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Sioux CALLENTOL and tol ACEAE

In the 1944 Flood Control Act we were given an authorization of $200,000,000 to start work there in the Missouri Valley. Under that authorization Congress has made an appropriation of about $8,000,000 in the First Deficiency Act of 1946. There is now pending before a conference committee the War Department Civil Functions Appropriation Act which, as passed by the Senate, carries some $23,000,000. If the bill is enacted in its present form, then there will be available to the Corps of Engineers approximately $31,000,000 to be spent under the 1944 Flood Control Act for developing the Missouri River Basin for flood control and other purposes.

Mr. ALLEN. You are speaking now of the levee projects between Sioux City and Kansas City ?

General Pick. Not exclusively, sir; I am talking about the projects in the whole basin.

We have selected for construction certain projects under the authority now available and they will be placed under construction this year provided funds are made available. The key reservoir on the main river is the Garrison Reservoir in North Dakota. The deficiency bill passed in December of 1945 carried $2,000,000 for that project. It also carried funds for local protection works at Kansas City, local protection works at Omaha, Nebr., and Council Bluffs, Iowa, and funds for resuming work on Kanopolis Reservoir in Kansas.

For the committee's information, the first project to get under way under the new over-all authorization for the Missouri Valley was started on the 21st of March at Kansas City when work was started on the construction of a flood wall to protect the central industrial district of Kansas City. Shortly thereafter a contract was signed for resumption of work on the Kanopolis Dam. That work will get under way in just a few days.

In the last 2 weeks we have received bids for an access railroad to the Garrison Dam and an access highway to the Garrison Dam, and the contracts will be let in the next few days on both of those projects. In addition to that, we have sufficient funds provided by the deficiency bill of last fall to start work on local protection works at Omaha, Nebr., and Council Bluffs. We have $500,000 for each of those projects. In addition to that we have funds which will permit us to award a contract about the middle of this month for two and one-half miles of levee to protect the northern part of Kansas City, which includes the municipal airport at Kansas City. That will take up and obligate all the funds which we received under the deficiency appropriation bill.

Our advance planning has gone forward to the point where we can obligate all of the funds included in the 1947 appropriation bill now before Congress. We can obligate all of those funds early in the con-struction season this year. We will start construction of the Fort Randall Dam in South Dakota. We will start construction on the Cherry Creek Reservoir in Colorado. We will start work on the Harlan County Dam in Nebraska. We will start and complete some sections of the local protection works at Kansas City. We will be able to begin two additional units there and do some work on the making of the Liberty Bend cut-off. We will have sufficient funds to complete about half of the local proctection works at Omaha, Nebr., and Council Bluffs, Iowa. In addition to that we will have some funds

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available for doing some bank protection work in the main river up above Sioux City at Kensler Bend. We will have sufficient funds to carry on our planning work for the levees for Sioux City down to the mouth of the Missouri River. We will not have any construction funds this year for that but we will have sufficient funds to carry on the planning so that we will be in shape to carry on some of that work next year, providing funds are available.

The CHAIRMAN. There has been no appropriation thus far made for the initiation of the Osceola Reservoir ? General Pick. No, sir; no funds have been made available for it.

The CHAIRMAN. On the Grand River is there an authorized or approved project?

General Pick. There is an authorized project. The Chillicothe Dam is authorized, but we have a review report on the Grand River which proposes the substitution of the Hickory and Pattonsburg Dams for Chillicothe Dam.

The CHAIRMAN. That report has not been submitted ? General Pick. No, sir; that report has not yet been submitted to Congress. It has been submitted to the Governor for comment as required by law.

The CHAIRMAN. Is there an authorized project presently for any other improvements along the Grand River? There is a problem down there on that stream of endangering highways as the result of erosion. I am wondering, Mr. Schwabe, at this time if you would like to ask the general any questions with respect to that matter which you brought to the attention of the committee.

Mr. SCHWABE. That is on the lower Grand. I would like General Crawford to tell you about it.

General CRAWFORD. As I understand it, the problem there is one of bank erosion which is threatening the highways and the bridges in the State. There is no project for that work on the lower Grand River authorized at this time.

The CHAIRMAN. Under the act of 1944, am I correct in saying that we included an authorization for the protection of highways in such cases?

General CRAWFORD. Yes, sir; section 12 of that act authorized $500,000 to be appropriated as an emergency fund to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War and the supervision of the Chief of Engineers for the construction of emergency bank protection works to prevent flood damage to highways, bridge approaches and public works.

The CHAIRMAN. I will ask you this question, General Crawford. Has the entire amount of $500,000 authorized been appropriated and allocated ? General CRAWFORD. It has been practically all allocated.

The CHAIRMAN. So, for this problem there along the Grand River and similar problems elsewhere, the solution would be an additional authorization?

General CRAWFORD. Yes, sir. Of course, it must be understood that such a project must meet the requirements that highways or bridges or other public works are threatened by flood damage or erosion.

The CHAIRMAN. Any further questions along that line, Mr. Schwabe?

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Mr. SCHWABE. No, sir.

Mr. CASE. The Appropriations Committee denied the Budget estimate for appropriations for the Chillicothe Reservoir in the civil functions bill this year, and they did it on the strong representation from the representative of the district, on the material that was filed, that it was not desired. I just noticed that General Pick said an alternative plan is being prepared for this Hickory Reservoir. Will that take the place of the Chillicothe Reservoir ?

General PICK. Yes, sir. The Pattonsburg Reservoir is also part of the substitute plan.

Mr. CASE. We have a pretty elaborate brief from the citizens of Hickory objecting to being obliterated, and so forth.

The CHAIRMAN. You do not have any monopoly on that, because I do not know of any dam constructed anywhere that we have not heard from folks above the dam. Those two dams are no exceptions.

Mr. SCHWABE. The people around that area are opposed to it but the people on the lower grand are very much in favor of it.

The CHAIRMAN. General Pick, you may proceed. General Pick. The completion of the program of work which I have : outlined for this year which will be undertaken with the funds that we have in hand and in the civil-functions bill will exceed our authorization of $216,000,000.

The projects we have selected under the present authorizations are: Kanopolis Reservoir, estimated to cost $11,600,000; Omaha, Nebr., $4,700,000; Council Bluffs, $1,900,000; the Garrison Reservoir, $158,000,000.

The CHAIRMAN. What is the total estimated cost of those projects? General PICK. That is $176,200,000.

The CHAIRMAN. What do you recommend as a minimum increased authorization for the Missouri River Basin ?

General Pick. We have the plan set up now to start the Harlan County Reservoir, and funds for it are in the civil-functions bill. This project will cost $33,000,000. Our early construction program also includes starting the levees on the main river, about $6,700,000. That makes a total of $216,000,000, which is the entire amount of our present authorization. .

The CHAIRMAN. That is for the Missouri River Basin ?
General Pick. That is the Missouri River Basin.

Now, then, in addition to that, if we start the Fort Randall Dam this year, which we hope to do, and for which funds are in the civil-functions bill, there will be an addition of $93,750,000. So, we are committed in excess of our authorization. That will not allow us to take on any new work next year within present authority.

Now there are some projects which we are ready to start, and some that we hope to be ready to start, and would like to start next year, if the authorization is increased.

The CHAIRMAN. Will you name them, please? General Pick. I would like to start the Gavin's Point Reservoir in South Dakota. I would like to start the Pomme de Terre Reservoir in Missouri. I would like to start work on the Oahe Reservoir in South Dakota and one or two other reservoirs in the approved plan.

Now, in addition to that, I would like to continue work on the agricultural levees along the main river.

The CHAIRMAN. What is the situation with respect to the reservoirs that Mr. Case brought to our attention?

General PICK. We do not have authorized projects for those two particular reservoirs. We are making a survey on the Moreau River now.

The CHAIRMAN. Under a resolution?
General Pick. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. What about the other reservoir ?

General Pick. That, I believe, is included in the comprehensive plan as a reservoir to be built by the Bureau of Reclamation.

Mr. CASE. As a matter of fact, the Moreau is too.

General Pick. Our report on the Moreau River will be completed and submitted to the Chief of Engineers the 1st of May 1947.

The CHAIRMAN. Any further general statement now with respect to the Missouri River Basin ?

General Pick. Nothing except to say by way of summarizing that with our present authorization we have underway the Kanopolis and Garrison Reservoirs and local protection works at Omaha and Council Bluffs. In view of the appropriations now contained in the civil-functions appropriation bill for 1947 we plan to start the Harlan County and Fort Randall Reservoirs at an early date. Although some of these projects will require several years to build the completion of the projects now underway and those contemplated with funds in the 1947 appropriation bill will exceed our present authorization ceiling by slightly less than $100,000,000. If that ceiling is raised by, say, $300,000,000, we will be able to complete all of the works to be started as mentioned above and to initiate additional important agricultural levees along the main stem of the Missouri River, and the Oahe Reservoir, and one or two other reservoirs as the details of those projects are developed. Mr. Chairman, I would also like to insert at this point a statement on recent floods.

DATA ON FLOODS, MISSOURI RIVER BASIN, DURING 1945 AND TO DATE DURING 1946

1945 FLOODS Main stem

The high water season was unusually prolonged on the lower end of the main stem in 1945, beginning with local ice jam floods in the Sioux City, IowaSt. Joseph, Mo., reach in mid-February and continuing with minor exceptions until late July. Fortunately flooding was not so severe as in 1943 and 1944, the peak stages below Kansas City being 2 to 6 feet less than the maximums for those years.

During February and again in March ice jams between Mondamin, Iowa, and Hamburg, Iowa, caused considerable local overflow of farm lands and damages to roads, railroads, and navigation works. The area flooded amounted to 31,000 acres and damages totalled about $1,335,000. No lives were lost. There was no serious flooding on the main stem above Kansas City after March,

The prolonged high water below Kansas City, March through July, was principally due to a series of general rains over the lower basin. As the river was continuously at a high stage and exceeded flood stage several times, Kansas City to the mouth, the flood periods are not described separately. On the main stem at and below Kansas City in 1945 about 630,000 acres were flooded and damages totalled approximately $11,150,000. Two lives were lost. Tributaries

There were a large number of tributary floods throughout the basin in 1945 due variously to snow melt, ice jams, and rainfall. The most severe flooding occurred on streams tributary to the Sioux City, Iowa-St. Joseph, Mo., reach and

on the Gasconade River, as peak values nearly equal to or exceeding the previous maximums of record occurred. Tributary floods in 1945 inundated 1,770,000 acres and resulted in damages of about $34,000,000. Six lives were lost in tributary floods in 1945.

1946 FLOODS Main stem

No serious flooding has occurred on the main stem to the first of April and the ice on the river is completely gone. The snow in the headwaters was the second highest of record, 1934 to date, on March 1, but the plains area was generally dry except for sections in Wyoming and the eastern part of the Dakotas where late heavy snowfalls occurred. The area below Sioux City is moderately wet from early spring snows and rains and will produce large quantities of run-off if general rains occur in the near future. Tributaries

Flooding has occurred on several tributaries to the first of April in 1946. The Grand, Chariton, Osage, and Platte (of Missouri) Rivers have, due to snow melt and heavy rains, flooded a total of about 490,000 acres with resultant damages of approximately $750,000. No lives were lost on these streams. Incomplete reports indicate that the upper reaches of the Big Sioux River recently reached the highest levels in 25 years due to melting of exceptionally heavy headwaters snow cover. One life is believed to have been lost at Sioux Falls, s. Dak., in this flood.

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Principal tributaries flooded-1943: Osage, Kansas, Grand (Mo.), James, Chariton. 1944: Grand (Mo.), Osage, Kansas, Chariton, Grand (S. Dak.), Elkhorn. 1945: Osage, Grand (Mo.), Kansas, Gasconade, Big Blue, Little Sioux. 1946: Grand (Mo.), Chariton, Osage, Platte (Mo.), Big Sioux,

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you very much for your very helpful statement, General Pick.

Mr. Schwabe, are there any questions you would like to ask respecting the matters under consideration? Mr. SCHWABE. No, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Robertson, any further questions you would like to ask General Pick?

Mr. ROBERTSON. I am not just quite clear in my memory, General Pick. In the request for extended authorizations are you making requests for additional funds for that Garrison Reservoir, too, or are there adequate funds to carry on with that?

General Pick. What I am referring to here are authorizations. We have to get the authorizations before we can go before Congress for appropriation of funds.

Mr. ROBERTSON. You are asking for a total sum for the entire system of $300,000,000 ?

General Pick. You see, the 1944 Flood Control Act authorized $200,000,000 to start work on the authorized program. We have selected projects that have taken that up. We are asking for additional authorizations now.

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