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We are mindful of and grateful for the splendid and complete flood-control program which the United States Army engineers have prepared and recommended, and your committee and the Congress have authorized. We are desirous of seeing this program pushed to completion as rapidly as possible, which is the reason for my appearance before you.

1. THE CONEMAUGH RIVER RESERVOIR We have been advised by the district engineer that they are making more rapid progress in this project than was anticipated, and if an additional appropriation of $1, 600,000 is recommended by your committee and passed by the Congress, it will save a year in the time necessary to complete this reservoir.

Based on the figures for the 1936 flood, this reservoir will add practically as much flood protection as the six reservoirs already completed and in operation, We are, therefore, especially desirous that you act favorably upon this request. It is estimated that if the Conemaugh Reservoir had been in operation during the 1936 flood it would have reduced the flood crest by 4.5 feet.

This amount of $1,600,000 additional is to be broken down as follows: Increased work on 4 grading contracts for Pennsylvania R. R. relocation --

$320, 000 Bridge superstructure for the railroad relocation and for the fabrication of sluice gates for the dam-----

----- 1, 280,000

Total-----------------------

--------- 1.600.000 We respectfully urge that you recommend an additional appropriation of $1,600,000 to be expended by the engineers in the 1947 fiscal year,

2. ALLEGHENY RIVER RESERVOIR

This is a reservoir on the upper Allegheny River above Warren, Pa., of a gross capacity of 1,125,000 acre-feet for the purpose of flood control with incidental industrial and domestic water supply in the Allegheny and Ohio River Valleys.

The reservoir would supplement the six completed reservoirs and the Conemaugh River Reservoir, now under construction, in the Ohio River Basin above Pittsburgh. It would further reduce a recurrence of the maximum flood of record (March 1936) (46-foot stage at Pittsburgh) and the maximum flood of reasonably expectancy (50.6 feet at Pittsburgh). Flood stage at Pittsburgh is 25 feet. About the same reductions would also result at Wheeling, W. Va.

Incidental benefits, according to the reports of the Army engineers, would include increasing and regularizing the flow of water, thereby benefiting navigation by decreasing the differential between high and low stages and by increased dilution decreasing stream pollution.

We take this opportunity of bringing this most important project to the attention of your committee and respectfully urge the Congress, through your committee, to provide funds for this project at the earliest possible date,

3. EAST BRANCH, CLARION RIVER, PA, This project was authorized by the Flood Control Act of December 22, 1914, as a unit of the general comprehensive plan for flood control and other purposes in the Ohio River Basin. It consists of a reservoir of gross capacity of 83,700 acre-feet on the East Branch of the Clarion River, designed for flood control. It will incidentally improve the water supply of Ridgway and Johnsonburg, Pa. In connection with the treatment of waste and sewage at these two towns, now made mandatory by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, it is pointed out by the Army engineers' report that this regulation by dilution will materially alleviate the grossly polluted condition of the entire Clarion River, which is a tributary of the Allegheny River above the source of water supply for Pittsburgh, Pa.

This project is of especial interest to the Pittsburgh district, and we take this opportunity to bring it to your attention again, and respectfully urge that the ('ongress provide the necessary funds to begin the work.

4. TURTLE CREEK, PA.

Authorized by the Flood Control Act of December 22, 19-14, as a unit of the general comprehensive plan for flood control and other purposes in the Ohio River Basin. Consists of a reservoir on Turtle Creek above Pitcairn, Pa., of gross capacity of 29,600 acre-feet for flood control with incidental industrial water for the highly developed lower reach of Turtle Creek Valley. The reservoir would control the discharge of about 37 percent of the basin and thereby very materially reduce the flood hazard in the highly developed lower valley. It would supplement the downstream flood-gate project of the Westinghouse Electric Corp. on Turtle Creek for exclusion of backwater floods originating in the Monongahela River.

We respectfully urge that at the earliest possible date the Congress will make an appropriation for this project.

5. WEST FORK RIVER, W. VA. Authorized by the Food Control Act of June 28, 1938, amended by the Flood Control Acts of August 18, 1941, and December 22, 1944, as a unit of the general comprehensive plan for flood control and other purposes in the Ohio River Basin. Consists of a reservoir located on the West Fork River above Clarksburg, W. Va., of gross capacity of 62,500 acre-feet for flood control with incidental domestic and industrial water supply, in the West Fork River Valley, Monongahela River Valley and upper Ohio River Valley. The reservoir would supplement the six existing flood-control reservoirs and the Conemaugh River Reservoir, now under construction, above Pittsburgh, Pa. It would result in a further reduction of the recurrence of the maximum flood of record (March 1936, 46-foot stage at Pittsburgh) and the maximum flood of reasonable expectancy (50.6 foot at Pittsburgh). The effect of the reservoir would be about the same at Wheeling, W. Va.

We respectfully request that your committee make the necessary recommendations to the Congress so that funds may be appropriated to start this project.

CITY OF PITTSBURGH, PA., April 9, 1946. Dr. JAMES H. GREENE, Executve Vice President, Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce,

1 Pittsburgh, Pa. DEAR DR. GREENE: I have read the testimony you propose to give before the House Committee on Flood Control, and I subscribe fully thereto.

You may inform the members of the committee that on this matter you speak for the city of Pittsburgh, as well as for the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce.

As the mayor of Pittsburgh, I am glad that you will present our views on this very important matter, and I sincerely hope that the committee will realize the importance of flood control to this great industrial city. Very truly yours,

DAVID L. LAWRENCE, Mayor.

COUNTY OF ALLEGHENY,

Pittsburgh, Pa., April 9, 1946. Dr. James H. GREENE, Erecutive Vice President, Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce,

Pittsburgh, Pa. DEAR DR, GREENE: The Board of Commissioners of Allegheny County concurs in the position of the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce relative to the necessity of completing the flood-control plans in the Pittsburgh district, and we are very glad to have you represent us at a hearing before the House Committee on Flood Control to be held Wednesday, April 10, 1946. Very truly yours,

BOARD OF ALLEGHENY COUNTY COMMISSIONERS,
JOHN J. KANE, Chairman.
GEORGE RINKIN, Jr.

John S. HIERRON, Members.
87116-46--20

Mr. GREENE. I would like to see the $1,600,000 advance made, because we will save a year in getting the project finished.

The CHAIRMAN. That same thing is true with respect to practically every other project in the United States. You may continue.

Mr. GREENE. With your permission, Mr. Chairman, I have been authorized by the Mayor of Pittsburgh, the chairman of the county board of commisisoners, and there are letters attached to this statement attesting to that fact, but they have also requested me to call attention to four other projects that are in this basin, which have been authorized.

The first is the Allegheny River Reservoir, north of Pittsburgh. The CHAIRMAN. That has not been started ? Colonel WEST. No, sir; it has not. Mr. GREENE. The second is the East Branch of the Clarion River. That has not been started. We are especially interested in that because it has certain incidental benefits in addition to flood control. It will help us with our water transportation, and also our industrial and domestic water supply.

The next is the Turtle Creek Reservoir, which is a small reservoir. There are flood gates which Westinghouse has put in and it is a good deal like the project you were talking about at Cincinnati. In addition, we have the protection down below from the backwaters from the Mononga hela. We want some protection at the headwaters.

The last, Mr. Chairman, is the West Fork River in West Virginia, which will supplement the flood-control features of the Conemaugh.

I have been asked to call the attention of this committee to those five matters and I have this prepared brief.

The CHAIRMAN. We are glad to have your statement, sir. You have made a statement with respect to the Conemaugh, particularly, to the effect that if there is an additional appropriation, that not only the project may be completed more expeditiously but at an economy to the Government. Is that your statement ? Mr. GREENE. Yes, sir. The CHAIRMAN. Is that what you have in mind ? ! Mr. GREENE. We have sustained a flood loss in that district of $93,000,000, and every year we can cut off the possibility of its being repeated we think is a good investment, not alone for the district but for the country as a whole.

(Discussion off the record.)

The CHAIRMAN. We are very glad to have your statement, Mr. Greene.

What projects are there, Colonel West, with respect to Louisville, incomplete or unauthorized, that have not been placed under way?

Colonel WEST. Do you mean projects at the city of Louisville?
The CHAIRMAN. Yes. .

Colonel West. We had an original appropriation for that project but the appropriation was withdrawn before any expenditures were made because of a letter from the Director of the Bureau of the Budget to the Secretary of War stating that those funds should be placed in budgetary reserve, as that project had not been approved by the President as of important value to the national defense.

The CHAIRMAN. At present you have an authorized project for the protection of Louisville, but you do not have the money.

Colonel WEST. That is right. We need the money very badly.

The CHAIRMAN. You need an additional appropriation now to get that money?

Colonel WEST. That is right, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. Representative O'Neal, representing the Louisville district, has been in contact with the committee, and I will say to the other members of the committee that he is very greatly interested.

Is Mr. Rockwell here representing the Civilian Production Administration in the Big Sandy region ?

Are Mr. Dillon and Mr. Warner here?
Mr. Dillon. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. As I understand you, gentlemen, you are interested in the Scioto-Sandusky projects, are you? · Mr. DILLON. That is right, Mr. Chairman. '

SCIOTO-SANDUSKY RIVER SYSTEM STATEMENT OF E. W. DILLON, ATTORNEY FOR SCIOTO-SANDUSKY

CONSERVANCY DISTRICT The CHAIRMAN. Before you begin, Mr. Dillon, I would like for Colonel West to state for the record the situation with respect to the Scioto-Sandusky projects and have him tell when those reports that are now being studied will be likely to be submitted.

Colonel WEST. I believe they are scheduled for submission about September 1. That covers a restudy of the entire Scioto-Sandusky system.

The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Pretzman, we are glad to have you here, but you understand our hearings are confined to the reports that have been submitted and to the reports that have been transmitted to Congress, either submitted to the Bureau of the Budget or submitted to Congress. You gentlemen are here, and if you have a statement in behalf of the Sandusky-Scioto projects, we will be glad to have you submit your statement and give us the high points of those statements. You may tell us what you advocate.

Mr. ĎILLON. It is a legal entity. Those 17 counties start from Lake Erie and go right down to Portsmouth via the Sandusky-Scioto River systems. They go right down to the Ohio River. The overall plan contemplates about 10 reservoirs, one of which is in process of construction, and that is the Delaware Reservoir on the Olentangy River, which is a tributary of the Scioto, and eight or nine other reservoirs, four of which have been approved by the Army engineers, and one of which was mentioned this morning; to wit, the Rocky Fork near Bainbridge, which is about 10 miles from Chillicothe, Ohio. This over-all plan which the district has been proposing and supporting for some 10 years has, as I say, been about half approved by the Army engineers. In that respect I believe I mentioned it in referring to the subject you mentioned a moment ago.

The CHAIRMAN. Are there any projects between Chillicothe and Portsmouth in the district of Mr. McCowen there in which your organization is interested? Are there any projects there?

Mr. DILLON. Do you refer to the territory between Chillicothe and Portsmouth?

Thês CHAIRMAN. Yes.
Mr. DILLON. Salt Creek.

The CHAIRMAN: Is that a reservoir?
Mr. DILLON. That is a proposed reservoir.

The CHAIRMAN. That is under study?
Mr. DILLON. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. Where does the Baltimore and Ohio main line go into Cincinnati? Does it cross the Scioto at Chillicothe?

Mr. DILLON. No, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad runs through Chillicothe.

The CHAIRMAN. What about the Scioto River, does it go through Chillicothe?

Mr. DILLON. Yes, sir, and down to Portsmouth and joins the Ohio at Portsmouth.

The CHAIRMAN. This one dam between Chillicothe and Portsmouth, is that a distance of something like 100 miles ? Mr. DILLON. I believe you mean Portsmouth to Columbus. The CHAIRMAN. Yes. What is the distance? Mr. DILLON. The distance is about 94 miles.

The CHAIRMAN. These proposed reservoirs you are interested in,
where does that Sandusky River enter?
Mr. DILLON. It enters at Fremont.
The CHAIRMAN. That is entirely different from the Scioto?
Mr. DILLON. Yes. .

The CHAIRMAN. In whose district is the Delaware Reservoir ?
Mr. DILLON. That is in Mr. McGregor's district.

The CHAIRMAN. He was here, and probably will want to make a statement later on, but that is under way?

M: DILLON. Y but that is un and probably

The CHAIRMAN. The only reservoir under construction in your
Scioto area is the Delaware Reservoir ?
Mr. DILLON. That is right.

The CHAIRMAN. That is in Delaware County?
Mr. DILLON. Yes.

The CHAIRMAN. You have a university or college up there?
Mr. DILLON. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. That is right. I know one of your Senators was a former teacher in that institution. We was down here when I came.

The CHAIRMAN. Generally, you favor this proposed solution in both of these basins?

Mr. DILLON. We very heartily approve of it, and are particularly in favor of the project which has been approved to date by the Army engineers. We are very much in favor of the authorization you have before you today. The one project which the Army engineers mentioned this morning, Rocky Fork, which is shown in red there as being the one in favor, is near the home of Mr. E. F. Bearce, who is the president of the Scioto Conservancy District, and one of the three directors, and I will ask in a few minutes for Mr. Bearce, who is here, to make a statement. .

The CHAIRMAN. We will be glad to hear him.
Mr. Dillon. May I at this time present this statement?
The CHAIRMAN. We will be glad to have your statement.
(The statement referred to is as follows:)

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