines regulating steer

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age traffic on the Atlantic Ocean. Demurrers were overruled December 20, 1911. A decision adverse to the Government was handed down by the lower court on October 13, 1914. On appeal, the Supreme Court, while reversing the decreo below, refused to decide the questions in issue on the ground that the European war had rendered them moot.

22.

in papër board.

United States v. William C. Geer, president Albia Box

and Paper Company, et al. Indictment returned April 28, 1911, in the S. D. of New York, alleging a combination and conspiracy in restraint of interstate commerce

board. Demurrer overruled May 9, 1913. In February, 1915, the defendants withdrew their former pleas of not guilty and offered pleas of nolo contendere. The court accepted these pleas and imposed fines aggre

gating $16,000. 23. United States v. Eastern States Retail Lumber Dealers

Association. Petition filed May 19, 1911, in the Circuit Court, S. D. of New York, charging defendants with conspiring to restrain trade through the instrumentality of black lists and trade agreements. Decided by lower court in favor of Government January 9, 1913, and a decree entered March 1, 1913. The defendants appealed to the Supreme Court, which affirmed the decree of the District Court in an opinion handed down on June 22,

1914. 24. United States v. Isaac Whiting et al. Indictment re

turned May 26, 1911, in the D. of Massachusetts, charging a combination to restrain trade in milk throughout

the New England States. See note to case No. 25. 25. United States v. Isaac Whiting et al. Indictment re

turned May 26, 1911, in the D. of Massachusetts, charging a conspiracy to restrain and monopolize trade in

milk throughout the New England States. Note.—Cases Nos. 24 and 25 were argued on demurrers in November, 1912, and on March 23, 1914 an opinion was handed down overruling demurrers as to counts charging combination and sustaining demurrers as to counts charging a conspiracy and monopoly. Certain of the defendants entered pleas of nolo contendere and the case has been continued as to them pending disposition of the case against the remaining defendants.

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