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The CHAIRMAN. Is there any other statement that you care to make?

Mr. GATHRIGHT. No; I just want to emphasize what I have said; that it is my richest land; and they will put my richest land under water and make the rest of it so that it is practically worthless to me.

The CHAIRMAN. Are there any homes besides your lodge that will be taken?

Mr. GATHRIGHT. Homes on my farms. I own right where the dam will be and a mile or 2 miles below, and I own everything up the river for 17.5 miles. I join Mr. Williams; you know Mr. Hickman is his attorney. I sold him a place up there.

The CHAIRMAN. I see. Are there any other homes except your lodge generally and the homes of your people?

Mr. GATHRIGHT. Well, my old home on the upper farm, a brick house, a very fine home.

The CHAIRMAN. And that will be taken? Mr. GATHRIGHT. Yes; and then I have tenant houses that will be taken.

The CHAIRMAN. How many would you say? Mr. GATHRIGHT. Well, I have five, six, seven, or eight; somewhere around there.

The CHAIRMAN. How many tenants do you have on your holdings at present?

Mr. GATHRIGHT. Right now there are 2, but before they went in the Army I had 39 of them and I got them to volunteer quicker than anybody else in the county; and I had 83 men and boys on my farm up until the second year of the war, and now I have got just about a handful who are working. Those who have come back have not got back to earth yet. You cannot hire them.

The CHAIRMAN. I have sympathy you. I know how you feel. Mr. GATHRIGHT. And I have to do all the work myself. The CHAIRMAN. Is there any other statement, Mr. Gathright? Mr. GATHRIGHT. No; I believe not. I have taken up more time than I expected.

The CHAIRMAN. No, sir; you have not. We are glad to have your statement.

Mr. GATHRIGHT. Come up and I will show you some good hunting and fishing.

The CHAIRMAN. Your statement was very informative.

STATEMENT OF FRANCIS LOTH, WAYNESBORO, VA. The CHAIRMAN. State your name and residence. Mr. LOTH. I am Francis Loth, of Waynesboro, Va. The CHAIRMAN. How far are you from this proposed dam? Mr. Loth. Approximately 75 miles. The CHAIRMAN. What is your interest in this area here sindicating]. Mr. LOTH. As a citizen and as a taxpayer; and I have an interest in some property that will be affected by the flood waters when the dam is constructed.

The CHAIRMAN. Where is your property located ? In the reservoir site?

Mr. LOTII. At the upper end of the reservoir site.
The CHAIRMAN. Is it in the site or above it?
Mr. Loth. Well it is in the site.
The CHAIRMAN. It will be all flooded then?
Mr. Loth. Part of it will be, yes.
The CHAIRMAN. How much property have you?
Mr. Loth. I have an interest in 3,500 acres.
The CHAIRMAN. And part of that will be flooded ?
Mr. LOTII. In the front end, the lower end.
The CHAIRMAN. The upper end of the property, what is it used for?
Mr. Loth. It is preserve and recreation.
The CHAIRMAN. And you live at Waynesboro?
Mr. Lory. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. You favor flood control generally?
Mr. Loth. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. Did you favor the Waynesboro project down there?
Mr. Loth. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. You were in favor of the local project for the protection of Waynesboro? Mr. Lory. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. You favored the project for the protection of your property down there? Mr. LOTH. Yes; but I oppose this project.

The CHAIRMAN. Why? - Mr. Loth. Well, because I think the State economy will be vitally affected when the dam goes into use there. I think it will take out a great many taxable properties. I do not think it should be a burden on the taxpayers to provide water for any private industry.

The CHAIRMAN. What is your next point? Mr. LOTH. I do not think the results of pollution abatement will be of any particular value in this case. I do not think that the flood control will apply with any particular effect on the James River. I understand that the city of Covington will not be particularly benefited from a flood-control standpoint.

The CHAIRMAN. Is there any other point? Mr. LOTH. That is all. The CHAIRMAN. We are glad to have your statement. Mr. LOTH. May I submit some reports that I have? One is a resolution that was authorized and approved by the board of directors of the Waynesboro Chamber of Commerce on April 26, 1946, and the other is a resolution of the Waynesboro Game and Fish Protective Association requesting the Government to defer approval of these flood-control dams involving power generation in Virginia until the facts concerning individual projects, including the various flood-control methods and the effects on the State economy, are widely publicized so that the citizens may be informed and given ample opportunity to express their views; and until the effect on the State economy and on fish and wildlife conservation may be amply publicized so that the citizens may be informed and given an opportunity to express themselves.

The CHAIRMAN. Without objection they may be inserted in the record at this point.

(The resolutions above referred to are as follows:)'

· RESOLUTION AUTHORIZED AND APPROVED BY THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE WAYNES

BORO CHAMBER OF COMMERCE ON APRIL 26, 1946

RESOLUTION

Whereas the Federal Government proposes the development of multipurpose dams, including power generation in connection with certain Virginia rivers; and

Whereas the multipurpose dams contemplated and proposed involve permanent inundation of whole towns and large areas of productive farm lands, highway, schools, churches, graveyards, railroads, all of which will have a major effect on the entire State economy;

Now, therefore, we respectfully request the United States Government to defer approval of any flood-control dams involving power generation in Virginia until the facts concerning the individual projects, including the various flood-control methods and the effects on the State economy, are widely publicized so that the citizens may be informed and given ample opportunity to express their views.

E. J. MILLIGAN,

Executive Secretary. Copy to

GOVERNOR,
Senator BYRD.

A. WILLIS ROBERTSON.
Attest: April 26, 1946.

RESOLUTION

Whereas the Federal Government proposes the development of multipurpose dams in connection with certain rivers in Virginia; and

Whereas we are unalterably opposed to any form of Government competition with private enterprise of the citizens and taxpayers under any guise whatsoever ; and

Whereas the effect of multipurpose dams on fish and wildlife conservation has not been fully determined; and

Whereas the effect of multipurpose dams on the abatement of stream pollution is of doubtful value: Now, therefore, be it

Resolred, That the Waynesboro Game and Fish Protective Association respectfully requests the United States Government to defer approval of all multipurpose dams in Virginia until the facts concerning the effect on the State economy and on fish and wildlife conservation can be amply publicized so that the citizens may be informed and have an opportunity to express themselves.

J. H. STUBBLEFIELD,

President.
B. R. SHIELDS,

Secretary.
W. F. THORNTON,
J. STUART WARNER,
J. L. YEAROUT,
FRANCIS LOCH,
J. A. CLARK,

Directors

STATEMENT OF C. PURCELL MCCUE, GREENWOOD, ALBERMARLE

COUNTY, VA.

The CHAIRMAN. We are glad to hear you, Mr. McCue. Mr. McCUE. I am C. Purcell McCue. I happen to be president of an organization which Mr. Francis Loth was speaking for.

The CHAIRMAN. Where?
Mr. McCUE. In Bath County. ,
The CHAIRMAN. What is that organization?

Mr. McCue. It is the State rod and gun club that Francis Loth was speaking for.

The CHAIRMAN. And you are against this project?
Mr. McCUE. Yes, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. And you have a resolution to that effect ?
Mr. McCUE. Yes, sir.

(The resolution referred to is as follows: RESOLUTION OPPOSING THE CONSTRUCTION OF FALLING SPRING AND GATHRIGHT

DAMS ON JACKSON RIVER IN BATH COUNTY, VA.

(Authorized and approved by the members of the Boiling Spring Rod and Gun Club, Inc., of Bath County, Va., April 20, 1916.)

Whereas the Federal Government proposes the development of multipurpose dams on Jackson River in Bath County, Va., known as the Falling Spring and Gathright Dams; and

Wheeras the results of flood control in the James River Basin as provided by the construction of the Falling Spring and Gathright Dams are, by the United States Army Engineers' own statements, practically negligible; and

Whereas the contemplated results of pollution abatement are of doubtful value; and

Whereas we are opposed to Government competition with the business and industry of citizens and taxpayers; and

Whereas the individual members of the Boiling Spring Rod and Gun Club, Inc., will be forced to accept the destruction and loss of valuable properties which have required many years to develop at considerable cost; now therefore be it

Resolved, That the Boiling Spring Rod and Gun Club, Inc., of Bath County, Va., respectfully requests the United States Government to defer approval of the construction of said dams until the committee appointed by Governor Colgate W. Darden for the express purpose of studying these projects has had ample opportunity to report its findings to the citizens of Virginia in order that they may be given an opportunity to express their views.

C. PURCELL MCCUE,

President.

The CHAIRMAN. Have you anything else you would like to suggest? Mr. McCUE. I would like to ask that action on this project be delayed until we hear from the committee of engineers that ex-Governor Darden appointed to study these projects in Virginia.

The CHAIRMAN. I would like to say this, with all deference; that this project was submitted on the 18th or 19th of April and before it was submitted to the committee, it had to be submitted for comment by he Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and he stated that it had been submitted to him and he had been glad to give consideration to it.

Mr. McCUE. I would also like to state that I am absolutely opposed to the Government going into any kind of business, in competition with private industry.

The CHAIRMAN. We are glad to have your statement. Is there anyone else who wishes to speak? Mr. GATHRIGHT. Mr. Chairman, I neglected to tell you that I have developed 55 miles of automobile road and 272 miles of horseback trail at a considerable outlay, and all that would be useless.

The CHAIRMAN. We are glad to have your further statement. I am sure if this dam is authorized you will want to be paid for the highway and trails.

Are there any other witnesses ?

1. STATEMENT OF W. P. FARNSWORTH, MEMBER, BOARD OF

SUPERVISORS, BATH COUNTY, VA. The CHAIRMAN. State your name and the office you hold for the record and where you live.

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I am W. P. Farnsworth, of the Board of Supervisors of Bath County. I am not here testifying as a technical witness.

The CHAIRMAN. And where do you live?
Mr. FARNSWORTH. In Hot Springs, Bath County, Va.
The CHAIRMAN. How far is it from this proposed Gathright Dam ?
Mr. FARNSWORTH. Oh, about 4 miles.
The CHAIRMAN. Are you for or against it?
Mr. FARNSWORTH. I am for it.

The CHAIRMAN. What reasons, in addition to those assigned, without repeating any economic or other facts, do you desire to give for the construction of the dam, or what do you desire to say in response to those who are opposed to it?

Mr. FARNSWORTH. Well, sir, the reservoir of this dam as it is situated is in Bath County, and the board of supervisors whom I am representing today, have discussed this proposed reservoir with the citizens of the county and we find that practically all of them are in favor of it. In fact, I have only talked to two people who opposed it in Bath County. We are a rural county. We have no industries at all. The CHAIRMAN. What is the county seat? Mr. FARNSWORTH. Warm Springs; we are a resort and recreational area. We have the finest resort hotel in the world, we claim, and I believe we have.

The CHAIRMAN. How far is that from this dam?
Mr. FARNSWORTH. Just a very few. miles.
The CHAIRMAN. I see.

Mr. FARNSWORTII. And we get most of our income from that business in Bath County.

The CHAIRMAN. İs Mr. Bathright a citizen of your county? Mr. FARNSWORTH. Yes, sir; and we feel—we have made postwar plans for expanding our facilities, for taking care of visitors in our county, and we feel that anything that would attract people to our county would be advantageous to us, and that is the reason the people of our county have decided this dam would be an asset to us.

The CHAIRMAN. I see.
Are there any further questions?
Do you wish to make any further statement?

Mr. FARNSWORTH. I would like to say, further, that I think the majority, the overwhelming majority of the people of that section of the State want to see this dam constructed.

The CHAIRMAN. We are glad to have your statement. Mr. FARNSWORTH. Mr. S. A. Tankersley is president of the REA Cooperative up there which serves five of our strictly rural counties in that part of Virginia. He is here to speak on behalf of this project.

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