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336. had

but vainly strave Lang Y. 148. say'd.v. 155. in. campit on the plain --v.156. Norse squadrons.-0.158. regand revers.V. 170. his strides he bent.-.171. minftrals playand Pibrochs fine.--0.172. sately went. -v. 182. mon.-v. 196. Marp ard fatal.V. 219. which. -V. 241. stood wyld.--Stanza 39 preceded fanza 38.V. 305 There.

_V.313. blew weitlingioriginally been, He fear'd a'cou'd be fear'd.

The Editor was also informed, on the authority of Dr. David Clerk, M. D. of Edinburgh (fon of the aforesaid * Dr. John Clerk), that between the present flanzas 36 and 37, the trvo following had been intended, but were on maturer confideration omitted, and do not now appear among the MS. additions :

Now darts flew wavering through saw speed,

Scarce could they reach their aim ;
Or reach’d, scarce blood the round point drew,

'Twas all but shot in vain :
Right strengthy arms forfeebled grew,

Sair wreck'd wi' that day's toils :
E'en fierce-born minds now lang’d for peace,

And curs'd war's cruel broils.

Yet still wars berns founded to charge,

Swords clash'd and harness rang;
But saftly sae ilk blafter blew

The hills and dales fraemang.
Nae echo heard in double dints,

Nor the lang-winding horn,
Nae mair ne blew out brade as the

Did eir that luminers morn.

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In the former Book we brought down this second Series of poems, as low as about the middle of the fixteenth cena tury. We now find the Muses deeply engaged in religious controversy. The sudden revolution, wrought in the opi. nions of mankind by the Reformation, is one of the most striking events in the history of the human mind. It could not but engross the attention of every individual in that age, Ind therefore no other writings would have any chance to be reast, but such as related to this grand topic. The alterations made in the established religion by Henry VIII, the fud. Voy, Il,



den changes it underwent in the three succeeding reigns within so short a space as eleven or twelve years, and the violent struggles between expiring, Popery, and growing Protestantism, could not but interesi all mankind. Accordingly every pen was engaged in the dispute. The followers of the old and New Profession (as they were called) had their respective Ballad-makers; and every day produced some popular sonnet for or against the Reformation. The following ballad, and that intilă LITTLE JOHN NOBODY, may serve for Spee cimens of the writings of each party. Both were written in the reign of Edward VI; and are not the worst that were composed upon the occasion. Controverfial divinity is no friend to poetic flights. Yet this ballad of Luther and the Fope,is not altogether devoid of spirit; it is of the dramatic kind, and the characters are tolerably well sustained; especially that of Luther, which is made to speak in a manner not unbecoming the spirit and courage of that vigorous Reformer. It is printed from the original black letter copy (in the Pepys collection, vol. I. folio,) to which is prefixed a large wooden cut, designed and executed by fome eminent master. This is copied in miniature in the small Engraving inserted above.

We are not to wonder that the Ballad-writers of that age should be inspired with the zeal of controversy, when the very stage teemed with polemic divinity. I have now before me two very ancient quarto black-letter plays: the one published in the time of Henry VIII, intitled, Every moan ; the other called Lusty Juventus, printed in the reign of Edward VI. In the former of these, occasion is taken to inculcate great reverence for old mother church and her superstitions *; in the other, the poet (one R.


* Take a specimen from his high encomiums on the priesthood,

There is no emperour, kyng, duke, ne baron
« That of God hath commiliyon,
As bath the leeft preeft in the world beynge.

* God bath to them more power gruen,
« Than to any aungell, that is in beven;

« With

Wever) with great success attacks both. So that the Stage in those days literally was, what wife men have always wished it,-a supplement to the pulpit -This was so much the case, that in the play of Lusty Juventus, chapter aud verfe are every where quoted as formally as in a sermon ; take an instance:

The Lord by his prophet Ezechiel sayeth in this wife

As in the xxxiij chapter it doth appere:
Be converted, Oye children, &c."

From this play we learn that most of the young people were New Gospellers, or friends to the Reformation; and that the old were tenacious of the doctrines imbibed in their youth: for thus the Devil is introduced lamenting the downfal of Superftition :

The olde people would believe stil in my lawes,
But the yonger fort leade them a contrary way,
6 They wyl not beleve, they playnly say,
In olde traditions, and made by men, &c."

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With v. words be may consecrate
Goddes body in ftesfbe and blode to take,
And bandeletb bis maker bytwene bis bandes.
The preeft byndeth and unbindelb all bandes,
Bothe in ertbe and in beven
Thou ministers all the sacramentes feven.
Though we kyst thy fete thou were wortby ;
Thou art the surg yan that cureth synne dedly;
No remedy may we fynde under God,
But alone on preesthode.


gave preest that dignitè,
And lettet b them in bis ftede amonge us be,
Thus be they above aungels in degre

See Hawkins s Orig. of Eng. Drama, Vol. I. p. 61:

And in another place Hypocrisy urges,

6. The worlde was never meri
" Since chyldren were so boulde:
Now every boy will be a teacher,
The father a foole, the chyld

a preacher."

Of the plays abovementioned, to the first is subjoined the fol. lowing Prirter's Colophon, 1 Thus endeth this moral playe of Every span73mprunted at London in potles chyrche yarde by me John Skot. In Mr. Garrick's collection is an imperfect copy of the same play, printed by Richarde Pynfon.

The other is intitled, En enterlude called Lusty Juventus : and is thus diftinguished at the end: Finis. quod R Wiecer. Jmprinted at London in Paules churche yeard by Abraham Uele at the Agne of the Lambe. Of this too Mr. Garrick has an imperfect copy of a different edition.

Of these two Plays the Reader may find some further par. ticulars in the former Volume, Book II see THE ESSAY ON THE ORIGIN OF THE ENGLISH STAGE ; and the curious Reader will find the Plays themselves printed at large in HAWKINS'S “ Origin of the English Drama," 3 vols. Oxford, 1773, 12mo.



ET us lift up our hartes all,

And prayfe the lordes magnificence, Which hath given the wolues a fall,

And is become our strong defence:

For they thorowe a false pretens
From Christes bloude dyd all us leade *,


* 1, c. denied us the Cup, see below, ver. 94.



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