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to which he was then exposed. They had spoken against him; God, therefore, has smitten them upon the cheek bone. They seemed as if they would devour him with their mouths ; God hath broken their teeth, and let them say what they will, their toothless jaws shall not be able to devour him. Rejoice, O believer! thou hast to do with a dragon whose head is broken, and with enemies whose teeth are dashed from their jaws.

8 Salvation belongeth unto the LORD: thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah.

This verse contains the sum and substance of Calvinistic doctrine. Search Scripture through, and you must, if you read it with a candid mind, be persuaded that the doctrine of salvation by grace

alone is the great doctrine of the Word of God. “ Salvation belongeth unto the Lord.". This is a point concerning which we are daily fighting. Our opponents say, “Salvation belongeth to the free will of man ; if not to man's merit, yet at least to man's will;" but we hold and teach that salvation from first to last, in every iota of it, belongs to the Most High God. It is God that chooses his people. He calls them by his grace ; he quickens them by his Spirit and keeps them by his power. It is not of man, neither by man;

“not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy.”. May we all learn this truth experimentally, for our proud flesh and blood will never permit us to learn it in any other way! In the last sentence the peculiarity and speciality of salvation are plainly stated. Thy blessing is upon thy people.Neither upon Egypt, nor upon Tyre, nor upon Nineveh ; thy blessing is upon thy chosen, thy blood-bought, thine everlastingly-beloved people. “ Selah :” lift up your hearts and pause, and meditate upon this doctrine. “ Thy blessing is upon thy people.” Divine, discriminating, distinguishing, eternal, infinite, immutable love is a subject for constant adoration. Pause, my soul, at this Selah, and consider thine own interest in the salvation of God; and if by humble faith thou art enabled to see

esus as thine by his own free gift of himself to thee, if this greatest of all blessings be upon thee, rise up and sing,

“Rise, my soul! adore and wonder!

Ask, O why such love to me?'
Grace bath put me in the number
Of the Saviour's family:

Thanks, eternal thanks to thee."

EXPLANATORY NOTES AND QUAINT SAYINGS. See title. Here we have the first use of the word Psalm. In Hebrew, Mizmor, which hath the signification of pruning, or cutting off superfluous twigs, and is applied to songs made of short sentences, where many superfluous words are put away.Ainsworth.

Let us learn from this, that in times of sore trouble men will not fetch a compass and use fine words in prayer, but will offer a prayer which is pruned of all luxuriance of wordy speeches.

Verse 2.—When the believer questions the power of God, or his interest in it, his joy gusheth out as blood out of a broken vein. This verse is a sore stab indeed.–Gurnal.

Verse 3.Lifter up of my head. God will have the body partake with the soul, as in matters of grief, so in matters of joy; the lanthorn shines in the light of the candle within.-Sibbs.

Verse 4.-When prayer leads the van, in due time deliverance brings up the rear.Watson.

Verse 5.--Gurnal, who wrote when there were houses on old London Bridge, has quaintly said, “Do you not think that they sleep as soundly who dwell on London Bridge as they who live at Whitehall or Cheapside, for they know that the waves which rush under them cannot hurt them? Even so may the saints rest quietly over the floods of trouble or death and fear no ill.

Verse 7.—When God takes vengeance upon the ungodly, he will smite in such a manner as to make them feel his almightiness in every stroke. All his power shall be exercised in punishing and none in pitying. O that every obstinate sinner would think of this, and consider his unmeasureable boldness in thinking himself able to grapple with Omnipotence !-Charnock.


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Verse 1.The saint telling his griefs to his God. (1) His right to do so. (2) The proper manner of telling them. (3) The fair results.

Verse 2.-The lie against the saint and the libel upon his God.

Verse 3.—The threefold blessing which God affords to his suffering ones—Defence, Honour, Joy. Show how all these may be enjoyed by faith, even in our worst estate.

Verse 4.—(1) In dangers we should pray. (2) God will graciously hear. (3) We should record his answers of grace, (4) We may strengthen ourselves for the future by remembering the deliverances of the past.

Verse 5.-(1) Describe sweet sleeping. (2) Describe happy waking. (3) Show how both are to be enjoyed, " for the Lord sustained me."

Verse 6.-Faith surrounded by enemies and yet triumphant.

Verse 7.-(1) Describe the Lord's past dealing with his enemies ; "thou hast.” (2) Shew that the Lord should be our constant resort, “O Lord,” “O my God.” (3) Enlarge upon the fact that the Lord is to be stirred up: Arise." (4) Urge believers to use the Lord's past victories as an argument with which to prevail with him.

Verse 8, (first clause).-Salvation of God from first to last. See the exposition.

Last clause. They were blessed in Christ, through Christ, and shall be blessed with Christ. The blessing rests upon their persons, comforts, trials, labours, families, &c. It flows from grace, is enjoyed by faith, and is insured by oath, &c. -Smith's Portions.

Christian Chymistry.

XXII. MARCELLUS, the Roman general, having been forced to retire from the field of battle by Hannibal, summoned his troops together, and told them with indignation, “That he saw the arms and bodies of Romans before him, but not one Roman.” In how many Churches may we see the bodies of many who profess to be Christians, but scarcely one Christian; for the most of them lack the zeal and love which belong to true believers in Jesus.

XXIII. WHEN the lofty spire of Old St. Paul's was destroyed by lightning, there were many superstitious persons who were amazed beyond measure at the calamity, for in the cross there had long been deposited relics of certain saints, which were counted fully sufficient to avert all danger of tempests. With what amazement will ignorant, self-righteous sinners see their own destruction come upon them, notwithstanding all the refuges of lies in which they trusted!

XXIV. WHEN one was asked whether he did not admire the admirable structure of some stately building; “ No,” said he, "for I have been at Rome where better are to be seen every day.O believer, if the world tempt thee with its rare sights and curious prospects, thou mayest well scorn them, having been in heaven, and being able by faith to see infinitely better delights every hour of the day. “This is the victory which overcometh the world, even our faith.”




XXV. CATO, the censor, as often as he spoke in the Roman senate upon any point whatever, always concluded with these words:-“ And my opinion is that Carthage should be destroyed.” So great was his hatred of Carthage and his zeal for her destruction, that nothing could make him forget to urge her ruin. Should not every faithful soul have the interests of Christ so near his heart, that whatever may be his business, he may always have an eye to his Lord, and the glorifying of his cross? 0 soul! be this thy daily, hourly cry, “ God forbid that I should glory save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

XXVI. ALEXANDER told his soldiers, “I wake that ye may sleep.” He who preserveth Israel doth never slumber nor sleep. He careth for us that we may be careful for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication make known our wants unto him.

XXVII. A YOUNG man named Jones, the son of Welsh knight, came to Bishop Farrar a few days before he suffered, and lamented the painfulness of the death prepared for him. The bishop in faith, relying upon the extraordinary support vouchsafed to those who were thus publicly called to seal their testimony with their blood, told the youth to mark him while suffering that painful death, and if he saw him once stir, then to give no credit to the doctrines he had preached. Fox adds, “ And as he said so he right well performed the same; for so patiently he stood, that he never moved, but even as he stood holding up his stumps, so stiil he continued till one Richard Gravell, with a staff dashed him upon the head and struck him down." How well would it be for the Church of God at large, if the older brethren would instruct the younger by setting them an example of holy patience and believing confidence. What murmuring words and hard speeches would be suppressed altogether if we considered the effect they must have upon the weaklings of the flock! Lord, let me not wince lest others weep, let me not flinch lest others run away.

XXVIII. A CERTAIN man who pretended that he was born blind, and that he had been cured of that defect by visiting the shrine of Saint Alban, was brought before Humphrey, called the Good Duke of Gloucester, who was at that place the very day of the cure. Seeming to desire satisfaction regarding the completeness of the cure, the Duke asked the man what was the colour of his gown. He answered, “ Purple,” and in that rightly, and just as correctly he named the colour of any other thing of which he was asked. By this he discovered his own hypocrisy, for, said the Duke, “ If the saint hath given you your sight, he hath not withal given you the knowledge of colours, which is not attained but by expe. rience.” Lord, thou hast wrought a cure upon the eyes by enlightening them with thy truth, but let me not render thy cure suspected, by undertaking to discern those mysteries which are only to be known by long experience, or learned in heaven.


my mind XXIX. SIR EDWIN SANDYS asserted, that he had known devout Papists who dared to perjure themselves in judgment, presuming upon the present and easy remedy of confession. Lord, thou hast in thy Word revealed repentance and faith in the blood of thy Son, as the means of blotting out the sins of my soul, and how apt is my heart to take liberty to sin with purpose of applying this remedy against the evil consequences of it! Lord, let me not so trample under my feet the blood of thy covenant as an unholy thing, but keep me that such presumption may not prevail over me!

XXX. PEDLEY, who was a well-known natural simpleton, was wont to say continually, "God help the fool.” None are more ready to pity the folly of others than those who have but a small measure of wit themselves. “There is no love among Christians,” cries the man who is destitute of true charity. “ Zeal has vanished,” exclaims the idle talker. “0, for more consistency,” groans out the hypocrite. “We want more vital godliness,” protests the false pretender. As in the old legend, the wolf preached against sheep-stealing, so very many hunt down those sins in others which they badly shelter in themselves.

XXXI. ONE Palmer, of Reading, being condemned to die, in Queen Mary's time, was much persuaded to recant, and among other things a friend said to him, “Take pity on thy golden years and pleasant flowers of Fouth, before it be too late.” His reply was as beautiful as it was conclusive,—“Sir, I long for those springing flowers which shall never fade away." When he was in the midst of the flames he exhorted his companions to constancy, saying, “ We shall not end our lives in the fire, but make a change for a better life; yea, for coals we shall receive pearls.” Thus do we clearly see that, although " if in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable,” yet the prospect of a better and enduring substance enables us to meet all the trials and temptations of this present life with holy boldness and joy.

XXXII. THE old proverb hath it, "Here's talk of the Turk and the Pope, but'tis my next neighbour does me the most harm.” It is neither Popery nor infidelity that we have one half so much cause to dread as our own besetting sins. We want more Protestants against sin, more Dissenters from carnal maxims, and more Nonconformists to the world. Our own besetting sins require far more of our watchfulness than state blunders cr ecclesiastical abuses.

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ANY a man may see his portrait here! The spendthrift hacks

away his estate and falls into destitution and disgrace. The drunkard cuts at his health and strength, his family comfort and household peace, and when he has finished his mad work, he drops into ruin, through his own folly. The man of low, debauched habits, is chopping, with fearful effect, at his own body and soul, and will, ere Jong, rue the lusts which hurl him into disease, agony, and death. There are other fools beside the man in the woodcut, who are lopping of the branch which holds them up. It is base ingratitude when men are malicious and cruel to those who are their best friends. Wives and parents often have to feel sharp cuts from those whom they lovingly support and are anxious to preserve from ruin. Shame that it should be so !

Self-righteous reader, you are ready to join with us in any censure which we may pass upon the madness of the sins we have just hinted at; but permit us to ask you, whether you yourself are not photographed in our picture? You are resting upon the bough of good works, and yet, every day, your faults, imperfections, and sins are rendering it less and less able to bear your weight. It never was a firm support, and if you know yourself, and are candid enough to confess your shortcomings, you will at once perceive that it has become, in the judgment of conscience, a very frail dependence, quite unworthy of your confidence. Had you never sinned, and, consequently, never made one gash in the bough, we might tolerate your trusting to it; but since you have cut at it again and again, and it is ready even now to snap beneath

you, we pray you leave it for a surer resting-place. All reliance on self in any form or shape is gross folly. Feelings, works, prayers, almsgivings, religious observances, are all too feeble to support a sinful soul.“ Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid-Jesus Christ the righteous." “Whosoever believeth in him is not condemned.” “He is able also to save them to the uttermost who come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them." Trust Jesus and he will never

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fail you.

5.-Sword and Trowel Tracts-6d per 100. Passmore & Alabaster, 23, Paternoster Row.

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