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over, and we walked round Ranelagh a little in the old way;-every body being dressed in white was no advantage indeed to the general appearance.







"We returned safe home about five or SIX o'clock: a new scene to Hester, who behaved sweetly, and had no fears in the crowd, but prodigious surprise in finding it broad day when we came out. I might have wondered too, for few people have frequented publick places less than myself; and for the first six years after my marriage, as you know, I never set my foot in any theatre or place of entertainment at all. What most amazed me about this regatta, however, was the mixture of company, when tickets were so difficult to obtain. Somebody talked at Ranelagh of two ladies that were drowned; but I have no doubt that was a dream."]

ED. [In the last days of June, he removed

to Ashbourne; and his letters thence contain the usual routine of his country observations, with one or two more characteristic circumstances. He was very anxious that an old horse of Mrs. Thrale's should not be sold to hard work, or, as he called it, degraded, for five pounds, and was willing to have borne the expense of maintaining the poor animal.

For his friend Baretti, of some point of whose conduct Mrs. Thrale had complained, he intercedes with that lady in a tone of modest propriety:

"DR. JOHNSON TO MRS. THRALE. "Ashbourne, 15th July, 1775. Letters, "Poor Baretti! do not quarrel 278. P with him; to neglect him a little will be sufficient. He means only to be frank, and manly, and independent, and perhaps, as you say, a little wise. To be frank, he thinks, is to be cynical, and to be independent to be rude. Forgive him, dearest lady, the rather because of his misbehaviour; I am afraid he has learned part of me. I hope to set him hereafter a better example."

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whole transaction, and need not regret that you did not make the tour of the Hebrides." "Lichfield, July [27], 1775.

"I have passed one day at Birmingham with my old friend Hector-there's a name! and his sister, an old love. My mistress is grown much older than my friend.

I am glad you read Boswell's Journal. You are now sufficiently informed of the

"O quid habes illius, illius
Quæ spirabat amores
Quæ me surpuerat mihi.'”
HOR. Od. 13. 1. 4.

He returned to town about the end ED of August.j

After my return to Scotland, I wrote three letters to him, from which I extract the following passages:

"I have seen Lord Hailes since I came down. He thinks it wonderful that you are pleased to take so much pains in revising his Annals.' I told him that you said you were well rewarded by the entertainment which you had in reading them.”


There has been a numerous flight of Hebrideans in Edinburgh this summer, whom I have been happy to entertain at my house. Mr. Donald Macqueen1 and Lord Monboddo supped with me one evening. They joined in controverting your proposition, that the Gaelick of the Highlands and Isles of Scotland was not written till of late."

"My mind has been somewhat dark this summer. I have need of your warming and vivifying rays; and I hope I shall have them frequently. I am going to pass some time with my father at Auchinleck.'


"TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ. "London, Aug. 27, 1775. "DEAR SIR,-I am returned from the annual ramble into the middle counties. Having seen nothing I had not seen before I have nothing to relate. Time has left that part of the island few antiquities; and commerce has left the people no singularities. I was glad to go abroad, and, perhaps, glad to come home; which is in other words, I was, I am afraid, weary of being at home, and weary of being abroad. Is not this the state of life? But, if we confess this weariness, let us not lament it; for all the wise and all the good say, that we may cure it.

For the black fumes which rise in your mind, I can prescribe nothing but that you disperse them by honest business or innocent pleasure, and by reading, sometimes easy and sometimes serious. Change of

1 The very learned minister in the Isle of Sky, whom both Dr. Johnson and I have mentioned with regard.-BOSWELL. [See ante, vol. i. p. 377.-ED.]

place is useful; and I hope that your resi- | fore, it is little to say, that I am, sir, your dence at Auchinleck will have many good effects.

affectionate humble servant,






"That I should have given pain to Raвау, I am sincerely sorry; and am therefore very much pleased that he is no longer uneasy. He still thinks that I have represented him as personally giving up the chieftainship. I meant only that it was no longer contested between the two houses, and supposed it settled, perhaps, by the cession of some remote generation, in the house of Dunvegan. I am sorry the advertisement was not continued for three or four times in the paper.

"That Lord Monboddo and Mr. Macqueen should controvert a position contrary to the imaginary interest of literary or national prejudice, might be easily imagined; but of a standing fact there ought to be no controversy; if there are men with tails, catch a homo caudatus; if there was writing of old in the Highlands or Hebrides, in the Erse language, produce the manuscripts. Where men write they will write to one another, and some of their letters, in families studious of their ancestry, will be kept. In Wales there are many manuscripts.

"I have now three parcels of Lord Hailes's history, which I purpose to return all the next week: that his respect for my little observations should keep his work in suspense, makes one of the evils of my journey. It is in our language, I think, a new mode of history which tells all that is wanted, and, I suppose, all that is known, without laboured splendour of language, or affected subtilty of conjecture. The exactness of his dates raises my wonder. He seems to have the closeness of Henault without his constraint.


"Mrs. Thrale was so entertained with


your Journal, that she almost read herself blind. She has a great regard for you. Of Mrs. Boswell, though she knows in her heart that she does not love me, I am always glad to hear any good, and hope that she and the little dear ladies will have neither sickness nor any other affliction. But she knows that she does not care what becomes of me, and for that she may be sure that I think her very much to blame.

"Never, my dear sir, do you take it into your head to think that I do not love you; you may settle yourself in full confidence both of my love and esteem: I love you as a kind man, I value you as a worthy man, and hope in time to reverence you as a man of exemplary piety. I hold you, as Hamlet has it, in my heart of hearts,' and there

My "Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides," which that lady read in the original manuscript.— BOSWELL.

"TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ. "London, 30th August, 1775. "SIR,-If in these papers 2 there is litt e alteration attempted, do not suppose ine negligent. I have read them perhaps more closely than the rest; but I find nothing worthy of an objection.

"Write to me soon, and write often, and tell me all your honest heart. I am, sir, yours affectionately,



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"TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ. "14th Sept. 1775. "MY DEAR SIR,-I now write to you, lest in some of your freaks and humours you should fancy yourself neglected. Such fancies I must entreat you never to admit, at least never to indulge; for my regard for you is so radicated and fixed, that it is become part of my mind, and cannot be effaced but by some cause uncommonly violent; therefore, whether I write or not, set your thoughts at rest. I now write to tell you that I shall not very soon write again, for I am to set out to-morrow on another journey.

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"Your friends are all well at Streatham, and in Leicesterfields 3. Make my compliments to Mrs. Boswell, if she is in good humour with me. I am, sir, &c.


What he mentions in such light terms 2 Another parcel of Lord Hailes's "Annals of Scotland."-BOSWELL.

3 Where Sir Joshua Reynolds lived.-Bos


as, "I am to set out to-morrow on another journey," I soon afterwards discovered was no less than a tour to France with Mr. and Mrs. Thrale. This was the only time in his life that he went upon the Continent.

"TO MR. ROBERT LEVET. "Calais, 18th Sept. 1775. DEAR SIR,-We are here in France, after a very pleasing passage of no more than six hours. I know not when I shall write again, and therefore I write now, though you cannot suppose that I have much to say. You have seen France yourself. From this place we are going to Rouen, and from Rouen to Paris, where Mr. Thrale designs to stay about five or six weeks. We have a regular recommendation to the English resident, so we shall not be taken for vagabonds. We think to go one way and return another, and see as much as we can. I will try to speak a little French; I tried hitherto but little, but I spoke sometimes. If I heard better, I suppose I should learn faster. I am, sir, your humble servant, "SAM. JOHNSON."


"Paris, 22d October, 1775. "DEAR SIR,-We are still here, commonly very busy in looking about us. We have been to day at Versailles. You have seen it, and 1 shall not describe it. We came yesterday from Fontainbleau, where the court is now. We went to see the king and queen at dinner, and the queen was so impressed by Miss, that she sent one of the gentlemen to inquire who she was. I find all true that you have ever told me at Paris. Mr. Thrale is very liberal, and keeps us two coaches, and a very fine table; but I think our cookery very bad. Mrs. Thrale got into a convent of English nuns, and I talked with her through the grate, and I am very kindly used by the English Benedictine friars. But upon the whole I cannot make much acquaintance here; and though the churches, palaces, and some private houses are very magnificent, there is no very great pleasure after having seen many, in seeing more; at least the pleasure, whatever it be, must some time have an end, and we are beginning to think when we shall come home. Mr. Thrale calculates that as we left Streatham on the fifteenth of September, we shall see it again about the fifteenth of November.

"I think I had not been on this side of the sea five days before I found a sensible improvement in my health. I ran a race in the rain this day, and beat Baretti. Baetti is a fine fellow, and speaks French, I think, quite as well as English.

1 Miss Thrale.- BOSWELL. 2 VOL. II.

"Make my compliments to Mrs. Williams; and give my love to Francis; and tell my friends that I am not lost. I am, dear sir, your affectionate humble, &c. "SAM. JOHNSON."

"TO DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON. "Edinburgh, 24th October, 1775. “My dear sir,—If I had not been informed that you were at Paris, you should have had a letter from me by the earliest opportunity, announcing the birth of my son, on the 9th instant; I have named him Alexander 2, after my father. I now write, as I suppose your fellow-traveller, Mr. Thrale, will return to London this week, to attend his duty in parliament, and that you will not stay behind him.


"I send another parcel of Lord Hailes's 'Annals.' I have undertaken to solicit you for a favour to him, which he thus requests in a letter to me: I intend soon to give you The Life of Robert Bruce,' which you will be pleased to transmit to Dr. Johnson. I wish that you could assist me in a fancy which I have taken, of getting Dr. Johnson to draw a character of Robert Bruce, from the account that I give of that prince. If he finds materials for it in my work, it will be a proof that I have been fortunate in selecting the most striking incidents.'

"I suppose by The Life of Robert Bruce,' his lordship means that part of his Annals' which relates the history of that prince, and not a separate work.

"Shall we have A Journey to Paris,' from you in the winter? You will, I hope, at any rate, be kind enough to give me some account of your French travels very soon, for I am very impatient. What a different scene have you viewed this autumn, from that which you viewed in autumn 1773! I ever an, my dear sir, your much obliged and affectionate humble ser vant, "JAMES BOSWELL."

"16th November, 1775.

"DEAR SIR,-I am glad that the young laird is born, and an end, as I hope, put to the only difference that you can ever have

2 [The Editor had the pleasure of his acquaintance. He was a high-spirited, clever, and amiable gentleman; and, like his father, of a frank and social disposition; but it is said that he did not relish the recollections of our authour's devotion to Dr. Johnson: like old lord Auchinleck, he seemed to think it a kind of derogation. He was created a baronet in 1821, but was unfortunately killed in a duel, arising from a political dispute, near Edinburgh, on the 26th March, 1822, by Mr. Stuart, of Dunearn. He left issue a son and two daughters.-ED.]

with Mrs. Boswell. I know that she does not love me; but I intend to persist in wishing her well till I get the better of her.

"Paris is, indeed, a place very different from the Hebrides, but it is to a hasty traveller not so fertile of novelty, nor affords so many opportunities of remark. I cannot pretend to tell the publick any thing of a place better known to many of my readers than to myself. We can talk of it when

we meet.

"I shall go next week to Streatham, from whence I purpose to send a parcel of the History' every post. Concerning the character of Bruce, I can only say, that I do not see any great reason for writing it; but I shall not easily deny what Lord Hailes and you concur in desiring.

"I have been remarkably healthy all the journey, and hope you and your family have known only that trouble and danger which has so happily terminated. Among all the congratulations that you may receive, I hope you believe none more warm or sincere than those of, dear sir, your most affectionate, "SAM. JOHNSON."

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"TO MRS. LUCY PORTER, IN LICHFIELD 2. "16th November, 1775. "DEAR MADAM,-This week I came home from Paris. I have brought you a little box, which I thought pretty; but I know not whether it is properly a snuff-box, or a box for some other use. I will send it, when I can find an opportunity. I have been through the whole journey remarkably well. My fellow-travellers were the same whom you saw at Lichfield, only we took Baretti with us. Paris is not so fine

a place as you would expect. The palaces and churches, however, are very splendid and magnificent; and what would please you, there are many very fine pictures; but I do not think their way of life commodious or pleasant.

"Let me know how your health has been all this while. I hope the fine summer has given you strength sufficient to encounter the winter.

"Make my compliments to all my friends; and, if your fingers will let you, write to me, or let your maid write, if it be

1 This alludes to my old feudal principle of preferring male to female succession.-BOSWELL.

2 There can be no doubt that many years

previous to 1775, he corresponded with this lady, who was his stepdaughter, but none of his earlier letters to her have been preserved,-BOSWELL. Since the death of the authour, several of Johnson's letters to Mrs. Lucy Porter, written before 1775, were obligingly communicated to me by the Rev. Dr. Vyse, and are printed in the present edition. MALONE. [Several others, as has been already stated (ante, vol. i. p. 80), are added to this edition.-ED.]

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"December, 1775.

"DEAR MADAM,-Some weeks ago 1 wrote to you, to tell you that I was just come home from a ramble, and hoped that I should have heard from you. I am afraid winter has laid hold on your fingers, and hinders you from writing. However, let somebody write, if you cannot, and tell me how you do, and a little of what has happened at Lichfield among our friends. 1 hope you are all well.

"When I was in France, I thought myself growing young, but am afraid that cold weather will take part of my new vigour from me. Let us, however, take care of ourselves, and lose no part of our health by negligence.

"I never knew whether you received the Commentary on the New Testament, and the Travels, and the glasses.

"Do, my dear love, write to me; and do not let us forget each other. This is the season of good wishes, and I wish you all good. I have not lately seen Mr. Porter 3, nor heard of him. Is he with you?


Be pleased to make my compliments to Mrs. Adey, and Mrs. Cobb, and all my friends; and when I can do any good, let me know. I am, dear madam, yours most affectionately, "SAM. JOHNSON."

It is to be regretted, that he did not write an account of his travels in France; for as he is reported to have once said, that "he could write the life of a broomstick 4," so,

notwithstanding so many former travellers have exhausted almost every subject for remark in that great kingdom, his very accuthought and illustration, would have prorate observation, and peculiar vigour of duced a wonderful work. During his visit to it, which lasted about two months, he wrote notes or minutes of what he saw. He promised to show me them, but I neglected to put him in mind of it; and the greatest part of them has been lost, or perhaps destroyed in a precipitate burning of his papers a few days before his death, which must ever be lamented; one small paper book, however, entitled, "France II.," has been preserved, and is in my possession. It is a diurnal register of his life and observations, from the 10th of October

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to the 4th of November, inclusive, being twenty-six days, and shows an extraordinary attention to various minute particulars. Being the only memorial of this tour that

Tour in


66 Tuesday, 10th October.-We-In the house of Chatlois is a room furFrance. saw the école militaire, in which nished with japan, fitted up in Europe. one hundred and fifty young boys are edu- We dined with Bocage 6, the Marquis cated for the army-They have arms of Blanchetti, and his lady-The sweetmeats different sizes, according to the age-flints taken by the Marchioness Blanchetti, after of wood-The building is very large, but observing that they were dear 7-Mr. Le nothing fine except the council-room-The Roy, Count Manucci, the abbé, the prior, French have large squares in the windows and Father Wilsons, who staid with me, -They make good iron palisades-Their till I took him home in the coach. meals are gross 2. Bathiani is gone.


"We visited the Observatory, a large building of a great height-The upper stones of the parapet very large, but not cramped with iron 3-The flat on the top is very extensive; but on the insulated part there is no parapet-Though it was broad enough, I did not care to go upon it-Maps were printing in one of the rooms.

"The French have no laws for the maintenance of their poor-Monk not necessarily a priest-Benedictines rise at four; are at church an hour and a half; at church again half an hour before, half an hour after, dinner; and again from half an hour after seven to eight-They may sleep eight hours -bodily labour wanted in monasteries.

"We walked to a small convent of the Fathers of the Oratory-In the readingdesk of the refectory lay the Lives of the Saints.

"Wednesday, 11th October.-We went to see Hotel de Chatlois, a house not very large, but very elegant-One of the rooms was gilt to a degree that I never saw before -The upper part for servants and their masters was pretty.

"Thence we went to Mr. Monville's, a house divided into small apartments, furnished with effeminate and minute elegance -Porphyry.

"Thence we went to St. Roque's church, which is very large-The lower part of the pillars incrusted with marble-Three chapels behind the high altar; the last a mass of low arches-Altars, I believe, all round.

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| remains, my readers, I am confident, will peruse it with pleasure, though his notes are very short, and evidently written only to assist his own recollection.

3 [There was neither iron nor wood originally used in any part of the building. An iron rail was afterwards added to the great stairs.-ED.] This seems to be a mistake; probably for the itel de Chatelet.-ED.]

• [(f one block.~~~ ED.]

"The poor taken into hospitals, and miserably kept-Monks in the convent fifteen: accounted poor.


Thursday, 12th October.-We went to the Gobelins-Tapestry makes a good pic ture-imitates flesh exactly-One piece with a gold ground-the birds not exactly coloured-Thence we went to the king's cabinet; very neat, not, perhaps, perfect-Gold ore-Candles of the candle tree-Seeds -Woods-Thence to Gagnier's house, where I saw rooms nine, furnished with a profusion of wealth and elegance which I never had seen before-Vases-PicturesThe dragon china-The lustre said to be of crystal, and to have cost 3,5001.-The whole furniture said to have cost 125,0007. -Damask hangings covered with pictures -Porphyry-This house struck me-Then we waited on the ladies to Monville'sCaptain Irwin with us 10-Spain-County towns all beggars-At Dijon he could not

6 [Madame Du Bocage.--See post.--ED.] 7 [Johnson seems to suggest, that it would have been better bred not to have eaten what was dear; but the want of good-breeding (if any, which would depend on the context) was in alluding to the dearness, and not in eating what was on the table.--ED.]

8 [Who the Abbé was does not appear. The two latter gentlemen were probably members o the English Benedictine convent.--ED.]

9 [Perhaps Gagny, Intendant des Finances, who had a fine house in the Rue de Varennes.-ED.]

10 The rest of this paragraph appears to be a minute of what was told by captain Irwin.-Bos WELL. [And is therefore marked as quotation -ED.J

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