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RUSSIA.

70

Literary anul Philosophical Intelligence. [Feb, ki in its progress, that the most enthusiastic of Jussieu, to be called asclepiadee; admirer of this interesting county will the first part of an essay on incteoric not be disappointed.

stones, by Mr. G. J. Hamiton; and the Mr. PRATT is in great forwardness concluding part of an account of tishes wiib his Poem called the Lower World, found in the Frith of Forth, by Mr. Neill. occasioned by the Speech of Lord tirs At the next meeting of the society on kine in the llouse of Peers on the read the oth of December, Professor Jame. ing of the Bill for prevening wanton and son read an account of a considerable malicious Cruclty to Animals,

number of animals of the class verines, The same gentleman announces bis which he had observed on the shores of intention also of giving the public the the Irish of Forth, and the coasis of the Jong-promised specimen of the Poetry of Orkney and Shetland Islands; and also JOSEPH BLACKET, a self-educated ge- a series of observations on the diferent nius of great power and richness; with precious stones found in Scotland, para a portrait, thai offers a very striking re- ticularly the topaz, of which he clutted semblance of that extraordinary young a series of interesting specimens from

Aberdeenshire; and among these was a TIenry Hinde Pelly, Esq. of Upton, crystal weighing nearly eight ounces, Essex, a gentleman advanced in years, which is probably the largest crystallized and who used to be laid up annually for specimen hitherto discovered in any three or four months with a violent fit of country. The secretary laid before the the gout, having read in some old book meeting, a communication from the Rev. that a loadstone worn next ihe skin was Mr. Fleming, of Bressay, describing a sure preservative against that escru- several rare vermes lately discovered by ciating disease, and knowing that some him in Shetland, and a catalogue of rare of the finest and most powerful magnets plants, to be found within a day's excurare found in Golconda, employed an sion from Edmburgh, by Mr. Robert agent in India to procure him one from Naughan, sen. that province. This stone chipped into a convenient shape, he constantly wears The skeleton of the Mammoth found sewed in a little liannel case, suspended in the ice, at the mouth of the river Lena, from a black ribbon round his neck next in Siberia, which has been for some his skin. It is about two inches long, time publicly exhibited at Moscow, is an inch and a half broad, and two-tenths said to be intended for the Museum of of an inch thick, and its magnerie virtue the Imperial Academy of Science , at is very great, it much resembles a piece Petersburg. Processor Tilesius has inade of slate, such as school-boys learn to torty drawings of the skeleton, and its cypher on. Mr. Pelly says that he now various parts, which he means to publish and then bas some slight twitches, which in folio, with observations,

On some only serve to remind him of the terrible points he dilers from Cuvier. paroxysms to which he once was subject. The greatest cold of last winter obe ile happened one day to oinit hanging served at Moscow, was in the night of this amulet about his neek; another and the 11th of January. Mercury exposed another day passed, and as several years to the open air, in a cup, by Dr. Rehmaun, bad elapsed without a tit, he began to was frozen so hard, that it might be cut think that the magnet lau alteren bis with sheers, and even filed. Count Bousystem, and rendered him intangible by tourlin found the inercury in three ther. gout. One night however he awoke in moineters withdrawal entirely into the torment; he called for buis safeguard and ball and frozen; but in anniher it was threw it about his neck; he escaped seen by himself and four other persons, with a slight attack, and bas never since from six o'clock till half after, i 35° R. been without his piece of luarisione, (10F.) Mr. Rogers, of Troitok, is said which he wcars night and day, and eile to have seen it at 3+9 (411F.) before it joys perfect freedom from all the pains froze and withdrew into the ball. inflicted by his old enemy.

The first meeting of the Wernerian The last October book fair at Leipsic, Natural History Society, this season, was although it boasted of as numerous a cola held on the 4th of November in the Collection of literary novelties as usual, was lege Museum at Edinburgh. On this by no means so well attended by puroccasion were read, a learned hutanical cha-ers as on former occasions. páper, by Mr. ll. Brown, of London, The names of 178 booksellers appear propusing a subdivision of the apocine in the official catalogue, publislied duro

ing

GERMANY.

more numerous

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ing the fair, as contributing new publica- possible, the cause of these contradiciory. tions on this occasion: of these the total effects. Ile boiled for above an hour, Pumber was 777. Seren hundred and in a copper vessel, a quantity of strong fifteen were German productions, and rinegar, which completely filled the vessixty-two were written in the other Eu- sel. The most active re-agents, such as ropean languages. Of the German sulphurater hydrogen, did not discover works 115 were new editions, seventy- the smallest effect produced on the linine were almanacks, and other periodi- quor by the copper. He found, however, cal works. The rest chietly consisted of that the copper becomes oxided, or compilations and elementary works, for rusted, only when the ressel is not full; the use of schools. Indeeri, books of this in which case, a portion of its surface is Jast description, were

exposed to the action of the atmosphere, than at any former fair.

the oxygen of which combines with it. Of the works which were chieny called This theory he veritied by many expefor, we have to mitice the History of the riments. The heat produced during ile · French Revolution, by M. Buckzo, of time of boiling, by grcatly dilating the air Königsberg; a History of Poetry and which comes into contact with the copEloquence, by M. Bouterwerk; a Jour- per, prevents this combination. The acney from Holstein' into Francemin and cidents then which sometimes follow the Bavaria, by M. Egers; M. Eichhorn of use of copper vessels, are occasioned by Gürtingen's ltistory of Literature; l'er- suitering liquids to cool in them, during How's Life of Ariosto; Lectures on Na- which time the air has access to the sur toral Philosophy by M. Lichtenberg; face of the copper. This theory certainly Travels by M. Nemnich, of llamburg; explains by what means it may liapp:1, Private Letters from Vienna, by M. that one person shali use with safety, and Reichard, the author of Private Letters consider is not unwholesome, the same from Paris; Sermons by M. Reinhard, vessel which another person finits exof Dresden; M. Schreiber on the Belles tremely deleterious. İlerice also our Lettres; Travels in Upper Austria, by houses ires will perceive the reason, why M. Schultz ; Vater on the Population of cleanliness is their security, when their America; Weinbrenner on Theatrical culinary vessels become partly untinned Architecture : to which inay be added by continued use several excellent works on philology, A chemnist at Paris has lately made bearing the well-known names of Schutz, several curious experiments on tobacco, llager, Zimniemam, Schæfer, Lenness, which, if found to be correct, will occaHeindort, &c.

sion a great innovation in the trade and Fifty-seven novels or romances have manufacture of that vegetable. Ilis rebeen produced during the year. The sults were, that the acrid principle of most popular of these, Die Fahl-rere tobacco duters from that of all other wundschuften, is from the tertiic and pathe- vegetables whose properties are known; tic penoi M. Gæthe. The names of Lifon- 'that it can hyan cany process be sopataine, Wayner, and Voss, also appear in rated fra ihe plant, either green or. the Leipsic catalogue as the authors of dried, and in a liquid state; and that the several works of this description; and juice thus extracieti

, may be combined M. Kotzelve bas favoured his armirers with the dried leaves of any tree, and

with a new volume of Tales, Under the thus for tobacco. The remains of the --- head of Novels and Romances, we find a plant, after the acrid principle, is thus

volume with the title of Schilliuna;-—the separater, have nither smeli nor tastc. adventures of the unfortunate Schill and NI. Tauquelin was analysed a meteoric his followers, form the subject of these and stone, which feil on the 9d of May,

Twenty-two new dramatic pieces have 1903, at Stanner, in Moravia, and been introduced to the notice of the found in one hundred paris of it the fol. German public during the preceding year, Jowing substances; but they are not from the pens of any Silex

50 , writers of eminence.

Line

12

Alumine
The use of copper vessels in cookery Oxide of iron

28 is justly dreaded, and various articles are, Oxide of Manganese

1 nevertheless, dressed in such vessels, Oxide of Nichel, a slight trace,? withoui acquiring any injurious qualities. scarcely to liec-timatodat 001$ M. Proust determined to discover, if Sulphur, an aturn

1

FRANCE.

10

73

Lilerary and Philosophical Intelligence. [Fcb. t, This aërolite must therefore be of a indicated by the watches, gave double different species from those that have the time of the propagation by the solid hitherto been analysed, since it con- substance, independent of the difference tains neither magnesia nor chrome, sub- there might be between them. Thus the stances constantly found in other stones time of the transmission by the solid, of this description; and in containing a was found by repeated observations to considerable quantity of alumine, traces be 0.26", and of that by the air 2.70". only of which have been discovered in The first result differs from that given by others.

the intervals of the sounds only 0.03" ; The primitive forin of the diamond, is and the second differs froin the time de known to be a reywar octaedron. Most duced from the observations of the aca, frequently it presents itself in spheroidal demy just as much; an agreement that crystals, or with curvilinear lacets. It appears to confirm the results. M. Biot has been found cubical, plano-convex, likewise observed that, at this distance, cylindroid; but it was not suspected to the lowest voice might be heard perfectly be susceptible of that variety of form, well from one end to the other, and with which Romé de l'Isle termed macle, and sufficient distinctness to keep up a cun. Haüy has named hiemitrope, that is, where versation. half of the crystal is turned back, so as M. LESCHEVIN, chief commissary of to form re-entering angles, as is seen in gun-powder and saltpetre, has sent from some varieties of the ruby,, feldspar, &c. Dijon, to the Council of Mines, a collecAmong the rough diamonds, however, tion of specimens of rocks, interesting on given by M. d'Arcet, to Messrs. Guyton account of the green particles which they Morreau, Hachelie, and Clement, for a contain. Several pieces of this stone, series of experiments on their combus. and a siliceous breccia, improperly tion; there was one which those chemists called chalcedony of Creuzot, containing thought proper to set aside as presenting the same substance, bad been found in the first example of such a structure. It abundance on the road, and Messrs. weighs nearly eleven grains. The spe- Guyton and Le Lievre, had ascertained citic gravity is 3,512. It is formed of that the green colour was not owing to two demi-spheroids, the deflected posi- copper: but it was not known whence tion of which, imperfectly terminated at they came. After much search, M. one of the extremities, exhibits at the Leschovin discovered these green rocks, other the very decided re-entering angles in three contiguous mountains, and found that characterise the hemitrope.

that they were colored by oxide of The aqueducts constructing at Paris, chrome, combined in greater or less have enabled M. Brot to make expe- quantity with silex, alumine, &c. On riments on the propagation of sound, one of those mountains he met with the through solid bodies, on a larger scale graphic granite, which several authors than had hitherto been done. The total have mentioned as accompanying the length of the pipes sas, S118 feet. A emerald; and he intends to search for blow with the hammer at one end, was that stone also, which M. Vauquelin las heard at the other producing two distinct discovered to be sometimes coloured sounds; the interval of which measured with chrome. Since M. Drappier bas in more than 200 trials was 2,5". The shownl, that chrome united with lead, temperature was 11° (51,8 F.) Accord. makes the most beautiful of vellows, this ing to the experiments of the Academy, discovery may prove of considerable adthe time of the propagation of sound vantage. to this distance, through the air, should be 2,79", at this temperature; from A shark of extraordinary dimensions which, if we deduct 2,5", the interval some months since made its appearance observed, we have 0,29" for the tine the. in the upper parts of the river Hoogley, sound was in being propagated through where the lindous are accustomed to the solid substance. This result was perform their ablutions. Many attempts confirmed in another

Two persons were made to destroy it but in vain. were stationed at the opposite extremities Three bramins with several of their folof the pipe, each provided with a half. lowers were among its victims, and the second watch, carefully compared, and greatest consternation prevailed among each struck alternately with a hammer the bathers, who rather than forego a at intervals, of 0,15,30, and 45 seconds. practice consecrated by their religion, The time of the arrival of the two sounds were content to enjoy it at the risk of was noted, and the sum of the numbers their lives.

EAST INDIES.

way.

AMERICA.

AMERICA.

magnesia 10, nickel 1, leaving a loss of 5. A cluster of islands has been recently Soine speciinens carried to France were discovered in the South-seas, by Captain examined by M. Gillet Laumont, wliq Bristow. They are situated in 50. 40. gives the following account of them :souih latitude, and 160. 35. east longi- • They contamed rounded globules, fertude: are seven in number; and the lar- ruginous and brittle, of a blackish grey, gest contains a tine harbour, in wrich and assuming a dull inetallic aspect on abundance of fisil, fuwl, wood, and being rubbed with a smooth file. They water, can easily be procured. Captain were not very abundant, and appeared Bristow numed them Lord Aucklaod's to be slightly attracted by the magnet, Group."

Smail portions of malleable iron were Captain DRACKLOW, of Kingston, Ja- dulused very plentifully through the maica, on a royage from thence to Bal- stones. They were of irregular shapes, umort, states, that on the oth of Sep- and very unequal in size, and easily cut lember, at twelve o'clock at night, a re- with a steel instrument like those coniwarkable occurrence took place:- lie telt tained in nost aërolites. I separated a a suulden and severe shock, which asto- small fat triangular piece, about a quaruished all hands, and ter which they were ter of an inch long, which I heated to ak a los, to accoudi. Sume time having different degrees, and atlerwards plunged clapsed in various surmises, the male into cold water, but could not make it discovered that a large sword-fish had harder. One of the specinens copitained struck the ship, which was unable to extri- imbedded in it a portion of a small body cate itself, being tastenert in the timbers of the size of a pea, of a wbitish grey cothe vessel sprang a moderate leak imme. lour, composed of smooth shining ladiately. The length of the fish 25 feet, mellar facets, forming angles too small and seven feet round by computation; it tu be measured. It resembled a piece remained fastened to the vessel six or of broken feldspar. On endeavouring seren hours, when it broke off appa- to detach a piece for the purpose of rent y dead-breeze seven knots-lar: assaying it, the small mass immediately 13. 30.

separated, leaving a cavity which shower An American paper contains the folo that it was rounded before it was mouldlowing extraordinary instance of deple- ed in the stone. A particle of a very tion, practised on Captain James N11. similar substance sull exists in the stone, LEIT, a man thirty years of age, of a tail and there are some yellowish particles in and plethoric babit of body when in the cavity from which this lamellar sub. hea':li, and accustomed to daily exercise stance taken. This substance ou foot, of a bilious aspect. His com- scratched German sheet glass. It did plaint was an indammatory affection of not eitervesce with nitric acid. lleatori the lungs. From the 28th of May to before the tow.pipe, it was immediately the 28th of July, Captain Niblett lost, covered with a black enamel, which by arimeasurement, 600 ounces of blood, transudce in small globules; but the maşs and by wcight 688 ounces 6 drachmis; did not melt. Tive aërolite of Weston being, it is presumed, the largest quantity therefore contained a substance which ever drawn from the veins of any humau was neither carbonate of lime nor feld. being in the same length of time, by me- spar; and I believe it is the first time dical advice, and for the person to bear that a lamellar substance, having the it and do so well. He was bled fifty true elements of crystallization, has been different times, and the blood every time mentinued as discovered in a stone fallen was covered with a thick, strong, white from the aimosphere." coat, and lost from fuur to twenty A large body of warriors, hunters, &c. ounces each time. He was cupped, and all svell armed and equippeči, took their bad leeches applied daily, for several departure a few months ago froin Louiswechs, exclusive of the bleedings at the ville, in the United States, on a three arm, and the discharge from the secon. years' expedition, to join the Missouri

The meteoric stones that fell at Wese Company, who design to establish thein. bn, in Connecticut, on the 14th of Oc- selves, not only on the river Columbia, toher 1807, have been analyzed by Pre but to enlarge the sphere of their cous fessor WOODHOUSE, who obtained from merce to the Last-Indies. 100 parts, silex 50, iron 27, sulphur 7,

was

MONTHLY MAG, No. 195.*

K

NEW

Review of New Musical Publications.

[Feb. 1,

M

REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS. A Selection of Welch Meloilies, with appro. will be found highly useful by these

priate English words. Adapter for the who are engaged in studying the ab. : Ve, reith Symphonies and Accompanie strusilics of musical theory.

ments for the Piano-forte, ar. Huis, by Join Purry, 154.

Viva Enrico," Chorus in the Opera of Le R. PARRY, hs a laudable assi.

Crecia di Emici IV. Compused by Sigror

Pucila. 3s. 6d. duity, has here collecteil, and by the exertion of his talents arranged for

We find a liveliness of conception, the evice and piano-forte, a considerable and a spirit of expression in this chronumber of scarce and valuable Welch pus, which bespeak considerable powersmelodies. Considering the labour and in operetical composition. If we do difficulty of the task, the having to as- not discover any prominent features of semhle so many scarce and widely-scat. science or learned contrivance, neither tered inaterials; to procure the national do we feel disappointed at their absence ; words; to translaie and adapt those it is long since opera chorusses exhibit. words to melodies, many of which ed any traits of that description. The are destitute of measure and rhyme; part for the piano-forte, with which and to arrange and accompany the “Viva Enrico” is accompanied, is busy whule, withont disfiguring the original and ingenious, and will serve as a powmusie; weighing these obstructions to erful recommendation with practitioners success, we cammot but give Mr. Parry on that instrument. much credit for the style in which he Canzonet for Twn Sopranos, " Markd you has acquitled himself.

her more than mirlal Grace," compuscil by The work comes forward with every Dr. John Clarke, of Cambridge, 1:. adventitious aid. The airs, besides being arranged, as described above, are sepa; and taste, and the expression is just and

This Canzonet is written with ease rately adapted for the Alageolet and flute.

The inquisitive render is für: impressive. The first movement is nished with observations, at once useful happily introductory to the seeond; and entertaining, on the present stale

and many pleasing and well-assimilated of music and poetry in Wales: a speci- Clarke's masterly conception and cul

passages offer new prooss of Dr. men is given of the old notation of cierit British music; and the volume is

tivated judgment. ornamented with a handsome frontis- Serenade for the Piano-forte, in which is ine piece, representing king Cadwalader Irudincer the yupourile Scotch dii, presiding at a congress of rival bards in Banks o' Doon." Composeti oni dedienthe seventh century, and rewarding with ed to His Excellency the Persian Ambasa medal the successful candidate for tbe sullor, by L. Jansen. 25. 6.:. prize..

The chief merit of this Serenade, (and Number I. of a Series of analized Fugues, which will not fail to greatly recom:

with donite Corwilerprints, composent sur mend it) is its variety. The several Ir. Performers on une Puno-furle, or

movements are, besides being pleas. Oigan, by d.F. C. Rollmann, viganise of ing, so well diversificd, as to produce a His Majesty's German Chapel, St. James's very engaging effect : and piano-forto 5s.

prformers will, we are confident, pracThe contents of the pages herore is

tise it with pleasure. allow us to augur well of Mr. Kullnann's proposed work.

The figues

A Duelt for the Organ or Grand Piana

forte. are construc'ed in a masterir mener,

Composed and inscribed to 15.

Hamet, Esq. by W. Howg:il, of Illire and the analizations are perspicious aud satisfactory. The uliole is to come sist of Three Aumbers, cach containing

This Duelt offers proofs of ingenuity, four Tynes. The principal object of and a tolerably intimate acquaintance the publication is, to elucidate, prarli

with the character and power of the cally, the principles of the figue, and inst: ument for which it is written. "Il of double counterpoint, as taught in consists of two movements; the first this author's theoretical works. This iv triple, the sccond in cominion time. by, are well calculated to elect; ad Tley are pleasingly imagood and well

contrastoti,

an

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