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Nics; and the QUACKERIES of its' to explain for themselves.
ibe third method, which forms indeed the EMORY, or the power of retaining chief object of my present communicao : on the mind, is a faculty, whose fullness Ancients, known by the name of Mneof vigour is rarely coeval with the for- monics, and a-kin in the Ars Memoramation'of the buinan intellect. Han has tiva or Artificial Memory of the Motherefore recourse to art, for supplying derns. The principles on which this art those resources, which are denied to him is grounded will be adverted to hereby nature. As to the readiest means of after; and its practice, at least in the effecting this end, so indispensably re- present day, I shall abstain from enlarge quisite to the acquisition and retention ing upon, as that has been so ably deof knowledge, the philosophers and veloped on a former occasion. I shall rhetoricians of every age are found at content myself, therefore, with a sumvariance: nor do they differ less widely, maty notice of the origin and progress of in pointing out the fittest mode of cul- this art among the ancients, previously tivating and improving the memory, than to entering upon a wider field; the quackayriculturists differ as to the mode of eries of its professors, and the patronage cultivating and improving the same soil. conferred on thein in the sixteenth Some contend for the natural aids of a century. well-directed practice and constant ex
most important of human disercise: others scruple not to call in me- coveries owe their birth to accidental dicine to the assistance of the retentive causes; and I know not, therefore, why faculty; and many insist upon the agency chance should not be deemed as fruitful
of impressions, derived from external a mother of invention, as necessity. • objects, with which a certain association Simonides, the Cean, was indebted for
of ideas is connected. In respect to the the invention of Mnemonics to a casli. first of thesc methods, we find Quinc. alty. We are told, that this mercenary tilian among its warmest supporters: poetf being hired at a supper toeulogize " If, (says lie,) I should be asked in what the prowess of his patron, Scopas, vice consists the real and greatest art for im- tor in wrestling at the Olympic Games, proving the memory, I would say, in he was suddenly called away from table, labour and exercise ; and that nothing is on being informeat, that two youths on so efficacious as learning much by heart, white horses were waiting for liiin at thinking much, and this daily, if possible." These maxims are strongly en- Vide, vol. xxiv. p. 105; et seq Monthly forced by various modern writers; and Magazine, signed COMMON SENSE. amongst those of our own country, by + So Anacreon, Callimachus, and others, Beattie and Knox, who may be consulted designate him, from the arcour with which with advantage, by such as feel an in- he prostituied the Muses for lucre: nor could terest in this subject. The second me
the Romans brand the works of a fellow.poet thod I have inentioned, as being founded with a more opprobrious epither, than isi
monidis Cantilenæ.' To this charge, alleged ågainst Simonides
in his Si quis tamen unam maximamque a me
own times, Simonides trore artfully than artem Memorie quærat, exercitatio est et
wittily pleaded : “I had rather leave labor ; multa ediscere', multa cogitare, et si where wiched for my enemies to prey upon fieri potest, quotidiè, potentissimum est. when I am dead, than become a burden to ke:r. Orat. lib. xi. c. 2.
my friends in my life-time." MONTHLY Mag. No. 194.