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X.

TO ALTHEA FROM PRISON.

This excellent

fonnet, which podeled a high degree of fame among the old Cavaliers, was written by Colonel Richard Lovelace during his confinement in the gate house Westminster: to which he was committed by the House of Commons, in April 1642, for presenting a petition from the county of Kent, requesting them to restore the king to his rights, and to settle the government. See Wood's Athena, Vol. II. p. 228, and Lyson's. Environs of London, Vol. I. p. 109; where may be Jeen at large the affeting story of this elegant writer, who after having been distinguished for every gallant and polite accomplishment, the pattern of his own sex, and the darling of the ladies, died in the lowest wretchedness, obscurity, and want, in 1658.

This

song is printed from a scarce volume of his poems in. titled, Lucasta, 1649, 12mo.collated with a copy in the Editor's folio MS.

WH

HEN love with unconfined winge

Hovers within my gates,
And my divine Althea brings

To whisper at my grates;
When I lye tangled in her haire,

And fetter'd with her eye,
The birds that wanton in the aire,

Know no such libertye,

5

When

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When flowing cups run swiftly round

With no allaying Thames,
Our carelesse heads with roses crown'd,

Our hearts with loyal flames;
When thirsly griefe in wine we steepo,

When healths and draughts goe free,
Fishes, that tipple in the deepe,

Know no such libertie,

15

20

When, linnet-like, confined I

With shriller note shall fing
The mercye, sweetness, majestye,

And glories of my king ;
When I fall voyce alond how good

He is, how great should be,
Th'enlarged windes, that curle the flood,

Know no such libertie.

25

Stone walls doe not a prison make,

Nor iron barres a cage,
Mindes, innocent, and quiet, take

That for an hermitage : -
If I have freedom in my love,

And in my soule am free,
Angels alone, that foare above,

Enjoy such libertie.

30

Vero 10. with woe-allaying themes. MS. Thames is bere used for kvatur in general.

ΧΙ. Τ Η Σ

XI.
THE DOWNFALL OF CHARING-CROSS.

Charing-cross, as it stood before the civil wars, was one of those beautiful Gothic obelisks erected to conjugal affeflion by Edward I. who built such a one wherever the herse of his beloved Eleanor rested in its way from Lincolnshire to Westminster. But neither its ornamental situation, the beauty of its structure, nor the noble design of its erection (which did honour to humanity), could preserve it from the merciless Zoal of the times: For, in 1647, it was demolished by order of the House of Commons, as popish and superstitious. This occafioned the following not-unhumorous sarcasm, which has been often printed among the popular fonnets of those times.

The plot referred to in ver. 17, was that entered into by Mr. Waller the poet, and others, with a view to reduce the çity and tower to the service of the king ; for which two of them, Nath. Tomkins and Rich. Chaloner suffered death July 5, 1643. Vid. Ath. Ox. Il. 24,

UN

Ndone, undone the lawyers are,

They wander about the towne,
Nor can find the

way

to Westminster,
Now Charing-crois is downe:
At the end of the Strand, they make a stand, S

Swearing they are at a loss,
And chaffing say, that's not the way,

They must go by Charing.cross.

The

10

The parliament to vote it down

Conceived it very fitting,
For fear it should fall, and kill them all,

In the house, as they were fitting.
They were told god-wot, it had a plot,

Which made them so hard-hearted, To give command, it should not stand,

But be taken down and carted.

20

Men talk of plots, this might have been worse

For any thing I know,
Than that Tomkins, and Chaloner,

Were hang'd for long agoe.
Our parliament did that prevent,

And wisely them defended, For plots they will discover ftill,

Before they were intended,

25

But neither man, woman, nor child,

Will say, I'm confident,
They ever heard it speak one word

Against the parliament.
An informer swore, it letters bore,

Or else it had been freed;
I'll take, in troth, my Bible oath,

It could neither write, nor reach

30

The

35

The committee said, that verily

To popery it was bent;
For ought I know, it might be fo,

For to church it never went.
What with excise, and such device,

The kingdom doth begin
To think you'll leave them ne'er a cross,

Without doors nor within,

Methinks the common-council thou'd

Of it have taken pity,
'Cause, good old cross, it always stood

So firmly to the city.
Since crosses you fo much disdain,

Faith, if I were as you,
For fear the king should rule again,

I'd pull down Tiburn too.

45

*** Whitlocke says, May 3, 1643, Cheapfide cross and other crosses were voted down," &c. But this Vote was not put in execution with regard to CHARING Cross till four years after, as appears from Lilly's Observations on the Life, &c. of K. Charles, viz." Charing-Cross, we know, was pulled down, 1647, in June, July, and

Auguft. Part of the Stones were converted to pave * before Whitehall. I have seen Knife-hafts made of Some of the stones, which, being well-polished, looked " like marble.Ed. 1715, p. 18, 12mo.

See an Account of the pulling clown Cheapfide Crofs, in the Supplement to Gent, Mag. 1764.

XII. LOYAL

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