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Gridge, (Ġ 2), affords an example of the style of combinations of them. Though Strutt's prints drawing and ornamenting letters in England in do not exhibit the bright and vivid colours of the 8th century; and the copy of Prudentius's the originals, they give us equally a view, not only Psycomachia in the Cottonian library (Clop. c. 8.) of the persons and dresses of our ancestors, but exhibits the style of drawing in Italy in the 9th also of their customs, manners, arts, and employcentury. Of the roth century there are Roman ments, their arms, ships, houses, furniture, &c. drawings of a singular kind in the Harleian li- and enable us to judge of their skill in drawing. brary (No 2820.), Nos. 5280, 1802, and 432, in The figures in those paintings are often ftiff and the same library, contain fpecimens of ornament- formal; but the ornaments are in general fine and ed letters, which are to be found in Irish MSS. delicate, and the colours clear and bright, parfrom the 12th to the 14th century. Cædmon's ticularly the gold and azure. In some of these Poetical Paraphrase of the book of Genelis, writ- illuminations the passions are strongly painted. ten in the 11th century, which is preserved How strongly, for example, is terror painted in amongst F. Junius': MSS. in the Bodleian library, the faces of the earl of Warwick's failors, when exhibits many specimens of atensils, weapons, in- they were threatened with a shipwreck, and grief ftruments of music, and implements of husbandry in the countenances of those who were present at used by the Anglo-Saxons." The like may be seen the death of that hero? After the introduction of in extracts from the Pentateuch of the same age, printing, this elegant art of illuminating gradually in the Cottonian library (Claud. B. 4,) The MS. declined, and at length was quite neglected. On copy of Terence in the Bodleian library (D. 17.) the whole, it is proper to observe, that from the displays the dresses, malks, &c. worn by come- sth to the roth century, the miniature paintings dians in the 12th century, if not earlier. The in Greek manuscripts are generally good, as are very elegant Pfalter in the library of the Trinity also some among those of Italy, England, and College, Cambridge, exbibits specimens of the art France. From the roth to the middle of the 14th of drawing in England in the same century. The century they are commonly very bad, and may Virgil in the Lambeth library of the 13th century, be considered as so many monuments of the bar. (N° 471.) written in Italy, shows, both by the barity of those ages ; towards the end of the 14th, drawings and writing, that the Italians produced the paintings in MSS. were much improved ; and works much inferior to ours at that period. The in the two succeeding centuries, many excellent copy of the Apocalypse in the same library (No performances were produced, especially after the 209.) contains a curious example of the manner of happy period of the restoration of the arts, when painting in the 14th century. The beautiful paint- great attention was paid to the works of the anings in the history of the latter part of the reign of cients, and the study of antiquity became faK. Rich. II. in the Harleian library (No 1319) af. hionable. ford curious specimens of manners and customs, *ILLUMINATION.n..(illuminatio, Lat. illuboth civil and military, at the close of the 14th mination, Fr. from illuminate.] 1. The act of sup. and in the beginning of the 15th century; as does plying with light. 2. That which gives light,N° 2278 in the same library. Many other in- The fun is but a body illightened, and an illumiftances might be produced; but those who defire nation created. Raleigb's Hiftory. 3. Feftal lights farther information may consult Strutt's Regal and hung out as a token of joy. Ecclefiaftical Antiquities, 4to, and his Horda- Angel Flow'rs are ftrew'd, and lamps in order cynnan. in 3 vols. This art was much practised 3

placa, by the clergy, and even by some in the highest And windows with illuminations grac'd. Dryd. ftations in the church. “The famous Osmond 4. Brightness ;, splendour.-The illuminators of (says Brompton), who was confecrated Bp. of manuscripts borrowed their title from the illumiSalisbury A. D. 1067, did not disdain to spend nation which a bright genius giveth to his work. some part of his time in writing, binding, and it Felton on the Clafficks. s. Infusion of intellectual luminating books. Mr Strutt has given the pub- light; knowledge or grace.--Hymns and psalms lic an opportunity of forming some judgment of are such kinds of prayer as are not conceived upon the degree of delicacy and art, with which thefe a fudden; but framed by meditation beforehand, illuminations were executed, by publishing prints or by prophetical illumination are inspired. Hooker. of a prodigious number of them, in his Regal and -We have forms of prayer imploring God's aid Ecclefiaftical Antiquities of England, and View of and blessing for the illumination of our labours, the Customs, &c. of England. In the first of these and the turning them into good and holy uses. works we are presented with the genuine portraits, Bacon.- No holy pallion, no illumination, no inin miniature, of all the kings, and several of the fpiration, can be now a sufficient commiflion to queens of England, from Edward the Confeffor warrant those attempts which contradict the comto Henry VII: mostly in their crowns and royal mon rules of peace. robes, together with the portraits of many other * IELUMINATIVE. adj. (illuminatif, French eminent persons of both fexes. The illuminators from illuminate.] Having the power to give light. and painters of this period seem to have been in -What makes itself and other things be seen, beposiellion of a confiderable number of colouring ing accompanied by light, is called fire: what admaterials, and to have known the arts of preparing mits the illuminative action of fire, and is not and inixing them, so as to form a great variety of feen, is called air. Digby on Bodies. colours : for in the specimens of their miniature (1.) * ILLUMINATOR.n. . (from illuminate.) paintings that are still extant, we perceive not 1. One who gives light. 2. One whose business it only the fire primary colours, but also various is to decorate books with pictures at thc begia

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ning of chapters.- Illuminators of manuscripts bor. delightful; and this confifts in exposing the beft rowed their title from the illumination which a lide only of a shepherd's life, and concealing its bright genius giveth to his work. Felton.

miferies. Pope. (2.) ILLUMINATORS. See ILLUMINATING. * ILLUSIVE. adj. [from illufus, Lat.) Deceiv

TO ILLUMINE. v. a. (illuminer, Fr.] 1. To ing by false Mow.enlighten; to supply with light.

The heathen bards, who idle fables dreft, To confirm his words, outflew

Illufve dreams in mystic forms expreft. Blackm. Millions of flaming swords. drawn from the

While the fond soul, thighs

Wrapt in gay visions of unreal bliss, Of mighty cherubims: the sudden blaze Still paints th' illusive form. Thomson. Far round illumin'd hell.

Milton. * ILLUSOR Y. adj. (from in and luforius, Lat. What in me is dark

illusoire, Fr.] Deceiving ; fraudulent.-Subtility, Illumine ! what is low, raise and support! Milt. in those who make profession to teach or defend 2. To decorate ; to adorn,

truth, hath passed for a virtue ; a virtue indeed, To Cato, Virgil paid one honest line ; which, consisting for the most part in nothing but O let my country's friends illumine miné. Pope. the fallacious and illusory use of obscure or deceit

(1.) ILLUMINED, ILLUMINATI, in church ful terms, is only fit to make men more conceited history, a term anciently applied to such persons in their ignorance. Locke. as had received baptisin. This name was occa- * TO ILLUSTRATE. v.n. (illuftro, Lat. illustrer, fioned by a ceremony in the baptism of adults; Fr.) 1. To brighten with light. 2. To brighten which consisted in putting a lighted taper in the with honour.hand of the person baptized, as a symbol of the Matter to me of glory! whom their hate faith and grace he had received in the sacrament. Illustrates, when they see all regal pow'r

(2.) ILLUMINED, ILLUMINATI, is also the name Giv'n to me to quell their pride. Milton. of a feet of heretics, who sprang up in Spain

Thee she enroll'å her garter'd knights among, about A. D. 1575, and were called by the Spa- Illustrating the noble lift.

Philipso niards Almabrados. Their principal doctrines were, 3. To explain; to clear ; to elucidate.--Authors that by means of a sublime manner of prayer, take up popular conceits, and from tradition, unwhich they had attained to, they entered into so justifiable or false, illuftrate matters of undeniable perfect a state, that they had no occafion for ordi- truth. Brown. nances, facraments, or good works; and that they ILLUSTRATION. n.). (illuftration, Fr. from could give way, even to the vilest actions, with- illuftrate.] Explanation ; elucidation; exposition. out fin. The sect of Illumined was revived in It is feldom used in its original fignification for France in 1634, and were soon after joined by material brightness. Whoever looks about him the Guerinetes, or disciples of Peter Guerin, who will find many living illustrations of this emblem. together made but one body, called also ILLU- L'Estrange.-Space and duration, being ideas that MINED: but they were to hotly pursued by Louis have something very abftrufe and peculiar in their XIII. that they were soon destroyed. The bro- nature, the comparing them one with another may thers of the Rosy Cross are sometimes also called perhaps be of use for their illustration. Locke. Illumined. See RosiCRUCIANS.

* ILLUSTRATIVE. adj. (from illuftrate.) HaILLUMINEES. See ILLUMINATI, N° 1. ving the quality of elucidating or clearing.–They ILLUMINISM. n. f. The system and mysteries play much upon the fimile, or illustrative arguof the ILLUMINATI.

mentation, to induce their enthymemes unto the TO ILLUMINIZE. v. &. To propagate the people. Brown, doctrines of the ILLUMINATI.

* ILLUSTRATIVELY. adv. (from illufira. ILLURCIS, or ILOrcis, a town of Hispania tive.) By way of explanation.- Things are many Tarraconensis, afterwards called Gracchueis, from times delivered hieroglyphically, metaphorically, Gracchus; and now Lorca. Plin. l. 3. c. 3. illufratively, and not with reference to action.

* ILLUSION. n. f. [illufio, Lat. illufion, Fr.) Brown.Mockery; false show; counterfeit appearance ; ILLUSTRES. See ILLUSTRIOUS, 2. error.

(1.) * ILLUSTRIOUS. adj. [illuflris, Latin, That diftill’d by magic fights,

illuftre, Fr.] Conspicuous; noble ; eminent for exShall raise such artificial sprights,

cellence.-In other languages the moft illustrious As by the strength of their illusion,

titles are derived from things sacred. South. Shall draw him on to his confufion.

Shak..

Of ev'ry nation, each illuftricus name, -There wanted not some about him that would Such toys as those have cheated into fame. have persuaded bim that all was an illufion. Bacon.

Dryden. So oft they fell

(2.) ILLUSTRIOUS, ILLUSTRIS, was heretofore, loto the same illusion, not as man,

in the Roman empire, a title of honour peculiar Whom they triumph'd, once laps'd. Milton, to people of a certain rank. It was first given to -Ao excuse for uncharitableness drawn from pre- the most diftinguifhed among the knights, who tended inability, is of all others the most general had a right to bear the latus clarus; afterwards, and prevailing illufion. Atterburg:- Many illufions those were entitled illuftrious who held the firf by which the enemy endeavours to cheat men in. rank among these called HONORAT!; viz. tie præto fecurity, and defeat their salvation. Rogers. fecti prætorii, præfecti urbis, treasurers, corsites,

To dream once more I close my willing eyes; &c. . There were, however, different degrees Ye foft illufions, dear deceits, arise ! Pope. among the illustrious : as in Spain they have gran-We must use some illufion to render a pałoral dees of the it and ad class, so in Rome they had

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their illustres, whom they called majores, great ; ILTZHOSEN, a town of Germany, in Suab and others, called illustres minores, less.-For in. 8 miles NE. of Hall. ftance; the præfe&tus prætorii was a degree below ILVA, an illand of the Tyrrbenian sea, opp the master of the offices, though they were both fite to Etruria, now called Elba. See ELBA. It h illustres. The Novels of Valentinian distinguish two ports, viz. Porto Longone, on the SE. coa as far as five kinds of illustres ; among whom, the and Porto Ferraro, on the N. The latter, affit illustres administratores bear the first rank. ed by some British troops, stood a fiege of abo

ILLUSTRIOUSLY. adv. (from illustrious.] 8 months, by the French, in 1801, without fu Conspicuously; nobly; eminently.--He disdained rendering. It was relieved by the peace. not to appear at feftival entertainments, that he ILUS, in fabulous history, the 4th king of Tro might more illuftriouly manifeft his charity. Atterb. and son of Tros by Callirrhoe, father of Laom

You carrying with you all the world can boast, don, and grandfather of Priam. He received ti To all the world illustriously are lost. Pope. Palladium from Jupiter. See PALLADIUM.

* ILLUSTRIOUSNESS. n. 8. (from illustrious.] ILYE, a town of Transylvania. Eminence; nobility; grandeur.

ILZA, a town of Poland. ILLYRES, or ILLYRII, the people of ILLYRIA: # I'M. Contracted from I am. ILLYRIA, 1 in ancient geography, names * IM is used commonly, in compofition, for : ILLYRICA, I of a country in Europe, ex. before mute letters.-What is im in Latin, whe ILLYRICUM, Śtending from the Adriatic to it is not a negative, is often en in French; and ou ILLYRIS, and | Pannonia. Illyricum is the writers, as the Latin or French occurs to the

ILLYRIUM, j name used by Livy, Herodo. minds, use im or em: formerly im was more com tus, and St Paul; to which the word solum (foil) mon, and now em seems to prevail. is supposed to be understood. Its boundaries are (1.) * IMAGE. n. l. [image, Fr. imago, Latin. variously alligned. Pliny makes it extend in length 1. Any corporeal representation, generally use from the Arlia to the Drinius, thus including Li- of ftatues; a Raiue : a picture. Whose is thi burnia on the W. and Dalmatia on the E. ; which image and superscription ? Matt. xxii. 20.-The is also the opinion of Ptolemy; who settles its li. one is too like an image, and says nothing; and mits from Mount Scardus and the Upper Moefia the other too like my lady's oldest son, evermore on the E. to Istria on the W. It was a Roman talking. Shak.province, divided by Auguftus into the Superior

Tby brother I, and Inferior, but of which the limits are left un. Even like a ftony image, cold and numb. Sbak. determined both by ancient historians and geo. -The image of a deity may be a proper obje& for graphers. It now forms part of Croatia, Bosnia, that which is but the image of a religion. South. Istria, and Sclavonia.

Still must I be upbraided with your line ; ILLYRIUS, Matthias FLACCUS, or FRANCO- But your late brother did not prize me lefs, witz, one of the most learned divines of the Augf. Because I could not boalt of images. Dryden. burg confession, born in Istria, anciently called 2. An idol; a false god.-Manasseh set the carved ILLYRICA, in 1520. He is said to have been a image in God's house. Chron. 3. A copy ; repre man of vast genius, extensive learning, and great sentation; likeness.m zeal against Popery; but of a passionate temper.

Long may'st thou live, He studied under Luther and Melanchon; and To bear his image and renew bis glories! Sbak, published a great number of books. He also had I have bewept a worthy husband's death, the chief direction of the Centuric Magdeburgenfes. And liv'd by looking on his images : He died in 1975.

But now two mirrors of his princely femblance ILM, a town of Saxony, 14 miles S. of Erfurt. Are crack'd in pieces by malignant death. Shaki

ILMEN, a lake of Russia, in Novogorod, which He made us to his image all agree: communicates with lake Ladoga, by the river That image is the soul, and that must be, Volkhof. Lon. 34. o. E Lat. 38. o. N.

Or not the maker's image, or be free. Dryden. ILMENAU, a town of Franconia, on the Elbe. 4. Semblance; show ; appearance.

ILMINSTER, a market town of Somersetihire, Deny to speak with me? They're fick, they're among hills, 26 miles SW. of Wells, and 137 W. weary, by S. of London. Lon. 2.54. W. Lat. 50.55. N. They have travell'd all night ! Mere fetches, ILORCIS. See ILLURCIS.

The images of revolt. Shak. King Lear. ILOTÆ. See HELOTÆ.

This is the man should do the bloody deed ILSLEY, or EAST ILSLEY, a town of Berks, The image of a wicked heinous fault in a valley between two hills ; 14 miles NW. of

Lives in his eye.

Sbak. King John. Reading, and 53 W. of London. Lon. I. 12. W. The face of things a frightful image bears, Lat. 51. 32. N.

And prelent death in various forms appears. ILST, a town of the Batavian republic, in the

Dryden's Æneid. dep. of Eems, and late prov. of E. Frieland, 12 s. An idea; a representation of any thing to the miles S. by W. of Leewarden, and 12. NE. of Sta. mind; a picture drawn in the fancy.vern. Lon. s. 24. E. Lat. 53• 1. N.

The image of the jest ILSTADT, a town of Bavaria, at the conflux I'll shew you here at large.

Shaki of the Danube and Ills, opposite Paslau. Lon. 13. Outcasts of mortal race! can we conceive 37. E. Lat. 48. 29. N.

Image of aught delightful, soft, or great? Prior ILTEN, a town of Saxony, in Luneburg, 16 -When we speak of a figure of a thousand angles, miles SSW. of Zell,

we may have a clear idea of the number 1000 an

gles; but the image, or sensible idea, we cannot images in churches as ornaments, was first introdiftinguish by fancy from the image of a figure duced by some Christians in Spain, in the beginthat has 900 angles. Watts.

ning of the 4th century; but the practice was (2.) IMAGE, in a religious sense, ($ 1. def. 2.) is condemned as a dangerous innovation, in a coun. an artificial representation of fome perfon or thing, cil held at Eliberis in 305. Epiphanius, in a letused as an object of adoration; in which sense, it ter preserved by Jereme, tom. ii. ep. 6. bears a is used synonymously with IDOL. The use and strong testimony against images ; and he may be adoration of images have been long controverted. considered as one of the first Iconoclasts. The It is plain, from the practice of the primitive custom of admitting pictures of saints and martyrs church, recorded by the earlier fathers, that Chrif- into churches (for this was the first fource of tians, during the first three centuries, and the IMAGE-WORSHIP) was rare in the end of the 4th greater part of the 4th, neither worshipped images century; but became common in the sth. But nor used them in tbeir worship. However, the they were ftill considered only as ornaments, and greater part of the Popith divines maintain, that even in this view, they met with very confiderathe use and worship of images are as ancient as ble opposition. In the following century the custhe Chriftian religion itself: to prove this, they al- tom of thus adorning churches became almost lege a decree, said to have been made in a coun- universal, both in the E, and W. Petavius espresscil held by the Apostles at Antioch, commanding ly says, ( de Incar. lib. xv. cap. 14.) that no ftatues the faithful, that they may not err about the ob- were yet allowed in the churches; because they ject of their worship, to make images of Christ bore too near a resemblance to the idols of the and worship them. Baron. ad ann. 102. But no Gentiles. Towards the close of the 4th, or benotice is taken of this decree, till 700 years after ginning of the sth century, images, which were the Apoftolic times, after the dispute about images introduced by way of ornament, and then used as had commenced. The first instance that occurs an aid to devotion, began to be actually worshipin any credible author, of images among Christi- ped. However, it continued to be the doctrine ans, is that recorded by Tertullian depudicit. c. of the church in the 6th, and in the beginning of 10. of certain cups, or chalices, as Bellarmine pre- the 7th century, that images were to be used only tends, on which was represented the parable of as helps to devotion, and not as objects of wor. the good shepherd carrying the loft sheep on his ship. The worship of them was condemned in shoulders : but this instance only proves, that the the strongest terms by Gregory the Great ; as apchurch at that time did not think emblematical pears by two of his letters, written in bor. From figures unlawful ornaments of chalices. Another this time to the beginning of the 8th century, inftance is taken from Eusebius, (Hif. Eccl. lib. there occurs no instance of any worship, given or vii. cap. 18.) who says, that in his time there were allowed to be given to images by any council or to be seen two brass ftatues in the city of Paneas assembly of bishops whatever. But they were or Cæfarea Philippi; the one of a woman on her commonly worshipped by the monks and popu. knees, with her arms stretched out, the other of lace in the beginning of the 8th century; info. a man over against her, with his hand extended much, that in 726, when Leo published his famous to receive her : these statues were said to be the ediat, it had already spread into all the provinces images of our Saviour and the woman whom be subject to the empire. The Lutherans condemn cured of an issue of blood. From the foot of the the Calvinifts for breaking the images in the ftatue representing our Saviour, says the hiftorian, churches of the Catholics, looking on it as a kind sprung up an exotic plant, which, as soon as it of sacrilege ; and yet they condemn the Romanifts grew to touch the border of his garment, was said (who are professed imuge-worshippers) as idolaters: to cure all sorts of distempers. Eusebius, bowever, nor can these laft keep pace with the Greeks, vouches none of these things ; nay, he supposes who go far beyond them in this point; which has that the woman who erected this statue of our occafioned abundance of disputes among them. Saviour was a pagan, and ascribes it to a pagan See ICONOCLAST, $ 2. The Jews absolutely concustom. Philoftorgius, (Eccl. Hift. lib. vii. c. 3.) demn all images, and do not so much as suffer any expressly says, that this statue was carefully pre- ftatues or figures in their houses, much less in their served by the Christians, but that they paid no fynagogues or places of worship. The Mahomekind of worship to it, because it is not lawful for tans have an equal averfion to images; which led Christians to worship brafs or any other matter. 'them to destroy most of the beautiful monuments The primitive Chriftians abstained from the wor- of antiquity, buth facred and profane, at ConftanThip of images, not, as the Papifts pretend, from tinople. tenderness to heathen idolaters, but because they (3.) IMAGE, in antiquity. The Roman patri. thought it uolawful in itself to make any images cians preserved the images of their anceftors with of the Deity. Justin Mart. Apol. ii. p. 44. Clem. great care, and had them carried in proceffion at Alex. Strom. s. Strom. 1. and Protr. p. 46. Aug. their funerals and triumphs: these were common. de Civit. Dei. lib. vii. c. S. and lib. iv. c. 32. Id. ly made of wax, or wood, though sometimes of de Fide et Symb. c. 7. Lactant. lib ii. c. 3. Ter. marble or brass. They placed them in the vesti. tull. Apol. c. 12. Arnob. lib. vi. 8. 202. Tertul- bules of their houses; and they were to stay there, lian, Clemens Alexandrinus, and Origen, were of even if the houses happened to be sold, it being opinion, that, by the second commandment, paint. accounted impious to displace them. Appius ing and engraving were unlawful to a Chriftian, Claudius was the first who brought them into the ftyling them evil and wicked arts. Tert. de Idol. temples, A. U. C. 259, and he added inscriptions cap. 3. Clem. Alex. Admon. ad Gent. p. 41. O. to them, showing the origin of the persons reprerigen contra Cellum, lib. vi. p. 182. The use of fented, and their brave and virtuous achievements. It was not, however, allowed for all, who had What can thy imagery offorrow mean? the images of their ancestors in their houses, to Secluded from the world, and all its care, have them carried at their funerals; this was only Haft thou to grieve or joy, to hope or fear? granted to such as had honourably discharged their

Prior. offices : for those who failed in this respect, for- -All the visionary beauties of the prospect, the feited that privilege ; and if they had been guilty paint and imagery that attracted our senses, fade of any great crime, their images were broken in and disappear. Rogers. 3. Forms of the fancy; pieces. See IGNOBILES, and Jus, No 7. false ideas; imaginary phantasms.It might be a

(4.) IMAGE, in optics, a figure in the form of mere dream which he saw; the imagery of a meany object, made by the rays of light issuing from lancholick fancy, such as musing men miftake for the several points of it, and meeting in so many a reality. Atterbury. 4. Representations in writ. other points, either at the bottom of the eye, or ing; such descriptions as force the image of the on any other ground, or on any transparent me thing described upon the mind. I wish there may dium, where there is no surface to reflect them. be in this poem any infance of good imagery. Thus we are said to see all objects by means of Dryden. their images formed in the eye.

* IMAGINABLE. adj. [imaginable. Fr. from (5.) IMAGE, in rhetoric, also signifies a lively de- imagine.] Possible to be conceived. It is not imafcription of any thing in a discourse. Images in ginable that men will be brought to obey what discourse are defined by Longinus, to be, in ge. they cannot efteem. South.- Men, funk into the neral, any thoughts proper to produce expressions, greatest darkness imaginable, retain some sense and and which present a kind of pi&ture to the mind. awe of a Deity. Tillotfon. But, in the more limited sense, he says, images * IMAGINANT. adj. [imaginart, Fr.] Imaare such discourses as come from us, when, by a gining ; forming ideas.-We will enquire what kind of enthusiasm, or an extraordinary emotion the force of imagination is, either upon the body of the soul, we seem to see the things whereof we imaginant, or upon another body. Bacon. speak, and present them before the eyes of those * IMAGINARY. adj. (imaginaire, Fr. from who hear us. Images, in rhetoric, have a very dif. imagine.] Fancied; visionary; existing only in the ferent use from what they have among i he poets: imagination.the end principally proposed in poetry is, afto.

False forrow's eye, nishment and surprise ; whereas the thing chiefly Which, for things true, weeps things imaginary. aimed at in prose, is to paint things naturally, and

Shakesp. to show them clearly. They have this, however,

Expectation whirls me round: in common, that they both tend to move, each in Th’imaginary relish is so sweet, its kind. These images, or pictures, are of vast That it enchants my sense.

Shakesp. use, to give weight, magnificence, and itrength, to – Fortune is nothing else but a power imaginary, a discourse. They warm and animate it; and, to which the successes of human actions and enwhen managed with art, according to Longinus, deavours were for their variety ascribed. Raleigb. seem, as it were, to subdue the hearer, and put Why wilt thou 'add to all the griefs I suffer, him in the power of the speaker.

Imaginary ill and fancied tortures? Addison. * To IMAGE. v. a. (from the noun.] To copy (1.) * IMAGINATION, n. f. imaginatio. Lat. by the fancy; to imagine.- How are immaterial imagination. Fr. from imagine.] 1. Fancy, the substances to be imaged, which are such things power of forming ideal pictures; the power of rewhereof we can have no notion? Dryden. presenting things absent to one's self or others. Image to thy mind

--Imagination I understand to be the representaHow our forefathers to the Stygian shades tion of an individual thought. Imagination is of Went quick.

Philips. three kinds: joined with belief of that which is to His ear oft frighted with the imag'd voice come; joined with memory of that which is paft; Of heay'n, when firft it thunder'd. Prior. and of things present, or as if they were present :

Fate some future bard fhall join for I comprehend in this imagination feigned and In fad fimilitude of griefs to mine,

at pleasure, as if one should imagine such a man Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore, to be in the veftments of a pope, or to have wings. And image charms he must behold no more. Bacon.-Our fimple apprehension of corporeal ob

Pope. jecte, if prefent, is fente; if absent, imagination : * IMAGERY. n. f. [from image.] 1. Sensible when we would perceive a material object, our representations; pictures; ftatues.

fancies present us with its idea. GlanvillaOf marble stone was cut

o whither shall I run, or which way fly An altar carv'd with cunning imagery. Fairy Q. The light of this so horrid spectacle,

When in those oratories might you see Which erst my eyes beheld, and yet behold! Rich carvings, portraitures, and imagery ; For dire imagination ftill pursues me. Milton. Where ev'ry figure to the life express'd

Where beams of warm imagination play, The godhead's pow'r.

Dryden. The memory's soft figures melt away. Your gift shall two large goblets be 2. Conception; image in the mind; idea.-SomeOf filver wrought with curious imagery, times despair darkens all ber imaginations : fomeAnd high emboss'd.

Dryden. times the active passion of love cheers and clears 2. Show ; appearance.-Things of the world fill her inventions. Sidney.the imaginative part with beauties and fantastick Princes have but their title for their glories, imagery. Taylor.

An outward honour for an inward toil ;

And,

Pope.

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