The Fire, the Star and the Cross: Minority Religions in Medieval and Early Modern Iran
The first comprehensive discussion of the cultural achievements of non-Muslim cultures in Iran. This book will appeal to scholars and students of religious studies and Iranian history alike and will also be of great interest to political scientists and economists concerned with modern Iran. Contemporary political events have generated a strong interest in minorities in the Middle East. Although today the region is mostly identified with Islam, it has been home to many other great cultures, and the civilization of the Islamic world is itself indebted to the various peoples that the Arabs subdued in the 7th and 8th centuries. Far from fading away after the Arab conquest, the inhabitants of the Iranian plateau and of Mesopotamia were central players in the lives of their regions. However, the magnitude of their contribution to the emergence of the early Islamic world has hitherto been neglected. In this fascinating and groundbreaking study, Khanbaghi offers a comprehensive discussion of those groups that resisted assimilation to the new Islamic order yet continued to participate actively in the socio-political life of their homeland. He concentrates on Iran, which due to its complex religious history offers unique opportunities for the study of non-Muslim communities, specifically of Zoroastrians, Jews and Christians
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9th century Abbasid able administration Afghan al-Dawla Arab Arakel of Tabriz army Babai Babylonian Talmud Baghdad Baghdiantz Bahram Bar Hebraeus Caliph Cambridge History Carmelites Catholic Catholicos Chardin Christians in Iran Chronicle Church converted to Islam court cultural Dastur deportation dynasty edict Empire Encyclopaedia European Exilarch Farahabad Farhad Fiey Fischel Georgian Ghazan governor Grand Vizier Histoire History of Iran Ibid important invasion Iranian Jewry Isfahan Jacobite Jewish community Jews Jews and Christians Julfa Juwayni Khurasan Khusraw Kirman Leiden literature London Matthee mentioned Mesopotamia missionaries Mongols Moreen Muhammad Muslim Iranian Navsari India Nestorian non-Muslims Nonetheless Ottoman Pahlavi Paris Parsis patriarch Perse persecutions Persian physician Pietro della Valle political Pope population position Pumbedita Rashid al-Din reign religion religious minorities rule rulers Safavid Safavid period Saffarids Sassanian scholars Shah Abbas Shi'ite silk Spuler Sultan Sunnite Syriac Tabari Tehran throne Timur town trade translated Yazd Zoroastrians